Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology, Volume 2, Issue 3, Summer 2022



A Causal Model of Relationship between Basic Psychological Needs and Academic Resilience: The Mediating Role of Ambiguity Tolerance in Online Education

کلید واژه ها: academic resilience ambiguity tolerance Basic Psychological Needs Online education

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تعداد بازدید : 222 تعداد دانلود : 531
The present research was conducted to investigate the causal model of relationship between basic psychological needs and academic resilience in online education with the mediating role of ambiguity tolerance. The current research was applied in terms of purpose and correlational in terms of method. The population of the current research was Rahman Institute of Higher Education’s student studying in the academic year 2021-2022. Two hundred and seven students out of the population were selected through convenience sampling method. The data collection tool in the present research included The Basic Needs Satisfaction in General Scale (BNSG-S), Academic Resilience Inventory (ARI), and ambiguity tolerance (AT). Then the data were analyzed through structural equation method using SPSS 22 and Smart PLS 3 software. The research results showed that basic psychological needs positively and directly affect academic resilience (P<0.05). Moreover, the results revealed that ambiguity tolerance had a direct and positive effect on academic resilience (P<0.05). On the other hand, the indirect effect of basic psychological needs on academic resilience was confirmed through ambiguity tolerance (p<0.05); Therefore, it can be concluded that students whose basic psychological needs were satisfied more, had more tolerance for ambiguity; they were also more academically resilient; in the meantime, providing basic needs was especially important; Therefore, higher education administrators of the country should strive to develop these abilities in students.The present research was conducted to investigate the causal model of relationship between basic psychological needs and academic resilience in online education with the mediating role of ambiguity tolerance. 

The Effects of Model’s Skill Level on Learning a Basketball Skill in Children with Autism

کلید واژه ها: Autism Basketball throw skill level Video model

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تعداد بازدید : 192 تعداد دانلود : 905
One of the disabilities that has rarely been studied in the field of observational learning is autism. the purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of watching a video model with different skill levels on learning a basketball skill in adolescents with autism. The current study is descriptive and causal-comparative. The subjects of this study consisted of 60 adolescents with autism with an age range of 13 to 18 years, and they were randomly and equally divided into three groups: skilled model, novice model, and control. The motor task involved a basketball throwing, in which the accuracy score was measured as the dependent variable. The subjects performed the pre-test (including ten throws), the acquisition stage (including 5 10-throws training blocks), and the retention test (including ten throws). Subjects in the observation groups watched their respective models for five times before each training block. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the throwing accuracy. The results showed that novice video group had significantly better throwing scores than skilled video model and control groups in the acquisition phase and retention test. In addition, skilled group had significantly better throwing scores than control group in the acquisition phase and retention test. The results of this study show that people with autism benefit from watching a video model to learn a basketball throwing skill. This result may indicate that these people have the necessary mechanisms to learn new skills through video observation.

Effects of Physical Activity Participation on Fine and Gross Motor Skills in Pre-School Children with ADHD


کلید واژه ها: ADHD Gender Motor proficiency Physical activity preschool children

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تعداد بازدید : 818 تعداد دانلود : 57
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between physical activity with fine and gross motor skills in pre-school children with ADHD. The present study is a descriptive-correlational study. The participants were 58 children (20 girls) aged 4 to 6 years who were selected using a convenience sampling method. We utilized Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C) to measure physical activity. The short form of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency was used to measure the fine and gross motor. Independent t test and regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Children in this study had low levels of physical activity and motor proficiency. Boys had significantly higher physical activity and motor proficiency than girls (P<0.001). In addition, physical activity was directly and significantly associated with fine and gross motor skills (both P<0.001). These findings indicate that there is a need to increase the level of physical activity in pre-school children with ADHD, especially girls. Moreover, it is recommended that physical education teachers and sports coaches use programs in physical education lessons to facilitate motor skills in children.

