Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology, Volume 2, Issue 4, Autumn 2022

مقالات

۱.

The Effects of Mental Imagery and Physical Practice on Learning Dart-Throwing in Children with ADHD

کلید واژه ها: ADHD Dart throw Motor imagery physical practice

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 514 تعداد دانلود : 767
The effects of motor imagery and physical practice on motor learning in individuals with ADHD received very little attention. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to examine the effects of motor imagery and physical practice on motor performance and learning dart-throwing in adolescents with ADHD. The current research was based on a causal-comparative approach. The participants included 60 adolescents with ADHD (with the age range of 12 to 17 years) randomly and equally assigned into four groups: 1) motor imagery, 2) physical practice, 3) combination of motor imagery and physical practice, and 4) control. The motor task involved dart-throwing, in which the accurate throw score was measured as the dependent variable. The participants performed the pre-test (ten throws) and the retention test (ten throws). ANOVA was run to analyze the throwing accuracy. Results showed that all groups had similar throwing scores in the pretest, however, in the retention test, the results indicated that combination group had significantly better throwing scores than all other groups (in all groups, P=0.000). In addition, physical practice group had significantly better throwing scores than motor imagery and control groups (both P=0.000). Finally, motor imagery group had significantly better throwing scores than control group (P=0.000). Individuals with ADHD benefit from motor imagery, indicating that they have the necessary mechanisms to learn new skills through motor imagery. Moreover, a combination of motor imagery and physical practice would be a better strategy for learning new motor skills.
۲.

The Effectiveness of Social Skills Training on Improving the Adaptation of Late Learning Children

کلید واژه ها: Adaptive Behavior late learning children social skills

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تعداد بازدید : 843 تعداد دانلود : 188
The purpose of this research was the effectiveness of social skills training on the adaptive behavior of late learning children. This research was quasi-experimental in terms of practical purpose and in terms of data collection. The statistical population of the research included all the students of Bandar Anzali city who studied in primary schools or referred to counseling centers of the city in the academic year of 1401-1400. For this purpose, 30 students who were diagnosed as late learners on the basis of the Wechsler IQ test and who had obtained a low score in Adaptive Behavior Scale (AISS) and clinical interviews with teachers, were selected and randomly selected. They were divided into two experimental (15 people) and control (15 people) groups. Then, social skills training was conducted for 2 months during 12 two-hour training sessions for the subjects of the experimental group and the control group did not receive any training. Then, the adaptive behavior test was performed again on both groups. The data were analyzed using the covariance statistical method. The results showed that social skills training improves the adaptive behavior of late learning children (F=0.389 and P<0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that school teachers and counselors and parents can use social skills in schools and at home and counseling centers to improve the adaptation of late learning children.
۳.

Different Effects of KR vs. KP Feedback on Movement Pattern and Accuracy of a Badminton Serve in Children with Autism

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: children Feedback KP KR

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تعداد بازدید : 780 تعداد دانلود : 277
The present study was designed to examine the effects of two kind of feedback presentation, namely KR and KP, on movement pattern and accuracy of a Badminton serve in children with autism. We used a causal-comparative method in the current study. Sixty children with autism with an age range of 7 to 12 years from special schools were selected based on a convenience sampling method and were randomly and equally assigned into four groups including KR, KP, KR+KP, and control groups. The motor task in the present study included the badminton serve, in which the movement patter and accuracy were measured as the dependent variable. The children participated in the pretest including 10 services, acquisition phase (5 training blocks, each of which included 10 services), and the retention test with 10 services. Respective feedback was provided before each practice block. We used ANOVA to analyze data. The results showed that both KR and KP feedback improve both the pattern and the accuracy of movement better than the condition without feedback. In addition, KP had better effects on the movement pattern and KR had better effects on the movement accuracy. Finally, children who were in the combination group performed better than all the groups in both execution of the movement pattern and service accuracy. Children with autism benefit from feedback to learn novel motor skills, indicating that they may have the necessary mechanisms to learn new skills through feedback.
۴.

Public Health, Resilience and Identity Crisis in Children of Families under the Support of Imam Khomeini Relief Committee

کلید واژه ها: Identity Crisis general health resiliency

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تعداد بازدید : 452 تعداد دانلود : 600
The aim of this study is to investigate the general health, resilience, and identity crisis among children from families supported by the Imam Khomeini Relief Committee, as well as predicting the general health of individuals based on resilience and identity crisis. In this research, 156 male students from the province of Zanjan and the city of Maragheh, who were under the support of the Imam Khomeini Relief Committee, were studied using the Goldberg General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and Rajaei Identity Crisis Scale. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis. The findings indicated a significant positive relationship between general health and resilience, and a significant negative relationship between general health and identity crisis among these individuals. Furthermore, a significant negative relationship was found between resilience and identity crisis. Multiple regression analysis showed that general health explains a small amount of the variance in resilience and identity crisis in these individuals. This study demonstrated that under conditions of high resilience and low identity crisis, individuals would have better general health.
۵.

A Comparative Study of Religious Orientation, Well-being, and Identity Crisis among Adolescents Residing in Welfare Centers and Normal Adolescents in Rasht City

کلید واژه ها: Adolescents residing in welfare centers Identity Crisis Normal adolescents Religious Orientation Wellbeing

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تعداد بازدید : 555 تعداد دانلود : 811
The Purpose of this research was to compare religious orientation, well-being, and identity crisis among adolescents residing in welfare centers and normal adolescents. This study employed a causal-comparative research design. The statistical population of the research included all adolescents residing in welfare centers and normal adolescents in Rasht city. For this purpose, 37 adolescents residing in welfare centers and 38 normal adolescents were selected using convenience sampling method. The instruments used in this study were the religious orientation questionnaire, Oxford happiness questionnaire (OHQ), and identity crisis questionnaire. The obtained data were analyzed using independent t-tests to compare the two groups. The results of the independent t-tests indicated significant differences between the two groups of children residing in welfare centers and normal children in terms of total score of identity crisis, total score of well-being, and religious orientation. Based on the findings, it can be concluded that the upbringing of adolescents in normal families is important for enhancing religious orientation, increasing self-confidence, and reducing identity crisis. Based on the findings, it can be concluded that the upbringing of adolescents in normal families is important for enhancing religious orientation, increasing self-confidence, and reducing identity crisis.
۶.

The Effectiveness of Filial Therapy on the Primary Maladaptive Schema of Children with Cancer (Single Subject Design)

کلید واژه ها: children with cancer early maladaptive schemas filial therapy

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تعداد بازدید : 543 تعداد دانلود : 848
This research purposed to determine the effectiveness of filial therapy on the early maladaptive schemas of children with cancer. The research method is a quasi-experimental single-subject A-B-A type. The sample individuals were three children with cancer in the 8-13 age range along with their mothers, who were referred to Dr. Sheikh Hospital in Mashhad and were selected by purposive sampling method. The subjects were in the therapeutic process of filial therapy for 8 sessions individually. The Schema Inventory for Children (SIC), was administered to the sample individuals before and after the treatment. The clinical outcomes were compared before and after the intervention, and the obtained information was analyzed based on eye diagrams, effect size, and recovery rate. The results indicated that the treatment is effective in improving the early maladaptive schemas of children with cancer. The obtained effect size for the domains of abandonment, abuse, defectiveness, vulnerability, and unrelenting standards was 3.57, 6.81, 6.06, 5.34, and 3.30, respectively. According to the results of the research, it can be said that filial therapy is effective in the early maladaptive schemas of children with cancer and can be used clinically.