Iranian journal of educational sociology

Iranian journal of educational sociology

iranian journal of educational sociology, Vol 6, Number 3 (2023) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Caste in Goa: Glimpses of Transition from Caste to Class(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Caste Goa class

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۵ تعداد دانلود : ۳۰
The caste system has undergone many changes, many people have predicted its soon demise, but it has proven to stay. Many theories such as Sanskritization by M.N. Srinivas have been written about the caste system and many studies showed that caste has retreated, though not disappeared, from several spheres of life. A delinking of occupation and caste, increased inter-caste and interreligious marriages and the status of a person is increasingly measured not by traditional hereditary factors such as caste but individual parameters such as wealth, job security and career chances, that are factors which can individually be acquired. Thus, researchers said that class will supplant caste, but recent research has shown that it would be better not to see these two as opposed to each other and rather study the similarities. We have researched in rural and urban areas with in purposefully selected areas in Goa with people from many different social backgrounds, religions, caste, and as well tribal background. We have opted to use mainly qualitative research. The open-ended informal interview or semi-structured interview with an interview guide was mostly used as it provides best insight in how people perceive their life and changes. Due to social changes such as democratization after Liberation from the Portuguese colonial rule in 1961, the Land Tiller’s Act which transferred the land from the owners to the tillers and migration, which offered especially to the former working class higher incomes, caste markers have undergone changes as well. A significant change to individual choices from inherited traditional caste rules could be observed, which depended on individually acquired characteristics. Hereditary traditional factors such as caste, which are non-personal, retreated to the background. As caste is seen by many as discrimination, people try to get rid of it or hide it as much as possible. That means that obvious caste markers such as names of wards indicating one’s profession or caste background cannot be used anymore, as the composition of castes in wards have changed as well. Profession and caste have been decoupled, the sitting order in the church does not indicate caste anymore and other traditional caste markers have become obsolete. Thus, people have found out new markers to orient themselves in their social world. These factors were for instance language. The accent of course could be changed, as certain accents were related to specific varnas and as well jaatis. As ward names have changed, the setting and look of wards became important, such as the space in front of the house and the absence or presence of agricultural tools or harvest versus flower beds and expensive children’s toys were gauged. The style of the house, how many stories and the style of color and decoration were considered as well. The behavior and demeanor became very important as well as the style of clothes and jewelry one was wearing. As well how feasts and parties were celebrated. These individual factors of gauging the status of a person did have significant influences and repercussions on social set up in urban and very strong as well in rural areas. The member composition or formal and informal meetings and local NGOs are due to personal interest and skills. Thus, hot issues in villages are decided by expected personal gain and interest. Professions get a new ranking according to career chances and income, dining with others depends on personal liking. Despite this emerging class character, we should not see class and caste dichotomous, as people use either of them in different situations depending on what they feel might get them better chances to advance to their goals. Seeing caste and class as complimentary and not dichotomous helps
۲.

The Relationship Between Sense of Belonging and Life Satisfaction Among University Students: The Mediating Role of Social Isolation and Psychological Distress(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Depression Social isolation Sense of belonging life satisfaction Psychological distress

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تعداد بازدید : ۳۰ تعداد دانلود : ۳۲
Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the mediating role of social isolation and psychological distress in the relationship between belonging and life satisfaction among university students. Methodology: In a correlational design, 200 undergraduate students from Ferdowsi University of Mashhad were selected via multi-stage sampling method. Data collection was carried out by measurments, including sense of belonging instrument (Hagerty, & Patusky, 1995), need to belong scale (Kelly,1999), schema questionnaire (Young, 1998), depression, anxiety, stress scale (Lovibond, & Lovibond,1995), psychological distress scale (Kessler et al., 2002) and satisfaction with life scale (Diener, et al., 1985). Data analysis was conducted using pearson correlation coefficient and path analysis. Findings: The results indicated that the sense of belonging and the need to belong were related to social isolation. Additionally, the mediating role of social isolation and psychological distress in the relationship between nelonging and life satisfaction was confirmed (P <0.01). The fit indices confirmed the goodness of fit of the stated model. Also, psychological distress was significantly related to life satifaction. Conclusion: These results highlight the importance of laying the groundwork for students' life satisfaction, which requires the implentation of effective interventions and programs to strengthen sense of belonging and, followed by the reduction of social isolation and psychological distress. The limitations of this study and the future directions will be discussed.
۳.

