Iranian journal of educational sociology

Iranian journal of educational sociology

iranian journal of educational sociology, Vol 5, Number 1 (2022) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Internal Positioning Model for Banking Services (Public Sector Banks)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Positioning Internal Positioning services Government-Owned Banks Validation

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۵۷ تعداد دانلود : ۸۴
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to design an internal positioning model of state-owned banking services and accreditation. Method: The present study was applied and exploratory. The statistical population of the qualitative stage were the managers of the branches of agricultural, national and housing banks of Khorasan Razavi province and university professors in the field of management who were selected as the sample size by theoretical saturation method. According to Morgan's table, 284 people were selected by simple random sampling as the sample size. For data collection in the qualitative part of the interview and in the quantitative part of the researcher-made questionnaire was used. In order to analyze the data in the qualitative part, the theory of grounded theory and the method of Strauss and Corbin and Maxquda software and in the quantitative part, the technique of structural equations and PLS2 software have been used. Results: The results showed that the model presented in 6 dimensions of causal factors, contextual, intervening, pivotal, strategies and consequences has a good fit. Conclusion: Based on the research findings, they should pay attention to social and personal interactions in order to strengthen their relationships with customers.
۲.

Designing and Validation of the Epistemological Model in Blended Learning(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Designing Validation Epistemological Blended Learning

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۷۱ تعداد دانلود : ۸۱
Purpose: Epistemology as one of the philosophical foundations in the field of education can play an important role in blended learning, ie using more than one method, strategy and technique for learning. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim of designing and validation the epistemological model in blended learning Methodology: The present study was applied from type of qualitative-quantitative. The population of the qualitative section was the documents related to epistemology and blended learning in the years 1990 to 2020 which 80 books, 60 dissertations and 60 articles were selected by purposive sampling method and in addition, included experts in the field of philosophy of education and distance learning which based on the principle of theoretical saturation number of 10 people of them were selected by purposive sampling method. The population of the quantitative section were faculty members and doctoral students of the department of philosophy of education and distance learning of Payame Noor University in 2020-2021 years which based on Krejcie and Morgan's table number of 200 people of them were selected by stratified random sampling method with using the teacher and student ratio. The tool of the qualitative section was the recording of books, dissertations and articles and interviews with experts, and the tool of the quantitative section was a researcher-made questionnaire whose psychometric indicators were confirmed. Data were analyzed by coding method in MAXQDA software and exploratory factor analysis and one-sample t-test in SPSS software. Findings: Findings showed that the epistemological model in blended learning had 60 subcategories in 9 categories including purpose, evaluation, educational correction, content, teaching method, teacher, learner, media and cognitive presence that its model was drawn. Also, validation of model indicated that the factor load of all 6 questions related to validation of model was higher than 0.30, their validity was higher than 0.50 and their reliability was higher than 0.70. In addition, the mean of all 6 questions was higher than the hypothetical mean of the population (P<0.001). Conclusion: The findings showed that the designed model for epistemology in blended learning had good validity. Therefore, curriculum specialists and planners can use this model along with other models to improve blended learning
۳.

Development of a Local Model of Inclusive Education for Students with Special Needs in the Exceptional Education Organization(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Local Model Inclusive Education Students With Special Needs Exceptional Education

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۳۷ تعداد دانلود : ۹۲
Purpose: Inclusive education plays an important role in improving the situation of students with special needs. The present study was conducted with the purpose of developing a local model of inclusive education for students with special needs in the exceptional education organization due to the lack of a local model in this field. Methodology: This study was applied in terms of purpose and qualitative in terms of execution method. The research community was professors and experts in educational management and psychology of exceptional children in the field of inclusive education in Tehran in 2020-21, and 10 people were selected as a sample using the purposeful sampling method according to the principle of theoretical saturation. The tool of the present study was a semi-structured interview, which its validity was confirmed by the opinion of experts and its reliability was calculated by the coefficient of agreement between two coders at 0.85. TO analyze data, the method of coding and thematic analysis was used in MAXQDA version 20 software Findings: The findings indicated that the local model of inclusive education for students with special needs had 40 indicators, 16 components and 7 categories; so that the categories included the development of cultural capital, development of human resources, communication between family and school, preparation of educational infrastructure, response to educational needs, continuous monitoring and follow-up, and continuous interaction with education. Finally, the local model of inclusive education for students with special needs was designed and developed in the exceptional education organization. Conclusion: The results of this research can be used by specialists and planners of exceptional education. Through planning to improve the components and categories identified in the current research, they can provide the basis for improving inclusive education for students with special needs in exceptional education organizations.
۴.

