The improved model of the Agile Kanban (i-KAM) is developed to enhance the software project monitoring task when employing Agile project management (APM) approach. The i-KAM have been initially verified by 11 knowledge and domain experts. In consequence, it has been reconstructed and enhanced based on the remarks and recommendations provided by the experts. This paper aims to present the final evaluation results of i-KAM achieved from seven software practitioners participated in a focus group. The focus group method was selected because it is an empirical approach used in the evaluation studies conducted in the software engineering (SE) domain. Therefore, this method was employed to obtain the practitioners’ feedback on the proposed model. Results confirm the effectiveness of i-KAM, in which it can assist the project managers and team members in monitoring their projects’ progress effectively. In addition, it is indicated that i-KAM is an applicable model with easy and practical implementation. This study contributes to improve the task of monitoring software development projects within the APM environment. Accordingly, this would systematically facilitate the top managements’ work, and assist in making meaningful decisions regarding to the management of projects’ workflow. Practically, case studies will be carried out in different software development organizations (SDOs) to implement i-KAM in actual projects within real environments
This paper presents an approach that uses both genetic algorithm (GA) and fuzzy inference system (FIS), for feature selection for descriptor in a quantitative structure activity relationships (QSAR) classification and prediction problem. Unlike the traditional techniques that employed GA, the FIS is used to evaluate an individual population in the GA process. So, the fitness function is introduced and defined by the error rate of the GA and FIS combination. The proposed approach has been implemented and tested using a data set with experimental value anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) molecules. The statistical parameters q2 (leave many out) is equal 0.59 and r (coefficient of correlation) is equal 0.98. These results reveal the capacity for achieving subset of descriptors, with high predictive capacity as well as the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed approach.
In the academic context, social networking sites (SNSs) have reshaped the way university students connect and communicate with each other, and the way they learn, thus influencing their identities and dimensions. This paper aims to investigate the impacts of SNSs use by students on their academic performance at the University of Taiz. A survey questionnaire was conducted to a total sample of 357 undergraduate students via personal administration and by an online platform to gather the initial information on their use of SNSs and the influence on their academic performance. The hypotheses of this study were studied and tested using descriptive statistics, regression model, T-test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The findings of H1 indicate that the impact of the use of SNSs on students’ academic performance was statistically significant Interaction with the teacher (II) Collaboration with coworkers (CC) Engagement (EN) and learning a cooperating (LC). Meanwhile, the results of H2 indicate no significant differences between the mean averages of the respondents’ answers for (purposes, the impact of the use of SNSs, and academic performance) due to gender, and age, respectively. Thus, using SNS as a learning tool has a great potential to improve students’ academic performance because it allows students to be more connected. Overall findings of this study indicate that the use of SNSs impact undergraduate students by factors are studied on academic Performance to some extent and suggested future strategies to enhance students’ awareness to manage their time, multitasking skills, and study activities to enhance their academic performance and achievements.
The Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry rely heavily on Building Information Modeling (BIM). BIM is the collection of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), interacting policies, and procedures. BIM is a tool for managing digital project data during the life cycle of a building. Despite the many benefits and features of BIM, the Malaysian construction industry's proliferation is confronted with adoption issues. Therefore, this research study intends to find the effect of BIM adoption factors in Malaysian AEC. Quantitative data collection from construction firms is gathered. The proposed model's theoretical foundations are based on Technology, Organization Environment framework. The model is tested and validated with the Smart PLS tool. The study's findings indicate that Perceived benefits, Organizational Capabilities, and Trialability are drivers of BIM adoption. Perceived cost and Insecurity are the barriers to BIM adoption. Perceived ease of use and compatibility does not affect BIM adoption. Finally, this study performs Importance Performance Map Analysis to provide recommendations to AEC stakeholders to address the BIM adoption issues for enhancing its diffusion in Malaysia.
Building Information Modeling (BIM) is the backbone of the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. BIM is the collection of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), interacting policies, and procedures. BIM generates a methodology to manage the project data in digital format throughout the building's life-cycle. Despite the numerous benefits and features of BIM, its proliferation remains limited and facing adoption issues. Although many existing studies discussed BIM adoption from contextual lenses, discipline-focused, there is still a scarcity of a comprehensive overview of technology adoption models and frameworks in BIM research. The purpose of this Systemic Literature Review (SLR) is to evaluate the current status of BIM adoption, technology acceptance theories, models used and find the research challenges. Furthermore, to identify the roles of independent constructs, dependent construct, moderators, and mediators in BIM adoption research. Also, the findings provide an in-depth description of the different stages of BIM adoption. Finally, this SLR will help the researchers for further research in the field of BIM adoption.