Investigating the Relationship of Technological Entrepreneurship Ecosystem and Crowdfunding According to Isenberg's Model(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Technological Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Crowd Funding Isenberg's Model

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۷ تعداد دانلود : ۳۰
Purpose: The cities of the world are becoming centers of innovation, and today the technological entrepreneurship ecosystem is very important. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigating the relationship of technological entrepreneurship ecosystem and crowd funding according to Isenberg's model. Methodology: In a descriptive-analytical study from type of correlation, 225 people from middle and senior managers and experts in the field of investment were selected as a sample based on Cochran's formula by simple random sampling method. The samples responded to the standard questionnaires of technological entrepreneurship ecosystem (Isenberg, 2011) and crowd funding (Shabanian, 2012), whose validity and reliability were confirmed. Data were analyzed with Pearson correlation coefficients and linear regression tests in SPSS24 software. Findings: The findings showed that all six components of the technological entrepreneurship ecosystem including policy, financing, culture, supports, human capital, and markets had a positive and significant correlation with all four components of crowd funding including the type, role, goals, and scope of crowd funding. Also, the components of technological entrepreneurship ecosystem could significantly explain 62.7% of crowd funding changes, which according to the beta value, the variables of policy, human capital, culture, markets, financing and supports had a direct and significant effect on crowd funding (P<0.001). Conclusion: The results indicated the relation and effective role of technological entrepreneurship ecosystem in crowd funding. Therefore, for the improvement of crowd funding can be provided the ground for the promotion of the technological entrepreneurship ecosystem.
۴.

Presenting the Development Model of Educational Organizations with Emphasis on the Entrepreneurship Drivers in Higher Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Development of Educational Organizations Entrepreneurship Drivers Higher education Entrepreneurial and Knowledge-Based Education Cultural-Social Factors

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۴ تعداد دانلود : ۲۶
Purpose: The development of educational organizations plays an important role in creating a competitive advantage for organizations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to presenting the development model of educational organizations with emphasis on the entrepreneurship drivers in higher education. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was descriptive from type of cross-sectional. The research population were included all faculty members of Golestan province universities, numbering 1023 people. The sample size was calculated based on Cochran's formula 279 people, which were selected by stratified random sampling method. The research tool was 80 question researcher-made questionnaire on the development of educational organizations with emphasis on entrepreneurial drivers, which whose content validity according to the opinion of experts was calculated as 0.74. Data were analyzed with exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling methods in SPSS-21 and Smart PLS-3 software. Findings: The findings showed that the development of educational organizations with emphasis on the entrepreneurial drivers had 80 items in 12 components and 5 dimensions. Dimensions were included entrepreneurial and knowledge-based education and research (with two components of entrepreneurial and knowledge-based research and entrepreneurial and knowledge-based education), structural-organizational (with four components of structure and organization, leadership management, human resources and financial resources and academic independence), technological development and growth (with one component of technological development and growth), policy making of science and technology and the governance system of the higher education system (with two components of development of entrepreneurial mission and perspective and policy making) and contextual factors (with three components of support factors, interaction and communication and cultural-social factors) which whose factor load of all was higher than 0.60, their average variance extracted was higher than 0.50 and their reliability with using Cronbach's alpha and combined methods was calculated higher than 0.70. Also, the development model of educational organizations with emphasis on the entrepreneurship drivers in higher education had a good fit. In addition, the development model of educational organizations with emphasis on the entrepreneurship drivers in higher education on each of the dimensions and each of the dimensions on its components had a direct and significant effect (P<0.001). Conclusion: The development model of educational organizations with emphasis on the entrepreneurship drivers in higher education designed in the present research can help the experts and planners of the higher education system in designing plans to improve educational organizations.
۵.

Designing the Resilience Pattern of Higher Education Institutions in Response to the Covid-19 Pandemic based on Grounded Theory(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Resilience Higher education Covid-19 pandemic Individual Factors organizational factors Social factors

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۹ تعداد دانلود : ۲۸
Purpose: The Covid-19 pandemic has presented unprecedented challenges to higher education institutions, necessitating a robust resilience framework to navigate disruptions and ensure continued educational excellence. This study aimed to design a resilience pattern for higher education institutions based on grounded theory, drawing insights from the experiences of stakeholders in Islamic Azad Universities in Tehran, Iran. Methodology: The present study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was qualitative. The target population was all students, employees, and faculty members of Islamic Azad Universities in Tehran, Iran. The sample size of this study was determined based on the principle of theoretical saturation, resulting in a total of 29 participants who were selected by the purposive and theoretical sampling method and were underwent to a semi-structured interview. Interview validity was established using triangulation, and reliability was assessed using the intercoder agreement coefficient method, yielding a value of 0.72. The data obtained from semi-structured interviews were analyzed using open, axial, and selective coding techniques in ATLAS.ti qualitative software version 9. Findings: The analysis showed that the resilience pattern of higher education institutions in response to the Covid-19 pandemic had 189 concepts, 39 subcategories and 10 main categories based on the systematic grounded theory. In this pattern, the central phenomenon was the resilient response of higher education institutions to the Covid-19 pandemic. Causal conditions were categorized into three main categories: individual (6 subcategories, 29 concepts), organizational (7 subcategories, 41 concepts), and social (3 subcategories, 11 concepts). Intervening conditions consisted of national factors (4 subcategories, 18 concepts), while context were represented by global factors (4 subcategories, 16 concepts). Strategies included prediction and prevention (3 subcategories, 17 concepts), response and coping (5 subcategories, 24 concepts), and adaptation and compatibility (3 subcategories, 18 concepts). Consequences were classified into short-term (2 subcategories, 8 concepts) and long-term consequences (2 subcategories, 7 concepts). Finally, the resilience pattern of higher education institutions in response to the Covid-19 pandemic based on grounded theory was designed. Conclusion: The proposed resilience pattern serves as a valuable guide for higher education institutions to proactively address the challenges posed by unforeseen disruptions, fostering adaptability and sustainability in an increasingly volatile world. The framework emphasizes the importance of resilience not only at the organizational level but also among students, staff, and faculty members. By incorporating this pattern into their strategic planning and operational practices, higher education institutions can enhance their capacity to navigate crises such as Covid-19 pandemic and emerge stronger amidst adversity.
۶.

