مطالب مرتبط با کلید واژه

planning


۱.

Effective Factors on the Distribution of Income from Religious Orientation (Case Study: Shahid Moshhad)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۳۳ تعداد دانلود : ۲۹۸
The purpose of this study was to determine the cost of pilgrimage trips in Iran, a sample of the Mashhad metropolis, and a descriptive and analytical survey method in post-event research. Required data were collected using documentary and field methods by means of a check-up tool and a questionnaire. The questionnaire was evaluated and verified using form and content methods. After determining its accuracy and accuracy, it was applied in practice. For analyzing the collected data, descriptive and inferential statistical methods, especially multivariate regression, were used with SPSS software. The findings of the study showed that the economic and social conditions of the household are the main factors affecting the distribution of pilgrimage tourists entering the city of Mashhad and the amount of education, income and number of households have more impact. Give Also, every pilgrim's household entering the city of Mashhad considers its monthly income for traveling to this city. According to the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, the tourist expenses and household income are normalized. Based on this, the proposed strategy The regulation of tourism policies is based on the average household cost.
۲.

Issues with Language Policy and Planning in Iranian Higher Education

تعداد بازدید : ۲۱۵ تعداد دانلود : ۱۷۷
In this study, we attempt to bring to light various organisational and implementational clashes relevant to the conceptualisation of language policies at national level, and the planning of local practices with regard to degree programmes, language journals and conferences in Iranian higher education. We also prove that in its current status, the ELT syllabus in Iran, both at national and local levels, is a mixture of English Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Applied Linguistics (a hotchpotch), which suffers from ‘regulatory barriers’. The paper asks for an in-depth language policy and planning (LPP) that would clarify the blurred boundaries between ELT, Applied Linguistics, and Linguistics in Iranian higher education. This paper recommends that there should be a change regarding language-in-education policy and planning in Iran; a change that would be able to address both theoretical and applied language problems at national and local levels. The attempt should begin with organising a clear and comprehensive language planning with regard to language programmes. This would mean carefully determining the scope and boundaries of the fields as ELT, Applied Linguistics, and Linguistics in the higher educational context. The subsequent challenge is to fix the problematic implementation of language programmes at the local level, considering language journals, conferences, and syllabuses. The findings presented in this work are useful for language policymakers to regulate language-in-education policy and planning in Iran.
۳.

Considering the Coefficient of Relationship between the Students’ Attitude toward Social Networks Policy making with Social Security Feeling

تعداد بازدید : ۱۶۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۸۹
Abstract: This study aims at measuring the relationship between students‟ attitude toward govern-ment‟s virtual social network policy making with social security feeling, in another word, to which extent social security feeling emphasizing on social networks is determined via users‟ attitude toward government‟s media policy making? Analytical-descriptive method including survey is used in this paper; the method used for data collection is the design of the question-naire. The statistical community was “all the students in Azad University of East Tehran Branch”; the sample included “363 persons” and the sampling method was proportional sort-ing probable. Findings show that, the most correlation is related to the legitimacy index with a correlation coefficient of 85%, planning with correlation coefficient n of 45%, and decision making of government with correlation coefficient n of 41% and government policy making execution index with correlation coefficient n of 44% has the least correlation coefficient. Thus, it can be said that, by increasing legitimacy, planning, and decision making of the gov-ernment, students‟ attitude toward policy making is accelerated and amount of social security of students increase intermediately, that is, a direct and an intermediate correlation relation between three mentioned indices of government‟s media policy making with variable of stu-dents‟ social security. However, there is a weak correlation relation in another index, i.e. poli-cy execution, in another word; there is a direct and weak correlation relation between the re-lated index and social security of students. It means that, students have a negative attitude to-ward non-significant execution of policies and a weak feel of social security.
۴.

