Iranian journal of educational sociology

Iranian journal of educational sociology

iranian journal of educational sociology, Vol 5, Number 4 (2022) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Conceptualizations of Family Structure in Nigeria(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: family structure Social institutions national development

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تعداد بازدید : ۵۸ تعداد دانلود : ۵۹
Given that social institutions are the basis of any society, they must ideally operate in unison with functional necessities for any society to function and then flourish. The plethora of issues confronting Nigeria as a country may be traced back to weak, incompetent, and dysfunctional social institutions that have failed to alter the status quo. According to Talcott Parsons, society is analogous to the human body, and in order for the body to thrive, all of its elements must collaborate. For Nigeria to advance, all social institutions, including family, school, religion, politics, and the economy, must work together to create repeatable results. It is against this background that this paper sought to examine the role of family structure in Nigeria and their pro-activeness in propelling national development. Literature was extensively reviewed from relevant publications and journals and it revealed that the family structure in Nigeria is gradually becoming weak and dysfunctional. This is attributed to a lot of changes that are taking place in the institution of family which quite often poses a threat to the very survival of family system universally. It was then concluded that there is need for every family to hold with uttermost importance the place or morals, socialization and regulation of individual member of the family’s behaviour.
۲.

Effects of Competency-Based Approach on Enhancing Complexity, Accuracy, and Fluency of Writing among Iranian Upper- Intermediate Pre-Service Teachers(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Accuracy Competency-Based Approach Complexity fluency writing

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تعداد بازدید : ۶۱ تعداد دانلود : ۵۶
Purpose: This study aimed at investigating the effect of competency-based approach on enhancing complexity, accuracy, and fluency of writing of pre-service teachers. Methodology: To this end, an Oxford Quick Placement Test (OQPT) was administered to 100 Iranian pre-service teachers studying at Farhangian University, of whom 40 upper-intermediate learners were selected and assigned to an experimental group (n = 20) and a control group (n = 20). The selected participants were both male and female and aged from 19 to 22. Both selected groups were then given a writing test as the pre-test. Subsequently, the experimental group received the competency-based treatment and were proposed to some real-world issues and there was no time limit. However, the traditional styles used for improving the writing skill of the subjects in the control group and a specific time limit was considered for the subjects to do the job. After that, a writing post-test and an attitude questionnaire were delivered to the participants. The obtained data was analyzed using one-way between group analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and one-sample t-test. Findings: The results indicated no significant difference between pre-test and post-test scores of the control group, whereas, the post-test scores of the participants in experimental group were significantly better than their pre-test scores especially regarding complexity. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the teachers should take competency-based approach into consideration in their target language classes to have a more fruitful educational process.
۳.

Modeling the Problems of the System of Recruitment, Retention and Training of Human Resources(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Human Resources Human Resources Management System of Recruitment Retention and Training

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تعداد بازدید : ۶۴ تعداد دانلود : ۴۶
Purpose: The present study was conducted to model the problems of the system of recruitment, retention and training of human resources by the mixed exploratory research method. Methodology: The statistical population of the qualitative part included a number of experts including the senior managers of National Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company (NIORDC) and human resource management professors in higher education centers; and employees of the NIORDC (Sari) and Iranian Oil Pipelines and Telecommunication Company (IOPTC) (North) in the quantitative part, n= 835 (789 men and 46 women). In the qualitative part, by the snowball sampling method, 20 people, and in the quantitative part, by relative stratified sampling method based on Cochran's formula, 263 people were selected as the statistical sample. In the qualitative part, the data were extracted by the Delphi technique and semi-structured and structured questionnaires; and the 120-item researcher-made questionnaires in the quantitative part and analyzed using SPSS and AMOS. The content and construct validity of the questionnaires was confirmed. Reliability and composite reliability (CR) were also confirmed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient 84%. Descriptive statistics (mean, variance, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Friedman test) were used for data analysis. Findings: The results showed that the model of problems of the system of recruitment, retention and training of human resources has 6 organizational (internal), environmental (external), occupational, individual (personal), governmental (political) and cultural-social dimensions and 30 components. Conclusion: The results of the quantitative part showed that all dimensions of the research model were confirmed.
۴.