A Comparative Study of Political Islam with Modernity in the First Pahlavi Era with a Discourse Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: modernity Political Islam Jurisprudence Pahlavi Era

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تعداد بازدید : ۸۵ تعداد دانلود : ۹۴
Purpose: In this study, the sociological model of the conflict between political Islam, jurisprudence and modernity in contemporary Iran (with emphasis on the Pahlavi era) has been studied. Methodology: The present research method is based on discourse methodology. Findings: We find that based on the main hypothesis, which seems to be the incomplete understanding of traditional political jurisprudence of the logic of modernity on the one hand and the concern for the rule of modernity values on the other hand has caused a confrontation between the two currents. Findings indicate that due to the passage of time and the need for more tendency of the traditional world to the world of modernity and society is facing modernization and scientific changes; Technical; Conclusion: The new world requires the adaptation of both traditional and modern tendencies to harmonize and create a new culture, so it is very important to advance the modern or traditional goals of culture and adaptation in society
۵.

Presenting a Model of Sociological Factors Affecting Employment on the Attitude towards Unemployment Status of the Children of Devotees in Bushehr Province(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Sociological Factors Employment Attitude Towards Unemployment Children of Devotees

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۱ تعداد دانلود : ۹۹
Purpose: The aim of the present research was to present a model of sociological factors affecting employment on the attitude towards unemployment status of children of devotees. Methodology: This was an applied correlational cross-sectional study. The study population included 835 unemployed children of devotees of Bushehr province in 2020. The sample size was estimated 332 people who were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling method and based on Cochran's formula. The data were collected using demographic information form and a researcher-made questionnaires of sociological factors of employment and attitude towards unemployment and were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients and path analysis in SPSS and AMOS software. Findings: The results showed that the model of sociological factors affecting employment the attitude towards unemployment status in the children of devotees had a good fit. Also, all six sociological factors, including increasing young population, social class, government measures, social environment, self-employment bank facilities, and religious and cultural backgrounds, had a direct and significant effect on the attitude towards unemployment status in the children of devotees (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results revealed that the authorities in charge of planning jobs for the children of devotees can provide appropriate conditions to improve the sociological factors affecting employment in order to improve their attitude towards unemployment status.
۶.

Identify, Explain and Prioritize Human Resource Planning Factors in Order to Show Organizational Citizenship Behavior by Employees(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: planning Human Resource Human Resource Planning organizational citizenship behavior Employees

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۶۸ تعداد دانلود : ۸۴
Purpose: Considering the importance of human resource planning for organizational citizenship behavior, the purpose of this study was identify, explain and prioritize human resource planning factors in order to occurrence organizational citizenship behavior by employees. Methodology: The present research was descriptive from type of qualitative-quantitative. The research population in the qualitative part was documents and texts related to the research and experts were familiar with the subject who tried to identify and explain the factors of human resource planning in order to occurrence organizational citizenship behavior and in the quantitative part were the experts who prioritized these factors. The research sample consisted of 20 research-related documents and 15 experts who were selected by purposive non-random sampling method. Data collection tools included taking notes of documents and texts and surveying about new effective factors and expressing the rate of importance of existing factors in Delphi. Data were analyzed by coding and factor analysis methods. Findings: Findings showed that for the human resource planning pattern in order to occurrence organizational citizenship behavior by employees in the human resource planning part were identified 67 indicators in 19 components and in the organizational citizenship behavior part were identified 28 indicators in 6 components. In human resource planning the 19 components respectively were include performance management, labor adjustment, organizational culture, strategic goals, organizational structure, human resource planning, recruitment, training and development, maintenance, external environment, supply, demand, human resource strategy, strategic planning, management style, flexibility, reward system, job analysis and individual factors and in organizational citizenship behavior the 6 components respectively were include altruism, work conscience, personal development, organizational loyalty, organizational obedience and citizenship virtue. Conclusion: According to the reported results, to develop the occurrence of organizational citizenship behavior by employees can be action through its effective human resource planning factors that was identified in the present research.
۷.

