Iranian journal of educational sociology

Iranian journal of educational sociology

Iranian journal of educational sociology, Vol 1, Number 1 (2016) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

The Effectiveness of Group Hope Therapy on the Time Horizon and Optimism(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۲۶ تعداد دانلود : ۶۶
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of group hope therapy on the time horizon and Optimism of divorced women aged between 25 to 40 years old in Tehran who referred to counseling centers. Materials and method: 30 divorced women were selected randomly and were assigned at two experimental and control group. Group hope therapy was held for 8 sessions each lasted for 2 hours. Group hope therapy package was applied for intervention. Wilde questionnaire were employed for assessment of horizon and LOT questionnaire was used for assessment of optimism. Data analysis was performed using analysis of covariance. Findings: The results showed that the group hope therapy increased time horizon and Optimism in divorced women. Discussion: searching for hope within the group lets divorced women to gain optimism and improve their time horizon capability.
۲.

Life Skills Instruction, Non-addicted, Substance Use, Coping Skills, Discordant Women(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۲
Purpose: The initiation of anti-bullying movements in school’s dates back to nearly three decades ago in some countries. Despite the importance of such a movement and its grave implications for education systems, no particular program or action has been organized in our country. Materials and Method: The present study presents a cross-sectional descriptive survey to assess the attitudes of primary school teachers and staff towards bullying. The self-administered questionnaire explored attitude towards bullying in 207 teachers and 73 administrative staff of 25 schools in the city of Bojnourd using stage cluster sampling. Findings: The results of independent t-test demonstrated that the attitude toward bullying was not significantly different in male and female subjects with respect to the variables of years of service and administrative position, though women tended to hold a stronger attitude compared to men in this respect (t=2.04 and p˂0.04). The results showed that school staff and teachers, whether those with less than five years of service or those who had hold their job for more than twenty years were not sufficiently aware of the sensitivity of the case of bullying and the skills required to handle this issue. Discussion: Therefore, it seems that organizing workshops and training courses on the issue of bullying for target groups are necessary and inevitable.
۳.

The predictive Role of Social Adjustment, Academic Procrastination and Academic Hope in the High School Students’ Academic Burnout(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۱ تعداد دانلود : ۶۱
Purpose: The aim of the current study was to predict the high school students' academic burnout based on social adjustment, academic procrastination and academic hope. Materials and method: Current research method was descriptive and correlational. The study population included all high school students of the state female high schools of Bojnourd. 350 students were selected as a sample employing multi-cluster sampling method. In order to collect data, social adjustment inventory, assessment scale of procrastination (PAS), academic hope and academic Burnout questionnaire were employed. Stepwise regression analysis was employed for data analysis. Findings: The results showed statistically significant Correlations between burnout scores with social adjustment, academic procrastination and academic hope scores. Also Stepwise regression analysis revealed that students’ burnout could be predicted by social adjustment, academic procrastination and academic hope. Discussion: Based on hope theories, the main reasons of academic procrastination and academic burn out were factors such as social adjustment and academic hope. Students who procrastinate and experience burn out because of hate toward doing the assignment tend to postpone it and thus have low hope and social adjustment because they are incapable of doing their assignments.
۴.

Investigating the Attitudes of Primary School Teachers and Staff toward Bullying(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۰ تعداد دانلود : ۶۰
Purpose: The initiation of anti-bullying movements in school’s dates back to nearly three decades ago in some countries. Despite the importance of such a movement and its grave implications for education systems, no particular program or action has been organized in our country. Materials and Method: The present study presents a cross-sectional descriptive survey to assess the attitudes of primary school teachers and staff towards bullying. The self-administered questionnaire explored attitude towards bullying in 207 teachers and 73 administrative staff of 25 schools in the city of Bojnourd using stage cluster sampling. Findings: The results of independent t-test demonstrated that the attitude toward bullying was not significantly different in male and female subjects with respect to the variables of years of service and administrative position, though women tended to hold a stronger attitude compared to men in this respect (t=2.04 and p˂0.04). The results showed that school staff and teachers, whether those with less than five years of service or those who had hold their job for more than twenty years were not sufficiently aware of the sensitivity of the case of bullying and the skills required to handle this issue. Discussion: Therefore, it seems that organizing workshops and training courses on the issue of bullying for target groups are necessary and inevitable.
۵.