Validation of a Model for the Quality of Education in Multi-Grade Classrooms in Primary Schools(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: quality Education Multi-Grade Classrooms Professional competence teachers

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تعداد بازدید : ۶۲ تعداد دانلود : ۵۷
Purpose: Quality of education in multi-grade classrooms is important in the education system, neglect of which is associated with the weakness of the education model and related factors. Methodology: The present study was conducted to validate a model for the quality of education in multi-grade classrooms in primary schools as exploratory research. In qualitative study, thematic analysis was used by an inductive approach, and in quantitative study, descriptive survey was used. Given the components, an 81-item questionnaire was provided. To validate the questionnaire, convergent validity, content validity and construct validity were used. The statistical population of the research included teachers, principals and educational leaders of multi-grade classrooms in all the cities of North Khorasan Province, including 1203 multi-grade classrooms. By Cochran's formula, 349 people were selected as the research sample. The structural model of the research was fitted and the path coefficients of the research model were analyzed by the bootstrap method (resampling and sequential sampling) and the Student's t-test statistic. Findings: According to the results, 0.823% of the changes in the quality of multi-grade classrooms have been predicted by the sub-components of teachers' professional competence and characteristics, macro policies, the state of schools, family model and themes related to the students. Conclusion: All questions were confirmed due to a factor load above 0.5, and the model had a good fit.
۵.

Economic Survival and Campus Cultism: Towards a Reconceptualization of Violence on Nigerian Universities(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Cultism Economic Survival Higher education Campus Violence University Gangs

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تعداد بازدید : ۵۵ تعداد دانلود : ۳۳
Purpose: While it is true that concern should be expressed with the incessant conflicts in Africa, it is also true that the ramifications are very wide. One recurring conflict in the 1990s Nigeria’s educational institutions is the conflict generated among rival cult groups that seemed to defy solution. Several students and, in some cases, lecturers have lost their lives yet there seems to be no end to these killings which seem to occur unexpectedly. Methodology: Applying a sub-cultural group theory, this article analyzed the prevalent factor responsible of this phenomenon. Starting with the analysis of the relations between what it takes to survive in Nigeria and the emergence of violence on campuses of institutions of higher learning, the article suggests that the failure of higher institutions to effectively perform its integrative role, thereby becoming a space for delinquent gang groups, may be connected to failed economic policies. Findings: it argues that it may not be totally true to call the various students groups involved in the on-campus conflict ‘cult’ as their activities and rituals are devoid of any spiritual or religious elements but more about contestations about space and survival. It concludes by suggesting some probable solutions. Conclusion: the educational institution needs to rethink the curricula in relation to the survival of the society wherein what is taught is not based on ‘individualistic but communal virtues.
۶.

Identifying and Analyzing the Dimensions and Components of Strategic Decision-Making for the Managers of Education Regions of Tehran City(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Strategic Decision-Making Managers Human Resource Management Knowledge of Organizational Processes

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تعداد بازدید : ۶۴ تعداد دانلود : ۵۶
Purpose: Strategic decision-making plays an important role in organizational functions and its effectiveness. As a result, the aim of this study was to identifying and analyzing the dimensions and components of strategic decision-making for the managers of education regions. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was mixed (qualitative and quantitative). The research population were experts in the field of educational management and human resources management and managers of educational regions of Tehran city in 2021 year, which according to the principle of theoretical saturation number of 14 people of them were selected as a sample with using the purposeful sampling method. The research tool was a semi-structured interview that lasted 75 to 120 minutes, and their validity was confirmed by the triangulation method and their reliability was obtained by the agreement coefficient method between two coders 0.88. The data were analyzed by methods of thematic analysis and DIMTEL technique. Findings: The findings of the qualitative part showed that strategic decision-making for managers of education regions has 98 indicators, 23 components and 10 dimensions were include moral intelligence, individual skills, knowledge of organizational processes, cultural and value skills, knowledge of financial resources, power of change and transformation, knowledge and technology management, human resource management, intelligent planning and training. Also, the findings of the quantitative part showed that the dimensions of human resource management, intelligent planning, cultural and value skills, knowledge of financial resources, knowledge and technology management and training had more effective and the dimensions of knowledge of organizational processes, moral intelligence, individual skills and power of change and transformation had more influence. Conclusion: The findings of this study have practical implications for specialists and planners of educational systems, especially in the education system, and they based on the results of the present study, can take an effective step towards strategic decision-making.
۷.

