The Special Issue of the Journal of Information Technology Management (JITM) is publishing very selective papers on information management, technology in higher education, integrated systems, enterprise management, cultural thoughts, strategic contributions, management information systems, and cloud computing. We received numerous papers for this special issue but after an extensive peer-review process, 10 papers were finally selected for publication. The current special issue consisted of areas viz Integrated Intelligent Systems, Analytical Systems, and Enterprise Management.
Information Management and Analysis (IMA) implies the single data and knowledge base of the business organization whose algorithm and software complex is designed to solve functional problems of operating and dispatch management, marketing, financial arrangements, accounting, strategic planning and organizing e-document flow between the sources and users of information. The “information – communication - control” vector is directed at the achievement of corporate objectives. Assessment of IMA implementation efficiency is complicated by the fact that implementation of managerial (informational) solutions is possible indirectly, with the flows of material, financial and informational resources; the IMA algorithms are valid for a certain range of situations and modes, whose frequency and duration of action are not known in advance. The study is aimed at formalizing compatibility conditions for a set of economic and technical, actual, and probabilistic indicators applied for justifying the IMA implementation efficiency for industrial entrepreneurship. The IMA effectiveness is expected to be calculated as a total of network (communication) effects per each block of IMA algorithms, factored the presentation of information operability; to calculate cost-effectiveness (recoupment of investment) it is supposed to modernize the structural capital evaluation procedure according to A.Puliс. The article contains an introduction, concept of IMA, application of system efficiency theory to IMA, building the structure of IMA efficiency indicators, and conclusion. The main method of study: system approach.
This paper describes an alternative view of the internationalization process in higher education by comparing the traditional and non-traditional indicators on how the level of internationalization is measured; additionally, barriers that exist on both sides are reviewed and discussed. As higher education institutions are very accustomed to and focused on the number of international students, international cooperation agreements, visiting guest professors and international projects, another dimension could be added if we start to account and measure things that are happening in the digital communication, online data exchange, usage of mobile devices and other technologies. Authors argue that it would be necessary to include this perspective in the development of internationalization strategies, institutional development plans as well as external outreach tactics. The paper is based upon empirical knowledge coming from Erasmus+ KA2 project and a brief institutional self-assessment performed by Riga Technical University International Cooperation and Foreign Students Department.
Developed an integrated intellectual computerized system of ecological-economic monitoring, modeling, and managing the life cycle of the products of technogenic enterprises of transport engineering, which is presented in the form of a 3-equation structure, functioning in conditions of instability. The proposed paradigm system life cycle management applicable to any other control system of large and complex systems, such as techno-genic type. This new paradigm of complex systems and process management, including technical systems. The system is based on the following findings: concepts, principles, a set of non-linear models, decision-making methods, and the environmental and economic governance, integral criteria. As an example, in this paper offer solution to the problem of estimating the cost of the product life cycle of railway transport.
In the theory of traffic flows the main characteristics are: intensity, speed, and density. They make it possible to use hydrodynamic models. In connection with the development of modern highways and road networks, traffic flows behavior is becoming more and more complex and diverse. In particular, the B.Kerner studies have shown that the laminar solution of hydrodynamic models is poorly correlated with experimental data. Our research team is developing tools for intelligent monitoring of traffic flows on fragments of the road network with different geometries. The paper presents a project of a client-server system, which allows obtaining, in real-time, information regarding the basic characteristics of traffic flows at the junction of any configuration using mobile devices. The automation of obtaining characteristics is based on the application of image recognition algorithms (virtual detection method).
The paper focuses on the urgency of the implementation of cloud technologies, which are a necessary condition for the development of enterprise management systems, give rise to a complex of insufficiently studied phenomena and processes and determine the need to find new tools in making and implementing reasonable management decisions. In the process of research, the sequence of construction and the overall structure of the enterprise management system, based on the use of cloud technologies, are determined, which allowed to build a mathematical model for calculating the probability of making an error-free decision, evaluating the efficiency of decision-making, a model of making a management decision for a certain time with the parallel method of operation of elements of the enterprise management system.
To bridge the gap between invention and innovation, prenovation has to be focused. One of the elements of prenovation is emphasizing and creating policies for institutions. This research paper highlights the importance of having an intrapreneurial culture in higher education institutions. The purpose of this paper is to review literature related to intrapreneurial culture and find out the positive aspects of having intrapreneurial culture through think tanks in higher education institutes.
Logistics has long been recognized as the main effective tool for generating competitive advantages in trading enterprises, and therefore there is an acute problem in finding strategic guidelines for improving logistics activities through the lens of organizational and economic support of logistic activity of a trading enterprise. The article compares the main reference models for the analysis of logistics activities and found the most appropriate for use - SCOR model, which identified the main indicators for evaluating the performance of logistics activities. An algorithm for determining the level of efficiency and performance of logistic activity have been constructed. According to the results of the study, the level of organizational and economic support, perormance and efficiency of logistic activity of trade enterprises of Ukraine of the sample population have been determined.
The study is aimed at assessing the strategic importance of a business processes for achieving sustainable competitive advantage, therefore, in this article the theoretical approach for measuring the strategic contribution of a business process to an enterprise’s business system is presented. For evaluating of a business process strategic importance the study proposes the system of economic and managerial indicators, which includes the process’ contribution to the added value, its compliance to critical success factors, and its organizational involvement. Сombining these three indicators into one integral allows it to be used in different types of matrix analysis to make decisions on improving of a company’s business system.
The objective of this study is to verify the importance of the capabilities of cloud computing services in managing and analyzing big data in business organizations because the rapid development in the use of information technology in general and network technology in particular, has led to the trend of many organizations to make their applications available for use via electronic platforms hosted by various Companies on their servers or so-called cloud computing that have become an excellent opportunity to provide services efficiently and at low cost, but managing big data presents a definite challenge in the cloud space beginning with the processes of extracting, processing data, storing data and analyze it. Through this study, we dealt with the concept of cloud computing and its capabilities in business organizations. We also interpreted the notion of big data and its distinct characteristics and sources. Finally, the relationship between cloud computing with big data was also explained (extraction, storage, analysis).