Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the factors of formation and consequences of collective trust in schools. Methodology: The present study was conducted using a qualitative method using data foundation theory. The statistical population included education professionals and knowledge-based companies. The research sample consisted of 12 experts and experts in the field of education and collective trust, the Institute of Education Studies, the Ministry Office of the Ministry and the General Directorate of Education, experienced managers who were selected by purposive sampling method. . First, 7 people were selected using purposive sampling, and then 5 more people were selected using the snowball method. The data collection tool was a semi-structured interview. By analyzing the data theory, the basic model was extracted and then the components and sub-components were identified. Findings: The components of collective trust formation and its consequences in school were identified with 6 main dimensions, 17 pivotal components, and 85 coding. And the motivation and dynamism of the school community; The underlying conditions were: innovation and new technology, an effective educational program for teachers and school colleagues, and the consequences of the collective trust of schools were: improving the social status of teachers and administrators, students' academic success, setting educational goals and Appropriate teaching content - developing care insights in the school community. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that the causal factors and underlying collective trust in schools are: support of senior school principals and the organization, personality and professional characteristics and motivation and dynamism of the school community; Underlying conditions are innovation and new technology, an effective curriculum for teachers and school staff
Designing and Validation of Curriculum Model of Medium Period Technological Competence(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: Increasing improvement in the field of computer sciences, appearance and development of information networks, especially internet, facilities and new ways are provided for the programmers and executives of training plans. The purpose of present research is planning and validation of curriculum model of medium period technological competence. Methodology: This research has mixed strategy. To answer these questions, the research was done in four phases. The first phase was done with qualitative approach and other phases with quantitative approach. Handling this research in the first phase, interview, search and investigation was used for data collection. After doing interviews with 12 persons of elites and using the articles of related researches, obtaining data were collected and the questionnaire including 76 questions in 6 main effective indices on curriculum model of medium period technological competence was planned. In the next step of this questionnaire, it was distributed among some elites of managers and assistants of electronic training schools to determine efficiency amount of each noted factors in the questionnaire on curriculum of medium period technological competence and based on their idea using confirmed element analysis method was designed for medium period technological competence. Finding: Obtained findings indicated that 6 indices with 15 components make the status of network substructure with two access components to network and network quality, relation tool and collaboration with two components of concurrent and in-concurrent relationships, non-technical competences and technical skills with three components of knowledge, skill and attitude, strategies of simplicity training with three components of patterning and cooperation, management and supervision, training strategies for increasing trust with three components of trust, honesty and appreciation and management with two components of time management and support for curriculum model of medium period technological competence. In addition, confirmed element analysis of obtaining components indicated that there is acceptable curriculum model of medium period technological competence with data. The most element load was related to management (0.964) and the least one related to network substructure (0.579). Conclusion: Due to obtaining findings, we can conclude that based on the idea of experts, hardware factors such as substructure of communication networks and internet and technical skills along with software and human factors such as management play the role in designing curriculum of medium period technological competence.
Designing a Knowledge Management Deployment Model with an Organizational Learning Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to design a knowledge management establishment model with an organizational learning approach in the Social Security Organization of North Khorasan Province. Methodology: The research method was hybrid. The statistical population in the qualitative section included experts and specialists in management sciences and senior managers of the Social Security Organization, 20 of whom were selected using the principle of theoretical saturation as a non-probabilistic sampling method (purposeful and judgmental). In the quantitative part of the statistical population, including 1475 managers and employees of the Social Security Organization in the insurance and medical departments in 2016, who had at least a university degree with five years of service in the Social Security Organization, a sample of 314 people The two-stage stratified sampling method was selected with proportional allocation. The main research tool was the Knowledge Management Questionnaire, the validity of which was formally guaranteed using content and scientific components and components. The reliability of the questionnaire with Cranach’s alpha coefficient was 0.89 for knowledge management and 0.85 for organizational learning. Findings: After analyzing the information and testing the proposed model and the results obtained from structural equations, the final model of knowledge management deployment with 6 dimensions including (culture and value, organizational structure, organizational strategy, technology, process and human resources) and organizational learning It was finalized in 4 dimensions including (knowledge acquisition, knowledge dissemination, information interpretation and organizational memory). Also Findings showed that the human resources dimension has the greatest impact on the establishment of knowledge management and the two dimensions learning. Conclusion: The results also showed that organizational learning is effective at 0.74 on the establishment of knowledge management. Based on this, it can be concluded that in order to establish knowledge management in the Social Security Organization of Khorasan Razavi Province, in addition to paying attention to the six dimensions of establishing knowledge management, attention to organizational learning and its four dimensions, especially the two dimensions of knowledge acquisition and knowledge dissemination is necessary.
