Iranian journal of educational sociology

Iranian journal of educational sociology

Iranian journal of educational sociology, Vol 1, Number 6 (2017) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Developing a perceptual appropriate framework for Iranian teacher’s dispatch to schools abroad(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۴۴ تعداد دانلود : ۵۹
Purpose: The current research was done with employing comparative studies and its aim was developing a perceptual appropriate framework of Iranian teacher’s dispatch to schools abroad. Methodology: The Iran's dispatch component and the selective countries, (included: America, France, Germany, Canada, England, Russia, Australia, Turkish, Japan, South Korean and Singapore) was identified and extracted for the developing of a perceptual appropriate framework. Then descriptive method for validation and presenting an appropriate perceptual framework was employed. In the last three period of dispatch, all accepted teachers were included in statistical society which 250 of them, were selected in simple random sampling. Their questionnaires had a lot of components which it was needed for their dispatch in abroad. For doing this research, 54 factors in conceptual model were determined as observed variables and 8 extracted factors from exploratory factor analysis as latent variable and the dispatch of teachers as second latent variable, were determined too. Findings: The findings show that all factors had significant meaning on their own factors and management authority, selecting and protection, mastering on computer, interviewing, mastering on language, professional competence, health and test, respectively had the most load of factor and the most weight of factor in the second dispatch of teachers in abroad. Discussion: Therefore, the appropriate perceptual framework of the dispatch of Iranian teachers in abroad, was a combination of normalized components in the dispatch model of Iranian teachers and selective countries in abroad. So it's worthy that we consider the archived factors and their components which had the most load of factor in the new method of letter for the further selections.
۲.

Karen Horneys theory and Ehsan Tabaris political psychology(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۴۸ تعداد دانلود : ۵۴
Purpose: Ehsan Tabari (1295-1368) was the unmistakable theoretician of the Tudeh party for more than 42 years and was also arrested and imprisoned after the political developments of the 1960s and the arrest of the leaders of this party. Shortly after his arrest in a television program, he said he has turned to Islam by reconsidering his past thoughts. Methodology: This event transformed Tabari into a new face with different approaches and opinions, so that some speak about Tabari before and after arrest. His effect on one or two generations of young people, when he was in the Tudeh Party or when he turned to Islam, is indisputable. Since the Tudeh Party has played a role in political movements due to its extensive and coherent organization in the era before and after the Islamic revolution, so investigation of his political personality can be very useful in understanding the political and social developments of 1320 to 1368. Finding: The basic question of this article is how do his personality features influence on his thoughts and opinions? This paper examines political personality and life cycle of Ehsan Tabari by Karen Horney's Theory. The hypothesis of this article is that Ehsan Tabari had selfish, domineering, and secular personality in different periods of political life and over time, he got away from your true self and your current self and spent most of his life in the world of ideal self-reflection. Conclusion: The characteristics of each of these courses and events and decisive facts were important in the political psychological aspect.
۳.

The Effectiveness of Family Therapy in Hope Therapy Method on Reducing Marital Conflict and Couple Marital Disturbance(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۰ تعداد دانلود : ۶۰
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to study the effect of family therapy in hope therapy method on the reduction of marital conflicts in couples. Methodology: The statistical population of the study included all incompatible couples referring to Pishro counseling center. The sample consisted of 30 couples who were selected based on entry and exit criteria and were randomly divided into two groups (each one consisted of 15 couples). They were evaluated using research tools before and after interventions. The research tools included Marital Conflict Questionnaire (MCQ) and Penis Marital Disturbance Scale. Data were analyzed using multivariate covariance analysis. Findings: The results of the data analysis indicated that there is a significant difference in variables of marital conflicts and marital disturbance of hope therapy group and the control group by removing the effect of pre-test variable (P<0.01). Discussion: Hoping-paired enrichment interventions have led to clinical changes in couple relationships and increasing the level of positive interactions.
۴.