Presenting a Model for Innovative Organizational Culture in the Islamic Azad University of Mazandaran Region based on Transformational Leadership Style, Professional Ethics, and Quality of Work Life(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Innovative Organizational Culture transformational leadership style Profe

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تعداد بازدید : ۴۰ تعداد دانلود : ۴۹
Purpose: Evaluating innovative organizational culture in higher education is crucial because it creates a competitive advantage. Therefore, this research aimed to provide a model for innovative organizational culture in the Islamic Azad University of Mazandaran region based on transformative leadership style, professional ethics, and quality of work life. Methodology: In terms of purpose, this research was practical; it was cross-partial in terms of time, and its methodology was mixed (qualitative and quantitative). The research population was the professors and managers of the Islamic Azad University of Mazandaran region in 2021, and according to the principle of theoretical saturation, 20 of them were selected as a sample using targeted and snowball sampling methods. The quantitative population was the employees of the Islamic Azad University of Mazandaran region in 2021, and according to the table of Karajesi and Morgan, 291 of them were selected as a sample by cluster sampling method. The current research tools were semi-structured interviews in the qualitative part and questionnaires created by the researcher in the quantitative part of innovative organizational culture, transformational leadership style, professional ethics, and quality of work life, whose psychometric indicators were confirmed. The qualitative data were analyzed with the thematic analysis method in MAXQDA software, and the quantitative part with exploratory factor analysis and path analysis methods in SPSS and Smart PLS software. Findings: The findings of the qualitative part showed that 25 components were identified for innovative organizational culture in 4 dimensions of innovation effects (6 components) and for the quality of working life, 13 components in 3 dimensions of the nature of the job, organizational learning (7 components), individual development of employees (7 components) and the desire and tendency to innovate (5 components), for the transformational leadership style, 10 components in 2 dimensions of individual considerations ( 4 components) and mental motivation (6 components), for professional ethics 17 components in 3 dimensions of organizational ethics (5 components), occupational ethics (5 components) and personal ethics (7 components). Finally, the model of innovative organizational culture, transformational leadership style, professional ethics, and quality of work life was designed in the Islamic Azad University of Mazandaran region. Also, the findings of the quantitative part showed that the factor load, average variance extracted, and Cronbach's alpha of all components were higher than 0.70. The model of innovative organizational culture based on transformational leadership style, professional ethics, and quality of work life had a good fit. Professional ethics and quality of work life directly and significantly affected innovative organizational culture (P<0.001). Still, the transformational leadership style did not directly and significantly affect innovative organizational culture (P<0.05). Conclusion: Considering the importance of innovative organizational culture in Islamic Azad University and the present research findings, it is possible to provide the basis for promoting innovative organizational culture by improving the dimensions and components identified for transformational leadership style, professional ethics, and quality of work life.
۸.

Presenting and Validating Human Resources Empowerment Model with Emphasis on Education in the Ornamental and Building Stone Industry(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Empowerment Human Resources Education

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تعداد بازدید : ۴۸ تعداد دانلود : ۴۶
Purpose: education plays a key role in empowerment of human resources. Thus, the present research was done to present and validate the human resources empowerment model with emphasis on education in the ornamental and building stone industry. Methodology: this descriptive-analytical study was of correlation type. The statistical population consisted of the staff at Iran's stone statistics and information center as many as 425 persons in 50 companies. The sample size was determined 200 according to Cochran formula; this number was chosen through stratified random sampling method based on the occupational unit. The research instruments included demographic information form capturing gender, age, level of education, years of working background, and a researcher-made questionnaire ( 50 items), whose face validity was confirmed based on expert opinion, while its reliability was calculated using Cronbach alpha method on 30 staff as 0.95. The data were analyzed by exploratory factor analysis and structural equations modeling methods in SPSS-25 and Smart PLS-3 software. Findings: the findings indicated that empowerment of human resources has 10 factors of change and innovation, managerial functions, learning, development of human resources, behavioral factors, organizational factors, the strategic factors of organization, environmental factors, cultural and leadership factors as well as knowledge beyond the technical knowledge. The factor load of all of its items was above 0.40; the convergent validity of the factors was found above 0.60 using the average variance extracted method. The reliability of all of the factors using Cronbach alpha and mixed method was above 0.70. Furthermore, the human resources empowerment model with emphasis on education in the ornamental and building stone industry had suitable and acceptable fitting, and the empowerment of human resources with emphasis on education had a direct and significant effect on all of the 10 factors (P<0.001). Conclusion: given the suitable model of human resources empowerment with emphasis on education in the ornamental and building stone industry, experts and planners can take effective steps for empowerment of human resources through the 10 identified factors.
۹.

