Abstract Purpose: The aim of the present study was to provide an optimal model of organizational culture in educational organization of Khorasan Razavi. Methodology: To reach this purpose, a qualitative data research method or grounded theory had been used. Fifteen experts on the subject were interviewed in order to obtain the required data in this study. After conducting interviews, data analysis was performed using open coding, axis coding, and selective coding of Strauss and Corbin. Findings: After data analysis, the paradigm or optimal model of organizational culture for educational organization of Khorasan Razavi was extracted and obtained. This model had a causal condition, grounded conditions, interventional conditions, strategies and outcomes. Discussion: Based on the results of the present research, suggestied such as addressing the current and future needs of learners, changing on the basis of community changes, paying attention to the modern ability of individuals to recruit new forces, the use of active and modern methods of teaching and learning, earning income for schools, decentralization, clear and transparent performance criteria, and the involvement of stakeholders in decision making.
Presenting a Model for promoting happiness of High School Students (first grade) in Tehran City(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: This study presents a model for promoting happiness in high school student. The research method was descriptive-survey in terms of collecting the information. Methodology: The research data are collected by Oxford Hills and Argyle (2002) standard questionnaire and a researcher-made questionnaire of the factors affecting happiness in different levels distributed among 384faculty members and the students (first grade). The participants were selected based on Krejci and Morgan's table using cluster sampling method. Findings: The validity and reliability of the questionnaires were approved by experts. The results showed that three groups of factors (personal, family and school) affect the happiness of the students. The optimism, feeling meaning in life, having purpose, extraversion, positive attitude and communication with friends (personal factors), the mental health factor (family factor) and happy physical environment and feeling of belonging to the school (school factor) were the effective factors. Discussion: The results of further analysis showed that among these factors, the school factor has less impact on the students’ happiness.
An Investigation on the Effect of Fluctuations in Daily and Weekly Rhythm and Chronotype (Morning, Evening and Intermediate Types) in preschoolers Attention performance(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: Attention is a significant factor for the learning process, and it may affect the degree and efficiency of student’s learning and their teaching. Methodology: Therefore, the present paper aims to examine the effect of the fluctuations in daily and weekly rhythms, and chronotype (morningness-eveningness) on the attention performance of preschoolers. The research’s methodology is a causal-comparative one. The statistical population includes 100 preschoolers in Tehran who were selected by purposeful sampling. They were tested in different hours of day (8, 11, 13, and 15) and weekdays (Saturday, Sunday, Tuesday, and Wednesday). Findings: The data were analyzed by mixed analysis of variance. The results show that preschoolers’ performance is different for different days of week and hours of day (p<0.01). |and in comparison with the attention performance of evening and intermediate types, that of morning type shows no significant difference in educational environment during day and week (p<0.01). Discussion: The practical implications of these findings for the planning of school schedules are benefit.
Providing A Model for Promotion of the Vice-Principals’ Role to Educational Leadership in Primary Schools of Mazandaran Province(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: This study is to provide a model that will promote the role of primary school vice-principals in educational leadership so that their vice-principals move towards the tasks related to education. Methodology: The sample size consisted of 610 principals, vice-principals and teachers, determined by a two-step classification procedure. In this research, Mazandaran Province was divided into three eastern, central and western parts; some cities were selected from each part and then these cities were divided into two or three sections. A number of schools were randomly selected in each section and all principals, vice-principals and teachers were selected as the sample. A two-part questionnaire was used to collect information from vice-principals’ duties. The first part consists of closed questions in two existing and ideal conditions, and the second part includes open questions. Findings: Friedman's ranking and analysis, categorization and quantification of open questions revealed the following components for the vice-principals’ educational leadership model: 1-Creating awareness among principals, vice-principals and teachers about the vice-principals’ duties 2-Preparation of tasks description with the focus of educational affairs and the requirement for its implementation 3-Procurement of short-term university courses and vice-principals’ pre-office training 4-Informing vice-principals about the educational regulations at the national and regional levels 5-Encourage the principals and vice-principals to lead a team and provide the requirement trainings in this field 6-Considering an individual to assist the vice-principals of the school 7-Improving the vice-principals’ livelihoods . Discussion: Applying this model and its components can enhance the vice-principals’ performance and role to a higher level and ultimately improve the performance of schools and the Iranian educational system.