Presenting a Social Capital Management Model in the General Directorate of Education in Kermanshah Province with a Grounded Theory Approach (Case Study: Primary School Principals)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Management Social capital Education Grounded theory approach

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تعداد بازدید : ۳۶۹ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰۵
Purpose: Social capital plays an important role in the success of any organization, including the education organization. As a result, the purpose of this study was presenting a social capital management model in the general directorate of education in Kermanshah province with a grounded theory approach. Methodology: This research in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was mixed (qualitative and quantitative). The research population in the qualitative part was experts and senior managers of education in Kermanshah province and in the quantitative part were the principals of primary schools in Kermanshah province. The sample size in the qualitative part was estimated according to the principle of theoretical saturation 11 people who were selected by purposive sampling method and in the quantitative part was estimated according to Krejcie and Morgan table 332 people who were selected by random cluster sampling method. The research instrument in the qualitative part was a semi-structured interview and in the quantitative part was a researcher-made questionnaire, whose psychometric indices was confirmed and for data analysis was used from the methods of coding in MAXQDA software and exploratory factor analysis in LISREL software. Findings: Findings showed that in the central category of social capital management in education, causal conditions including categories of organizational factors, social factors and individual factors, contextual conditions including categories of social bonds of employees, cultural and social commitments and sustainable social development, intervening conditions including categories of legal requirements and frameworks, civic participation networks, organizational policies and organizational culture, strategies including categories of knowledge management, organizational resilience, job turnover and organizational participation and outcomes including categories of organizational outcomes, individual outcomes and social outcomes. Other findings showed that the factor load of all sub-categories except sense of identity on causal conditions, all sub-categories except collective power on contextual conditions, all sub-categories except success and education on intervening conditions, all sub-categories on strategies and all sub-categories except human capital accumulation, social cohesion, organizational learning, organizational entrepreneurship and interpersonal trust on outcomes were confirmed. Conclusion: Regarded to the importance of identified categories and concepts for the social capital management in education, planning is essential to improve the categories through their concepts.
۸.

Promoting the Accountability of Secondary School Principals of Hormozgan Province: Analysis of Dimensions and Components with a Qualitative Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Accountability Principals secondary schools

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۷۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱۴
Purpose: The efficiency of various organizations, especially educational organizations, depends to a large extent on the accountability of their principals. Therefore, the aim of the present research was to analyze the dimensions and components of promoting the accountability of secondary school principals. Methodology: This was an applied qualitative study. The study population included academic experts in educational management and educational sciences of Hormozgan province in 2020-2021. According to the principle of theoretical saturation, the sample size was estimated to be 10 individuals who were selected by purposive sampling method. The data collection instrument included a semi-structured interview. The validity of the above instrument was confirmed by the triangulation method and its reliability was calculated 0.85 using intercoder agreement coefficient. Finally, data analysis was carried out by open, axial and selective coding method in MAXQDA ver. 2018. Findings: The results of the present research showed that promoting the accountability of secondary school principals consisted of 32 indices, 9 components and 3 dimensions as follows: social accountability with two components of commitment to others and justification of an action to others, organizational accountability with four components of monitoring mechanisms, reporting, downward accountability and internal accountability, and functional accountability with three components of individual accountability, transparency and participation. Finally, the model of promoting the accountability of secondary school principals was drawn. Conclusion: According to the results of the current research, in order to promote the accountability of secondary school principals, it is necessary to promote social, organizational, and functional accountability dimension and their indices and components.
۹.

Studying The E-learning Induced Academic Stress and Its Relationship with Academic Self-efficacy in the Students of the Yazd Branch of Payame Noor University(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Academic Stress E-Learning Academic self-efficacy students