Presenting a construct Model for Factors influencing Organizational Architecture(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۵۸ تعداد دانلود : ۵۷
Purpose: The objective of this study is to introduce a model for factors affecting organizational architecture in Islamic Azad University. Methodology: This is an applied research in terms of objective, and a descriptive research in terms of collecting data. In addition, according to the objective and nature of the research, this is an exploratory research. The statistical population consists of all faculty members working in Islamic Azad University; i.e.31000 members. Based on cluster sampling method and Morgan table, the sample must include 379 members; however, for prevention of probable loss, we finally selected 500 members. Data is collected through interviews and a questionnaire. The validity of the research instrument is confirmed by content validity. The reliability is measured based on Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Findings: The findings define factors affecting organizational architecture as: educational and research factor, organizational support and participation factor, physical factor, size of organization, and psychological factor. Discussion: A model is introduced considering the mentioned factors, which is well fitted. According to the model, factors affecting organizational architecture in Islamic Azad University are in a good current status; however, there is a difference between the current and the desirable status of factors influencing organizational architecture in Islamic Azad University.
۵.

Validation of creative problem solving questionnaire among education principals in Tehran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۰ تعداد دانلود : ۵۲
Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify the effective factors of creative problem solving in Tehran's education principals in order to provide an appropriate model that is done by exploratory. Methodology: The statistical population consists of all principals of female high school in Tehran's 22 educational districts, which number is 850 people. Of this community, 304 respondents answered the questionnaire in full. The questionnaire for effective factors on creative problem solving was 47 questions in order to determine the effective factors on creative problem solving in education principals, which identified eight factors through 47 items and the components are as follows: individual characteristics of 72.58, 66.567 information, organizational atmosphere and culture 60.234, rules and regulations 59.659, and rewarding and motivational system 52.693% of the total varianc. Findings: All of the observed variables measure the recognized and meaningful values of the identified factors. Discussion: Since the study found that the model has a very good validity and credibility, it can be used as an appropriate diagnostic tool for selecting managers.
۶.

Modeling Human Resource Agility and Ethics Management in Resolving the Crisis of Media Organizations(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۲ تعداد دانلود : ۷۸
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the modeling of HRM and ethics management by solving the crisis in media organizations. Methodology: The statistical population of the present study was all managers of media organizations in 2016, 120 of them were selected as sample in a targeted sampling method (79 male managers and 41 female ones). In this research, organizational agility questionnaire, Organizational Ethics Questionnaire (CEP) and Organizational Conflict Questionnaire were used to collect data on factors affecting agility. The conceptual model of the research was tested using structural equation modeling. Findings: The findings of the path analysis indicated that the model has a suitable fitting and all factor loads of markers on the variable are significant on the organizational agility variable and all direct path coefficients of the model are significant at alpha level 0.01. According to these results, organizational agility with impact factor (beta) 0.29 affects ethics management. Finally, ethics management with a coefficient of effect (beta) 0. 67 affects the resolution of the media organizations' crisis. Discussion: Ethics management is able to mediate organizational agility and solve the crisis of media organizations. Organizational agility with an impact on ethics management is capable of indirectly affecting the resolution of the media organizations' crisis. Therefore, attention to learning agility and attention to ethics management in organizations can be one of the main strategies for managing crisis management in organizations.
۷.

Explaining Competency model of teacher(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۳ تعداد دانلود : ۶۷
Purpose: The concept of teacher competency is one of the key concepts in the document of the fundamental transformation of education. Different researchers have presented three approaches in various terms for modeling competency such as adaptive approach, adaptive-design approach, and design approach. Top-down and bottom-up approach is another division of competency modeling. Methodology: The present study is operational in terms of purpose and the method of collecting its data, is mixed. In this way, the first part of the present study is descriptive-correlation because this study aimed to collect the necessary information for determining the teachers' competency indicators and is qualitative research method such as content analysis method to extract the components from the top-level documents contained in the document of the fundamental transformation of education. Findings: On the other hand, since one of the research goals is to extract a questionnaire to determine the indicators and attributes of teachers based on the high education documents, quantitative research methods and factor analysis methods such as exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were used. Conclusion: Overall, the result of the present study shows that each competency is a complex combination of motivation, mental ability, practical knowledge and practical skill that increases the probability of a person's success in a certain role, which is clearly tangible, and the existence of it ensures him for the acceptance of responsibility of that role.
۸.

