Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology, Volume 1, Issue 4, Autumn 2021



The Effect of Positive Social-Comparative Feedback on Learning a Throwing Skill in Adolescents with ADHD

کلید واژه ها: ADHD Enhanced expectancies motor learning Positive Feedback Self-Efficacy

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 714 تعداد دانلود : 656
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of positive social-comparative feedback on motor learning and self-efficacy of a throwing motor skill in individuals with ADHD. The subjects were 44 adolescents with ADHD in the age range of 15 to 18 years old and were randomly and equally divided into two groups: positive social-comparative feedback and control group. Motor task consisted of throwing bean bags with the non-dominant arm at a target on the ground. The participants completed the pretest (10 trials), an acquisition phase including 6 blocks of 10 trials, and a retention test consisting of 10 trials. The participants in the positive social comparison feedback group were informed that their throws on the previous block were, on average, better than the throws of the other participants in this group. Prior to pretest, each block, and before the retention test, all participants completed the self-efficacy scale. Dependent measures were throwing accuracy scores and self-efficacy. Independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures were employed to analyze the data. Positive social comparison feedback group throwed the bean bags significantly better in the acquisition phase and the retention test compared to the control group. In addition, positive social comparison feedback group reported significantly higher self-efficacy scores in the acquisition phase and the retention test in comparison to the control group. Our findings indicated that enhanced expectancies benefited individuals with ADHD to enhance their performance and learn a novel motor skill

Socio-political Perfectionism: A Cross-cultural Study

کلید واژه ها: Intercultural Study Positive and negative perfectionism Socio-political perfectionism

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تعداد بازدید : 131 تعداد دانلود : 42
The present study, as an interdisciplinary research between sociology and psychology, aimed to construct a scale for socio-political perfectionism and compare perfectionism among the 18 to 35-year-old Iranian students living in Iran (155 persons) and those residing Germany and Canada (105 persons). Regarding this, the sample (360 persons) was selected through convenience sampling and data were collected online using Google Drive. Additionally, positive and negative perfectionism scale and attitude measurement question about the severity of social issues, as well as the scale of socio-political perfectionism, were used as the instruments. The scale related to socio-political perfectionism was obtained by using the factor analysis having a 12-item factor, and applied in the present study for the first time. The validity and reliability of the scale were determined as optimum. The results were explained by psychological and sociological researches and theories by representing the effectiveness of cultural differences in the socio-political perfectionism.

Comparison of Mental Health in Students with Problematic Use of Mobile Phones and Normal Students

کلید واژه ها: general health Mobile Phone Problematic use of mobile phones

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تعداد بازدید : 86 تعداد دانلود : 344
The mobile phone by its entering to human’ life, has caused extensive changes, but sometimes cause problems as well. It seems that people who use the mobile phone in a problematic way are vulnerable to psychological damage. According to existing research, the purpose of this study was to compare the general health of students with problematic use of mobile phones and normal users. In this cross-sectional study, the study population was all students of Ardebil universities in 2013, out of which 116 were recruited using convenience sampling method. For collecting data, the Cell-Phone Over-Use Scale (COS) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS16 software.There was a positive and significant relationship between problematic use of mobile phones and general health (p<0.01). Also, there was a significant difference between two groups of problematic users and normal users of mobile phones in terms of general health (p<0.01). According to the results, students with problematic use of mobile phones have a lower general health level. Therefore, interventions to improve their health and reduce their problematic use of mobile phones should be considered.

Predicting self-efficacy, Creativity and Social Skills based on the Components of Online Games Addiction

کلید واژه ها: Addiction to online games Creativity Self-Efficacy social skills

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 561 تعداد دانلود : 190
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between online game addiction and self-efficacy, creativity and social skills. The statistical population included all female high school students in Rudsar who were studying in 2020-2021. From this community, 150 people were selected by convenience sampling method. Data collection tools included the Online Game Addiction Questionnaire, Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, the Creativity Questionnaire, and the Social Skills Questionnaire. In this study, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression and SPSS-22 software were used for data analysis. The results of the analysis showed that the components of online game addiction (academic and occupational performance problems and social and mood problems) were able to achieve 48.8% of the variance of self-efficacy, 43.3% of the variance of creativity and 27.4% of the variance of skills Predict students' social (p˂0.05). Therefore, the results of this study show the importance of paying attention to online game addiction in students and its prevention can be associated with positive psychological variables.

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Face-to-face and Internet-based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Cognitive Distortions and Emotion Regulation in Adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder

کلید واژه ها: Cognitive distortions Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Emotion regulation social anxiety disorder

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 854 تعداد دانلود : 216
People with social anxiety face barriers to treatment under the pretext of avoiding interaction and the discomfort of self-disclosure. Using remote health services may be an alternative, but there is no research evidence on the effectiveness of Internet-based methods in social anxiety.Therefore, this study aimed to compare the effectiveness of face-to-face and Internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy on cognitive distortions and emotion regulation in adolescents with social anxiety.The present study was a field experiment. A total of 51 adolescents with social anxiety disorder were selected by cluster sampling method and randomly assigned to three face-to-face, Internet-based, and control therapy groups. Three groups were interviewed at the beginning and end of the study and answered the social anxiety screening questionnaire (SASA) Levpušček & Videc (2008 ), cognitive distortion questionnaire (CDQ) Beck and Wismann(1978), and emotion regulation questionnaire (ERQ) Jojn and Gross(2003).The two experimental groups underwent therapeutic intervention during ten weekly sessions.The results of ANKOVA analysis showed that both forms of intervention effectively reduced cognitive distortions, improved emotion regulation, and reduced symptoms of social anxiety.Also, the results of MANKOVA analysis showed that in the components of the need to please others and repression, face-to-face intervention only was effective.None of the intervention methods significantly affected the two components of success and perfectionism. In general, in all variables, the impact of the face-to-face intervention was greater than the Internet-based intervention.These results can support the use of Internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescents with social anxiety disorder who, due to circumstances, are unable to benefit from face-to-face treatment

Comparing the Effectiveness of Bowen Systematic and Solution-Focused Counseling on Reducing the Divorce Risk, Burnout and Marital Discord among Discordant Females

کلید واژه ها: Bowen systematic counseling Divorce risk Marital burnout Solution-focused counseling

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 298 تعداد دانلود : 1000
The purpose of this research is to study discordant females regarding the comparison of the effectiveness of Bowen systematic and solution-focused counseling on reducing the risk of divorce, burnout and marital discord. The reseach design is quasi-experimental employing multiple groups pretest-posttest. The participants consisted of all women attending in Justice Depertment of Ardabil for divorce in 2016. The participants included 45 discordant women (divorce applicants) who were selected through convenience sampling method and were assigned to three groups (two experimental groups and one control group). The marital burnout questionnaire, marital instability index (MII), and Beier-Sternberg discord questionnaire (DQ) were used for data collection. Bowen systematic counseling and solution-focused counselig were provided for experimental groups in 7 sessions of an hour and  a half each. Whereas, the control group did not receive any intervention. The results of the analysis of variance and Duncan's post hoc test showed that solution-focused counseling was more effective than Bowen systematic method in reducing divorce risk, burnout, and marital discord (p < 0.05). These results can be a strong for applying the priority of solution-focused counseling method to reduce the risk of divorce, burnout and marital discord among discordant women, thereby preventing family breakdown; this method can also be used to prevent marital conflicts.