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تعداد بازدید : ۶۶ تعداد دانلود : ۷۲
Purpose: Covid-19 pandemic increased the use of e-learning and the ensuing academic stress. This research aims to study the relationship between e-learning induced academic stress and academic self-efficacy in the Yazd branch of Payame Noor University in Iran. Methodology: This is a descriptive-correlational study. The study population was the Yazd branch of Payme Noore University students in the 2020-21 academic year. Cochran’s formula gave us a sample size of 319 people. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the unavailability of some of the sample members, we used voluntary sampling. Our research tools were the academic stress scale (Pooladi Reyshahri, 1995) and the academic self-efficacy scale (Owen and Froman, 1988). We sent the scale to the subjects electronically. The scales’ alpha Cronbach reliabilities were 0.90 and 0.84, respectively. We analyzed the data using the T-test, correlation, and regression in SPSS version 21. Findings: Our findings showed that e-learning induced academic stress, and its subscales (academic conditions and economic environment stresses) were significantly below average in the students. Students’ academic stress and academic self-efficacy were significantly and inversely related. Academic stress could significantly explain self-efficacy (P < .001). Conclusion: Our results showed the negative role of academic stress in explaining students’ academic self-efficacy. Reducing students' academic stressors through academic workshops can significantly increase academic self-efficacy.
۱۰.

Identification and Analysis of Effective Factors on the Strategic Intelligence of Education Districts Managers of Tehran City and Provide an Appropriate Model(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Strategic Intelligence Managers Education

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۱ تعداد دانلود : ۸۹
Purpose: This research was conducted with the aim of identification and analysis of effective factors on the strategic intelligence of education districts managers of Tehran city and provides an appropriate model. Methodology: The present study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was descriptive from type of quantitative. The study population was managers, deputies and experts of the education nineteen districts of Tehran city in 2020 year, which based on the Krejcie and Morgan table the sample size was estimated 120 people who were selected by randomly sampling method. The research instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire of effective factors on the strategic intelligence of managers (113 indicators) which after two Delphi rounds with Kendall coefficient of 0.678 was designed by 15 experts and its content validity was confirmed by experts and its reliability was calculated by Cronbach's alpha method 0.921. Data were analyzed by exploratory factor analysis and structural equations modeling in SPSS-22 and Smart PLS-3 software. Findings: The findings showed that the effective factors on the strategic intelligence of managers had 113 indicators in 21 components and 2 dimensions; So that the intra-organizational dimension were included 11 components of intelligent planning, support processes, communication processes, power of change and transformation, knowledge management, educational intelligence, moral intelligence, informational intelligence, organizational process intelligence, human resource intelligence and financial resources intelligence and extra-organizational dimension were included 10 components of business intelligence, environmental intuition thinking, technological intelligence, planning intelligence, social intelligence, competitors intelligence, policy-making, communication with people intelligence, targeting intelligence and environmental macro intelligence. Also, the factor load of all dimensions and components was higher than 0.40, their average extracted variance was higher than 0.50 and their reliability was higher than 0.70. In addition, the model of effective factors on the strategic intelligence of education districts managers had a good fit and the model had a significant effect on the intra-organizational and extra-organizational dimensions and the mentioned dimensions on the relevant components (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results showed two dimensions of intra-organizational and extra-organizational for the model of effective factors on the strategic intelligence of education districts managers. Therefore, to increase and enhance their strategic intelligence can be done by improving the dimensions and components of each of them.
۱۱.

Identifying the Components of the Integrated Curriculum of Arts Education from the Perspective of Specialists, Managers and Graduates(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Curriculum Integrated Curriculum Arts Education Specialists Managers Graduates

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۲۵ تعداد دانلود : ۸۷
Purpose: The aim of this research was identifying the components of the integrated curriculum of arts education from the perspective of specialists, managers and graduates. Methodology: The present study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was qualitative. The research population was the curriculum experts included of specialists, managers and graduates of Farhangian University in 2020 year. The research sample according to the principle of theoretical saturation was considered 28 people who after reviewing the inclusion criteria were selected by purposive sampling method. For data collection were used from take noting and semi-structured interviews methods, which its validity was confirmed by the triangulation method and its reliability was confirmed by the agreement coefficient method between the two coders (r=0.76). Finally, the data were analyzed by content analysis method with a deductive approach. Findings: The findings showed that the integrated curriculum of arts education from the perspective of all three groups of specialists, managers and graduates were included three dimensions of cognitive, skills and attitudinal and emotional competencies, which the cognitive dimension included the specialized knowledge of the integrated curriculum of arts education, general cognitive competence and general knowledge, the skills dimension included the specialized skill of the integrated curriculum of arts education and general skill and the attitudinal and emotional dimension included the attitudinal competence of the integrated curriculum of arts education and general attitudinal competence. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, curriculum specialists and planners for design an integrated curriculum of arts education needed to that considers the three dimensions of cognitive, skills and attitudinal and emotional competencies and their components
۱۲.