The Effectiveness of Therapeutic Reality on Emotional Disorders of Emotional Divorced Women(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۳۶ تعداد دانلود : ۲۵۱
Abstract purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of therapeutic reality on decreasing Emotional Disorders of Emotional Divorce Women. Method: The research method was semi-experimental with pretest-posttest design, control and follow-up group. The statistical population of the study consisted of all women referring to counseling centers of Tehran in 1395 in 150 people who were emotionally divorced according to Gateman's 1998 emotional divorce questionnaire and 30 of them were randomly selected and replaced with random assignment and age matching in two groups (experimental and control group). Both groups responded to a difficult questionnaire as posttest for excitement regulation by Graz and Roemer (2004) after answering both groups a difficult questionnaire as posttest for excitement regulation by Graz and Roemer as a Pre-test and 8 Session selection Teaching Theory for the experimental group. The research was analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance. Results: The use of bonferroni post hoc test showed that the implementation of the independent variable led to a decrease in the mean of emotional non-ordering components including: Emotional responses rejection (p<0.05, SE-1.569, ∆x̄ - 4.380), difficulty in conducting purposeful behavior (p <0.01, SE = 9.68, ∆x̄ = 7.281) difficulty in impulse control (p<0.01, SE = 0.814, ∆x̄ =8.900 ) lack of emotional awareness(p<0.01, SE = 1.140, ∆x̄ =12.347 ) limited access to emotion regulation strategies(p<0.01, SE = 1.140, ∆x̄ =12.347 ) the lack of clarity of emotion in the experimental group compared to the control group(p<0.01, SE = 0.691, ∆x̄ =2.904 ).
۹.

The effect of multimedia and e-learning on the quality of teaching of faculty members of Islamic Azad University of Mazandaran province(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۵۰ تعداد دانلود : ۵۷
Abstract Purpose: This study was conducted to effect of multimedia applications and e-learning on the quality of teaching of faculty members of Islamic Azad University of Mazandaran province. Methodology: The population of the study was all 1532 faculty members of Islamic Azad University of Mazandaran. which 210 persons were randomly selected from by category random sampling method based on Kerjeci &Morgan table. The measurement tool included researcher made questionnaire in two parts of Multimedia programs and e-learning with 38 questions and 40 questions of teaching quality. Face and content validity of the tool was confirmed by experts and its reliability was calculated 0/93 using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Frequency, mean indicators and standard deviation reports were studied to analyze data in descriptive statistics. The central limit theorem and Smirnov & Kolmogorov test with z approximation were used to determine the appropriate statistical methods in the inferential section and parametric methods were used for data analysis. One-sample t-test was used to achieve the objectives of the research in studding the status of indicators and also independent t-test and ANOVA were used in intra group’s comparisons. Because of the researcher made survey instrument, in addition to the calculation of Cronbach’s alpha, exploratory and confirmatory analysis was done based on the defined components. Findings: Pearson correlation test was used to examine the relationship between the study variables, as well as Bivariate linear regression analysis was performed in order to study the sixth question of the research. SPSS 22 software and LISREL 8.5 were used for data analysis. The results showed that: the quality of teaching and its components, and multimedia programs and e-learning and its components in Islamic Azad University units are at a higher level than average. Discussion: And all Pearson correlation values between independent variables of e-learning and its components and multimedia programs and the quality of teaching dependent variables and its dimentions is significant and direction of these relationships is positive.
۱۰.

