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طیبه خیاطان

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۱.

Comparison of the Quality of Life of Elderly Women and Men Living in Nursing Homes

کلید واژه ها: Elderly man Elderly Women Nursing home quality of life

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تعداد بازدید : ۵۲ تعداد دانلود : ۳۴
The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life of the elderly and compare it between men and women. In this cross-sectional study, four elderly homes in the city of Ardabil were randomly selected (two male elderly homes and two female elderly homes) and then 60 elderly (36 female and 24 male) They were asked to answer the SF-36 questionnaire and then the data were analyzed using SPSS 21 software and descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that the mean scores of elderly residents of Ardabil in the nursing home in each of the eight sub-scales of the quality of life questionnaire were lower than those of non-elderly people in similar research. Also, the mean scores of these people's quality of life were lower than other elderly people in other studies, and they only had higher scores in terms of energy-fatigue. Another finding of this study was that elderly men had significantly higher scores in energy-fatigue subscales (t = 2.73, p = 0.008), emotional well-being (t = 2/05, p = 0.04) and physical pain (t = 0.22, p = 0.05). According to the results, it seems that the elderly residents of the elderly homes of Ardebil are not well-positioned in terms of quality of life. Although it is inevitable to reduce the quality of life in old age, failure to address the conditions of the elderly and their quality of life can impose material and immaterial costs on the society and these people themselves.
۲.

The Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence with Life Satisfaction and General Health among Female Nurses

تعداد بازدید : ۴۸ تعداد دانلود : ۳۸
Spiritual intelligence is one of the types of intelligence that combines the concepts of intelligence and spirituality in a new sense. People with higher spiritual intelligence seem to have a better status in terms of mental health and life satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence with life satisfaction and general health among female nurses in Kermanshah. In this cross-sectional analytical study, 109 female nurses of Kermanshah hospitals were selected using convenience sampling method and completed Spiritual intelligence scale (SIS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation coefficient using SPSS software. The results showed that there was a positive and significant correlation between the subscale of perception and connection to universe of spiritual intelligence and life satisfaction (p<0.01) and a negative and significant correlation with general health and its subscales (p<0.01). Moreover There was a positive and significant correlation between the subscale of spiritual life and the reliance on the inner core of spiritual intelligence and life satisfaction (p<0.01) and there was a negative and significant correlation with general health and its subscales (p<0.01). According to the results, it seems that nurses with higher spiritual intelligence have higher levels of life satisfaction and are in better health condition. Spirituality training and spiritual intelligence classes can provide a source of support against the stress experienced by nurses.
۳.

Comparison of Mental Health in Students with Problematic Use of Mobile Phones and Normal Students

کلید واژه ها: general health Mobile Phone Problematic use of mobile phones

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۸۳ تعداد دانلود : ۷۳
The mobile phone by its entering to human’ life, has caused extensive changes, but sometimes cause problems as well. It seems that people who use the mobile phone in a problematic way are vulnerable to psychological damage. According to existing research, the purpose of this study was to compare the general health of students with problematic use of mobile phones and normal users. In this cross-sectional study, the study population was all students of Ardebil universities in 2013, out of which 116 were recruited using convenience sampling method. For collecting data, the Cell-Phone Over-Use Scale (COS) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS16 software.There was a positive and significant relationship between problematic use of mobile phones and general health (p<0.01). Also, there was a significant difference between two groups of problematic users and normal users of mobile phones in terms of general health (p<0.01). According to the results, students with problematic use of mobile phones have a lower general health level. Therefore, interventions to improve their health and reduce their problematic use of mobile phones should be considered.

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