Identifying and Prioritizing the Variable Dimensions of Leading Professors in Babol University of Medical Sciences(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Leading Professors university University of Medical Sciences educational research individual

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۶۶ تعداد دانلود : ۹۰
Purpose: The quality of education and research is one of the concerns that academic systems always strive to achieve. Undoubtedly, the existence of leading professors with appropriate scientific and ethical competencies is one of the effective fundamental factors in the quality of higher education systems. Methodology: The general purpose of the present study is to examine the dimensions of leading professors and determine the importance and priority of these goals. In terms of purpose, this research is an application that was done with a mixed approach (qualitative and quantitative) with an exploratory design. In the qualitative approach, the content analysis method was used and in the quantitative approach, the descriptive survey method was used. The statistical population consisted of 20 professors of Babol University of Medical Sciences in the qualitative department and 348 faculty members of Babol University of Medical Sciences in the quantitative department. Taking the saturation law, 10 people and in the quantitative part, based on Cochran's formula, 183 people were selected as a statistical sample using stratified random sampling method based on scientific rank. By analyzing the qualitative data, a researcher-made questionnaire designed by leading professors with 80 questions was designed. Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling in SPSS-23 and PLS-2 software. Findings: The results showed that; Leading professors have three dimensions: "educational, research and individual". Conclusion: Educational dimension with five components (teaching skills, educational technology, education management, evaluation skills and observance of educational rules), research dimension with two components (scholarship and research ethics) and individual dimension with five components (characteristics Appearance is professional ethics, honesty, creativity and discipline) which has a greater impact on the educational dimension with a factor load of 0.963 and a research dimension with a factor load of 0.894.
۱۳.

Investigating the Fit Pattern of Family Function and Relationship Beliefs mediated by Differentiation of Self with Social Interest(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Family function Relationship Beliefs Differentiation of Self Social Interest

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۷۵ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰۸
Purpose: Present research was conducted with aim of investigating the fit pattern of family function and relationship beliefs mediated by differentiation of self with social interest. Methodology: This study was cross-sectional in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was quantitative from type of correlation. The study population was students of Islamic Azad University of Khomeini Shahr in the academic years 2019-20. The research sample was 300 people who were selected by cluster sampling method with respect to the volume of students in different faculties. To collected data were used from the family function questionnaire (Epstein et al, 1983), relationship beliefs questionnaire (Eidelson & Epstein, 1982), differentiation of self-inventory (Skowron & Fridlander, 1998), and social interest index (Greever et al, 1973). Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling method of path analysis in SPSS and PLS software. Findings: The results showed that pattern of family function and relationship beliefs mediated by differentiation of self with social interest had a well fit. In addition, family function and relationship beliefs had a direct and significant effect on differentiation of self, differentiation of self-had a direct and significant effect on social interest and family function had a direct and significant effect on social interest (P<0.05), but relationship beliefs had no a direct and significant effect on social interest (P>0.05). Also, family function mediated by differentiation of self-had an indirect and significant effect on social interest (P<0.05), but relationship beliefs mediated by differentiation of self-had no an indirect and significant effect on social interest (P> 0.05). Conclusion: The results indicated the effective role of family function and differentiation of self in social interest. Therefore, to improve social interest can be improved the family function and differentiation of self.
۱۴.

Investigating the Inefficiency Causes of Educational Institution in the Field of Knowledge Transfer(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Inefficiency Education Knowledge transfer