Investigating the position of components of sustainable development in experimental science course of Elementary Schools of Iran and presenting an optimum framework and its validation(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۵۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰۷
Purpose: This study is investigating the position of components of sustainable development in experimental science course of Elementary Schools of Iran and presenting an optimum framework and its validation. Methodology: The statistical population is a group of monitoring experts on the components of sustainable development as well as a set of experimental science textbooks in sixth grade of elementary schools of Iran during the academic year of 2016-2017. The sample size according to Morgan's sampling table in expert group was 80 and 12 volumes of textbooks sets, including teacher guides. The sample size in the group of experts was 80 according to Morgan's sampling table and 12 volumes in the collection of textbooks, including teacher guides. Findings: The results of the research indicate that the amount of emphasis on the component of the consumption pattern was 5.24% in objectives, 5.86% in educational content, 6.05% in teaching method and 6.69% in assessment. In the waste disposal component, the emphasis is: 4.1% in objectives, 2.15 % in educational content, 2.78% in teaching method and 5.1% in assessment. In the component of animal conservation, the emphasis is: 15.68 % in objectives, 18.03 % in educational content, 9.4 % in teaching method and 9.39 % in assessment In the energy component, the emphasis is: 12.29 % in objectives, 14.59 % in educational content, 14.66 % in teaching method and 13.25 % in assessment. Discussion: In sum, the amount of emphasis of the curriculum of the experimental science course of Elementary Schools was in middle level compared to the six components of sustainable development, and needs to be reviewed.
۱۱.

The Relationship Between Cognitive Emotion Regulation and Academic Buoyancy with The Role of Mediating Self-Handicapping in Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۹ تعداد دانلود : ۶۱
Purpose: in the present study, the relationship between cognitive emotion regulation and academic buoyancy with the role of mediating self-disability in students has been studied. Methodology: The present study was descriptive-correlational. The research population included all female secondary school students in Sabzevar City. 323 students were randomly selected as the sample in a multistage cluster sampling method. They completed Jones and Rodwellt Self-Handicapping Scale (1982), Garnfesky, Kareev and Spinhaun (2001) Emotional Cognitive Regulation Questionnaire and Dehghanizadeh and حسینchary (2012) Academic Buoyancy Questionnaire. Findings: The results of the research indicated that the model of the research had excellent fitting and self-handicapping has a mediating role in the relationship between emotional cognitive regulation and students’ academic buoyancy. Also, 79% of the variations in academic buoyancy are explained through the strategies of positive and negative cognitive emotion regulation and academic self-handicapping and 74% of the variations in academic self-handicapping are explained through the strategies of positive and negative emotion cognitive regulation. Discussion: As a result, it should be acknowledged that students who grow up to develop strong emotions could handle social barriers and pressure well, and manage behaviors that can mitigate their academic achievement. Therefore, the emotional stress of students in dealing with stressful situations affects self-handicapping and, consequently, their academic buoyancy.
۱۲.

Common principles governing on revocable contracts Jurisprudential and legal analysis(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۱ تعداد دانلود : ۸۶
Purpose: In this article, we will examine the obligation that the parties to the revocable contract are permitted to fulfill their obligations to this contract until the contract is continued and not terminated, as well as study the rules governing the formation and rules governing the dissolution of the revocable contracts. Methodology: The present research is applied in terms of purpose and content analysis method. In the organization of research, the documentary and library methods have been used and the information analysis has been obtained qualitatively and based on the inference of the researcher on the sources and texts. Findings: One of the most important legal institutions and organizations in all legal systems is contract and agreement so that today it is considered as the main means of legal and economic construction of human societies and is the cornerstone of many socio-economic relations of people in the society. The stability and security of the socio-economic relations of the society and the maintenance of public order depend on the credit of contracts and the adherence of individuals to their duty and responsibility and obligation to the contract and the implementation of its provisions. Article 184 of the Civil Code of Iran refers only indistinctly to the two divisions and without specifying the divider of each type and direction of division. It's as though the aforementioned types are one of the divider. Article 184 stipulates that contracts and transactions shall be divided into the following categories: binding contract, revocable contract, optional contract, unconditional contract and conditional contract. Conclusion: Regardless of the fact that people such as Mirza Naini Sheikh Mousa Khansari in Manieh al-Taleb are not considered revocable contract as a valid contract, nevertheless, the division of contracts into binding and revocable has two practical uses. In the binding contract, the two parties to the contract or one of them are committed to their covenant and cannot arbitrarily break the covenant, but, in the revocable contract, they can terminate the contract without any impediment. The revocable contract is dissolved for the death and madness and imbecility of a party.
۱۳.