Effect of Components of the Field of Artistic Aesthetics on Online Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Artistic Aesthetics Online education music Dramatic Movements Imagery

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تعداد بازدید : ۳۸ تعداد دانلود : ۳۱
Purpose: Today, the use of online education significantly has grown in compared to the past. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of components of the field of artistic aesthetics on online education. Methodology: The present study in terms of purpose was practical and in terms of implementation method was interventional with a pretest, posttest and one-month follow-up design. The research population was the fourth grade students of district 2 of Tehran city in the 2021-22 academic years. The number of 50 people of them were selected by cluster sampling method and randomly replaced into two experimental and control groups. The experimental group was trained for one month from Saturday to Wednesday in the field of artistic aesthetics in Skyroom, and the control group was trained with the usual method in Skyroom. The research tool was a researcher-made online education questionnaire with 13 items, which the face validity by the opinion of experts was confirmed, and its reliability with the test-retest method was obtained above 0.80. The data were analyzed by methods of variance analysis with repeated measurements and Bonferroni post hoc test in SPSS version 19 software. Findings: The findings of the present research showed that teaching the components of the field of artistic aesthetics led to increase all variables of online education including music and sound, dramatic movements, imagery, visual arts, digital media and film, animation, storytelling and narrative, recognition of colors and lines, poetry and text, pantomime, rhythmic story writing, humor and puppet shows were improved in students and these results remained in the one-month follow-up phase (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results showed the effect of the intervention based on the components of the field of artistic aesthetics on all variables of online education. Therefore, can be used the method of teaching the components of the field of artistic aesthetics along with other educational methods to improve online education.
۷.

The Providing a model for improving the Physiological Performance of Human Resources, based on the Biorhythm Cycle in Educational - Therapeutic Centers(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Human Resources Physiological Function Biorhythm Cycle Educational-Medical Centers

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۵ تعداد دانلود : ۳۰
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to design a model to improve the physiological performance of human resources, based on the biorhythm cycle in educational and medical centers. Methodology: the combined research method is based on exploratory mixed research (qualitative - quantitative). Statistical population in the qualitative section of a group of experts including professors in the field of organizational behavior management in universities and higher education centers, Vice Chancellor for Management Development and Resources of Medical Universities and experts on physiological performance and biorhythm cycle and in the quantitative section; The staff in rotation of Imam Khomeini Educational and Medical Center in Sari consisted of 820 nurses, midwives, paramedics, services, laboratory and radiology; In the qualitative part, using the snowball method to achieve theoretical saturation, in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 experts, and in the quantitative part, to measure the model, a researcher-made questionnaire with relative class sampling method was used among 264 people. was distributed. To determine the validity and reliability in the qualitative stage, the necessary tests, including acceptability and capability, are used, and in the quantitative stage, the validity of the 74-item questionnaire by face and content method (CVR and CVI range for items between 0.6 to 0.1, 0.85 and 0.1, respectively) and its reliability by Cronbach's alpha method by 83% of the cases Confirmed. Data were analyzed in qualitative stage with grounded theory technique with MAXqda2018 software and in quantitative stage with structural equations (heuristic and confirmatory factor analysis) with SPSS and AMOS software. Finding: The results of the qualitative part indicate that the physiological performance model of human resources, based on the biorhythm cycle has 16 dimensions in terms of causal conditions (working conditions, demographic characteristics and individual conditions), contextual conditions (organizational structure, motivation of managers and employees and intelligence Ethical), intervention conditions (culture building, teamwork and organizational and non-organizational challenges), strategy (training and awareness, biorhythm cycle planning and performance management) and outcome (job performance improvement, physiological performance of human resources and improvement Organizational performance) has been. Conclusion: The results of the quantitative section showed that all dimensions of the research model were confirmed.
۸.

Identifying the Effective Social Factors on the Formation of Future Work Self(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Social Factors Career Foresight Educational Conditions of School and University Technology and Media

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۶ تعداد دانلود : ۲۱
Purpose: Career foresight is a new concept in career path ultramodern approaches about career choice, career transition and career development. As a result, the aim of this study was to Identifying the Effective Social Factors on the Formation of Future Work Self. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was developmental and in terms of implementation method was qualitative. The members of the research were the professors of human resource management and organizational behavior and human resource managers of Tehran Municipality. The sample size based on the principle of theoretical saturation was calculated 15 people who were selected by purposive sampling method. The tool of the present study was a semi-structured interview, which its validity was confirmed by the triangulation method and its reliability was calculated by the agreement coefficient method between two coders 0.83. Data were analyzed by thematic analysis method in MAXQDA software. Findings: The findings of the interview with 15 people about the effective social factors on the formation of career foresight indicated that this structure had 28 basic theme, 11 organizing theme and 5 inclusive theme. The inclusive themes of this study were included the conditions of society (including two organizing themes of economic conditions of society and society's values), key characters (including two organizing themes of type of activity of models and heroes and opinions of influential people), educational conditions of school and university (including two organizing themes of content of educational courses of school and university and educational facilities and methods of school and university), family conditions (including three organizing themes of family behavior, family economy and family customs and values) and technology and media (including two organizing themes of lifestyle in media and technology). Based on the identified themes in the current research, a network of themes of effective social factors on the formation of career foresight was designed. Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, municipal managers by recognizing the effective social factors on the formation of career foresight and guiding them through cooperation and coordination with influential institutions such as cultural institutions, education and higher education can create coordination between the individual's career goals with the organization's needs, goals and missions and create and reduce numerous changes in the career path of employees and waste of resources.
۹.

