International Journal of Ethics and Society

International Journal of Ethics and Society

International Journal of Ethics and Society, Vol 4, No 2, (9-2022) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Implications of the Bartering System in Counseling and Psychotherapy: An Economic Psychology and Ethical Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۶۶ تعداد دانلود : ۸۰
The topic of bartering in psychotherapy is intriguing, especially in this day and age. The current ongoing events could invoke economic turmoil or a new monetary system that could call for an improvisation towards the medium of exchange in counseling and psychotherapy. The bartering system seems to be an ideal alternative, especially during times of economic uncertainty. This paper will further discuss the history of money and its progress, how the psychology field is addressing the barter system and professional recommendations for the bartering system in counseling and psychotherapy. Article number: 1
۲.

Effective Factors on Social Responsibility as a Moral Component in Bank(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۰۵ تعداد دانلود : ۸۰
Abstract Background : Social responsibility is one of the important components in professional ethics and as to the role of banks in economic system; social responsibility of banks includes strategic results for companies. Therefore, in the current research, effective factors and causes on social responsibility in business banks of Iran are studied. Methodology. The current research was qualitative. The statistical society was two parts. The first part included marketing and financial experts of banks, professionals, managers and supervisors of districts and experts of governmental and nongovernmental business banks and the second part included bank stakeholders which among them, 18 persons were chosen as sample by snowball method and reaching to saturation. Data collection tool is deep interview. Finally, data were analyzed by method of content analysis and coding and using 2020 Max QDA software. Findings : Based on the obtained results in relation with effective factors on social responsibility of banks by method of content analysis, 3 categories, 12 concepts and 45 secondary codes were identified. Conclusion : As to the research findings, it is recommended to constitute special work groups to expand and develop social responsibility to investigate and impart favorable approaches. Abstract Background : Social responsibility is one of the important components in professional ethics and as to the role of banks in economic system; social responsibility of banks includes strategic results for companies. Therefore, in the current research, effective factors and causes on social responsibility in business banks of Iran are studied. Methodology. The current research was qualitative. The statistical society was two parts. The first part included marketing and financial experts of banks, professionals, managers and supervisors of districts and experts of governmental and nongovernmental business banks and the second part included bank stakeholders which among them, 18 persons were chosen as sample by snowball method and reaching to saturation. Data collection tool is deep interview. Finally, data were analyzed by method of content analysis and coding and using 2020 Max QDA software. Findings : Based on the obtained results in relation with effective factors on social responsibility of banks by method of content analysis, 3 categories, 12 concepts and 45 secondary codes were identified. Conclusion : As to the research findings, it is recommended to constitute special work groups to expand and develop social responsibility to investigate and impart favorable approaches. Article number: 2
۳.

The Pattern of Application of Moral Education in Cyberspace Based on the View of Allameh Tabataba'i(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۸۵ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۳
Background: Despite the developments and progress in various fields of education, unfortunately, in the field of approaches and methods of moral and value education, especially in the field of cyberspace, no useful and sufficient efforts have been made. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to explain the application of moral education based on the views of Allameh Tabatabai in cyberspace. Method: The present study was conducted in two parts: quantitative and qualitative. In the qualitative part; an inferential analytical approach was used. The research community of all books and commentaries (20 volumes of Al-Mizan commentary) is Allameh Tabatabai. Coverage sections are the subject of postgraduate training and were purposefully selected and sampled. Data were analyzed by inferential method. In a small part; the statistical population was Quranic and philosophy specialists in education, from which 14 people (5 Quranic specialists and 9 philosophical and educational specialists) were selected by convenience sampling method. The instrument of the questionnaire was a researcher-made qualitative section and the data were analyzed by Lawshe content panel evaluation method. Results: The results of the research indicate that according to Allameh Tabatabai, the principles of moral education are: education based on knowledge, guardianship and nearness to God, etc. Also, Allameh aims to achieve monotheistic education, cognition, self-knowledge, perfection. He considered human beings and the need for harmony in the development of values. And considers the method of warning and evangelism accessible. Conclusion: The golden point of applying Allameh's moral theory in cyberspace is to awaken the inner restraint in people, in which the role of guides is very important and vital. Article number: 3
۴.