Conceptual Model of Expectant Psychological Characteristics of Effective First Grade Teachers Based on Expert's Point of View(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: This study aims to infer the perception of experts about the psychological characteristics of effective teachers to clarify the angles and dimensions of the psychological characteristics of teachers. Methodology: The method of the present research is a qualitative phenomenon of phenomenological type, which has been purposefully selected from among experts in the field of psychology, especially educational psychology, and those who are directly related to the discussion of education, up to 12 people. And interviewed. The interview was first recorded with the permission of the interviewer and then turned into a text and sentences and phrases were analyzed using the Colaizzi method. Findings: According to the findings of interviews with experts in the field of education, the psychological characteristics of an effective teacher included eight themes, which were: 1. Behavior in the classroom including helpful, resilient, committed and motivated, 2. How to interact, including student’s comfort, listening, emotional relationship and having a simple expression, 3. Psychological ability including logical thinking, critical thinking, high emotional intelligence, self-confidence, social personality type and optimism, 4. Expressive skills including appropriate body language characteristics, large vocabulary, persuasive skills, 5. Mental health, 6. Creativity, 7. Ethics and 8. Discipline, including the characteristics of having mental order, regular knowledge, keeping promises and coming to class on time. Conclusion: The results showed that an effective teacher has psychological abilities in the field of thinking, including logical and critical thinking, to improve the teaching process in the classroom by creating challenges and paying attention to details. On the other hand, an effective teacher needs intelligence. It is a high emotion to build a constructive relationship, which in this connection also requires confidence so that an effective teacher can attract students in the classroom with a decisive and confident presentation.
Explaining the Basics and Logic of Mother Tongue Education, a Way for Educational Justice in Bilingual Primary School Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The present study was conducted with the aim of explaining the principles and logic of education in the mother tongue, a way to educational justice. Methodology: The research method in this study was qualitative. The statistical population includes 14 Buddhist experts and physicians who are experts in the field of curriculum and multicultural education. The sampling method was purposeful and criterion-based and was completed after 14 theoretical saturation interviews. Schematic analysis was also used to load internal information and collect interviews. The research tool for data collection was a semi-created interview. The reliability method has been used to ensure the reliability tool. Content analysis was performed to analyse the data. Findings: Findings A total of 38 codes were extracted in the form of six main themes with the titles of formation of socio-professional identity of learner’s education, comprehensive development of students, deep learning - student’s satisfaction and academic achievement, preservation of culture, customs, traditions And ethnicities - nationalities, a tool for social equality and the preservation of cultural, economic and cultural capital are categorized as the logic of education in the mother tongue, and the necessary foundations for education in the mother tongue include the basics of budget education such as reading, writing, arithmetic and Most important is the presence of a skilled educator or teacher who weakens the potential systems that cover the training. Conclusion: Based on the research findings, the components of student’s socio-professional identity formation, all-round growth of students, deep learning - student’s satisfaction and academic achievement, preservation of culture, customs, traditions and ethnicities - nationalities, a tool for social equality and preservation The value of cultural capital as logic and the necessary foundations for education in the mother tongue included the basic principles of education
Designing and Compiling a Pattern to Pave the Way for the Growth of Creativity in the Learning Process in the Curriculum Structure of Elementary Course Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The present research aimed to designing and compiling a pattern to pave the way for the growth of creativity in the learning process in the curriculum structure of elementary course education. Methodology: This study was in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation was qualitative by method of theoretical. The research population was superior documents and education experts of education of Tehran city in 2019 year, which for this purpose were used from the theoretical foundations and approaches of creativity and the opinions of experts. Data were collected by filing and interview methods and their psychometric indices were confirmed. To analyze the data were used the methods of document analysis, interpretive analysis and consensus adequacy. Findings: The findings showed that the amount of attention of the document of fundamental change of education to foster creativity was low and the amount of attention of the document of national curriculum to foster creativity was very low. Also, the most important elements and characteristics to pave the way for the growth of creativity in the learning process were included purpose, content, teaching and learning strategies, evaluation, learning activities, learning space, learning time, teaching materials and resources and grouping. In addition, the research pattern according to the findings was designed and approved based on the general consensus of experts. Conclusion: According to the results, in order to pave the way for the growth of creativity in the learning process in the curriculum structure of elementary course education, must to pay attention to the elements and characteristics extracted from this research and design and implement programs to improve them.