Drawing a Scientific Map of the Knowledge-Based Businesses Development with a Bibliometric Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Scientific Map businesses development knowledge-based businesses Bibliometric Approach Innovation Knowledge Management

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تعداد بازدید : ۳۲ تعداد دانلود : ۲۹
Purpose: Today, having knowledge-based organizations and businesses is considered an important and main capital for a country and can create a competitive advantage. As a result, the aim of this study was to drawing a scientific map of the knowledge-based businesses development with a bibliometric approach. Methodology: The current research in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was descriptive. The population of this study was the conducted research in the field of knowledge-based business development in the Scopus database from 1985 to 2023 year. The data of this study were analyzed by the bibliometric method according to the systematic approach with the two objectives of functional analysis and citation network analysis and with PRISMA protocol in VOSViewer software. Findings: The functional analysis findings showed that in the field of knowledge-based businesses development, Gambardella and McGahan had the most citations (372 times) with an article entitled Business-model innovation: General purpose technologies and their implications for industry structure. Also, authors including Crenicean, Ichijo, Kohlbacher, Markopoulos, Popescu, Sequeira, Vanharanta and Will and countries including United Kingdom, China, United States, Germany, Italy, Romania and South Korea respectively had the most research in the field of knowledge-based businesses development. In addition, the findings of the citation network analysis showed that for collaboration between authors there were 21 links, 7 keywords and 1 cluster and for collaboration between countries there were 34 links, 22 keywords and 5 clusters. Also, for co-referencing words there were 1475 links, 138 keywords and 6 clusters, which were more related to the words of business development, knowledge-based systems, innovation and knowledge management. Conclusion: The results of the present research about the knowledge-based businesses development with a bibliometric approach can have an effective role in designing and implementing programs to improve knowledge-based businesses.
۱۰.

Assessing the Suitability and Prioritization of the Components of the media Literacy Competence Development Model for English Language Teachers(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Competency development media literacy English language teachers provision of educational equipment learners' participation in the educational structure

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۱ تعداد دانلود : ۳۲
Purpose: Considering the importance of media literacy and competency development in this field, the present research was conducted with the aim of assessing the suitability and prioritization of the components of the media literacy competency development model of English language teachers. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was mixed (qualitative and quantitative). The research population in the qualitative part was the experts of Farhangian University and principals of the first and second period schools of Tabriz city, which based on the principle of theoretical saturation number of 15 people were selected as a sample. The research population in the quantitative part was English language teachers of the first and second period schools of Tabriz city, which based on Cochran's formula number of 384 people were selected as a sample. The research tool in the qualitative part was a semi-structured interview, which its data was coded in MAXQDA software, and in the quantitative part was a researcher-made questionnaire, which its data was analyzed by structural equation modeling and weighted matrix in SPSS and SmartPLS software. Findings: The findings showed that the media literacy competency development of English language teachers has 50 sub components in 12 main components, including the media access, production and communication, technology development at the global level, media literacy promotion infrastructure, provision of educational equipment, management of students' entry into the virtual world, lack of possibilities of educational assistance, lack of acceptance of virtual media among teachers, critical thinking training, creating a learning environment and learners' participation in the educational structure, media literacy competency development, establishing educational justice and developing and updating teachers' skills. Also, all the main components had an average variance extracted higher than 0.50 and Cronbach's and combined reliability higher than 0.70, and the media literacy competency development model of English language teachers had a good fit and their effects on each other were significant (P<0.05). In addition, respectively the components of technology development at the global level, establishing educational justice, media literacy competency development, developing and updating teachers' skills, media access, production and communication, lack of acceptance of virtual media among teachers, management of students' entry into the virtual world, creating a learning environment and learners' participation in the educational structure, critical thinking training, media literacy promotion infrastructure, provision of educational equipment and lack of possibilities of educational assistance were of higher importance. Conclusion: According to the identified components for the media literacy competency development and their prioritization can be taken an effective step to media literacy competency development of English language teachers.
۱۱.