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۰ تعداد دانلود : ۷۴
Purpose: Considering the role and importance of knowledge and its transfer in education, the purpose of this research was to investigating the inefficiency causes of education in the field of knowledge transfer. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was from type of applied and in terms of implementation method was from type of qualitative. The research population was education specialists, principals, teachers, parents and high school students of Iran in the 2019-20 academic years. The sample size was considered 20 people which from each of the five group number of 4 people were selected as a sample by available sampling method. The research tool was a semi-structured interview whose validity was confirmed by the triangulation method and its reliability was obtained by the agreement coefficient method between the two coders 0.87. Data were analyzed by open, axial and selective coding method in MAXQDA software. Findings: The results showed that the inefficiency causes of educational institution in the field of knowledge transfer had 184 open codes or indicator, 16 axial codes or component and 7 selected codes or categorical. The category of objective had two components of human education and training, the category of teacher had four components of material and spiritual rights, selection, moral commitment and professional commitment, the category of student had two components of motivation and learning, the category of curriculum had two components of content and curriculum and settings, categories of educational methods had two components of teaching methods and teaching aids equipment, the category of educational environment had two components of educational space and secondary education space and the student's psychological category had two components of family and social status. Finally, based on them a pattern of inefficiency causes of education in the field of knowledge transfer was designed. Conclusion: According to the identified indicators, components and categories for the inefficiency causes of education in the field of knowledge transfer, planning is necessary to reduce the inefficiency of the mentioned institution in the field of knowledge transfer.
۱۵.

Identification the Components of Evaluation of Employee Performance Smart Pattern (Case Study: Bank of Industry and Mine)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Smart pattern Evaluation of Performance employee

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۲۵ تعداد دانلود : ۹۰
Purpose: Evaluation of employee performance plays an effective role in organizational productivity and effectiveness. As a result, the purpose of this study was identification the components of evaluation of employee performance smart pattern. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was qualitative. The research population was specialist managers and experts evaluation of employee performance of the bank of industry and mine in 2020 year, which according to the principle of theoretical saturation number of 16 people was selected by purposeful sampling method. The research tool was a semi-structured interview, which whose validity was confirmed by the triangulation method and its reliability was calculated by the agreement coefficient method between the two coders 0.82. Finally, data were analyzed based on open, axial and selective coding methods. Findings: The findings showed that components of evaluation of employee performance smart pattern had 50 open codes in 12 axial codes and 3 selective codes. The selective codes included the factors of functional (with 4 axial codes of optimal function, quality of work, active and effective participation in meetings and planning, forearm and follow-up), job behavior (with 7 axial codes of observing administrative regulations and discipline, proper behavior and encounter with clients and colleagues, cooperation and accountability, analysis of issues and providing appropriate solutions, self-propulsion and innovation, increased job information and skills and information transfer) and ethical behavior (with 1 axial code of observing ethics and Islamic behavior). Finally, according to the identified components, the evaluation of employee performance smart pattern was painted. Conclusion: The results of this research have practical implications for the specialists and officials of the Bank of Industry and Mine, and they with the help of identified components for evaluation of employee performance smart pattern can provide the ground for improving the performance of the organization.
۱۶.

Identifying Effective Factors on Educational Reform at the Level of National and Regional Supports for High School Mathematics(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Educational Reform National and Regional Supports mathematics High school

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۵۴ تعداد دانلود : ۸۰
Purpose: This research was conducted with the aim of identifying effective factors on educational reform at the level of national and regional supports for high school mathematics. Methodology: The present study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was qualitative, which was performed in two stages of synthesis research and content analysis. The research environment in the synthesis research stage were all reference texts about recognizing the needs of the high school mathematics curriculum in the period of 2007 to 2020 years, which number of 47 sources were selected as a sample by purposeful sampling method. The research environment in the content analysis stage were all reference texts of educational reform of the high school mathematics curriculum and national and regional support in the period of 2010 to 2020 years, which number of 7 sources were selected as a sample by purposeful sampling method. The content validity of the data was confirmed by 5 experts in the field of curriculum and education of mathematics and their reliability was obtained by the agreement coefficient method between the two coders 0.88. Data were analyzed by synthesis research and content analysis methods via deductive. Findings: The results of synthesis research showed that for the effective factors on educational reform were identified 5 components and 12 subcomponents, which the components included the need to review the curriculum, preparation of teachers to change the curriculum, the need for teacher training, supervision of the education system on the teachers' performance and providing curriculum implementation arrangements. Also, the results of content analysis showed that for the effective factors on educational reform were identified 2 components and 7 subcomponents, which the components included preparation teachers to change the curriculum and providing curriculum implementation arrangements. Finally, the diagram of the effective factors on educational reform at the level of national and regional supports for high school mathematics was drawn. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, planning to improve the education of high school mathematics is essential through the use of effective factors on educational reform.
۱۷.