Designing a Brain-Based Curriculum Model Focusing on Interaction and Motivation in the Secondary School(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Curriculum Brain-based Interaction motivation

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تعداد بازدید : ۶۳ تعداد دانلود : ۵۳
Purpose: The purpose of the present research is to present a brain-based curriculum model focusing on interaction and motivation in the secondary school. Methodology: In order to achieve this goal, qualitative approach, field method and semi-structured in-depth interview techniques were used. The study population included prominent curriculum planning experts, researchers and faculty members and 15 people were interviewed based on the data saturation. The data collection tools included texts and semi-structured interviews, and the method of data analysis also included inductive thematic analysis (Attride-Stirling thematic networks). Findings: The results of the research showed that the curriculum design components included four dimensions: goals, content, teaching methods, and assessment methods, which affect students' interaction and motivation. Goals included indices of changing mental images, real learning environment, flexibility of brain-based curriculum, information storage during learning. Content included indices of development of brain ability, mechanism of brain function, cognitive learning, content understanding, triggering body and brain activity, teaching methods including practical learning, learning in the environment, cooperation in class activity, different learning style, getting students to take responsibility for learning, effectiveness of education, purposeful and conscious teaching, continuous information processing. Assessment method included self- assessment, understand the content easily, flexible learning, encouraging activities. The interaction included indices of sharing new experiences in learning; improving the brain ability; and discussing different topics. Stimulation of learning and motivation included the indices cognitive function of the brain, challenging and enjoyable learning. Conclusion: The results showed that the brain-based curriculum emphasizes on goals, content, teaching and assessment methods, which is designed with an emphasis on interaction and motivation.
۱۰.

Effectiveness of Process Mental Simulation on Academic Procrastination and Stress of Gifted Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Training Process Mental Simulation Academic procrastination Academic Stress gifted students

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تعداد بازدید : ۵۶ تعداد دانلود : ۴۰
Purpose: The present research was done to determine the effectiveness of training process mental stimulation on academic procrastination and academic stress of gifted students. Methodology: The present quasi-experimental study was done with a pretest posttest design and follow-up along with a control group. The research population consisted of high school gifted students in academic year 2019-2020. The research sample included 30 students, who were chosen through multistage cluster sampling method, and assigned into two equal groups as treatment and control via randomization. The treatment group was trained for nine sessions of 90 min (one session per week) through process mental simulation training method, while the control group did not receive such training during this time. The data were collected through academic procrastination scale (Solomon and Rothblum, 1984) and academic stress (Zajacova and et al., 2005), and then analyzed using repeated measure analysis of variance and Bonferroni post hoc test in SPSS-19 software. Findings: The results revealed that the treatment and control group differed significantly with each other in the posttest and follow-up stages. In other words, the process mental simulation training resulted in diminished academic procrastination and academic stress of gifted students, and the results were also preserved in the follow-up stage (P<0.001). Conclusion: The results indicated the effectiveness of process mental simulation training on academic procrastination and academic stress of gifted students in post-test and follow-up stages. Thus, the education experts can use the mentioned method alongside other effective methods for reducing the academic procrastination and academic stress of students.
۱۱.