The study of relationship between bilingualism and private speech with English learning in elementary school students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between gender and bilingualism with English learning among 7-11 years old students. Methodology: 261 students (124 girls and 157 boys) were selected through multi-stage sampling method from elementary school. Employing check list the level of English scores was obtained .The children's private speech obtained from listening to them when they were solving a puzzle in group. Findings: An independent t test showed that there was no significant relationship between bilingualism and English scores (p<05/0). Furthermore an ANOVA test indicated that there was a significant relationship between the type of private speech and English scores (p<0/01). A Sheffe post hoc showed that the solving private speech had the significant relationship with high performance in English scores among four types of private speech: Solving speech, Task relevant speech, non- facilitative Coping/ reinforcing speech and task- irrelevant speech. Discussion: considering the nature of the "solving private speech" indicates that this kind of private speech had a more meta-cognitive nature which leads to better cognitive function such as learning English.
Effects of executive functions and academic emotions on pupils' academic performance in mathematics(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Abstract Purpose: The main aim of the present study was to find out the possible effect of executive functions and academic emotions on pupils' academic performance in mathmatics. Methodology: In this study, the structural equation modeling, type of non-experimental method was implemented. Using sampling method based on the structural equation modeling, 400 (100 girls and 100 boys) in fifth and sixth grade elementary school pupils in Education regions of North, Central, and South of Tehran were reandomly selected. The research data were collected by using standard tests and questionnaires. Structural equation modeling findings showed significant relationships among the executive functions of the elementary school pupils, academic emotions and their mathematics performance. Findings: Moreover, there was significant relationship between academic emotions of the elementary pupils and their academic performance in math subject. Discussion: It is concluded that executive functions and academic emotions can affect pupils' academic performance in mathmatics, requiring more atension to these two influential varaiables while teaching math.
Purpose: Emerging adulthood (EA) theory has been proposed as a distinct developmental period between adolescence and adulthood by Arnett in 2000. This construct is promptly embraced by contemporary scholars, and research on emerging adulthood increased over the past decade in many countries, but yet questions remained about the universality of emerging adulthood. This article is extracted from a pioneer research on emerging adulthood theory in Iran. The purpose of this study was to investigate applicability of the theory and its five characteristics in Iranian society. Methodology: Participants included six hundred ninety four undergraduate students, aged 18 to 25. The Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA) was used. Findings: Results showed that a majority of Iranian university students viewed themselves as being emerging adults. The five characteristics of emerging adulthood predominantly endorsed by Participants. Some gender and age differences were observed in endorsement of emerging adulthood characteristics. Discussion: These findings support existence of the new life stage in Iran. As a result, the applicability of the theory and its dimensions confirmed in this community.
Educational strategies Based on Informantion and Communication Technology (ICT)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: Educational strategies are methods which influence on learning quality and students can make use of them in their studying and learning in order to obtain their education and learning objectives. Methodology: The statistical population of the research was all teachers of primary schools in Iran who 330 ones were randomly selected as the samples by Cochran formula. The current research was investigating the educational strategies based on information and communication technology (ICT). Finding: Then, having reviewed the theoretical bases and history of the research, two factors (educational strategies based on information and communication technology between teachers and students) and 33 parameters have been extracted. and also makes teachers get prepared for providing educational and training programs, use facilities and various methods for presenting educational services, increasing scientific and professional level, increasing job-motivation, developing occupational skills, improving institutional management by school-centering approaches, improving informing system at schools, settling system of teachers' informing at schools.
Job Satisfaction Prediction based on Job Motivation and Emotional Intelligence of Managers and Employees(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to predict the job satisfaction in managers and staff of the university units in District 5. Methodology: Among the statistical population of the study, 130 people (55 females and 75 males) were selected by cluster sampling method. Data were collected using job satisfaction, emotional intelligence of Schutt, and job motivation questionnaires. Finding: For data analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient and multi-variable regression analysis were used simultaneously. So, the two predictor variables are a significant predictor of the criterion variable, that is, the variable of job satisfaction. The share of job motivation variable is higher than emotional intelligence. In other words, job motivation 57% and emotional intelligence 31% explain the variable of job satisfaction variance. Discussion: The results showed that there is a significant correlation between job satisfaction, job motivation and emotional intelligence, and on the other hand, emotional intelligence and job motivation are a significant predictor of job satisfaction.
Designing a psychological capital curriculum of consist optimism for Higher Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to design a psychological capital curriculum consist of optimism for Iranian higher education. Methodology: The research methodology was qualitative content analysis of deductive category system. The research domain consisted of all sources, articles, and printed and digital books related to psychological capital and a targeted sampling method was used. Data analysis was conducted through subject coding. The findings were derived from 50 conceptual codes that were categorized into 16 components and main categories of optimism. To validate the model of psychological capital curriculum, 10 experts from the field of curriculum and educational psychology contributed using Lawshe coefficient, with components below 62%, three components were deleted. Finding: the results showed that the identified targets for optimism included four components of reality, self-regulating growth, responsibility, and bravery. The obtained content showed that components of planning, self-excitation education, communication approach, positive thinking, and relationship between the current status and the past one need to be considered in optimistic curriculum. The results also identify education and two components for teaching methods of optimism: interpretative pattern and individual teaching pattern. For evaluation, three components of evaluating the interpretation and explanation, assessing the change in behavior, and an assessment of the correct and unfair practices of social communication were identified. Discussion: The present study, as a model for designing a curriculum for psychological capital based on optimism for Iranian scholars and planners of higher education, allows understanding and applying the elements of the curriculum to develop psychological capital in students.