Providing a Model of Promoting Theorizing Chairs in Universities and Higher Education Centers(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Theorizing Chairs leadership Universities Higher education

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تعداد بازدید : ۸۴ تعداد دانلود : ۹۱
Purpose: Theorizing chairs play an important role in improving theories and the position of the university in compared to other universities. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim of providing a model of promoting theorizing chairs in universities and higher education centers. Methodology: This research in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was mixed (qualitative and quantitative). The research population in the qualitative part was the university experts of the theorizing chairs in Tehran province and in the quantitative part were the faculty members of Tehran province. The research sample in the qualitative part were 17 people who according to the theoretical saturation principle were selected by purposive sampling method and in the quantitative part were 343 people who according to Cochran's formula were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method. The research instrument in the qualitative part was a semi-structured interview and in the quantitative part was a researcher-made questionnaire (32 items), whose psychometric indices were confirmed. Data were analyzed with using methods of coding in MAXQDA software and exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling in SPSS and AMOS software. Findings: The results showed that for the promoting theorizing chairs 32 indicators, 9 components and 3 categories were identified. The leadership factors category were included six components of open-mindedness, rationality, driving force, religious debates, specialized debates and moderation, administrative category were included one component of administrative and university category were included two components of innovation and productivity. Also, the factor load of all components on the relevant categories and categories on the model of promoting theorizing chairs was significant. In addition, the fit indices of the mentioned model indicate the appropriate fit of the model and the component on the relevant categories and the categories on the model of the present study had a significant effect (P <0.05). Conclusion: Considering the approval of the model of promoting theorizing chairs in both qualitative and quantitative parts, planning seems necessary for the implementation of theorizing chairs in universities and higher education centers.
۱۸.

Application of Educational Implications of Rumi and Critical Theorists(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Educational Implications Rumi Critical Theorists

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۹۷ تعداد دانلود : ۸۷
Purpose: Rumi is one of the Islamic thinkers who have presented its educational ideas and implications in a coherent way. Therefore, the purpose of this study was identifying the educational implications of Rumi and critical theorists and to examine their common and distinct aspects. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was qualitative from type of documentary. The study population was all published sources about educational implications of Rumi and critical theorists in the last 30 years, which from them 20 cases from various sources by purposefully were selected as a sample. For information collection were used from taking notes method from sources and to data analysis were used from data analysis method. Findings: Findings showed that in the educational implications from Rumi's perspective, the most important goals for adolescents and youth was human cognition and for adults was to achieve the status of knowledge of God or nearness to God, the most important principles for adolescents and youth was responsibility during its education and for adults was companionship and the most important methods for adolescents and youth was advised and preached and for adults was to walk the path of wisdom. Also, in the educational implications from critical theorists perspective, the most important goals was educating the global citizen, the most important principles was criticism and the most important methods was using discourse. Other findings showed that the most important common aspects of Rumi and critical theorists in terms of goals was drawing cognitive, emotional and psycho-motor goals and emphasis on individual ethics, in terms of principles was classification of principles at macro, intermediate and micro levels and emphasis on self-evaluation and in terms of methods was the use of encouragement and punishment and emphasis on seminar and exchange. Also, the most important distinct aspects of Rumi and critical theorists in terms of goals was Rumi's emphasis on individual goals both worldly and otherworldly, but the critical theorists' emphasis on individual and social goals only worldly, in terms of principles was Rumi's emphasis on the originality of the soul and the primacy of inward evolution over outward evolution, but the critical theorists' emphasis on the originality of society reform and the primacy of society's transformation over its own evolution and in terms of methods was Rumi's emphasis on self-construction, individual excellence and internalized discourse of self-construction, but the critical theorists' emphasis was on transformation, social change and critical discourse. Conclusion: The results indicated that educational implications in terms of Rumi has more individual aspects based on growth, perfection and nearness to God, but educational implications in terms of critical theorists has more social aspects based on society reform, citizen education and change of current status. The mentioned results can have practical implications for experts of education in order to improve the current situation and help them to provide a suitable perspective for designing educational programs.
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Developing a Model of Job Competencies for Bank Saderat Managers(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Competencies Job Competencies Managers Saderat Bank