Detecting occluded faces is a non-trivial problem for face detection in computer vision. This challenge becomes more difficult when the occlusion covers majority of the face. Despite the high performance of current state-of-the-art face detection algorithms, the detection of occluded and covered faces is an unsolved problem and is still worthy of study. In this paper, a deep-learning-face-detection model Niqab-Face-Detector is proposed along with context-based labeling technique for detecting unconstrained veiled faces such as faces covered with niqab. An experimental test was conducted to evaluate the performances of the proposed model using the Niqab-Face dataset. The experiment showed encouraging results and improved accuracy compared with state-of-the-art face detection algorithms
The incorporation of STEM education into the curriculum has been an aspiring objective for many nations around the world. Most students choose not to pursue STEM-discipline studies because they are losing interest slowly. Moreover, the level of engagement required for STEM education is limited due to inadequate interactive teaching and tools that facilitate effective learning in a classroom setting. The objective of this project is to assess how educational game applications can help incline students’ interest in science, develop an educational game application, and conduct user experience testing. A mobile application on Earth and Space Science has been developed for 10 – 11-year-old school students. The project is based on the Rapid Application Development methodology considering the short development timeframe. The application was created using the Ionic Framework, Angular 5, C#.NET and SQLExpress. The findings indicated that this experiment motivates students to be more inclined to science.
Heart disease is stated as the world's biggest killer. The risk factors of this deadly disease are due to some bad habits such as being overweight, bad eating diet, smoking, assumption of alcohol, etc. Nevertheless, patients can live a healthy lifestyle if they have the proper guidance of persuasive-emotional featured technologies. In line with this, this study focuses on developing an emotional-persuasive habit-change support mobile application called BeHabit to improve heart disease patients’ lifestyles. Persuasive-emotional features are two different features that are integrated with BeHabit to distinguish this application from the existing ones. The proposed system is designed, implemented, tested, and evaluated by 10 users. In conclusion, the users are satisfied to used BeHabit to change their bad habits. Emotional and persuasive features that are integrated into BeHabit are the key to help patients to change their bad habits. BeHabit and the integrated feature can be used as a guideline for healthcare developers and providers for the improvement of mHealth services.
In attempts to examine the mapped spaces of a literary narrative, various quantitative approaches have been deployed to extract data from texts to graphs, maps, and trees. Though the existing methods offer invaluable insights, they undertake a rather different project than that of literary scholars who seek to examine privileged or unprivileged representations of certain spaces. This study aims to propose a computerized method to examine how matters of space and spatiality are addressed in literary writings. As the primary source of data, the study will focus on Viet Thanh Nguyen’s The Sympathizer (2015), which explores the lives of Vietnamese diaspora in two geographical locations, Vietnam, and America. To examine the portrayed spatial relations, that is which country is privileged over the other, and to find out the underlying opinion about the two places, this study performs topic modelling with Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) and Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) by using TextBlob. In addition, Python is used as the analytical tool for this project as it supports two LDA algorithms: Gensim and Mallet. To overcome the limitation that the performance of the model relies on the available libraries in Python, the study employs machine learning approach. Even though the results indicated that both geographical spaces are portrayed slightly positively, America achieves a higher polarity score than Vietnam and hence seems to be the favored space in the novel. This study can assist literary scholars in analyzing spatial relations more accurately in large volumes of works.
The volume of digital text data is continuously increasing both online and offline storage, which makes it difficult to read across documents on a particular topic and find the desired information within a possible available time. This necessitates the use of technique such as automatic text summarization. Many approaches and algorithms have been proposed for automatic text summarization including; supervised machine learning, clustering, graph-based and lexical chain, among others. This paper presents a novel systematic review of various graph-based automatic text summarization models.