Input-Output Balance Calculation of Energy and Material from Geomorphic Basins in Planning & Management of Basin, Case Study: Kor River Basin

تعداد بازدید : ۲۵۱ تعداد دانلود : ۲۲۸
This paper tries to systematically survey, with taking theoretical view on geomorphic basin and its changes into account. The purpose of this research is to determine the balance and stability of geomorphic basins from the past to present and then to future. Consequently, it tries to determine the balance between energy and input-output materials for example (rainfall , solar radiation, tectonics and neotectonics …) to the basin based cybernetics (including geomorphic, topographic and geological state) and also to calculate energy and material balance considering positive and negative entropy at basin level. Based on the findings, which is the outcome of cybernetic resultant between form and process in basin, we can determine stability and type of balance in the basin. In this paper, emphasis has been put only on rainfall (express of the energy exponent). However, it first discusses Kor Basin Geomorphic locations and Energy-Material Entropy on its surface and then Quantity form of energy (Isolated & Potential Energy). Considering geomorphic state of the basin, we can determine the best planning method from all systems (planning, risk management and crisis management) for basin that neither requires a great cost nor causes disturbance in stability and geomorphic balance while being the optimal process. In Kor geo planning, we are encountering and determining two dimentions: (Y dimension, for geomorphic change for example throughput topogeraphy geradient formations on Kor Basin and X dimension, for rainfall discharge range on Kor Basin rivers out let only and only on fiat paper surface), but in Kor geo management, we represent at least three – dimensional ordered, for example topogeraphy gradient for Y coordinate and rivers discharge quantity for X coordinate and absolution geography location (for space point Z coordinate). Consequently, Kor River Basin can be studied based on two scientific metod : I . Planning & II , Management .
۵.

The Potential Combined Effects of Task Complexity and Planning Types on Iranian EFL Learners’ Oral Production Performance

تعداد بازدید : ۱۲۴ تعداد دانلود : ۶۴
This study examined the combined effects of two task complexity levels (i.e., high- and low-complex) and two planning conditions including pre-task planning and on-line planning on Iranian intermediate language learners’ speech production regarding complexity, accuracy, and fluency. To this end, 90 intermediate EFL learners from a language institute in Shiraz were randomly assigned into two control and four experimental groups. At first, the language learners in all groups participated in the speaking pretest. Presented with a series of picture description tasks, the participants were asked to narrate a story. During 10 treatment sessions of picture description task performance, the experimental and control groups attempted different planning time conditions including pre-task planning, online planning, and no-planning along with task complexity levels. Finally, following the last session, the posttest was administered to all participants. The narrations analysis, as well as the results of Mixed between-within groups ANOVAs and a series of one-way ANOVAs, manifested that language learners in the pre-task high complexity group outperformed all other groups in terms of complexity. Moreover, the online low complexity group and online high complexity group outperformed the pre-task planning low complexity, no-planning low complexity, and no-planning high complexity groups regarding accuracy. With regard to fluency, the pre-task planning low complexity group significantly outperformed the no-planning low complexity, no-planning high complexity, and online high complexity groups. It was also concluded that pre-task planning affected language learners’ speech fluency. The implications of the results are also addressed.
۶.

The Effect of the Idea of Education Content Knowledge on the Planning and Development of Faculty Members in Farhangian University, Region 2 of the Country

تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۹ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۷
Purpose : The impact of content knowledge idea instruction on teaching quality of Farhangian University faculty members of Region 9 of Iran. Method : This applied study was conducted with a mixed approach using a qualitative and quantitative approach. In the qualitative section, the statistical population included 20 professors of Farhangian University in Region 9, 10 of who were selected by purposive sampling method based on saturation law, and 263 faculty members, professors and visiting lecturers of Farhangian University in Region 9 of the country. Including (Semnan, Mazandaran and Golestan) were in the quantitative section that 156 of them were selected as a sample using random sampling method classified according to Cochran's formula. To collect data, two content knowledge education questionnaires (researcher-made) with 82 questions and the development of faculty members of Qoroneh et al. With 93 questions were used. The validity and validity of the instruments were confirmed by the supervisors and consultants and the combined reliability and Cronbach's alpha were calculated higher than 0.7. SPSS21 and PLS3.2 software and structural equations were used for data analysis. Findings : The results of structural equation test showed that the effect of content knowledge of education and training on the development of faculty members in Farhangian University, Region 9 was positive and significant. Conclusion : The results showed that the effect of content knowledge of education on the development of faculty members in Farhangian University in 9 countries has been significant.
۷.