Investigating the Status of Organizational Structure at Farhangian University in Integration Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of organizational structure in Farhangian University according to the integration approach. Methodology: The present study was a survey research approach in terms of applied purpose and in terms of data collection approach. The statistical population of this study included managers and staff of Farhangian University. According to the latest statistics and information available in the Vice Chancellor for Planning and Information Technology of Farhangian University in the academic year 2017-18, a total of 890 staff and managers of Farhangian University in Tehran (all campuses with Headquarters) were working. In order to determine the sample size, Morgan table was used. According to Morgan table, 270 samples had to be selected. Also, due to the presence of the researcher in Kermanshah, Kermanshah city campuses were used and a total of 328 people were selected. The instrument used in this study was Robbins (1989) Organizational Structure Questionnaire which examines three dimensions of complexity, formality and focus in the organization, the reliability of which was calculated using Cronbach’s alpha of 0.85. Data analysis was used at two descriptive levels (mean and standard deviation) and at the inferential level; one-sample t-test was used. Findings: The results showed that the organizational structure of Farhangian University was moderate in complexity, low in formality and high in concentration. In other words, the sub-component of complexity (3.04) is moderate, the sub-component of formality (2.44) is lower and the sub-component of concentration (3.10) is higher than the average. All these results are calculated according to t And were statistically significant at the level of 0.05. Conclusion: Organizations are known through their manpower and structure, so an organization that has a proper structure and decent manpower is ready for its effectiveness
Designing and Validating a Talent Management Model for Primary School Principals in Zanjan(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to design a talent management model for primary school principals in Zanjan. Methodology: The method of the present study was a combination (qualitative and quantitative) and in terms of purpose it was an applied research. The statistical population of the qualitative section was experts who were theoretically familiar with the concept of talent management and based on purposive sampling, 17 of them were interviewed until theoretical saturation. The statistical population in the quantitative part was all primary school principals in Zanjan province (1079 people) in the academic year 2018-19 that according to Krejcie and Morgan table, 283 people were selected by stratified random sampling method. Qualitative research tools were interviews and in the quantitative part, a researcher-made questionnaire was developed based on qualitative results. The validity of qualitative results was obtained by reviewing the codings and using the agreement coefficient between the coders and for the questionnaire with face validity and reliability by Cronbach's alpha test (0.88). For the analysis of qualitative data, the method of basic theory and open, axial and selective coding were used, and for a small part of the structural equations in Amos software version 24. Findings: Qualitative data analysis identified 63 concepts and 10 central themes (environmental, cultural, motivational, educational, human resource management, personal characteristics, regulatory, communication, organizational, managerial and structural factors) that the theme Selective research also obtained effective factors on talent management. The results of structural equations also showed that organizational factors with factor load (0.85), educational (0.83) and cultural (0.80) were more important and in general, the proposed model had a good fit. Conclusion: Improving talent management requires attention to various factors that the education system by investing in organizational, educational and cultural factors can help improve the talent management of managers.