The role of Philosophy for Children (p4c) Teaching Approach for Improving the Reading Comprehension Skills of Guidance School Female Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۹ تعداد دانلود : ۶۲
Purpose: The aim of the current study was investigating the role of Philosophy for Children (p4c) teaching approach in increasing first grade female high school students reading comprehension in Tehran educational five zone. Materials and method: From all statistical population 60 students were selected through multi cluster sampling and were assigned to experimental (30) and control (30) groups randomly. Data collection was done through employing reading comprehensions section of preliminary English test (pet). Philosophy for Children (p4c) teaching approach were performed in 10 sessions, 90 minutes every session. The research method was semi-experimental including pretest- post-test with control group following a follow up stage. Analysis of covariance and t test were employed for data analysis. Findings: The results show that there was a significant difference between experimental and control group in post-test stage. T-test results found a significant relationship between (p4c) approaches and improved post-test scores. Discussion: It means that those students who received Philosophy for Children (p4c) teaching approach outperformed their peers in control group. So (p4c) approach can be considered as an effective method for improving students reading comprehension method.
۶.

Designing Structural Equation Modeling of Organizational Citizenship Behavior Influences on Success of Educational Institutions (Case study: Kanoon Qlmchy)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۳۹ تعداد دانلود : ۶۷
Purpose: the aim of the current study was to Designing Structural Equation Modeling of Organizational Citizenship Behavior Which Influences on Success of Kanoon Qlmchy as a famous Educational Institutions Method: The method of the current research descriptive and case study: Statistical population consists of all the employees of Qlmchy Kanoon of Zahedan, Tehran and Mashhad which consists of 353 persons who were selected through simple random sampling. Researchers made questionnaire was employed for data collection. Finding: The result showed that "organizational citizenship behavior on Kanoon Qlmchy Success has been significant through Mediator variables including "Leadership with vision" and "tactics coordination of activities and it has a relatively strong relationship. It was confirmed that the five dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior, including altruism, work ethic, Attention and respect, fairness and citizenship behavior has an impact on Kanoon Qlmchy Success. All variables have relatively high correlation. Discussion. Acceptable responsive and well-designed Organizational Citizenship Behavior lead to high success in Educational Institutions.
۷.

Analytical Review of the Philosophy of Leading Media Function in The Presentation of Social Thought(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۵ تعداد دانلود : ۶۵
Purpose: The purpose of this study was the role of media in the function of social thought. Exploring the thoughts of human about the society leads us to this point that our behavior and our emotions are merely a function of the society and its culture. Methodology: Most of the insights in the culture of a society develop the thoughts, feelings and actions of individuals from one side and limit them on the other side. The main concern of Muslim thinkers i.e. "man" is how he reaches the ideal model of "a perfect man." The present study compares the human status from the views of Islamic thinkers and new social sciences. In the first section, the topics "fundamental concepts of social thought" and "studying the subject of rationality in society," and in the other section, "the function of the media in the various dimensions" have been examined. The research methodology is analytical, explanatory and documentary. Findings: According to the topics discussed, the researcher has come to this conclusion that the researches done by sociologists in the field of radio and television around the world, imply that a part of the major tasks of the media is reviewing the public opinion, reflecting changes in the socio-cultural context of the audience, the general tendencies of society in various economic aspects, increasing the level of technical and public awareness of society in advancing the community ruling culture also the rapid and unbiased dissemination of news and events at the global level. Media plays an effective role in the teaching and training of religious, ethical and cultural teachings. Discussion: This role is reflected through the recognition of cultural-social patterns and processes and rethinking of social ideas in the range of related subjects.
۸.

Student Teachers and Cultural Pathology by Looking at the Present and Future of Farhangian University(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۵ تعداد دانلود : ۷۳
Sometimes unconsolidated silence also becomes the hallmark of universities and science centers. The silence that forced this question into question was how high the academic load of graduates of cultural universities was? This question is important because the student teacher in his future career becomes a cultural affairs community, in other words, the expression of a teacher who is the founder and the founder of cultural affairs in his own community, to the extent that the university has a cultural background in the modern world and the world. The traditional one gets to know, and whether in a university, with regard to the units, a teacher-student is so acquainted with the cultural ideas of the world of his own tradition and the modern world that, at the time of teaching, he can identify the path from the well, and the strategies for strengthening cultural foundations and the foundations and cultural principles of the traditional world and the modern world, and the challenges they face during student studies. The method of this research is descriptive-analytic and the scope of the article is related to the university-related student-teacher culture. Findings of the research: In contrast to the cultural foundations in the traditional world and the modern world, if a scientist student is really bloated, he can, during the practice, teach, adapt and rationalize the values ​​of the traditional world and the modern world. To make no one sacrifice for another, and to give each other the right to culture as much as it deserves.
۹.