Identifying the Dimensions and Components of Continuous Improvement of the Performance of Sama Primary Schools(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Continuous improvement performance of primary schools educational equipment and facilities professional skills of managers Managerial competencies

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تعداد بازدید : ۳۰ تعداد دانلود : ۲۷
Purpose: The continuous improvement of the performance of Sama schools through the effective dimensions and components let to create a competitive advantage for Sama schools. Therefore, the aim of this study was identifying the dimensions and components of continuous improvement of the performance of Sama primary schools. Methodology: This research in terms of purpose and implementation method was applied and qualitative from type of exploratory, respectively. The statistical population of the current study was all the faculty members of the educational management field, Sama staff managers, school principals, teachers and trainers, and students of Sama, which according to the principle of theoretical saturation number of 20 people of them were selected as a sample. The samples of the present study were subjected to a semi-structured interview, which its validity was confirmed by the triangulation method, and its reliability was obtained by the method of agreement coefficient between two coders 0.89, and the data obtained from the interview were analyzed by thematic analysis method in MAXQDA software. Findings: The findings showed that the continuous improvement of the performance of Sama primary schools had 65 concepts, 11 components and 4 dimensions. Its dimensions and components were included educational equipment and facilities (with two components of hardware infrastructure and educational and teaching aids), professional capabilities and skills (with two components of professional skills of teachers and trainers and professional skills of managers), program-oriented (with three components of teaching and learning process, research program and training program) and managerial competencies (with four components of financial resources management, strategic thinking, systematic evaluation and internal and external communication). In the end, the theme network pattern of continuous improvement of the performance of Sama primary schools was designed. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, in order to continuous improvement of the performance of Sama primary schools must use the identified dimensions and components for it and provide the ground for their implementation.
۱۲.

A Comparative Study of Intersemiotic Complementarity of Visual and Verbal Modes in Three English School Textbooks from Iran and Malaysia(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Intersemiotic Complementarity Textbook analysis Prospect 1 Form 1 Pulse 2 Multimodality

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۵ تعداد دانلود : ۲۲
Purpose: The integration of visual and verbal modes in educational materials, particularly in school textbooks, plays a chief role in enhancing the learning experience. Thus, the present study aimed to analyze the intersemiotic complementarity of verbal and visual modes in three English school textbooks from two countries with different policies toward English education at public schools, Iran and Malaysia. Methodology: Employing a qualitative descriptive approach, this study analyzes the intersemiotic complementarity within English school textbooks used in the first grade of high school in Iran and Malaysia, focusing on three selected textbooks: Prospect 1 (Iran), Form 1 (Malaysia), and Pulse 2 (Malaysia). The analysis was guided by Royce's (1998) framework for intersemiotic complementarity, with a particular emphasis on the ideational metafunction. This involved examining the coherence between visual representations (images) and textual content (dialogues) to assess how these elements complement each other in conveying educational content and facilitating learning. Findings: The analysis revealed a marked disparity in the integration of visual and verbal modes between the textbooks from the two countries. Iranian textbooks, specifically Prospect 1, demonstrated a significant disconnect between images and text, often leading to confusion and potentially hindering students' learning. In contrast, the Malaysian textbooks (Form 1 and Pulse 2) exhibited a high level of intersemiotic complementarity, with images effectively supporting and enhancing the textual content, thereby facilitating a more cohesive and comprehensible learning experience for students. Conclusion: The study demonstrates the importance of cohesive integration of visual and verbal elements in textbooks to support effective learning, highlighting the need for strategic multimodal design in educational materials. By ensuring a cohesive integration of visual and verbal elements, textbooks can become more effective tools in enhancing comprehension and improving learning outcomes. This research contributes to the growing discourse on multimodal education, suggesting pathways for future investigations into the optimization of textbook design for enhanced educational impact.
۱۳.

Determining and Comparing the Effectiveness of Teaching Game for Understanding, Sports Teaching and Their Combination on Decision-Making Performance in the Football Game of Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Teaching game for understanding sports teaching decision-making performance students

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۱ تعداد دانلود : ۲۵
Purpose: One of the important functions in the football game is the decision-making function, which should be improved and promoted. Therefore, the current research was conducted with the aim of determining and comparing the effectiveness of teaching game for understanding, sports teaching and their combination on the decision-making performance in the football game of students. Methodology: The present research method was semi-experimental with a pre-test and post-test design without a control group. The statistical population of this study was all male students aged 10 to 12 years in Tehran city in the fourth to sixth grades. The sample of the research was 60 people who were selected by the purposive sampling method and randomly replaced in three experimental groups. The research tool was game performance evaluation tool (G-PET), which evaluates game performance from different aspects including decision-making (passing, dribbling and shooting). The first experimental group was trained with the method of teaching game for understanding, the second experimental group was trained with the method of sports teaching 15 sessions, and the third experimental group was trained with their combination method. The data were analyzed with the methods of paired t-test, one-way analysis of variance and LSD post hoc test in SPSS version 25 software at a significance level of 0.05. Findings: The results showed that all three methods of teaching game for understanding, sports teaching and their combination improved the decision-making performance in the football game of students (P<0.001). Also, there was a significant difference between the three groups in terms of decision-making performance; So that the effectiveness of teaching game for understanding was higher in compared to sports teaching and their combination, and in addition, the effectiveness of combined teaching was higher in compared to sports teaching (P<0.001). Conclusion: According to the results of the present research, to improve the decision-making performance in the football game of students can use the method of teaching game for understanding, method of combining teaching game for understanding and sports teaching, and finally, the method of sports teaching.
۱۴.

