Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology, Volume 3, Issue 2, Spring 2023



The Association between Physical Activity with Mental and Social Wellbeing among Employees of Police Guard

کلید واژه ها: Mental wellbeing Physical activity Police guard Social wellbeing

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تعداد بازدید : ۲۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۹
The purpose of the current research was to determine the level of physical activity of the male employees of the police guard and also to investigate the relationships between physical activity and mental and social wellbeing in the male employees of the police guard. The current research was descriptive-correlation research. The statistical population of this research included all the male employees of police guard of Tehran in 2021. The statistical sample of the current research included 146 men who were selected through convenience sampling. Physical activity was measured using the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ), mental health was measured using depression anxiety and stress scale 21 (DASS-21), and social health was measured using the Keyes's social well-being questionnaire (KSWBQ). Pearson’s correlation test and structural equations were used for data analysis. Results showed that the research subjects had a body mass index with an average of 24.40 which is at an average level, but close to overweight. Also, a total of 52% of the subjects had moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. In addition, the mental and social health scores were in the average range. Moreover, physical activity had significant relationships with mental health and social health. The results of the model fit showed that the research model had a good fit. Our findings indicated the positive effects of physical activity on psycho-social health components in the male employees of police guard. These findings show that the use of strategies and interventions to improve the physical activity status of the staff of police guard is of special importance.

The Effectiveness of Yoga on Reducing Women's Anxiety

کلید واژه ها: Anxiety Women Yoga

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Yoga on women's anxiety. This research was quasi-experimental. The statistical population of the research included women who visited Yoga clubs in Rasht city in 2021. For this purpose, 30 women who had a high score according to the Beck Anxiety Questionnaire (BAI) were selected as a purposive sampling and divided into two experimental (15 people) and control (15 people) groups. Then, Yoga exercises were performed for 8 ninety-minute sessions for the participants of the experimental group, and the control group did not receive any exercises during this period. Then the said questionnaire was again implemented on both groups. The data were analyzed using covariance analysis and SPSS27 software. The results showed that Yoga exercise was effective in reducing women's anxiety (p < 0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that counselors, psychologists and psychiatrists can use Yoga exercises to reduce women's anxiety.

Causal Model of the Relationship between Cognitive Emotion Regulation and the Quality of Couples' Committed Relationships Mediated by Mindfulness

کلید واژه ها: Causal model Cognitive regulation of emotion Mindfulness Quality of committed relationships of couples

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The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the causal model of the relationship between cognitive regulation of emotion and the quality of committed relationships of couples with the mediation of mindfulness. The design of the present research was a correlational description. The statistical population of the present study included married women in Bandar Ganaveh in 2022, of which 263 were selected by Convenience sampling sampling. The data collection tools in the present study included Cognitive Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), Marital Commitment Questionnaire (DCI) and Freiburg Mind-Awareness Questionnaire-Short Form (FMI) which were completed online. Structural equation modeling method were used to check the hypotheses using SPSS22 and Smart PLS3 software. The obtained findings indicated that the research data has a good fit with the proposed model. The results of data analysis showed that the cognitive regulation of emotion has a positive and direct effect on the quality of committed relationships of couples (p<0.05). Also, there is a positive and direct effect mindfulness and the quality of committed relationships of couples (p<0.05). There is an indirect and effect the cognitive regulation of emotion through mindfulness on the quality of committed relationships of couples (p<0.05). We conclude from this research that; Strengthening the cognitive regulation skills of emotion and mindfulness is related to more committed relationships in married women, and counselors of counseling centers can benefit from the results of this research.

Netflix is the new Scheherazade! Exploring the relationships between online binge-watching, self-control, and bedtime procrastination among college students in Iran

کلید واژه ها: Bedtime Procrastination Iranian students narrative transportation Online Binge-Watching Self-Control

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Online binge-watching is a common practice nowadays. It is defined as watching multiple episodes in one sitting. It may seem a new phenomenon, but the same mechanism happened to the Persian King and kept him listening to Scheherazade's stories for 1001 nights, which made him forgot about killing young virgin girls and also delayed his bedtime. This study aims to investigate the relationships between these variables in Iranian college students in Ghazvin with a sample of 133 people between the ages of 19 and 25 using brief self-control scale (BSCS), bedtime procrastination scale (BPS), and binge-watching addiction questionnaire (BWAQ). The research indicates that there is a notable negative correlation between online binge-watching and self-control (r = -.443, p < .001). Also, a negative relationship between self-control and bedtime procrastination was found (r = -.360, p < .001). Further, a positive correlation between online binge-watching and bedtime procrastination was detected (r = .307, p < .001). The problematic binge-watching can be identified by the motives and cognitive processes underlying this phenomenon, such as narrative transportation. Ways to prevent mental illness caused by them and future research paths are discussed.

Superstition and Its Association with Depression and Anxiety among University Students

کلید واژه ها: Anxiety Depression Superstitious believe

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Superstitious beliefs and practices have a determining role in culture and society in traditional communities and influence their worldview and value system. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between superstition tendency and depression and anxiety among college students. The present study was descriptive-correlational. The research population consisted of all students who were studying at the Islamic Azad University of Bandar-e Anzali in the academic year 2021-2022. From this population, 335 people were selected as the sample using the convenience sampling method. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Superstition Tendency questionnaires were administered to them and the questionnaires were analyzed using correlation and regression statistical methods after collection. The Results showed that there was a significant relationship between superstition tendency and depression and anxiety (P <0.001). As a result, it can be said that superstition tendency can predict depression and anxiety in university students.

Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Suicidal Ideation, Emotional Self-regulation and Psychological Flexibility of Adolescents with Suicidal Ideation Referring to Social Emergency

کلید واژه ها: emotional self-regulation psychological flexibility Suicidal Thoughts Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۹ تعداد دانلود : ۱۸
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on suicidal ideation, emotional self-regulation, and psychological flexibility in adolescents with suicidal ideation who were referred to a social emergency center. The research method was a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design with a control group. The population of the study included all adolescents with suicidal ideation who visited the counseling center of the social emergency in Astaneh-ye Ashrafiyeh city in 2021. Thirty participants (15 in the control group and 15 in the experimental group) were selected from this population by purposive sampling and randomly assigned to two groups. The experimental group received eight 90-minute sessions of group ACT, while the control group was put on a waiting list. Data were collected using the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-2), the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), and the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSSI). Data were analyzed using the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) test. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the posttest mean scores of the reappraisal component of emotion regulation and suicidal ideation. However, there was no significant difference in the flexibility and suppression components of emotion regulation. Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that psychologists and psychotherapists working in social emergency centers or with adolescents use the results of this study to improve emotion regulation and reduce suicidal ideation in their adolescent clients