Social study of the annulment of municipal commissions’ approvals by the Administrative Justice Court(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۴۱ تعداد دانلود : ۵۲
Background: Article 5 Commission of Iran’s Supreme Council for Urban Development and Architecture is a quasi-judicial authority that has a close connection with the rights of citizens. It has composed a part of the claims that most of the related lawsuits are of great importance with great amounts. There is a certain procedure for the authorities, such as the Dispute Resolution Council, which deals with claims under 20 million toman, but unfortunately, for there is no such a procedure for important cases of municipal commissions, including Article 5 Commission. Therefore, according to Article 170 of the Constitution, natural or legal entities may request the annulment of the matter against governmental and municipal regulations in the General Board of the Court. In this respect, the owners whose rights are not observed in accordance with the rules and regulations can complain to the Supreme Council's decisions in the General Board of the Court and thereby request the annulment of the Article 5 Commission’s approvals. Methodology and Objective: In the present article, the authors will review the annulment of the approvals of Article 5 Commission of Iran’s Supreme Council for Urban Development and Architecture by the Administrative Justice Court, using an analytical-descriptive research methodology as a library study through note-making method. Findings and Conclusions: In the review of the annulled approvals, it can be found that failure to observe the proprietary and the acquired rights of individuals established by the Supreme Council and Article 5 Commission during the recent years may lead to the outcome of complaints by the owners and the annulment of approvals. Finally, the annulment of the Article 5 Commission’s approvals by the Administrative Justice Court can be summarized in the following four major factors: 1. The approvals for delegating the authorities of the Article 5 Commission; 2. The approvals contrary to the urban development principles of the Article 5 Commission; 3. The approvals contrary to the Sharia of Islam; 4. The Gratuitous possession Approvals of the Article 5 Commission of Iran’s Supreme Council for Urban Development and Architecture.
۱۴.

Sociological and Structural Analysis of Javad Jamil Poems(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۵۲ تعداد دانلود : ۶۱
Literature sociology is one of the very diverse branches of sociology. Most of the literary collections are a reflection of political and social issues of the poet's community, which in the social and sociological domain, reflects such issues as women, poverty, class distances, corruption, injustice, and in the field of politics, recount issues related to domestic politics, tyranny and colonialism, and in the realm of religion, it is a matter of religious, cultural, religious and identity that can express many facts about its society and illustrate the political and social status of its country during the mentioned period. Sociological analysis is one of the important approaches of literary criticism, because it examines the content of literary works. In this paper, the poems of Jawad Jamil, Iraqi contemporary poet from the perspective of structural and sociological considerations had been studied, while at the same time clarifying the angles of tyranny and self-restraint of Saddam and the Ba'ath Party and the devastation of the Iraqi society, interrelationships between religious and political-social issues were established with the help of Ashura's message. In this research, in order to understand the intellectual form of جوادJamil in his poems in political and social terms, and presenting a clear picture of his thoughts, several important sociological propositions such as lack of freedom, the expression of crimes, torture, execution, idealisation, instilling hope for the future, fighting women, hypocrisy in Iraqi society, inviting people to be patient, inviting people to fight and structural issues such as music, modes of meanings, rhetorical forms, and customs of the blessings, had also been analyzed.
۱۵.