Identifying and Ranking the Effective Factors in the Delinquency of Football Spectators in Iran and Its Prevention Strategies(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Delinquency Football Spectators Managerial Factors Socio-Economic Factors Media

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۰ تعداد دانلود : ۲۱
Purpose: One of the social problems of football spectators is their delinquent behavior and the reasons for this behavior. As a result, the aim of this study was identifying and ranking the effective factors in the delinquency of football spectators in Iran and its prevention strategies. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was quantitative. The research population was football spectators in Iran, which the sample size were determined 400 people and this number were selected with using available sampling method. The research tool was a researcher-made questionnaire of delinquency of football spectators, which its face validity and reliability were confirmed and the data obtained from its implementation were analyzed with exploratory factor analysis test and Friedman's test in SPSS version 23. Findings: The results of the exploratory factor analysis test showed that the effective factors in the delinquency of football spectators in Iran were included the socio-economic factors, mental-psychological factors, managerial factors, events inside the football field and media, which whose content validity was higher than 0.60 and whose Cronbach's and combined reliability was higher than 0.80. Also, the results of Friedman's test showed that the most effective factors in the delinquency of football spectators in Iran were included the events inside the football field, managerial factors, socio-economic factors, mental-psychological factors and media, respectively. Conclusion: According to the results of this research, in order to reduce the delinquency of football spectators in Iran, respectively can manage the events inside the football field, improve the managerial factors, promote the socio-economic factors and mental-psychological factors, and optimize the media behaviors.
۱۵.

The Academic Failure Model of the Senior Students of Mazandaran Province based on the Socio-Economic Position and Family Social Capital with the Mediation of Family Chaos(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Academic failure socio-economic position Family Social Capital family chaos students

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۹ تعداد دانلود : ۲۸
Purpose: Today, the issue of academic failure is one of the most important and scrutinized factors in educational systems and examining the effective factors on it can help in better understanding this phenomenon and providing solutions to its reduce. Therefore, the current research was conducted with the aim of modeling the academic failure of senior students based on the socio-economic position and family social capital with the mediation of family chaos. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was quantitative from type of correlational. The population of the present research was the senior students of Mazandaran province, which 170 people of them were selected as a sample by cluster sampling method. The research tool was a researcher-made questionnaire of effective social factors on academic failure, which had four components of academic failure, socio-economic position, family social capital and family chaos. The face validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by education specialists and experts and its reliability was obtained with Cronbach's alpha method above 0.70. The data were analyzed with tests of regression and structural equation modeling from type of path analysis in SPSS and LISREL software. Findings: The findings showed that all three variables of socio-economic position, family social capital and family chaos separately had a significant correlation with the academic failure of senior students and were able to predict the 31.0%, 20.2% and 22.9% of the changes of their academic failure, respectively. Also, all the three mentioned variables together could predict 51.6% of the changes of academic failure of senior students. In addition, the academic failure model of senior students based on the socio-economic position and family social capital with the mediation of family chaos had a good fit, and in this model, the variables of socio-economic position and family social capital on family chaos and academic failure and the variable of family chaos on academic failure had a direct and significant effect and the variables of socio-economic position and family social capital with the mediation of family chaos had an indirect and significant effect on academic failure (P<0.001). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, in order to reduce the academic failure of senior students can provide the basis for improving the socio-economic position, increasing the family social capital and reducing the family chaos.
۱۶.

Designing a Paradigmatic Model of Organizational Ecology Management in Education: A Qualitative Study(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Ecology management organizational ecology Education social and cultural development institutional and educational development

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۶ تعداد دانلود : ۲۹
Purpose: Organizational ecology helps to managers so that can look at the organization from a different perspective and take steps towards its growth and improvement. Therefore, the current research was carried out with the aim of designing a paradigmatic model of organizational ecology management in education. Methodology: The current research was qualitative which carried out on specialist and expert professors in the field of population ecology and organization in the field of education and similar organizations in 2022 year. The research sample was 15 people, which whose number was determined according to the principle of theoretical saturation, and they were selected by purposive sampling method. The tool of the current research was a depth semi-structured interview, which its validity and reliability were confirmed, and its data were analyzed with the coding method based on grounded theory of Strauss and Corbin (2000). Findings: The findings of the present research showed that the organizational ecology management in education had 85 concepts, 36 sub components and 12 main components. In this study, the main components in the category of causal conditions were included problems related to macro policy making and abandonment and in the circle of the lack of importance of the organizational ecology discussion, in the category of intervening conditions were included weakness in completing the criteria of positive and progressive organizational indicators and managerial and institutional gaps, in the category of background conditions were included factors related to the macro system, in the category of strategies were included culture and organizational management strategies, attitudinal and discourse strategies, interactive strategies and social influence strategies and in the category of consequences were included social and cultural development, institutional and educational development and political development. Conclusion: According to the identified concepts and sub and main components for the organizational ecology management in education, organizational specialists and planners can accordingly take an effective step towards improving organizational ecology in education.
۱۷.

