Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology, Volume 3, Issue 3, Summer 2023



Jean-Claude Maleval's Psychoanalytical Conversations say a lot about psychoses


کلید واژه ها: Jean-Claude Maleval Psychoanalytical Conversations psychoses

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Published by Érès with the support of the Centre national du livre, the simple review of the introduction to this collection would already be satisfying. Not that the “revised and expanded ” texts proposed by Jean-Claude Maleval are of limited interest. Quite the contrary. However, the dozen or so pages that open these Psychoanalytical Conversations with Ordinary and Extraordinary Psychotics contain assertions and other clinical innovations capable of shaking the doctrinal tree. Certainly, there is no surprise in this author''s constant and incisive criticism of the “dead end of the descriptive strategy ” adopted by successive DSMs and reduced to independent of human history and cultural variations ” . Moreover, this in an environment characterized by a “spectacular ” increase in requests for psychoanalysis by subjects with a psychotic structure. The clinician briefly explains the reasons: the introduction of the diagnosis of ordinary psychosis, the sharpening of its identification and a better knowledge of the conduct of the treatment. A trend reinforced a contrario by the negative effects of a “deterioration of the conditions in which patients receive in psychiatric institutions ” .

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Group Training on Psychological Well-being, Alexithymia and Marital Burnout

کلید واژه ها: Alexithymia Marital burnout married women Mindfulness psychological wellbeing

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The aim of the current research is to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness group training on psychological well-being, alexithymia and marital burnout. The current research is a quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test type with a control group. The population of the present study includes married women of Rodsar city in 2022. From this population, 30 persons were selected by purposive sampling and were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. The experimental group received 8 sessions of two-hour mindfulness group training and the control group did not receive any training. Psychological well-being scale (PWB), couple burnout measure (CBM) and Toronto alexithymia scale (TAS) were used to collect research data. To analyze the data, covariance analysis test were used. The results of the research showed that mindfulness group training is effective in increasing the psychological well-being and reducing marital burnout and alexithymia of married women (p<0.01). Therefore, the results of the present study are useful for families to use this intervention to improve psychological well-being, alexithymia and marital burnout

Comparison of Differentiation of Self, Couple Burnout, and Emotional Intimacy in Divorce-seeking and Normal Couples

کلید واژه ها: Couple burnout Differentiation of Self Divorce-seeking couple Emotional intimacy

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Divorce is an undeniable fact of personal and social life and it happens when the life together is unbearable for the couple. The present study was conducted with the aim of comparing differentiation of self, couple burnout and emotional intimacy in divorce-seeking and normal couples. This research is of comparative causal type. The statistical population of the research included all couples applying for divorce who referred to four counseling centers (Ehya, Khanevade, Negahe No and Hamrah) in Rasht and non-applicant couples living in Rasht in spring and summer of 2022. The investigated sample includes 150 people (75 from divorce-seeking couples and 75 from non-seeking couples) who were selected by convenience sampling method, and were evaluated using the differentiation of self-inventory (DSI), couple burnout measurement (CBM) and personal assessment of intimacy in relationships (PAIR). The data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance and independent t-test. The results showed that there is a significant difference between the two groups of divorce applicants and non-divorce applicants in all aspects of differentiation of self, couple burnout and emotional intimacy (P< 0.01). Also, the results of the independent t-test showed that there is a significant difference in the total score of differentiation of self, couple burnout and emotional intimacy between the two groups (P< 0.01) and the mean of differentiation of self and emotional intimacy in the group of couples who did not file for divorce and the mean couple burnout was higher in applicant couples. The results of this research showed that the low level of couple burnout as well as having more differentiation of self and intimacy between couples can provide health and stability in their lives.

The Relationship between Resilience and Depression in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease

کلید واژه ها: Cardiovascular Depression Resilience

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Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease in which the arteries of the heart become narrow and stiff. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between resilience and depression among patients with cardiovascular disease. This study is descriptive and correlational. The statistical population of this research includes all cardiovascular patients in East Guilan province in 2018. From the target population, 150 patients were selected using purposeful sampling, and then resilience (CD-RIS) and depression (questionnaires ZSD) were administered on them, and then the data were analyzed using correlation and regression methods. were analyzed multiple times. The findings showed that there is a negative relationship between resilience and depression among patients with cardiovascular disease (P<0.01). Also, resilience negatively and depression positively predicted the severity of heart disease (P<0.01). The results emphasize the need to strengthen resilience in order to reduce depression in cardiovascular patients.

The Effectiveness of Training Metacognitive Strategies on Reducing Rumination and Worry


کلید واژه ها: metacognitive strategies Rumination Worry

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Rumination and worry are among the cognitive conflicts in many people. This research was conducted with the aim of the effectiveness of training metacognitive strategies on reducing rumination and worry. This research is a quasi-experimental type with a pre-test-post-test design and a control group. 32 students of Shahid Beheshti University were selected based on the cut of point in the Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS) and the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) by purposive sampling method and were assigned in two experimental (n = 16) and control (n = 16) groups. Metacognitive strategies were taught to the experimental group for 8 sessions, but the control group did not receive any training during this period. Data analysis was done using covariance analysis and SPSS-26 software. The findings showed that metacognitive therapy was able to significantly reduce rumination and worry in the experimental group compared to the control group (P<0.001). Based on this finding, it can be concluded that training metacognitive strategies can be used effectively to reduce rumination and worry.

The Relationship between Cognitive Emotion Regulation and Executive Functions

کلید واژه ها: Cognitive Emotion Regulation Executive Functions students

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This research was conducted with the aim of investigating the relationship between cognitive emotion regulation and executive functions. The research method is descriptive-correlation type. 150 students of Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch were selected by convenience sampling method and completed research tools including Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) and Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale (BDEFS). Data analysis was done with Pearson correlation coefficient and SPSS-22 software. The findings showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between the strategies of emotion regulation of acceptance, positive refocusing, planning, positive reappraisal, and putting into perspective with executive functions, but this relationship were inverse for self-blame, other-blame, catastrophizing and rumination (P < 0.01). According to the findings, it is concluded that constructive strategies of cognitive emotion regulation can be effective in strengthening executive functions, and incorrect strategies of cognitive emotion regulation cause problems in executive functions.Therefore, students should be trained in the field of improving cognitive regulation strategies.