Antecedents of Destructive Organizational and Administrative Behaviors and the management model to reduce such behaviors based on Social Exchange Theory by Meta-Synthesis Method(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Destructive Organizational Behaviors Social Exchange Theory Meta-Synthesis Facilitating Antecedents Inhibiting Antecedents

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تعداد بازدید : ۴۵ تعداد دانلود : ۴۵
Purpose: Organizational and administrative destructive behaviors cause many direct and indirect costs on organizations and reduce organizational progress. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify antecedents of destructive organizational and administrative behaviors based on social exchange theory by meta-synthesis method. Methodology: This study was developmental in terms of objective, cross-sectional in terms of time, and qualitative in terms of data collection. The field of research included 582 articles on destructive organizational and administrative behaviors during 2000-2022. The research sample included 55 articles selected by purposive sampling method and according to inclusion criteria. The data were collected by note-taking (validity was confirmed by the triangulation method and reliability was estimated to be 0.89 by the Cohen's kappa coefficient) and analyzed by content analysis using the seven-step meta-synthesis method of Sandelowski and Barroso (2007). Findings: The results showed that the antecedents of destructive organizational and administrative behaviors based on social exchange theory had two main categories and six subcategories. Each of the two categories of facilitating antecedents and inhibiting antecedents included three subcategories of behavioral factors, structural factors, and contextual factors. Finally, given the categories and subcategories, a model of the antecedents of destructive organizational and administrative behaviors based on social exchange theory was drawn. Conclusion: The model of antecedents of organizational and administrative destructive behaviors based on social exchange theory designed in the present study can be used as a tool for strategic planning in the field of organizational and administrative destructive behaviors.
۱۲.

Conflict Management Model based on the Professional Experiences of Secondary School Teachers in North Khorasan: A Qualitative Study(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Conflict Management Professional Experiences teachers Secondary Level Schools

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تعداد بازدید : ۶۰ تعداد دانلود : ۴۸
Purpose: The ability to manage conflict plays an important role in the teaching profession. Therefore, the purpose of the current research was to design a conflict management model based on the professional experiences of secondary school teachers in North Khorasan schools. Methodology: This was an applied study in terms of its purpose and qualitative in terms of its method. The research population included secondary school teachers of North Khorasan province in the academic year of 2018-2019. A total of 17 people were selected by purposive sampling method and according to the theoretical saturation, and were subjected to semi-structured interviews. Content validity and reliability was 0.86 based on the expert's opinion and 0.93 using inter-rater agreement coefficient. Open, axial and selective coding methods were used for data analysis. Findings: Data analysis led to the emergence of 209 primary concepts and 18 secondary concepts in 5 categories for the conflict management model based on the professional experiences of secondary school teachers in North Khorasan schools. The categories include active coping (with 5 secondary concepts of problem solving, information acquisition, seeking social support, negotiating and technology management), passive coping (with 5 secondary concepts of acceptance, emotional adjustment, keep work and home life separate, reframing and avoidance), reinforcement and management of relationships (with 4 secondary concepts of strengthening interpersonal communication, meeting expectations, paying attention to emotional needs and creating fun and entertainment), strengthening religious beliefs (with 2 secondary concepts of resorting to spirituality and developing morals and values) and developing personal growth (with two secondary concepts of self-analysis and going beyond personal needs). Finally, the conflict management model was designed based on the professional experiences of secondary school teachers in North Khorasan. Conclusion: According to the concepts and categories identified for the conflict management model based on the professional experiences of secondary school teachers, they can be used to improve conflict management and improve the position of the organization.
۱۳.

Design and Development of a Model for Friendship-Based Leadership(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: leadership Leadership Styles Friendship-Based Leadership

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تعداد بازدید : ۷۷ تعداد دانلود : ۵۵
Purpose: Friendship-oriented leadership is one of the relatively new methods of leadership to gain a competitive advantage. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to design and formulate a friendship-oriented leadership model. Methodology: This study was applied in terms of purpose and qualitative in terms of execution method. The research community was experts and experts in the field of broadcasting leadership in 1400. The sample size was determined based on the principle of theoretical saturation of 20 people, and this number was selected by purposive sampling. The data was collected with a semi-structured interview, the validity of which was confirmed by the triangulation method and the reliability was calculated with the Cohen's kappa coefficient of 0.66. The data were analyzed by open, central and selective coding method based on database theory in MAXQDA software. Findings: The findings showed that 108 indicators were identified in 11 sub-categories and 6 main categories for the friendship-oriented leadership model; So that the friendship-oriented leadership model in the category of causal conditions includes individual abilities and capabilities and follower conditions, in the category of contextual conditions including organizational characteristics, demographic factors and human resources mechanism, in the category of intervening conditions including the organizational environment and extra-organizational factors, in the category of central phenomenon including leadership Friendship-oriented, in the category of strategies included leadership strategies, and in the category of consequences, it included positive consequences and negative consequences. Finally, the paradigm model of friendship-oriented leadership was designed. Conclusion: Specialists and organizational planners can use the categories and indicators identified for the friendship-oriented leadership model to improve their organization and create a competitive advantage and improve them in their organization.
۱۴.