Identify factors affecting the internationalization dimension in entrepreneurial university and its role in creating a knowledge-based economy(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: This research has been designed to identify the effective components of the internationalization of the entrepreneurial university that contribute to the creation of knowledge-based economics. Methodology: The research method was a blended method and the statistical population included experts and experts in the field of growth centers in Islamic Azad universities in Fars province. In the qualitative section of 11 people in the interview process and in the quantitative section with a population of 976 people, 277 people participated as an example in this study. The data gathering tool was an interview and a researcher-made questionnaire. After validation, its reliability was 0.83. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was used in the inferential part. Findings: The results of the research of findings showed that the continuous validation components of the university in order to achieve international standards, conduct innovations and international initiatives on campus, the relationship of faculty members with foreign graduates with the highest factor load (0.88) And the component of the application of the system of international education in the university with the least factor load (0.63) of the total variance explained, and other components were important in the following order respectively. Discussion: The coefficient of the effect of components in the internationalization of the entrepreneurial university in creating a knowledge-based economy alone is the highest coefficient of influence on the continuous validation component of the university in order to achieve international standards, carry out innovations and international initiatives on campus, the relationship of faculty members with Foreign graduates with 0.88 and the least in the component of using the distance education system at university.
Accounting for the Discrepancies in the New Iranian EFL National Curriculum from the Professional and Practical Standpoints(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Abstract The present investigation is an endeavor to scrutinize the Iranian EFL professors’ and teachers’ viewpoints towards the status quo as well as the constituents of the current Iranian EFL national curriculum. Two questionnaires based on teachers and experts’ focus groups and study’s objectives were designed. The participants of the study included 306 Iranian EFL teachers and 13 Iranian EFL professors. The teachers’ questionnaire was analyzed through SPSS version 21 and the professors’ questionnaire was analyzed through coding. The findings revealed that both teachers and professors do not have positive attitudes towards the new curriculum. In spite of the educational reform in Iran and writing the new curriculum and the new textbooks, time allotment, load of skills in each English book, and untrained teachers hinder the new curriculum to reach its target, i.e. communication with the world. Therefore, to fulfill the objectives of the new curriculum, Educational Department of Iran should remove the difficulties.
Effectiveness of direct electrical stimulation from the skull on depression symptoms in male patients with post-traumatic stress disorder due to war(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of direct electrical stimulation from the skull on depression symptoms in men suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder in war. The research design was a semi-experimental design with repeated tests. The sample included 15 patients with post-traumatic stress disorder men who were admitted to the Delaram Psychiatric Hospital and were voluntarily and voluntarily selected. The instrument used in this study was Beck's 21-item depression questionnaire. Subjects were first subjected to pretest and then subjects received 12 sessions of electrical stimulation therapy (TDCS). After receiving each 4 sessions of treatment, subjects were assessed once by a depression questionnaire. The results showed that the difference in mean scores of subjects in different levels of application of independent variable was significant (P <0.001). The symptoms of depression in subjects with repeated actions of electrical stimulation from the skull have decreased relative to the pre-test.
Designing a Human Resource Agility Model based on Grounded Theory Approach (Study Case: Social Security Organization)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: Huge economic, social, political and technological changes, particularly in recent decades, have brought about increasing complexity and reduced predictability of the organizations’ environments. One solution offered to deal with such environments is the human resource agility approach. Though human resources play an effective role in the agility of organizations, the integrated model that identifies its dimensions and components has not been yet explained. This study aimed to design an agility model for human resources and to explain the factors influencing it. Methodology: This research has been conducted in the qualitative approach framework along with the survey method and by relying on grounded theory. Related data were extracted from theoretical literature, upstream documents, and interviews and then analyzed in three stages of open, axial and selective coding. Findings: The results indicated that the agility of human resources as an axial phenomenon is due to a set of individual-organizational, individual-personal, organizational and occupational characteristics. Conclusion: The effects of this phenomenon were categorized into two groups: individual and organizational. Also, in this model, the underlying factors (power sharing practices, human resource management practices, organizational coordination, communication and information technology, organizational process) and interventional conditions (organizational culture, leadership style, self-development, environmental factors) are influential on the ruling relations.