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the challenges of talent management in the public education system and to provide the possibility of recommending strategies. Methodology: The present study was qualitative and the statistical population included professors, specialists and experts in the field of talent management. The statistical sample consisted of 20 experts in the field of talent management and university professors who were purposefully selected and interviewed. Data collection tools were done through semi-structured interviews with 20 experts in education in Gilan in 2019, which after providing all the new ideas, by the interviewees to analyze the data and answer questions using a qualitative analysis method. The theme was used. Findings: The results showed that there are 16 challenges in the public education system that hinders the effective efficiency of talent management in the body of education. Among these challenges are the application of personal opinion in evaluations and the lack of an appropriate motivational approach that was presented in the challenges of talent management in the education system, after description, comparison, analysis and interpretation. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the method of talent management in Gilan Education Organization is not accepted by any of the experts participating in the research and in terms of appropriate arrangements of this organization to address the challenges identified by this research, it seems necessary.
The Lived Experience of Male Junior High School Students with an Emphasis on Providing a Curriculum Model(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The primary objective of this study was to analyze the lived experiences of male first grade high school students regarding sex education with an emphasis on providing a curriculum model. Methodology: The method of the present study was qualitative-phenomenological and applied in terms of purpose. The statistical population of the study was the male high school students of Isfahan in the academic year of 2018-19, who were interviewed by semi-structured and in-depth interviews with 17 of them by purposeful sampling method until they reached theoretical saturation. Data analysis was performed at three levels of open, axial and selective coding. To validate the findings, the researcher and colleagues first reviewed the entire coding process and then provided it to 6 professors and experts. Satisfactory and approved. Findings: The findings were classified into two main categories which are: “Objectives” and “Content”. Regarding the “Objectives” group, 4 main components (being familiar with the type of dressing and hijab, sexual recognition, responsibilities related to sexual functions, and prevention of sexual deviations) and 18 sub-components in terms of the content of the curriculum based on sexual education, 6 components (reproduction, sexual relationships, sexual maturity, sexual abuse, sexual health, and sexual information references) and 23 sub-components were obtained. Conclusion: According to the present data, it may be stated that based on the students' viewpoint, recognizing sexual issues is considered to be a need that should be adequately addressed and understood during the educational period at school.
Predicting Flourish in Female Adolescents by Maternal Character Strengths: the Mediating Role of Emotional Regulation(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to predict Predicting flourish in female adolescents by maternal character strengths: the mediating role of emotional regulation. Methodology: This was an applied study conducted based on a descriptive-correlational design. The statistical population consisted of 3996 secondary high school students from Rey city during the academic year of 2018-2019. For sample size, a total of 350 students were chosen according to Kerjcie and Morgan’s table and using multi-stage cluster sampling. Research tools included an actualization questionnaire developed by Soleymani et al. (2015), Seligman and Peterson’s character strengths questionnaire (2004), and emotion regulation questionnaire (Gross and Jhon, 2003). The reliability of questionnaires was confirmed by professors and their credibility by Cronbach’s alpha (α = 0.85). Data were analyzed through correlational tests and structural equations in Spss24 and Amos20. Findings: From the results, maternal character strengths directly (by a path coefficient of 0.65) and indirectly (through emotion regulation; with a Path coefficient of 0.21) influences girl’s actualization (p<0.001). Also, emotion regulation affects actualization with a Path coefficient of 0.58. Research variables predicted 51 % of the variance of secondary high school girl’s actualization (R2=0.51). Conclusion: Education and empowering character strengths, as well as regulating maternal emotions, improves girl’s actualization