Validating of Applied Model for the Implementation of the School Management Excellence Program(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Applied Model Excellence Program School Excellence Factors Affecting the School Excellence

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تعداد بازدید : ۶۸ تعداد دانلود : ۴۱
Purpose: The aim of the present study is to validate the applied model for the school management excellence program implementation. Methodology: This study was a correlation and survey methods. All 20 middle and high schools located in districts 1 and 2 of Ardabil city, which have been the implementers of the excellence program during the last two years, were selected and their human resources formed the statistical population. The researcher-made questionnaire with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.97 was distributed in 10 schools with the participation of 152 teachers using stratified random sampling method. Smart-PLS and SPSS soft wares were employed to analyze the data using structural equations and Hoteling’s T test. Findings: The findings showed that the current research model meets desirable validity. Therefore, the effective factors identified in the implementation of the excellence program were found to be valid. The results via Hoteling’s T test also showed that there is a significant difference between the factors identified in successful and unsuccessful schools according to the performances of the years 2018 and 2019. The factors of management and leadership style and human resources training were found to meet the highest and lowest discrepancies between successful and unsuccessful schools, respectively. Conclusion: The present results indicated that the factors of the space and resources, efforts of custodians, organizational culture, role of parents, environmental factors, management and leadership style, principal’s features, human resources training, organizational health and usefulness of teachers play a key role in achieving program-centered, self-assessment, school-centered and total quality consequences.
۱۵.

The Entrepreneurship Competencies: Neglected Curriculum in Teacher Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: Neglected Education entrepreneurship education Curriculum Competency teacher education

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تعداد بازدید : ۴۶ تعداد دانلود : ۳۷
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to understand of the presence of entrepreneurial competencies in the curriculum of teacher education in Iran. Methodology: approach – This was a qualitative research with an interview and content analysis approach. The research population consisted of two groups of entrepreneurs with teacher education and the curriculum syllabus a bachelor of teacher education. The research tools included a semi-structured interview, and a content analysis checklist. Findings: The research findings resulted in the extraction of 42 competencies in the form of three classes of knowledge, attitude and skill. Results also indicated that the presence of entrepreneurial competencies among the syllabus of teacher education curriculum does not meet a suitable level. Conclusion: Therefore, the officials and curriculum developers should take the necessary steps to revise the curriculum syllabus according to the addition of intended competencies in this area to push teacher students towards entrepreneurship.
۱۶.

Validation of a Model for a Multicultural Curriculum based on Foucault's View at the 2nd Stage of Secondary School(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Multicultural Curriculum Foucault's Views The Second Stage Of Secondary School

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تعداد بازدید : ۸۰ تعداد دانلود : ۴۹
Purpose: The objective of the present study was to validate a model for a multicultural curriculum based on Foucault's view at the 2nd stage of secondary school. Methodology: This study was applied, descriptive survey. The statistical population of this study included 11,024 teachers (5,692 men and 5,332 women) at the 2nd stage of secondary schools in Semnan Province. The research sample included 360 second stage of secondary schools teachers who were selected by multi-stage relative cluster sampling and Cochran's formula. The data collection tool is a researcher-made questionnaire of a multicultural curriculum based on Foucault's view with 70 questions and 4 dimensions of "goal, content, teaching-learning strategies and evaluation" and each dimension has three components of "knowledge, attitude and skill" on a five-point Likert scale. In order to confirm the validity of the questionnaires, content validity was used and composite reliability (CR) was used for the reliability of the questionnaires, which was suitable and acceptable. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equations modeling were used for data analysis by SPSS21 and PLS. Findings: The study results showed that the components of goal, content, teaching method and evaluation affected explaining a model for a multicultural curriculum based on Foucault's view. Conclusion: According to the study results, the model had a good fit.
۱۷.