Dimensionality reduction is among the data mining process that is used to reduce the noise and complexity of features in various datasets. Feature selection (FS) is one of the most commonly used dimensionalities that reduces the unwanted features from the datasets. FS can be either wrapper or filter. Wrappers select subsets of the feature with better classification performance but are computationally expensive. On the other hand, filters are computationally fast but lack feature interaction among selected subsets of features which in turn affect the classification performance of the chosen subsets of features. This study proposes two concepts of information theory mutual information (MI). As well as entropy (E). Both were used together with binary cuckoo optimization algorithm BCOA (BCOA-MI and BCOA-EI). The target is to improve classification performance (reduce the error rate and computational complexity) on eight datasets with varying degrees of complexity. A support vector machine classifier was used to measure and computes the error rates of each of the datasets for both BCOA-MI and BCOA-E. The analysis of the results showed that BCOA-E selects a fewer number of features and performed better in terms of error rate. In contrast, BCOA-MI is computationally faster but chooses a larger number of features. Comparison with other methods found in the literature shows that the proposed BCOA-MI and BCOA-E performed better in terms of accuracy, the number of selected features, and execution time in most of the datasets.
Healthcare service institutions (HSIs) have sought ways to motivate patient loyalty in response to surging rates of medical tourism. Previous research indicates that Hospital Information System (HIS) is essential for HSIs to gather, measure, and analyze the massive amounts of data required to generate patient loyalty. There is currently no consensus on the factors that comprise HIS specifically geared towards motivating patient loyalty (HISPL). Furthermore, HIS requires full adoption by HSI staff to be effective. Thus, to reduce wastage of HSI resources, it is necessary to predict whether a given HIS specifically geared towards motivating patient loyalty is likely to be adopted. The purpose of this study is to reveal the factors that comprise HISPL and to modify the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model to help predict the likelihood of an HISPL to be fully adopted by HSI staff. The results revealed that pertinent HISPL factors are capability, configurability, ease of use/help desk availability and competence (EU), and accessibility/shareability (AS). Using these factors, the UTAUT model was modified to fit the specific needs of HISPL. The modifications are theoretical and will have to be validated in future empirical studies.
Healthcare service institutions (HIS) seeking to motivate patient loyalty have identified Hospital Information Systems (HIS) as a potential solution to gather, measure, and analyze the healthcare data necessary for this goal. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature is to reveal how prevalent the use of HIS with respect to motivating patient loyalty, and to investigate the efficacy of HIS in doing so. To generate data, published empirical studies and conference papers from the past five years were compiled from the following online databases: Scopus, ACM Digital Library, IEEE Xplore, ScienceDirect, and Emerald Insight. The search results indicate that, while the use of HIS in motivating patient loyalty is rare relative to other topics within the general field of HIS, HIS use have a significant positive impact on patient satisfaction, which is understood in the literature to be directly related to patient loyalty. There remains a gap in empirical studies on the direct application of HIS with the purpose of increasing patient loyalty. Future research may be required on the development of an HIS focused on motivating patient loyalty, which can be empirically tested in a real-world HSI setting.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the usage of e-learning systems became the main challenge for many universities. E-learning has risen as cutting-edge method for promoting learning delivery. To ensure productive use, it is important to continue using e-learning. Numerous studies have shown that continued usage by the user is the indicator of success in e-learning, and in recent years, research on continued use of e-learning is being explored at a higher level than before. However, to date, there have been no attempts to systematically analyse these studies in order to provide researchers and practitioners with a picture of the current state of continued usage of e-learning. The aim of this research is to provide an in-depth look at the theory of continued use information systems in e-learning context. In this study, we used a systematic review approach to collect, evaluate, and synthesize data on the accuracy and value of previous articles published in digital databases between 2009 and 2019 that were based on this research area. To include all relevant research papers that were written during this period time, we used a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) approach to collect and review studies by following a predefined review process that included both automated and manual search strategies. We listed 87 primary studies from the review study that presented research on the continued use of e-learning. These studies were analysed using a comprehensive mapping method that collected relevant information to address a series of research questions. We summarized and analysed the published articles, which covered a wide range of research subjects, including the majority of factors that affect e-learning use. While research on the continued use of e-learning is growing and providing a promising new field of research, the systematic review found that a clearer understanding of the environment and path is not well reported. This research will contribute to a better understanding of the factors that affect e-learning use over time