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تعداد بازدید : ۳۶۳ تعداد دانلود : ۱۵۸
Purpose: The present study was conducted with the aim of "developing a model of job competencies for managers of Bank Saderat". Methodology: This research is applied in terms of purpose and qualitative in terms of method and has an inductive approach. The participants of the present study were branch managers and banking experts in Tehran. Since in this study, the aim was to present the competency model of Bank Saderat managers, therefore, purposive sampling method was used. The focus has been on people with more experience in the banking industry. At the beginning, criteria for purposeful selection of experts and managers were considered. Based on these criteria, a list of these experts and managers was prepared to make the necessary arrangements for scheduling and conducting the interview. Therefore, the population of this study was the employees and experts of the bank; Sampling was performed by purposive method and the researcher reached the level of theoretical saturation with 15 people. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. In order to analyze the data, the content analysis method was used. Findings: The research findings showed that after analyzing the data obtained from the interviews and all the basic and organizing topics, 5 comprehensive topics are: - Interpersonal competencies 2- Individual ethics 3- Professional ethics 4- Managerial competencies 5- Competencies Professional; The main components of job competencies of Bank Saderat managers were identified. Conclusion: Considering the compilation of the competency model using the extracted components, it is recommended that standards and criteria based on these components be formulated and designed for hiring managers, and considering that the training and updating of managers is one of the components obtained in This research is recommended that the training of competency programs to managers as well as employees of a complex should be put on the agenda. It is appropriate for managers to help improve organizational behaviors by investing in professional ethics on the people of the organization, and in this way, in addition to benefiting from people with high human capital, they can also benefit from the advantage of expanding the effectiveness of their organization.
۲۰.

The Comparative Study of White Marriage News based on Effective News Components in the Persian Section of Al-Alam, Persian BBC and Voice of America News Sites(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: White Marriage Effective News Components News Sites Al-Alam Persian BBC Voice of America

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۷۶ تعداد دانلود : ۹۳
Purpose: The aim of present research was the comparative study of white marriage news based on effective news components in the Persian section of Al-Alam, Persian BBC and Voice of America news sites. Methodology: This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was quantitative. The research community was the white marriage news of Persian section of Al-Alam, Persian BBC and Voice of America news sites in 2017 and 2018 years. The research sample was all related news to white marriage, which were selected by census sampling method. The research tool was observation and recording of white marriage news in the Persian section of the mentioned sites, whose face validity was confirmed by experts and its reliability was estimated by the coefficient of agreement between the two coders 0.92. Finally, the data were analyzed by non-parametric test of chi-square in SPSS software. Findings: The comparative results showed that the Persian BBC news site has the most emphasis and Al-Alam news site has the least emphasis on white marriage based on the component of news rate and between them there was significant difference in terms of components of presentation style, news index, news values, news elements, news sources, news orientation, content bias, news type, news volume and news tactics (P<0.05). In addition, there was no significant difference between the three news sites in terms of emphasis on white marriage based on the component of inductive load of headline (P>0.05). Conclusion: The results showed the more emphasis of Persian BBC news sites and less emphasis of Al-Alam news sites on white marriage according to effective news components. These results indicated that the more damage of Persian BBC news site about white marriage and its consequences for families.
۲۱.

Investigating the Status of Entrepreneurship Development Levels in the Iranian University System(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship Development University System

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۵۴ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰۳
Purpose: Entrepreneurship development is one of the important concepts of recent decades that higher education has an important role in promoting it. As a result, the present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the status of entrepreneurship development levels in the Iranian university system. Methodology: This study was a descriptive from type of survey. The research population was managers of calligraphy organizations and professors of entrepreneurship disciplines of country in 2020 year. The research sample was 72 people who were selected by cluster sampling method and answered the researcher-made questionnaire of entrepreneurship development in the university system (82 questions). The face and content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by 20 experts and its reliability by Cronbach's alpha method was obtained 0.91. Data were analyzed by binomial test in SPSS software. Findings: Findings showed that the entrepreneurship development in the Iranian university system at the institutional level (and its components including cultural factors and social factors) and policy level (and its components including actors in the field of entrepreneurship areas, entrepreneurial elements, policy-making stages and policy-making institutions) was above the average and at the individual level (and its components including individual factors and psychological factors) was below the average (P<0.05). Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study, officials and planners of entrepreneurship development in the Iranian university system should take steps to improve the curriculum and holding entrepreneurship training courses in order to improving the individual level of entrepreneurship development and the personal and psychological characteristics of entrepreneurs

آرشیو

آرشیو شماره ها:
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