Providing a Customer Value Maturity Model based on the Dynamic Capabilities of Educational Institutions(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Customer Value Maturity Dynamic Capabilities Educational Institutions

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۵ تعداد دانلود : ۳۰
Purpose: Education is one of the important factors of economic and social development and the education industry is one of the largest and most tangible industries in the world. Therefore, the aim of this study was to providing a customer value maturity model based on the dynamic capabilities of educational institutions. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was qualitative. In this study number of 15 people after checking the inclusion criteria such as work experience of at least 10 years and at least bachelor's education with using the purposive sampling method were selected from among the experts of non-governmental educational institutions of the senior school in Tehran city. The tool of the current research was a semi-structured interview with selected experts, which its validity was confirmed by the triangulation method and its reliability was calculated by the method of the coefficient of agreement between two coding 0.88. Data were analyzed by content analysis method. Findings: The results of the present study indicated that for the customer value maturity model based on the dynamic capabilities of educational institutions were identified number of 268 open codes in 5 core codes or levels, respectively including the analysis the value proposition of customer, definition and design the value proposition of customer, management and expansion the value proposition of customer, implementation and execution the value proposition of customer and evaluation and optimization the value proposition of customer. Therefore, the educational programs in the customer value maturity model based on the dynamic capabilities of educational institutions were drawn at five levels based on the level of maturity and value. Conclusion: According to the identified codes and levels for the customer value maturity model based on the dynamic capabilities of educational institutions can be taken an effective step in the direction of customer value maturity.
۱۸.

Identifying the Components of Informal Education of Improve the Lifestyle of Employees(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Informal Education lifestyle Educational Facilities Managers' Support organizational knowledge

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۳ تعداد دانلود : ۳۳
Purpose: Today, lifestyle plays an important role in improving people's living conditions. As a result, this study was conducted with the aim of identifying the components of informal education of improve the lifestyle of employees. Methodology: The current research in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of data was qualitative. The population of the current research was written sources related to the research field and organizational and universal experts in this field, and the sample of this study was 19 case of written sources and 20 people of experts who were selected by purposive and snowball sampling methods. Data were collected by taking notes from written sources and semi-structured interviews with experts and were analyzed by coding method according to the grounded theory in MAXQDA version 2020 software. Findings: The findings showed that informal education of improve the lifestyle of employees had 136 concepts in 12 components; So that in the central phenomenon section including two components of nature and method, in the causal conditions section including two components of organizational culture and individual factors, in the contextual conditions section including two components of educational facilities and managers' support, in the intervening conditions section including two components of legal obstacles and infrastructural obstacles, in the strategies section including two components of internal organization and organizational knowledge and in the consequences section including two components of competency improvement and empowerment. Conclusion: Considering the components of informal education of improve the lifestyle can be taken effective steps to improve the lifestyle of employees.
۱۹.

The Impact of Audio Corrective Feedback on Iranian EFL Learners’ Writing Improvement at Micro and Macro levels: Static and Dynamic Assessment in Focus(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Audio Feedback dynamic assessment L2 writing Macro Skills Micro Skills Static Assessment

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۷
Purpose: This study was an attempt to find the impact of audio corrective feedback on Iranian intermediate EFL learners’ writing improvement at micro and macro levels using static and dynamic assessment methods. Methodology: This study employs a quasi-experimental design; The study population comprises individuals residing in Yazd, Iran, aged between 22 and 30 years old, and possessing intermediate-level proficiency in the English language.Forty Iranian intermediate EFL learners were randomly chosen and assigned to two groups of static and dynamic assessment, each comprising 20 learners. Both groups received audio corrective feedback on the micro (grammatical range and accuracy and lexical resource) and macro (task response and coherence and cohesion) writing skills. The data were collected by the pre-test and post-test of writing and analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA). Findings: The results revealed significant effects of audio corrective feedback on EFL learners' writing skills. Improvements were observed in grammatical accuracy (F = 12.45, p < 0.01), lexical resource (F = 9.67, p < 0.05), task response (F = 14.32, p < 0.01), and coherence and cohesion (F = 11.21, p < 0.01). Furthermore, comparison between the static and dynamic assessment groups showed a more pronounced improvement in the dynamic group, with significant differences in micro skills (F = 5.78, p < 0.05) and macro skills (F = 6.34, p < 0.05). Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that the dynamic assessment approach had a statistically significant effect on enhancing both micro and macro-level writing skills among the participants. Notably, it had a more pronounced impact on the improvement of task response and grammatical range and accuracy. This highlights the potential of dynamic assessment as a valuable tool for educators and curriculum designers to promote more comprehensive writing skill development in Iranian EFL learners.
۲۰.