Prediction of Self- Destructiveness based on Perceived Stress, Brain-behavioral Systems and Defense Styles

کلید واژه ها: Brain-behavioral system defense styles Perceived stress Self- Destructiveness

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تعداد بازدید : 428 تعداد دانلود : 473
The aim of the present study was to predict self- destructiveness based on perceived stress, brain-behavioral systems and defense styles. The population was the students of the Faculty of Pharmacy of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in the academic year 2017-2018; through convenience sampling method, 150 completed questionnaires were analyzed. The design was correlational. chronic self- destructiveness scales (CSDS), perceived stress scale (PSS), behavioral inhibition-activation systems scale (BIS/BAS) and defense styles (DSQ) were used to collect data. The data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficient as well as stepwise regression. The results showed that there was a relationship between self-destructiveness and perceived stress (p≤.01), punishment sensitivity (p≤.001), reward responsiveness (p≤.05), drive (p≤.01), and fun seeking (p≤.01). Immature defense style (p≤.01) and neurotic defense style (p≤.01) have a relationship. Moreover, the regression analysis revealed that fun seeking (R2=.33), reward sensitivity (R2=.26), driving (R2=.23), neurotic defense styles (R2=.17), immature defense styles (R2=.11) and punishment sensitivity (R2=.11) could predict self- destructiveness. In conclusion, it can be said that perceived stress is in dynamic relationship with brain-behavioral systems and defense styles can predict self- destructiveness. Punishment sensitivity among brain-behavioral systems, and immature defense styles among the defense styles, were most strongly associated with self-destructiveness.

The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Marital Conflict and Quality of Life in Veterans of the Iran-Iraq War

کلید واژه ها: Marital conflict quality of life Therapy based on acceptance and commitment veterans of holy defense

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تعداد بازدید : 165 تعداد دانلود : 826
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on marital conflict and quality of life in veterans of the Iran-Iraq war. The research was a quasi-experimental design using pre-test and post-test with a control group. The statistical population of this study included all veterans who referred to the counseling center of the Foundation of Martyrs in Mashhad in 2022. Using purposive sampling based on the initial questionnaire scores, 30 individuals were selected and randomly assigned to two groups of 15 participants, experimental and control. Kansas Marital Conflict Scale (KMCS) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHO-QOL-BREF) questionnaire were used to measure marital conflict and quality of life, respectively. One-way and multivariate analysis of covariance tests were used for data analysis. The results showed that ACT was effective in reducing marital conflict (P=0.001, F=15.993) and improving quality of life (P=0.001, F=67.934) in the research sample. These findings suggest that Acceptance and Commitment Therapy can be used to reduce marital conflicts and improve the quality of life of veterans in clinical settings.

Prediction of Psychological Well-being based on the Perceived Authentic Leadership Style and Work Engagement in the Employees of Factory

کلید واژه ها: perceived authentic leadership style Psychological well-being Work Engagement

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تعداد بازدید : 542 تعداد دانلود : 546
One of the important methods to increase organizational virtue is leadership, and leadership can increasingly be considered as a role to create differences, so among the theories that have been proposed to inspire and apply organizational virtue is the theory of authentic leadership. May it be considered the newest and most complete leadership approach that has been proposed in recent years. The purpose of this research is to prediction psychological well-being based on the perceived authentic leadership style and work engagement in the employees of Hablex factory in Qods Razavi province. The statistical population of the present research will include the employees of Hebelx factory in Astan Quds Razavi, whose number is 96 people. This research was descriptive type and correlation base,. The total sample society 77 persons selected by Cochran formula. To measure the research variables, three questionnaires deployed as below: psychological well-being (Ryff), work engagement (UTRECHT) and authentic leadership (Avolio). At the inferential level, the multivariate regression method was used to test the hypotheses. The results of the research showed that psychological well-being can be predicted based on the perceived authentic leadership style and job enthusiasm in the employees of Hablex factory in Qods Razavi province.