Educational Ethics: The Role of the Democratic School in Primary Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰۰
Background: Considering that a large part of the individual and social development of individuals is done by the official institution of education; Educational ethics is very important. In this regard, the institution of education has a key role in educating democratic citizens and educating and developing human rights. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to present a model of a democratic school in the primary education system. Method: This research was conducted qualitatively and thematically. The statistical population included all managers and deputies working in education and teacher training centers in the provinces of Iran, and 12 managers and deputies from the provinces of Tehran, Isfahan, Khuzestan and Hamedan were selected in a targeted and non-probable manner. Qualitative data were collected through interviews and finally analyzed by Corbin and Strauss qualitative analysis model in the form of triple coding with MAXQDA software. Results: The results of the study showed that the components of critical thinking, participation and cooperation, legalism, freedom, equality, mutual respect, responsibility, right to choose and decide, rationality, social ethics and culturalism as The hallmarks of democratically oriented schools have been identified. Conclusion: Schools can educate democratic citizens for tomorrow's society by emphasizing educational ethics. By emphasizing human individuality and emphasizing rationality and morality, the democratic school nurtures students who have the ability to think critically and strive for freedom and equality with a proper understanding of their rights. Article number: 4
۵.

The Impact of Ethical Foundations on Reporting Audit Whistleblowing: Evidences from Private Audit Firms(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۴۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰۰
Background : Reporting whistleblowing as an ethical behavior can play an effective role in combating illegal behaviors as well as preventing scandals in organizations, especially auditing firms. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of ethical foundations of auditors working in the private sector on their willingness to report audit whistleblowing. Method: This research is applied in terms of purpose and it is a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population of the present study is all auditors working in private sector audit firms that 160 people have been selected using random sampling method. The research variables were measured using standard questionnaires and finally, multivariate regression test was used to analyze the collected data. Results: The results of the present study confirm the positive and significant effect of ethical foundations on decisions related to reporting whistleblowing in private sector audit firms. The results also showed that as the age and job rank of auditors working in private sector auditing firms increases, their tendency to report auditing whistleblowing decreases. Conclusion : Since increasing the willingness of auditors to disclose whistleblowing in order to perform the task of accreditation leads to improved audit quality; According to the results obtained in this study, influential organizations in the legislature are suggested to consider the ethical foundations as an effective factor in reporting whistleblowing and work to strengthen it. In this way, in such a competitive market, auditors can be encouraged to be fair to others, even if it threatens their own well-being and safety. Article number: 5
۶.

Evaluating the Model of Information Transparency as an Ethical Component in Electronic Auctions in Organization for Collection and Sale of State-Owned Properties(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۵۷ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱۴
Background: Transparency can sometimes become a challenging issue, but it is necessary to foster an ethical culture. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the model of information transparency in electronic auctions in the organization of collecting and selling property. Method: The present study was among descriptive-correlation studies. The target community was the users of the organization's services, the auctioneers in the movable and immovable property sector, among whom 400 people were selected as a sample using available sampling, and after the drop of 351 people, they participated in the final analysis. The tool of analysis was a researcher-made questionnaire. Structural equation modeling method and Smart PLS software were used for data analysis. Results: The results of the path coefficients showed that the model has a good fit and can be used as a basis for e-business activists and property collection and sale organizations. Conclusion: Transparency is an important component of professional ethics and a characteristic of organizational culture, which is revealed through the behavior of leaders, employees and stakeholders of the organization, which is interrelated with the characteristics of the product and the perceived value, and leads to providing the interests of the stakeholders and participates Article number: 6
۷.

Identification and Ranking of Antecedents Affecting Ethical-Emotional Acting in Education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۹۲ تعداد دانلود : ۹۱
Background : One of the new topics in organizational behavior management is dealing with moral-emotional acting and the factors affecting it. The aim of the current research is to identify and rank the antecedents affecting ethical-emotional acting in education. Method: This research is applicable in terms of purpose, which was done with a mixed approach (qualitative and quantitative) with an exploratory design. In the qualitative part, the qualitative content analysis method was used with inductive approach, and in the quantitative part, the descriptive-survey method was used. The participants in the qualitative part were the high-level education managers of Golestan province, and the statistical population in the quantitative part included the education managers of Golestan province. The sampling method in the qualitative part was purposive sampling method (N=20) and in the quantitative part it was stratified random sampling in which 270 people were selected as a statistical sample for investigation. The research data collection tool was a semi-structured interview in the qualitative part and a researcher-made questionnaire in the quantitative part. Data analysis was done in the qualitative part through coding and in the quantitative part through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis in SPSS 22 software. Results: The results showed that the antecedents affecting ethical-emotional acting have 2 dimensions; "individual antecedents and organizational antecedents". Individual antecedents have 3 components; "knowledge and information, personality traits and motivation" and organizational antecedents have 4 components; "organizational culture, ethical atmosphere of the organization, organizational structure and leadership and management". Conclusion: According to the results of the research, paying attention to the factors affecting moral-emotional acting will lead to the growth of positive organizational behaviors and the institutionalization of ethics in the organization. Article number: 7
۸.