The Comparison of Cognitive Therapy based on Mindfulness and Grammatical Mental Imaging with Cognitive Processing on Emotional Processing in Mothers with Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to compare mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and grammatical mental imagery with cognitive processing on the emotional processing of mothers with children with autism spectrum disorder. Methodology: The research was applied in terms of purpose and in terms of cross-sectional data collection method and quasi-experimental research method was pre-test-post-test with a control group. The statistical population of the present study is all mothers with children with autism spectrum disorder in two schools under education in the city. Ahvaz had 105 students in 2019. A total of 45 mothers with children with autism spectrum disorder were randomly selected and 15 people in the group of cognitive therapy based on mindfulness, 15 people in the group of grammatical mental imagery with cognitive processing and Fifteen people were in the control group. Assessment tools included Baker et al. (2010), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy protocol and grammatically processed grammatical mental imagery protocol. Data analysis using analysis of covariance And was done by SPSS software version 24. Findings: Based on the research findings, the effect of statistical group type (control and experiments) on the recorded scores of emotion processing (p = 0.00, F = 157/407) and the separate effect of the test time variable (p = 0.00, F / 107/15 And the significance of the simultaneous effect of group type and test status (pre-test and post-test) on emotion processing scores (p = 0.00, F = 26.757). Comparing the two methods of cognitive therapy and imaging, a significant level equal to 0.00 and less than the error level of 0.05 has been obtained. Conclusion: Based on the research findings, cognitive therapy based on mindfulness and grammatical mental imagery with cognitive processing is effective on emotional processing of mothers with children with autism spectrum disorder. Also, between the effectiveness of cognitive therapy based on mindfulness and grammatical mental imagery. There is a significant difference with cognitive processing in emotional processing of mothers with children with autism spectrum disorder.
Presenting a Model for Promoting the Professional Competency among EFL Teachers: A Grounded Theory Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: This paper addressed this issue by presenting a model for promoting the professional competency of EFL teachers in Iran. Methodology: In order to accomplish the purpose of the study, the grounded theory was adopted to investigate EFL expert teachers’ (key informants) articulations, experiences, and concerns about the subject and to develop a theoretical model across the participants; therefore, semi-structured interviews were conducted to 21 EFL experts (EFL faculty members, teacher trainers, supervisors and EFL teachers) who were selected by snowball sampling. Interview data, were analyzed with a grounded theory approach using constant comparison method. Findings: Major findings of the study suggested a multi-dimensional model of professional competency highly relevant to EFL teachers: cognitive/language skills competence; attitudinal/behavioral competence; and management competence. The interviewees also suggested that these competencies are under the effect of such influential factors in Iran as curriculum, individual characteristics, management and organization support, community, information technology, and media Conclusion: Furthermore, as a consequence of professional competency, it was clarified that EFL teachers' competencies affect their values, enthusiasm, communications and practice and most importantly supports their professional life long development. Policy makers and teacher training programmers can hopefully benefit from the presented competency model while making adaptations in teacher training both at pre-service and in-service levels.
A Comparative Study of Teacher's Empowerment Systems Based on in-Service Trainings(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare teacher’s empowerment systems based on in-service trainings. Methodology: The present study was practical in terms of purpose and qualitative research in terms of data collection using a four-stage approach introduced by George. Z. Brady and John Stuart Mill’s method of agreement .The statistical population included countries (Canada, South Korea, Japan, Finland, and Australia, due to the absence of African countries in the ranking, Malaysia due to its close cultural and political context) according to the ranking in Legatum Success Index (2019) and the characteristics of pre-service and in-service teacher training (Arthur Donald chaker and Richard Hines, 1997) that was selected based on purposive sampling .The information needed to answer the questions of this research has been collected through library documents, research reports, encyclopedias and university statutes, and site searches. Findings: Research findings show that teacher’s professional development should be considered as a process system and their professional development should be systematically designed, supported, budgeted and reviewed. This system should promote and make teachers effective. Conclusion: Each country’s principals and officials considering regional requirements along with upstream documents implement different measures and programs to improve the quality of teacher’s empowerment programs