Presenting a Management Model for the Prevention of Cyber Addiction in the Youth of Zanjan Province(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: cyber space management cyber addiction prevention management

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۰ تعداد دانلود : ۲۷
Purpose: The purpose of this research is to provide a management model for preventing cyber addiction in the youth of Zanjan province. Methodology: The present research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-survey in terms of research implementation method; And it is specifically based on structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the research includes teachers, educational and research assistants and managers of education and schools in Zanjan province, and according to Cochran's formula, 370 people were selected as a sample. Sampling was done by simple random method. The collection tool in this research is a researcher-made questionnaire derived from the qualitative method. To analyze the data from the confirmatory factor analysis tests to examine the research question using SPSS version 23 software; Structural method was used to compile the model and AMOS software was used to design the final research model. Findings: The findings of the research showed that the components of family factors, individual factors, attractions of virtual space, lack of media literacy, social conditions, cultural environment, social policies, unemployment and poverty, social participation, family education, life skills education, cultural and sports facilities, virtual space management, increasing efficiency, promoting mental health have a good fit in the measurement models. Conclusion: In order to prevent the disintegration of families, parents must be somewhat familiar with and aware of today's technologies.
۲۱.

Investigating the Validity Amount of the Talent Management Model based on the Teachings of Nahjolbalagha(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Talent management teachings of Nahjolbalagha talent acquisition and employment training and development socialization of talents

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۳ تعداد دانلود : ۳۹
Purpose: Talent management helps to identify the talented forces of the organization for their purposive development. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigating the validity amount of the talent management model based on the teachings of Nahjolbalagha. Methodology: This study was a part of mixed research (qualitative and quantitative). The population of the qualitative part was management experts and proficient in sermons, wisdom and letters of Nahjolbalagha, which according to the principle of theoretical saturation 10 people were selected as a sample with the purposive sampling method. The population of the quantitative part was the employees of the General Department of Social Security of Isfahan province, which according to the Cohen's table 136 people were selected as a sample with the simple random sampling method. In this study, qualitative part data was collected by semi-structured interview method and analyzed by thematic analysis method and quantitative part data was collected by 101-item researcher-made questionnaire method and analyzed by exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling methods. Findings: The findings of the qualitative part showed that the talent management model based on the teachings of Nahjolbalagha had 101 concepts, 23 basic themes and 7 organizing themes including talent acquisition and employment, training and development, preservation and maintenance, influence of talents, mission and value, socialization of talents and dismissal and appointment. Also, the findings of the quantitative part showed that the factor load of all 101 items was confirmed because it was more than 0.50, the average variance extracted of all 7 organizing themes was more than 0.50 indicating appropriate convergent validity, the influence coefficient of all 7 themes because more than 0.15 indicates a medium and higher effect size, the Heterotrait-Monotrait ratio of all 7 themes because less than 0.90 indicates appropriate divergent validity and Cronbach's reliability and combination of all 7 themes because more than 0.60 indicates appropriate reliability. In addition, the effect of the talent management model based on the teachings of Nahjolbalagha on all 7 themes was significant (P<0.001). Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the talent management model based on the teachings of Nahjolbalagha was valid and experts and planners, especially religious experts and planners can exploit the mentioned model.
۲۲.

Identifying and Evaluating the Effective Educational Factors on the Development of Entrepreneurial Talents(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Educational factors entrepreneurial talents Social intelligence leadership and management style Educational content space and educational equipment

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۸ تعداد دانلود : ۲۴
Purpose: Entrepreneurship plays an effective role in creating and increasing employment, and the development of entrepreneurial talents is effective in this field. As a result, the aim of this study was to identifying and evaluating the effective educational factors on the development of entrepreneurial talents. Methodology: The method of this research was of mixed exploratory type (qualitative and quantitative). The population of the qualitative part of this research was the Iranian academic and electrical industry experts, which according to the principle of theoretical saturation, 20 people of them were selected by purposive sampling method and were subjected to semi-structured interviews. The population of the quantitative part of this research was the employees of specialized parent companies, which 218 people of whom were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling method and answered the researcher-made questionnaire. The validity and reliability of the tools of both qualitative and quantitative parts were examined and confirmed and the data obtained from their implementation were analyzed by open, axial and selective coding methods in MAXQDA-V2020 software and exploratory factor analysis and one sample t-test in SPSS-V23 and LISREL-V8 software. Findings: The findings of this study in the qualitative part showed that the effective educational factors on the development of entrepreneurial talents had 66 indicators, 16 components and 2 categories; So that the category of effective educational factors has 8 components including the psychological characteristics of the teacher, social intelligence, organizational coordination, encouraging talents to entrepreneurship, leadership and management style, educational content, space and educational equipment and teaching methods and the category of development of entrepreneurial talents has 8 components including risk-taking, locus of control, need to success, mental health, pragmatism, ambiguity tolerance, dreaming and discovering and exploiting from opportunities. Also, the findings of this study in the quantitative part showed that the effective educational factors on the development of entrepreneurial talents had 66 items and 16 components in 2 dimensions of effective educational factors and development of entrepreneurial talents; So that all the items had a factor load of higher than 0.40, all components had a content validity ratio of higher than 0.70, all of them had an average extracted variance of higher than 0.50, and all of them had a Cronbach's alpha of higher than 0.70. In addition, the average of all components of effective educational factors and development of entrepreneurial talents except mental health significantly was higher than the hypothetical average (P<0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of this study for improvement and development of entrepreneurial talents can be establish the field for the realization of effective educational factors on it including the psychological characteristics of the teacher, social intelligence, organizational coordination, encouraging talents to entrepreneurship, leadership and management style, educational content, space and educational equipment and teaching methods.

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