Nowadays, organizational agility is a subject that its study has a significant impact on the growth and improvement of organizations. Present research in terms of purpose is applied and in terms of methodology is descriptive-exploratory. According to the theoretical hypotheses explained in the research, organizational, strategic, human, and technological factors were identified in this research as the factors explaining the organizational agility development model. The results obtained from the statistical analysis at the descriptive level demonstrated that average of organizational agility, human, organizational and strategic factors are greater than the average level and average of technological factors is at the average level. At the inferential level, which used confirmatory factor analysis, the results indicated that organizational, human, strategic, and technological factors are influential on the organizational agility development.
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Purpose-based costing is a modern evaluation technique used to advance organizations and companies. However, Iran has not utilized the technique yet. Thus, the present study aims to investigate factors affecting costing systems based on purpose in Hospitals of Tabriz in northwestern Iran. The statistical population of the study included all staff members working in the financial section of Hospitals in Tabriz from among which 64 subjects responding to the questionnaires were selected as statistical sample. The questionnaires were of two parts. In the first part, effective factors including organizational, human and environmental factors were investigated. In the second part, barriers of operating the costing system including technical, behavioral and cultural barriers were identified. This study is a survey type in which non-parametric T test was used to assess research hypotheses. Results from the study revealed that organizational, human and environmental factors affect successful implementation of purpose-based costing system and technical, behavioral and cultural barriers do not affect its implementation.
منبع: Journal of System Management, Volume ۵, Issue ۴, Autumn ۲۰۱۹ 177 - 186
The present study aimed to identify the organizational factors affecting the growth and success of academic spin-offs. The research was conducted based on a mixed method design and the study population consisted of experts of incubation centers and spin-offs. The participants were selected using purposive sampling in the qualitative part and random stratified sampling in the quantitative part. Data coding was employed to analyze qualitative data and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were used to analyze quantitative data. The qualitative results indicated that 26 organizational factors affected the growth and success of academic spin-offs. The quantitative results showed that “business planning to convert ideas into products” and “applicability of academic research” predict the highest and the lowest variance of the dependent variable, respectively.
Design and Validation of the Questionnaire for Organizational Factors Affecting the Transfer of Learning to the Workplace
Purpose: The aim of this study was to design and validate the questionnaire of organizational factors affecting the transfer of learning to the workplace in Islamic Azad Universities of the west of Iran. Methodology: The method of data collection was mixed of sequential exploratory design type. Qualitative data was collected through semi-structured interview with 15 people including faculty members and specialists of training and human resource development who were selected through purposive sampling of theoretical and snowball sampling type. The analysis of qualitative data was carried out through grounded theory method. In quantitative section, researcher-made questionnaire was investigated by 11 experts and its relative content validity was calculated. In this way, the validity of the questionnaire was verified by the specialists and its reliability was calculated by Cronbach's alpha (0/873). Afterwards, the final version was distributed among 309 employees from the universities. To validate the designed tool, confirmatory factor analysis was used. SPSS and Lisrel software were used for this purpose. Finding: In the qualitative section, 25 components were identified which were presented in paradigmatic model template including 6 dimensions; causal conditions, core phenomenon, context conditions, intervening conditions, strategies and consequences. The quantitative stage results showed that fit indices, factor loads and t-values obtained from each criterion were fit and the 6 main dimensions and their factors had the ability to explain the variable of learning transfer. Conclusion: The organizational factors, especially organizational culture, have an important place in learning transfer due to their role as facilitator and stimulator.
Studying the Organizational and Intra-Organizational Factors Affecting the Faculty Members' Organizational Silence in Islamic Azad University
Purpose: This research was conducted with the aim of explaining the effect of organizational and intra- organizational factors affecting the faculty members' organizational silence in branches of Islamic Azad University. Methodology: The statistical population of this study was all faculty members of Islamic Azad University. The sample of this study was 380 ones according to the Cochran formula. After completing 380 questionnaires, analyzing the questionnaires was done using SPSS-23 software at the descriptive level of demographic characteristics including mean and standard deviation, minimum and maximum score of research variables and at inferential level using AMOS-23 software, multivariate analysis of variance and side findings by single-t and t-dependent tests. Findings: analysis of the results using SPSS-23 and AMOS-23 software showed that all factors of the organization had coefficients or impact factors higher than 0.3 at the level 0.001, and six dimensions related to the organizational factor and eight dimensions related to the intra-organizational factor, all affect the faculty members' organizational silence. Among the organizational dimensions, the human resources management and among the intra-organizational dimensions, the type of community culture had the highest impact on the organizational silence in Islamic Azad University. Two models with good fitting were presented for the organizational and intra-organizational factors. Discussion: All dimensions of human resource management, the characteristics of faculty members, the organization's characteristics, the organization culture, organizational climate, and organizational structure are effective in the organization factor. Human resource management has the most impact on silence and the organization type has the least impact on the silence
Investigation of Factors Affecting Banking Leverage in Selected Iranian Banks (Random-Coefficients Approach)
This study investigates the effect of intra-organizational and macroeconomic factors on banking leverage in selected Iranian banks. For this purpose, after calculation of the Banking Leverage for each bank, by using Random-Coefficients Approach (Swamy model), the impact of explanatory variables during the period of 1999-2016 was examined separately by 10 selected Iranian public and private banks. Based on calculations, Melli, Saderat, Refah, and Tejarat Bank had the highest and Sanat-va-Madan, Eghtesad-Novin, and Sepah had the lowest level of banking leverage. Furthermore; the results of estimations show that "organizational" and "structural-variables" of each bank have different effects on their banking leverage. For example, "credit risk" has a positive and significant effect on bank leverage in "Tejarat", "Saderat", "Refah" and "Sanat-va-Madan" banks. The effect of "liquidity risk" is the same as "credit risk". In general, due to banks' dissimilar structures, organizational and structural variables hold a varying impact on their banking leverage.