Designing an Environmental Behavior Model Based on Learning and Social Responsibility Organization (Case Study of Gorgan Secondary School Teachers)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to design an environmental behavior model based on learning organization and social responsibility among high school teachers in Gorgan. Methodology: The method of this research was applied in terms of purpose and in terms of data collection in the category of descriptive research of correlation type and in terms of method in the form of research mixed with exploratory approach. Were done using purposive sampling method and using the principle of maximum diversity to achieve theoretical saturation. The statistical population in the quantitative part included all high school teachers (formal, contract and contract) in Gorgan in the academic year 2019-20, which in this study due to different areas (rural and urban) and suitable for both sexes (female and male) Stratified random sampling with proportional attribution was used and the total sample size was 234 people. In order to measure the variables in the qualitative method, in-depth semi-structured interview was used and in a small part, a researcher-made questionnaire was used. Confirmatory factor analysis and patterning of structural equations were used to analyze the data and fit indicators were used to determine the fit and validity of the designed patterns using LISREL software. Findings: The results of qualitative analysis of the content of the interviews, 7 categories (main category) and 43 sub-categories were obtained. The main categories are: management and leadership, policy and strategy formulation, training missions, environmental awareness, environmental behavior, responsibility Social and organizational learning orientation. In the quantitative part of the research, to present the model of environmental behavior based on the learning organization and social responsibility, data normality test, sample adequacy test, heuristic and confirmatory factor analysis and then structural research model was presented. . Based on the results of the quantitative analysis of the research, all hypotheses and indicators were in good condition. Conclusion: The results of qualitative analysis of the content of the interviews, 7 categories (main category) and 43 categories of results showed the first step towards achieving a model of environmental behavior based on learning organization and social responsibility in high school teachers in Gorgan, perspective study, Philosophy, rules and regulations of educational management of high school schools in Gorgan
The Model of Organizational Culture with Psychological Well-being with Mediating of Communication Skills(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: This aim of this study was investigate the model of organizational culture with psychological well-being with mediating of communication skills. Methodology: Present study was cross-sectional from type of correlation. The research population was education staff of Marvdasht County in 2019 years. The research sample was 400 people who were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling method. Data were collected by the questionnaires of organizational culture (Glaser & et al, 1987), psychological well-being (Ryff, 1989) and communication skills (Burton, 1990) and analyzed by structural equation modeling method with using path analysis in SPSS-25 and AMOS-23 software. Findings: The findings showed that organizational culture had a direct and significant effect on communication skills and psychological well-being, communication skills had a direct and significant effect on psychological well-being and organizational culture had an indirect and significant effect on psychological well-being with mediating of communication skills (P<0.01). Also, the model of organizational culture with psychological well-being with mediating of communication skills had a good fit. Conclusion: Regarded to the proper fit of the model and direct and indirect relationships of variables, it is recommended to promote the psychological well-being of education staff by improving their organizational culture and communication skills through improving the status of staff and workshops
Identify the Effective Factors on Justice-Oriented in Attracting, Retaining and Promoting Human Resources and Provide an Appropriate Pattern(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting justice-oriented in attracting, retaining and promoting human resources and provide a favorable model. Methodology: This study was applied in terms of purpose and qualitative in terms of implementation. The study population was all articles related to the role of justice-oriented in attracting, retaining and promoting human resources in the scientific databases of Magiran, Scopus from 1991-1992 (227 articles) and managers and human resources experts in government organizations in Tehran in 2018-19. The research sample consisted of 40 articles and 15 experts who were selected according to the principle of theoretical saturation and purposive sampling. Data were collected by filing methods and interviews with specialists and their psychometric indices. Content analysis method was used to analyze the data. Findings: The results showed that the effective factors in justice-oriented in all three processes of recruitment, retention and promotion of human resources included both external and internal factors. For the external factor in all three processes of recruitment, retention and promotion of manpower, four dimensions including cultural (5 common indicators for all three processes of recruitment, retention and promotion of human resources), economic (5 common indicators for all three processes), social (4 indicators Common to all three processes) and political (1 common indicator for all three processes) and for the internal factor three dimensions including management of ethics, values and culture (6 common indicators for all three processes), individual (indicators were different and 4 indicators to attract , 3 indicators for maintenance and 6 indicators for upgrade) and internal indicators (indicators were different and 5 indicators for absorption, 5 indicators for maintenance and 5 indicators for upgrade) were identified. In total, 2 factors, 7 dimensions and 48 indicators were identified and based on that, an appropriate model of factors affecting justice-oriented in attracting, retaining and promoting human resources was designed. Conclusion: According to the research findings, the effective factors in justice-oriented in all three processes of recruitment, retention and promotion of human resources included both external and internal factors