Investigating the Impact of Learning Organization Components on Organizational Innovation (Case Study: Islamic Azad University)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to provide the impact of learning organization components on innovation in the Islamic Azad University. The prediction of the risks and opportunities facing organizations in the future will give us the opportunity to decide, before we get into trouble. Planning for organizational change and improvement through lifelong learning to cope with organizational challenges for sustainable organizational development and survival is a prerequisite. Methodology: This study is descriptive- survey research. The study population were all the faculty members of Islamic Azad University in Shabestar in 2016 (n=271) that 170 members were selected by stratified random on base of Kerjeci and Morgan table. Findings: To collect the data, Goh learning organization questionnaire and Saatchi & et al innovation questionnaire was used. The construct validity of learning organization questionnaire and organizational innovation were confirmed. Learning organization reliability was calculated α = (0.843) and organizational innovation was calculated α = (0.811) using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Obtained data by SPSS and LISREL software and the calculation of descriptive and inferential statistics (Confirmatory Factor Analysis, structural equations model) were analyzed. Conclusion: The results showed that the components of learning organization had positive and significant impact on organizational innovation and model fitting was confirmed.
Identification and Explanation of Dimensions, Components and Indices of Human Resource Development in Sama Organization(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to identify and explain dimensions, components and indices of human resource development in Sama organization. Methodology: The study method was applied in terms of purpose, mixed (quantitative-qualitative) exploratory in terms of data type, and descriptive-correlational survey in terms of data collection time. The statistical population in the qualitative part included the academic experts and officials from the Sama organization (chairmen and assistants, human resources department, human resources experts, assistants in the units, human resource officials in the units), among them, 15 people was selected as the sample size using judgmental sampling method based on the theoretical saturation principle. The statistical population in the quantitative part included all staff of Sama organization, whose number was 2898 (2223 permanent employees and 675 temporary employees). Out of this number, 391 persons were selected as the sample size using multistage random cluster sampling method. Findings: In this research, the data obtained from the qualitative part were analyzed through content analysis, and the collected data in the quantitative part, according to the research questions, were analyzed through descriptive (mean, standard deviation, tables, etc.) and inferential statistics (structural equation modeling, exploratory factor analysis and one-sample T test) using Spss and Lisrel software. Conclusion: The results showed that empowerment, job performance and improvement are the elements of human resource development in Sama organization. Also, given to the proposed mechanisms, facilitators and barriers, a model with appropriate fit was designed
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of organizational maturity on the heads' empowerment (Tehran Municipality). The nature of this research is practical type and the method is quantitative. The population of the study consisted of 872 head s of Tehran municipality in 2018. 400 individuals were selected as the statistical sample using Cochran's formula and relative stratified random sampling. Methodology: In this research, library method and researcher-made questionnaire were used to collect data. Formal validity, content and structure were used In order to assess the validity of the questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha coefficient and combined reliability were used to calculate the research reliability. Findings: Results indicated that the validity and reliability of the researcher-made questionnaire. The descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, frequency distribution tables and charts) and inferential statistics (structural equation modeling), were used to analyze the data using SPSS and LISREL software. Conclusion: The results showed that the organizational maturity factors of municipality head s have a significant effect on the head s' empowerment of Tehran municipality.
Sociological Survey on social trust in acceptance of Knowledge-based organizations(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The purpose of research is to observe the influence of public trust on accepting KBOs. The implementation method of the research is descriptive (non-experimental) and with correlation analysis model formed by structural equations used the least minor squares. Methodology: The participants of the survey were consumers of KBO services. According to Cochran formula for unspecified society ,384 individuals were chosen as statistical sample selected totally random. From 384 questionnaires distributed ,370 were answered and 14 others were discarded due to many unanswered questions. In due course 370 questionnaires were processed. To measure social trust, Safarinia and Sharif questionnaires were used. (1389). due to receptivity of knowledge-based organizations, researcher-made questionnaire were utilized. this questionnaire contains 5 elements which composed based on available questionnaire. We realized there is a meaningful and significant relation between KBO admission and all aspects of social trust. the influence of social trust on KBO’S admission was positive and meaningful. The influence of social trust on KBO’s admission is positive and meaningful. Findings: According to the results,72% Variance model in knowledge-based organizations admission were indicated by Research model. Therefore, we realized strengthening social trust will bring acceptance to KBO’s presence. Discussion: In this regard, managers and officials in KBOs must concentrate on gaining and obtaining social trust in case of adequate social acceptance.