Designing an Entrepreneurial Marketing Model with Emphasis on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۹۸ تعداد دانلود : ۹۳
Background: The purpose of this article is to explain how and what is the emerging concept of entrepreneurial marketing through innovative research and effective convergence between marketing and entrepreneurship, and to explain the way of organizing marketing activities in the Iranian banking industry by proposing a logical framework and in this direction emphasize the corporate social responsibility. Method: The present study was a sequential exploration (qualitative and quantitative). In the qualitative phase of the research community, there were experts in the field of entrepreneurship and marketing. Threats of 14 people were purposefully selected. The interview tool was semi-structured. Finally, the data were analyzed by Delphi technique. In the quantitative part it was a descriptive-correlation method. The statistical population was the managers and heads of the country's banks, from which 268 people were randomly selected as a sample. The instrument of the researcher-made questionnaire was a qualitative section and finally the data were analyzed by structural equation method. SPSS26 and Amos software were used for data analysis. Results: In the qualitative section, a total of 73 components were classified into 4 categories: causal, contextual and environmental, and consequences. In the quantitative part, the results of structural equations showed that the research model had a good fit. Conclusion: Entrepreneurial marketing makes the banking industry more dynamic and increases their profitability. With such advantages, if the social responsibility of the company is also considered, it will undoubtedly have undeniable effects on customer loyalty and market ethics. Article number: 8
۹.

Ethical and Social Value Creation of Positive Marketing for the Company, Customer and Community(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۴۲۸ تعداد دانلود : ۸۱
Background: Today, due to the importance that organizations attach to physical and mental health and cleanliness of the consumer environment, concepts such as ethical marketing, green marketing, environmental and social marketing to implement corporate social responsibility entered the marketing literature that all point to some kind of positive marketing. Positive marketing is a type of marketing that works for the benefit of consumer groups, companies and the community and works to create value. The purpose of this study is to investigate the ethical and social value creation of positive marketing for the company, customer and community. Method: The present study was applied and descriptive-correlational. The statistical population was the customers of entrepreneur insurance services who were selected as in access sample (N=384). The gathering tool was a five-choice Likert scale questionnaire and structural equation modeling methods were used to analyze the data. Results: The results showed that the role and effect of "positive marketing" on "company value", "customer value" and "social value" were statistically confirmed that Based on these results, positive marketing has the greatest effect on social value. Conclusion: Positive marketing emphasizes ethical and social value creation and responsibility for both the company and the community and the customer. Ignoring social responsibility and unethical marketing may succeed in the short term, but it is certainly not a good long-term strategy. Over time, customers will become distrustful of the brand as a whole, and it will be difficult to find brand supporters who want to spread awareness about the company's product or service through word of mouth marketing. Article number: 9
۱۰.

Investigating the Effect of Concept Mapping in Learning Ethics in Accounting(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۵۲ تعداد دانلود : ۶۸
Background : The role, duty and responsibility of professional accountants towards the society, capital owners and other interested parties requires that they observe the general principles of good ethics in all aspects and adhere to the coded and consistent professional conduct. Therefore, the main goal of this research is to find a suitable method for meaningful (long-term) learning of ethics concepts in accounting. Method : This research was applied and semi-experimental and was carried out in a quasi-experimental manner. The statistical population was accounting master students, 50 of whom were selected by in access sampling and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. The instrument was accounting ethics questionnaire and finally the data were analyzed by covariance method. Results : In this research, traditional teaching methods were compared with alternative methods (use of conceptual diagrams) by comparing the learning rate of two groups of accounting students. The findings of the research indicated that the average scores of the students of the experimental group (who were trained using conceptual diagrams) were significantly higher than the control group (who were trained using the traditional method). Conclusion : Nowadays, in many cases, traditional teaching methods are not able to understand the complex topics of ethics, and therefore students try to learn these topics like parrots. Conceptualization allows a person to communicate between different aspects of moral issues and to understand the relationship between ideas and constituent parts of thoughts. Therefore, using the conceptual diagram prepared by the lecturer or relevant experts in ethics education can increase the quality and quantity of participation in learning among students. Article number: 10

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