Comparative Study of Production Criteria of Tactile Books from the Viewpoint of Production Specialists(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Purpose: To compare the production criteria of tactile sensory books from the perspective of production experts Methodology: The method of the present study was combined in terms of applied purpose and qualitative-quantitative in terms of data collection. In the qualitative part, in order to obtain the consensus of experts in the production and publication of tactile sensory books, the Delphi method was used, and in the quantitative part, using a researcher-made questionnaire to the view of production and publishing experts regarding the production of tactile sensory books. Analytical survey form was performed. In the quantitative part, two relative coefficients of content validity and content validity index were used. The content validity index of the researcher-made questionnaire was reported to be higher than 0.79. The reliability of the questionnaire was 0.863 based on Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Also, for data analysis, descriptive statistics of mean and inferential statistics of "Friedman" were used with the help of SPSS software. Findings: The findings indicate that the four sub-components of tactile capabilities, audience recognition, texture diversity, and form and shape diversity from the technical criterion of producing a tactile book with an average rank of 16 with the highest rank and the two components of natural objects and circulation or numbers with an average rank of 4.81 have the lowest rank. Regarding the production content criterion, the sub-components of attractiveness with the highest rank of 5.76 and the educational aspect of the content of these books from the point of view of production experts with 3.29 has the lowest position. In the criterion of presenting the production of a tactile book, the sub-component of effective and reciprocal communication with the audience has the highest rank with 5.55 and the role of librarian with 3.07 has the lowest rank. Conclusion: by comparing the three main technical criteria, content and presentation of the production of tactile books, the most important criterion with an average rank of 2.67 content criteria was identified which has the most role for production from the perspective of production and publishing experts.
Designing a Model of Professional Competence of Managers Based on the Development of Creativity and Innovation in Primary Schools(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Perpose: The aim of this study was to design a model of professional competence of principals based on the development of creativity and innovation in primary schools. Methodology: The method of the present study was a combination of exploratory type in which the qualitative method was performed using the underlying theory and the quantitative method was performed using the structural equation model. The statistical population of the study was in the quantitative part of all primary school principals in Tehran in the academic year 2019-20 and in the qualitative part of all experts in the field of education in Tehran. Sampling in the quantitative part using stratified stratified sampling method 196 managers of 22 districts of Tehran were selected and in the qualitative part 17 people were selected using purposive sampling with emphasis on the principle of theoretical saturation. The research tools in the qualitative part were in-depth semi-structured interviews with 5 questions and in the quantitative part of the researcher-made questionnaire to assess the components of manager’s professional competence. Since the content of the questionnaire shows the components that have the highest coefficient of importance, according to the approval of the questions by experts, the validity of the content of the questionnaire has been confirmed. The total alpha coefficient of the design questionnaire identifying the pattern of professional competence of principals based on the development of creativity and innovation in primary schools is 0.937 or 94% that the tool used has a good reliability. Data were collected in the qualitative section by grounded theory method and then analyzed by testing structural equation modeling using Smart PLS software. Findings: The results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis showed that the components of motivation, management, technology, attitude-behavioral, cognitive-skill components and indicators of professional competence of principals are based on the development of creativity and innovation in primary schools. Also, the model fit indices that were performed using the structural equation model showed that the research data had a suitable fit with the model of professional competence of principals based on the development of creativity and innovation in primary schools. Conclusion: Based on the results of the research, attracting and employing competent managers, especially in the critical elementary school, requires the creation of a human resources system in which meritocracy prevails.