Identifying and Ranking the Factors Affecting the Social Role of Academic System Based on Interpretive Structural Equations(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Social Role Academic System Training And Learning Social Responsibility Social Projects

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تعداد بازدید : ۴۷ تعداد دانلود : ۵۲
Purpose: Examining the factors affecting the social role of the higher education system can help in its improvement. Thus, this research aimed to identify and rate the factors affecting the social role of the academic system based on interpretive structural equations. Methodology: Regarding aim, this study was of applied type and considering method of implementation, it was cross-sectional. The research population consisted of the qualitative section of documents and texts related to the research and experts of this field. Fifty documents and texts were chosen via purposive sampling method, and 10 experts were selected via purposive sampling method as the sample. The data were collected through taking notes from the documents and texts as well as surveying experts about a researcher-made questionnaire, and analyzed further via interpretive structural equations method in PLS software. Findings: The results indicated that the factors affecting the social role of the higher education system include 11 factors including making the academic curricula challenging, promoting social participation forms, preparing students for public jobs, active civic curriculum, training and learning social responsibility, research-orientedness, social projects, training qualified individuals, attention to the views of social beneficiaries in the academic system, and training social sensitivity. The results of interpretive structural equations indicated that the factor of promoting social participation problem claimed the first rank, followed by research-orientedness and training qualified individuals at the second level, training and learning social responsibility at the third level, factors of making academic curricula challenging and preparing students for public jobs at the fourth level, factors of active civic curriculum factors, attention to the views of social beneficiaries in the academic system and training social sensitivity at the fifth level, factor of developing eligible citizens at the sixth level, and factor of social projects at the seventh level. Based on that, the interpretive structural model of factors affecting the social role of the academic system was designed. Conclusion: Based on the present study results, planners and experts of higher education can benefit from the present study results, and use the identified factors affecting the social role of the academic system for improving the status of university and acquiring competitive advantage.
۱۸.

Proposing a Model for Social Vitality Development Using Meta-Synthesis Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Social Vitality Development Social Vitality Training Urban Development and Urban Planning Social and Cultural Affairs Citizenship Relations and Rights

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تعداد بازدید : ۹۵ تعداد دانلود : ۴۸
Purpose: One of the concerns of citizens and officials of organizations and institutions is social vitality development. Therefore, the present study was conducted to propose a model for social vitality development using meta-synthesis approach. Methodology: This study was applied in terms of objective and qualitative in terms of research method. The field of research was all articles on social vitality during 1990-2022, 39 of which were selected based on inclusion criteria by purposive sampling. The data were collected by taking notes from the articles and analyzed by content analysis based on the seven-step meta-synthesis approach of Sandelowski and Barroso (2007). Findings: The results showed that 19 components and 3 dimensions were identified for a model for social vitality development. The dimensions include urban development and urban planning (6 components of compliance with the principles of urbanization and good urban governance, urban furniture design and beautification of the neighborhood, urban services and preservation of the urban environment, calming of roads and smoothing of traffic, design and construction of parks and gardens, and construction of smart parking lots), social and cultural affairs (7 components of public and morning sports, development of sports centers, development of culture and art houses, citizen health services, development of game and entertainment centers, implementation of citizenship education programs and skill training and entrepreneurship) and relations and citizenship rights (6 components of strengthening family relations, neighborhood rights, strengthening the network of friends, local cohesion and identity, resilience and the narrative of the sense of experiencing vitality in the company of friends). Finally, according to the identified components and dimensions, a model was designed for social vitality development. Conclusion: The designed model for social vitality development based on meta-synthesis approach can have many practical implications for citizens and officials of urban and governmental organizations and institutions. Accordingly, they can design and implement solutions for social vitality development
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Ranking of Municipality Efficiency by Stimulating job Performance of Employees and Managers of Municipalities of North Khuzestan Province through Cultural Intelligence by DEA Linear Programming Model(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Cultural Intelligence Job Performance DEA Linear Programming Model