Legal and economic analysis of preventive remedy in draft of revision check cod and its impact on social relationships(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۳۳ تعداد دانلود : ۷۴
Purpose: According to statistic research, more than ninety percent of payment of debt and transferring banking resources was done with check. So, providing its executive security is undeniable necessity. For this reason, legislators enacted draft that whose title is draft of revision check cod. Methodology: The present research is applied in terms of purpose and content analysis method. In the organization of research, the documentary and library methods have been used and the information analysis has been obtained qualitatively and based on the inference of the researcher on the sources and texts. Findings: Accordingly, writers with legal and economic approach and with research of its efficiency and improving its defects goal want to answer to two question. The first question is what point was ignored in past cods until legislators decide to amend it? And second question is, is draft come back efficiency to legal system by improving last defects? Conclusion: In answer should tell: the important of previous rules is neglecting of remedy’s capacity. why so, legislators help to promise after breach of contract in previous rules while in this draft they focus to preventive remedy and try to increase efficiency of check by revealing of information. this subject based on credit feature of obligating and prohibition deal with hight risk and delete removing failure market.
۱۶.

Providing a Model for Improving the Students' Satisfaction from Governmental and Non-Governmental Universities(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۰ تعداد دانلود : ۵۱
Purpose: The research is conducted to provide a model for improving the students' satisfaction from governmental and non-governmental universities in Zanjan province. Methodology: The research method is mixed (quantitative-qualitative) exploratory-confirmatory. The statistical population of this research is of higher education professionals active in governmental and non-governmental universities in the qualitative section. Purposive sampling method by using snowball technique and applying theoretical saturation grounded theory of semi-structured interviews for 20 experts was used. The statistical population of the quantitative part of the research included all active students in public universities and nongovernmental universities in the second semester of the academic year 2017-2018. The data collection method of the quantitative section is a researcher-made survey questionnaire. Findings: Final model -which consists of dimensions (educational, research, administrative /financial, welfare, cultural, political, technology, virtual, and international), and 23 components and 70 indices about the field of improvement of the student satisfaction- was confirmed by the results of the research. Conclusion: The results showed that all these factors should be addressed in Improving the Students Satisfaction.
۱۷.

Sociological and criminological analysis Decriminalization of minor drug related crimes(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۱ تعداد دانلود : ۲۶۵
Purpose: In line with their function to fight, control and combat crimes, governments have duties and powers. One of these tasks is criminalization, punishment and prosecution of crimes. Drugs are one of the major challenges facing societies and the scale of its destructive challenges is still added in current age. The resort to criminalization and the penal combat with this phenomenon has been a common practice of our country and other ones. Methodology: The present research is applied in terms of purpose and content analysis method. In the organization of research, the documentary and library methods have been used and the information analysis has been obtained qualitatively and based on the inference of the researcher on the sources and texts. Findings: Considering the legal status of our country, it is considered that, by respecting numerical proportions (math and Aristotelian) and paying attention to the amount of narcotics, the legislatures have criminalized the use of narcotics, especially minor narcotic drugs, in any amount. Conclusion: looking at the statistics of the cases brought to the judiciary, attention to the number of prisoners in the country, the statistics of the prisoners belonging to this group of crimes, and, on the other hand, paying attention to the community, despite the application of repressive criminal policy in the country, regarding drug crimes, in particular crimes of minor crimes, suggests that this (repressive) approach to the fight against and control of crimes related to narcotics has not been successful in the country
۱۸.

The role of government in promoting philosophical thinking from Imam ali point of view(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۵۹ تعداد دانلود : ۵۰
Philosophical thinking is a holistic and unified approach seeking to find and satures the true answer to ontological sense (comm::union:: with God, self, with the universe and with their fellow human). By paying attention to The exact terms of the two rights (benevolence and education) that is taken from the Sermon 34 of Nahj al. The Islamic government in addition to the security and welfare of the public is responsible for regulating social relations and also bears heavy duty. For guiding society towards perfection and religious education. Tie together economic justice and the responsibility of individuals to organize family and avoid improper the correct explanation of religious belief and the right tools and punishment and encourage ways to fit and proper. If people move in the right direction and full cooperation of the government and people together in promoting religious purposes. In this regard an ideal society can be expected to be happy in this world and the Hereafter. This article referring to library resources and was written from an analytical - deductive point of view and seeks to answer the question: " what is the role of government in education philosophy based on the sayings of Imam ali?

آرشیو

آرشیو شماره ها:
۲۱