Investigating the relationship between thinking styles and creativity, Tendency to Innovation and academic motivation in students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۷۵ تعداد دانلود : ۶۰
This research has been designed and implemented with the aim of determining the arbitrariness of thinking styles with creativity, orientation Tendency to innovation and academic motivation in students. The research method was descriptive-correlational and the sample consisted of 309 undergraduate students in the department of Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, which was selected by stratified random sampling method. They are in this research, we used the Sternberg-Wagner thinking styles questionnaire to determine the style of thinking and also to assess the creativity of Randsip's standardized questionnaire. To determine the tendency for innovation, a researcher-made questionnaire with Likert's comparison and also to assess the degree of academic motivation The standard questionnaire (Valerand) has been used. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods including mean, mean, faces, variance, standard deviation, tables and graphs of inferential statistics including multivariate regression. The results of the research show that there is a significant relationship between the modes of thinking, external, exequatur, legislator, individualist, jirgas, conservative, informal, conservative, there is no positive and significant relationship between creativity and open mindedness of secretary, internal, general, and versatility. There is also a positive and significant relationship between all styles of thinking with tendency to innovation. With educational motivation, there was a significant relationship between general and supportive thinking styles, while in other styles there was no meaningful relationship with academic motivation. Based on this, it is suggested to guide and encourage students to pay attention Creativity and innovation, as well as academic motivation in universities and educational institutions, should be designed and implemented in accordance with the type and style of thinking of students. Also, the creativity of innovation and motivation for exploitation in the environments based on these components is maximized.
۱۰.

Standardization of social intelligence questionnaire in male and female(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۴ تعداد دانلود : ۷۶
The aim of this research the Normalization Social Intelligence Scale in Iranian Males and Females. 843 Males and Females (428 males &415 femals) were chosen through random cluster method. The social questionnaire (Tet 2008) were answered by participation. checking the internal consistency showed that all of dialects, except dialects1- 2- 6- 7- 8- 9- 10- 16- 18- 19- 24- 26- 29- 37- 38- and 41 have a high correlation with the total score, therefore 16items from 45 items were omitted. Factor analysis revealed that the inventory consisted of four factors. These four factors explained 26. 85% of the variance. Internal reliability using Cronbach’s alpha in sample of students (n =843) was. 61. Then, a sample of 50 Participants out of the 843 was randomly selected to examine test- retest reliability 2 weeks later, obtaining a reliability coefficient of. 61. As items were deleted, alpha, the scale mean, a scale variance, and item- total correlation were calculated main conclusions emerged from the results of this study: The Persian/Farsi version of the social intelligence Inventory had satisfactory levels of internal consistency among undergraduate Participants Iranian.
۱۱.

Effect of neurofeedback training on consumption temptation, depression and anxiety of smokers(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۵۸ تعداد دانلود : ۴۳
Purpose: Cigarette smoking annually threatens the health of thousands and causes the deaths of its consumers and even their neighbors, mainly due to the dumping of carbon monoxide and carbon monoxide by smoke. In addition, nicotine in person's cigarette smoke also causes psychological disorders (such as anxiety and depression) that are added to physical symptoms. Methodology: These issues are the main motivation for health professionals to find an effective way to quit smoking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of neurofeedback training on reducing depression, anxiety and temptation in cigarette smoking in Isfahan smoker’s volunteers. In this study, the sample size was 30, and were randomly divided into two groups of 15 subjects. The 42-item questionnaire of the DASS questionnaire was used to measure the depression and anxiety of the two groups in the pre-test and post-test phases, and the Fagerstrom test was used to assess the nicotine dependence of the subjects in the post-test pretest. Findings: The experimental group received 15 sessions of neurofeedback training. Each session included 20 minutes of practice. This tutorial was conducted with the help of the DeyMed device and TruScan software to amplify the alpha wave amplitude in F3-F4 and Fz-Pz areas, and the theatrical wave suppression. Discussion: The data were analyzed using SPSS software using covariance analysis method. The results showed that the effectiveness of the neurofeedback exercises on reducing the anxiety, depression and temptation of smoking in the experimental group was.
۱۲.