Identification Empowerment Predisposing Factors in Islamic Azad University - A Theory Grounded Theory Approach

تعداد بازدید : ۹۴ تعداد دانلود : ۵۰
Purpose: The aim of this research was to Empowerment predisposing variables in Islamic Azad University. This study defines and discusses the concept of empowerment in Islamic Azad university. Method: In this study, books and documents and treatises and theses and dissertations and scientific journals related to the topic, 20Faculty of Islamic Azad University, which was associated with empowerment study were selected based on snowball sampling method. Grounded theory was based on research looking. In order to approve the efficiency, we have used this method in a case study and explained its implementation step by step. Finding: The methodology of Grounded theory has been chosen for this purpose. Grounded Theory is a powerful research method for collecting and analyzing research data. It was ‘discovered’ by Glaser & Strauss (1967) in the 1960s but is still not widely used or understood by researchers in some industries or PhD students in some science disciplines. Conclusion: The results showed, Charm goals, planning, Compliance, Accountability, Environmental conditions, The nature of the job The predisposing factors of empowerment were identified by experts in Islamic Azad University.
۸.

Theoretical, Methodological, Communication and Information Technologies Approaches to Modeling and Forecasting Personnel Education in Covid-19 Conditions

تعداد بازدید : ۴ تعداد دانلود : ۴
The article is devoted to solving the problems of predicting the education of Ukrainian staff in the current COVID-2019 conditions in order to improve the efficiency of their work. Theoretical approaches regarding the characteristics of modeling and prediction of education have been studied, systematic and summarized. Factors that significantly complement the theory and methodology of the scientific provisions of the economy have been identified, taking into account the peculiarities of their work in the modern economic environment, structural changes, and new changes. The pros and cons of studying modeling approaches have been identified. The main features of structural change have been studied and it has been established that the modeling and forecasting of staff education has significant features.
۹.

Experience of Land Use Development Planning at the Local (Municipal) Level in the European Union

تعداد بازدید : ۶ تعداد دانلود : ۲
The article examines the development of theoretical and methodological approaches and practical recommendations for improving the ecological and economic foundations of land management and land management at the local level in the example of the European Union. In practice, regional, spatial, strategic, landscape, and integrated types of land use development planning are most often used in the European Union. With the development of the market economy of European society, environmental problems arose, which prompted the development of landscape planning, both landscape-ecological and socio-economic aspects of territorial development. The experience of landscape planning was introduced in Germany, which later became used in almost all European countries. The study and direct comparison of existing landscape planning systems in different European countries, and their reduction to several basic features are not possible and impractical because these systems are very different. This is due to a number of reasons: history, features of political systems, cultural traditions, level of economic development, the nature of legal systems and property relations. Landscape planning in the European Union is going to be one of the tensest areas of activity in the future, and Ukraine must take an active part in this process.
۱۰.

Interaction of the Home and the Economic Free Related

تعداد بازدید : ۴ تعداد دانلود : ۵
The article is devoted to solving the problems of internal economic relations in Ukraine in modern conditions in order to increase the efficiency of their functioning. Studied, systematized and generalized theoretical approaches regarding the features of the interaction of internal and external economic relations, which significantly complement the theory and methodology of the scientific principles of the branch economy. In Ukraine, during the period of restoration of trade and economic relations with the CIS countries and active integration processes in the world economy, the volumes and structure of exports and imports undergo significant changes. In this regard, it is advisable to forecast the export and import in the near future. Conceptual provisions regarding the formation of a national strategy, a mechanism for managing the development of Ukraine’s integration processes on the principles of improving the current legislative and regulatory regulation in the country are proposed. In addition to the convenience for calculations, the hierarchical model also has other significant advantages. So, a high degree of independence of groups from each other makes it extremely flexible.