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تعداد بازدید : ۴۱ تعداد دانلود : ۴۲
Purpose: The objective of this study was to rank municipality efficiency by stimulating job performance of employees and managers of municipalities of north Khuzestan Province through cultural intelligence based on data envelopment analysis (DEA) linear programming model. Methodology: The present study was applied in terms of objective and descriptive survey in terms of data collection method. The statistical population of this study included experts and managers of municipalities of north Khuzestan Province. The statistical sample was selected by convenience sampling. Data collection tools were cultural intelligence questionnaire by Ang et al. (2004), occupational performance questionnaire by Alirezaei et al. (2012). Findings: Finally, it was concluded that, in order of priority, Dezful, Lali, Shush, Izeh, and Masjed Soleiman were the most efficient municipalities. Conclusion: According to the present study, it was found that the cultural intelligence of employees and managers has a positive effect on their job performance
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Designing the Psychological Capital Model in Iran's Government Organizations Using a Mixed Method from the Islamic Perspective(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Psychological Capital Qur'an Nahj Al-Balagha Self-Purification patience Positive Thinking and Truth-Seeking

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تعداد بازدید : ۵۷ تعداد دانلود : ۴۷
Purpose: Psychological capital refers to the state of positive psychological development of a person and it is important and investigated considering thestrive to achieve goals and to undertake and make the necessary effort to succeed in challenging tasks. From the Islamic perspective, psychological capital (PC) is a person's belief in his abilities to achieve success, to have perseverance in pursuing goals, endure problems and having patience in this regard. The purpose of the current research was to design the model of psychological capital from the Islamic perspective in Iran's governmental organizations. Methodology: The current research is considered a mixed research (qualitative-quantitative). The qualitative section included Quran and Nahj al-balagha, and the quantitative section included PC experts, as well as faculty members who have conducted research in the field of PC. In the qualitative section, the study sample selected using complete enumeration and included Quran and Nahj al-Balagha, and to collect the data in the quantitative section, a total of 15 people were selected using purposive sampling method who then answered the questions of the Delphi questionnaire. According to the analysis of the Quran and Nahj al-Balagha, a total of 126 semantic expressions and primary open code as well as 17 PC-related indices were extracted. These indices were merged and then selective coding was carried out. In the second stage, Delphi quantitative research method was used. Finally, PC-related indices and items were extracted and categorized after data collection. Cohen's kappa index was used to validate the coding process and ensure quality control of the factors. Findings: The results of the research showed that the Islamic-based PC included 18 axial codes and 4 selective codes (the self-purification dimension with six axial codes; the patience dimension with two axial codes. Conclusion: the positive thinking dimension with four axial codes and the truth-seeking dimension with six axial codes).
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Presenting the Pattern of School Administrators’ Interaction with Educated New Teachers of Farhangian University based on the Anthropological of Islamic Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Interaction School Administrators New Teachers Farhangian University Anthropological islamic education

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تعداد بازدید : ۵۱ تعداد دانلود : ۵۳
Purpose: Educational environments are a place for the development of science, advancement of educational goals and cultural transfer. As a result, the aim of this study was presenting the pattern of school administrators’ interaction with educated new teachers of Farhangian University based on the anthropological of Islamic education. Methodology: This research in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was qualitative. The statistical population of this research was managers and professors familiar with the field of research in Farhangian Universities of Razavi Khorasan province in 2021 year. In this study, the samples according to the principle of theoretical saturation were included 8 people who were selected based on the inclusion criteria and with using the purposive sampling method. Data collection tools were included demographic information form and semi-structured interview with managers and professors, which whose validity was confirmed by triangulation method and its reliability was calculated by agreement coefficient method between two coders 0.86. Also, to analyze the data were used from thematic analysis method. Findings: The findings of the present research showed that for the pattern of school administrators’ interaction with educated new teachers of Farhangian University based on the anthropological of Islamic education were identified 42 sub themes in 11 main themes. The identified main themes in this research were included the principal's respect to new teachers, principle of human respect, principle of dialogue, principle of tolerance and leniency, principle of altruism, principle of piety, principle of moderate rationality, principle of accepting intellectual and religious differences, management skills, interpersonal skills and communication skills. Finally, the pattern of the main themes of the school administrators’ interaction with educated new teachers of Farhangian University based on the anthropological of Islamic education was designed. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, in order to improve the school administrators’ interaction with educated new teachers of Farhangian University based on the anthropological of Islamic education can provide the ground for the realization of the identified sub and main themes for it.

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