Check the status of to Felner Social Competence components in New primary school Farsi writing book in Iran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۵۴
Purpose: The present study aimed to analyze the content of new primary school Farsi writing books in Iran considering the components of social competence. Methodology: The research method is a combination of descriptive survey and quantitative and qualitative content analysis. The statistical population of the research included 150 experts of Educational Sciences and the content of six course books of Farsi writing books of the primary school. Therefore, sampling method in this study was census method. The data collection tools in a study were a questionnaire and data record checklist. The validity of the tools was evaluated and confirmed by referring to the experts and correlation test was used to test the validity of questionnaire tools and determination coefficient was used in order to assess the validity of the data record checklist. The correlation coefficient was calculated as 0.82 and determination coefficient was calculated as 0.78 showing high reliability for the research tools. Findings: In this investigation, one main question and five detailed questions were asked. In the answer to the first detailed question, a component of skills the familiarity with which is the need of primary school students was determined by asking the experts and the factor analysis. Based on four skills by Felner and the affirmed components for primary school students and content of books, the rest of the questions were analyzed and the results of the analysis were studied with the help of frequency descriptive statistics and percentage. The results of response to the first question of research showed that 30.87% of the content of primary school Farsi writing textbooks in Iran has discussed social competence component that is a relatively good deal. But the disadvantage of the imbalance is for the emphasis on four skills of social competence that exists in all textbooks. Discussion: The entire content of the books more emphasizes on cognitive skills and less emphasis is on the emotional skills.
۱۳.

The Components of Richard Rorty's New-Pragmatic Educational Philosophy and Islamic Educational Philosophy(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۴ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۴
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare and investigate the differences existing in the attitudes of one of the most influential philosophical schools, Rorty's new-pragmatic, and the associated Western pragmatism, especially the educational system of the United States, with the Islamic educational philosophy. Methodology: This is a qualitative research study in which the internet and library resources have been used. The finding of this study indicated that the tenet of new-pragmatic is to propose factual issues beyond time and ignoring objectivity. Findings: Given that, new-pragmatism made use of some principles based on which it could bridging the gap of relativism. However, it is unable to explain the identity of an individual in a comprehensive educational philosophy. Consequently, new- pragmatism proposes the design of modern language which is an idealistic one and since it is a futuristic model, it cannot be the basis for educational philosophy which needs a practical model. Sequentially, it should be noted that in the studies which are conducted on the current educational philosophy practiced in Iran, many of the new alternatives are provided are not without failures. Discussion: That said, no new educational philosophy should be used in Iranian context without doing research and comparing it with the Islamic philosophy which pays the utmost attention to the human spirituality for many years even if the founders of such schools of philosophy have global reputation and be among the most influential philosophers.
۱۴.

A comparative study of the black and white symbolic horses in the Shahnameh of Ferdowsi(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۶ تعداد دانلود : ۱۷۴
The horse especially those in black or white assume a much enigmatic stance in the Iranian culture and as we know, color plays the role of the decoder to a great number of concepts in legends. The black color represents often mourning and darkness. In Europe, the black color is viwed negatively. A person wearing black, or a black snake both are deemed as icons which represent dark and hopelessness. The dead are celebrated in black atmosphere within the church. Black, as opposed to white, was normally regarded as Ahriman and the forces related to him such as falsification, wickedness and evil throughout the ancient Iranian legends. From the very beginning of the "Legend of Creation", Ahura Mazda is in the bright Upper-World whereas Ahriman resides in the dark Lower-World. Nonetheless, in the same culture, black enjoys aspects of positive connotation such as in the black horses of the Kings in the Shahnameh which would signify their power. The color of the horse is often proportionate to the character of its rider in so far as the horses of heroes such as Kay Khosrow and Siyavosh are black ones too. Conversely, white in most cultures particularly in the Iranian one, is included within the colors which enjoy positive connotation notwithstanding a few exceptions. Among them, white horses and black ones have variant and significant stances and roles in the Persian Literature and Culture. The present article aims at a comparative study of the "black' and "white" horses in the Shahnameh of Ferdowsi.
۱۵.

The Role of Identification in the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Employee Citizenship Behaviors Case study: Rasht Rasool Akram Hospital(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۶۷ تعداد دانلود : ۶۱
Purpose: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of transformational leadership on citizenship behaviors with respect to the role of self-determination-based identification, supervisor: identification and organizational identification. Methodology: The present study is descriptive in terms of method and applied in terms of purpose. It is also considered a field study in terms of data collection. The data collection tool is questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaire was evaluated and confirmed by technical experts and experts of the hospital human resources department and, its reliability using Cronbach's alpha. The statistical population of the study is all the staff of Rasool Akram Hospital. Using Cochran's formula and simple random sampling method, 220 people were studied as the final sample of the research. Structural equation modeling and LISREL software were used to test the hypotheses. Findings: The results showed that employees’ identification (organizational identification, supervisor identification and self-determination-based identification) had a significant mediating role in the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational citizenship behavior. Conclusion: Finally, in order to promote identification with the aim of strengthening the citizenship behaviors of employees in this field of healthcare and treatment, practical suggestions were presented

آرشیو

آرشیو شماره ها:
۲۱