Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology, Volume 1, Issue 1, Winter 2021

مقالات

۱.

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Brief Self-Regulation Couple Therapy and Spirituality Therapy on Social Perspective Taking Mothers with Intellectually Disabled Children

کلید واژه ها: intellectual disability self-regulation couple therapy social perspective-taking spirituality therapy

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 879 تعداد دانلود : 972
An intellectually disabled child has some negative effects on parents' mental health. Social Perspective-taking is one of the variables that affects mothers of intellectually disabled children. The present study aims to compare the effectiveness of Brief Self-Regulation Couple Therapy and spiritual therapy on the social perspective-taking of mothers with the intellectually disabled children . This was an experimental study with a pretest-posttest design and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all mothers with intellectually disabled students in Tehran 14<sup>th</sup> district, selected by simple random sampling and divided into three Brief Self-Regulation Couple Therapy (n = 10), Spirituality Therapy (n = 10) and control (n = 10) groups. The data collection tool was Social Perspective-Taking Scale. The data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, multivariate analysis of covariance and SPSS-24 statistical software. Analyzing the data showed that both methods of Brief Self-Regulation Couple Therapy and spiritual therapy, affect the social Perspective-taking of mothers with intellectually disabled children. In addition, the results of comparing the two methods showed that spirituality therapy is more effective than Brief Self-Regulation Couple Therapy on the social Perspective-taking of mothers with intellectually disabled children. Regarding the effectiveness of Brief Self-Regulation Couple Therapy, both methods can be used to improve Mothers' social Perspective-taking with intellectually disabled children.
۲.

The Prediction of Family Functions in Women with Premenstrual Syndrome based on Anger and Fatigue

کلید واژه ها: anger Family function Fatigue Premenstrual syndrome

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تعداد بازدید : 940 تعداد دانلود : 631
Premenstrual syndrome is one of the commonest disorders among women with premenstrual period. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship of anger and fatigue with family functions among women with premenstrual syndrome. The research sample consisted of 120 women who were selected among women with premenstrual syndrome in Ardabil, Iran. To collect the data, State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2, Fatigue Scale, Family Assessment Scale, and Daily Symptom Rating Form were used. The results showed that anger and fatigue are significantly related to family functions in women. The results of multiple regression showed that anger and fatigue explained 42 percent of variance family functions of women. Also results support the role of anger and fatigue on family functions. The results have important implications about prevention and counseling in women with premenstrual syndrome. The findings indicate that clinicians should use psychological trainings to cope with the consequences and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.
۳.

The Role of Health Hardiness and Anxiety on Immune System and Quality of Life Patients with HIV

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: Anxiety health hardiness HIV immune system quality of life

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 694 تعداد دانلود : 438
The pattern of change in HIV from fatal diseases to chronic diseases due to improvement of treatment made a new challenge for diagnosis and care for the needs of people who live with HIV. This study reviews the role of health hardiness and anxiety on the immune system and quality of life in HIV patients. 125 men with HIV infected through injection participated in this study. They were asked to complete the revised health hardiness inventory, Spielberg state-trait anxiety inventory, and WHOQOL-brief. Data from four times of cd4 experiment with three-month intervals was obtained from the dossier. Data analysis was conducted using Pearson correlation, dependent t-test, multiple regression, and logistic regression. Results of this study show no statistically significant relationship between health hardiness, anxiety, and the immune system. The regression analysis indicates that the total score of quality of life with health hardiness and anxiety was statistically significant (0.0001). Subscales of perceived health (β=0.302), state anxiety (β=-0.305) and trait anxiety (β=-0.449) in equation relative to prediction quality of life were statistically significant (0.0001). Health hardiness and anxiety are not associated with a lowered immune system. The patients with higher anxiety had lower quality of life and those with higher health hardiness had higher quality of life
۴.

Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Improving Symptoms and Increasing Quality of Life in Patients with Obsessive-compulsive Disorder in Interacting with OCD Family History

کلید واژه ها: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy family history Obsessive-compulsive disorder quality of life

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 664 تعداد دانلود : 526
The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on improving symptoms and increasing quality of life among the patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in interacting with OCD Family History: This is a quasi-experimental and pretest-posttest study with control and follow-up groups. The study population entirely consisted of over-18-years of age OCD patients referred to private consultation centers, and rural and urban healthcare centers in Rasht city during2014. The sample selected through purposive sampling consisted of 60 OCD patients who were randomly included in two experimental(ACT with and without OCD Family History) and two control (control with and without OCD Family History) groups. The experimental groups received eight ACT 45-minute sessions of Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale was used to determine the severity of OCD. In addition, the brief version of WHO Quality of Life Scale was used to measure life quality and the clinical interview was used to investigate OCD family history. Multivariate analysis of variance test with repeated measures was used to examine the differences in pretest-posttest and follow-up scores. The results show that ACT caused a significant decrease in OCD symptoms and a significant increase in patients' quality of life while OCD family history had no impact on the effectiveness of ACT. Therefore, all patients can benefit from this therapy regardless of their OCD Family History.
۵.

Predicting Attitudes toward Marital Infidelity Based on Attachment and Perfectionism Styles

کلید واژه ها: attachment styles Marital Infidelity perfectionism

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 69 تعداد دانلود : 133
The present study aims to predict the attitude towards marital infidelity based on attachment and perfectionism styles. The research method was correlational-descriptive and the statistical population was all married students of Islamic Azad University, Lahijan Branch. A sample of 369 students was selected by convenience sampling method. Adult Attachment Questionnaire, The Perfectionism Questionnaire and Attitude to Marital Infidelity Questionnaire were used to collect data. The research hypotheses were examined through Pearson correlation test and multiple regression and found that a significant correlation exists between marital infidelity with ambivalent attachment style (0.450), avoidant attachment style (0.348), safe style (-0.519), positive perfectionism (-0.403) and negative perfectionism (0.433). In addition, the multiple regression model indicated that attachment and perfectionism styles could accurately predict 34% and 25% of the variance of marital infidelity, respectively. The results indicated that creating a secure attachment style and positive perfectionism in individuals is related to reducing marital infidelity and consequently increasing family stability
۶.

The Prediction of Internet Addiction in Female Students Based on Cloninger’s Temperament and Character

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: character Internet Addiction Temperament

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 318 تعداد دانلود : 95
The present study was conducted on female students of Allameh Tabataba'i University to predict Internet addiction through a seven-factor Cloninger model. The statistical population of the study consisted of all female students of Allameh Tabataba'i University studying in the academic year 2019-2020. Moreover, a sample population of 150 people was selected through the convenience sampling method. Young's Internet Addiction Test and Cloninger’s Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-125) were administered to the sample population. The data were analyzed by Pearson’s correlation test, multiple regression. Results of Enter regression indicated that persistence dimension (b=-0.355) could account for 18.6% of variances of Internet addiction. The results of stepwise regression showed that persistence (b=-0.349) could predict 12.2% of variances of Internet addiction. Then, self-directedness was added to the prediction model which increased the explained variances of Internet addiction up to 15.4% of which 3.2% accounts particularly for self-directedness. This study may contribute to more accurate identification of involved factors in this phenomenon and provide a proper approach for prevention and treatment in line with those focused on evaluating the effective factors on Internet addiction.