Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology

Journal of Modern Psychology, Volume 3, Issue 4, Autumn 2023

مقالات

۱.

Factors Associated with Relapse from the Perspective of Drug Abusers in Self-Referral Centers Affiliated with the Welfare Organization for Addiction Treatment

کلید واژه ها: Abuse Addiction Drugs Relapse Self-referral

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۳ تعداد دانلود : ۳۳
Addiction is a complex and difficult issue, with relapses occurring in about 50 to 70 percent of addicts after quitting. To better understanding the factors associated with relapse, we conducted a study from the perspective of drug abusers in self-referral centers affiliated with the Welfare Organization of Bandar-e Anzali. Our sample consisted of 181 men referred to addiction treatment centers in Bandar-e Anzali in 1400. We used a researcher-made questionnaire to collect data on demographic information and factors related to relapse. Our findings revealed that associating with addicted and deviant friends (2.62%) was the most important factor associated with relapse from the perspective of addicts. Based on our results, we suggest that training and intervention for assertiveness (the skill of saying no) in front of friends and changing clients’ lifestyles, as well as teaching interpersonal relationships and moderation to family members after quitting drug use, are necessary.
۲.

Examining the Mediating Role of Emotional Self- Awareness in the Relationship between Moral Identity and Self- Defeating Behavior and Cognition

کلید واژه ها: Emotional Self-Awareness Moral identity Self-defeating behavior and cognition

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۹ تعداد دانلود : ۴۲
The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the mediating role of emotional self-awareness in the relationship between moral identity and self-defeating behavior and cognition. This research was descriptive-correlation based on structural equation modeling. 200 female students of the first secondary school in the villages of Roudbane city in the academic year 2022-2023 were selected using convenience sampling method and the research tools included the moral identity questionnaire (MIQ), self-defeating behaviors & cognitions scale (SDBCS) and self-awareness outcomes questionnaire (SAOQ). Data analysis was done using Pearson correlation and structural equations. The obtained findings showed that moral identity and emotional self-awareness have a direct effect on self-defeating behavior and cognition (p>0.001). Also, moral identity had an indirect effect on self-defeating behavior and cognition with the mediating role of emotional self-awareness (p>0.001). According to the results of the present research, more attention should be paid to the role of moral identity and emotional self-awareness in reducing students' self-defeating behaviors and cognitions.
۳.

Comparison of Male and Female Students in Personality Traits and Psychological Symptoms

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: Male and Female Students personality traits psychological symptoms

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۲ تعداد دانلود : ۲۶
Identifying some differences between men and women can be useful in guiding people in different areas of life. The present study was conducted with the aim of comparing male and female students in personality traits and psychological symptoms. This research is causal-comparative type. The research population was the students of Islamic Azadi University of Shiraz Branch, who were selected 250 girls and 250 boys by convenience sampling method and completed NEO Five-Factor Inventory-3 (NEO-FFI-3) and Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R). The data of the two groups were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance and SPSS-24 software. The findings showed that the score of male students is significantly higher than girls in the personality trait of openness to experience (P<0.001). In the personality traits of conscientiousness, extroversion and agreeableness, the score of female students was significantly higher than male students (P<0.05). Among the psychological symptoms, somatization, depression and anxiety among female students and hostility among male students were significantly higher (P<0.001). According to the results, it can be concluded that there are psychological and personality differences between men and women, which paying attention to them and guiding people based on them can help the future life of people in different fields.
۴.

The Effectiveness of the Life Skills Training on the Personal and Social Happiness of Adolescents

کلید واژه ها: adolescents happiness Life Skills Training

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۲ تعداد دانلود : ۲۷
Increasing the happiness of teenagers can provide a proper upbringing for the future generation of the country, and one of the ways to achieve this goal is to teach them life skills. This research was conducted with the aim of the effectiveness of the life skills training on the personal and social happiness of adolescents. This research is a quasi-experimental type with a pre-test-post-test design and a control group. 40 students from the second secondary level of Zanjan city were selected by convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into two experimental (n = 20) and control groups (n = 20), and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ) and the Social Happiness Questionnaire (SHQ) were administered to them as a pre-test and post-test. The life skills training course were conducted for eight sessions (180 minutes each session) on the experimental group, but no intervention was done on the control group during this period. Data were analyzed using covariance analysis and SPSS-23 software. The finding showed that the life skills training course has led to an increase in the personal and social happiness of adolescents (P<0.001). According to these findings, it can be concluded that life skills training as one of the important trainings can be effective in increasing the happiness of teenagers and determine the dynamics of the future generation of the country.
۵.

The Relationship between Depression with Cognitive Fusion and Defense Mechanisms

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: Cognitive fusion Defense mechanisms Depression

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۲ تعداد دانلود : ۲۲
Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses in the world, so it is important to know it as well as possible to design interventions to reduce it in society. The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the relationship between depression with cognitive fusion and defense mechanisms. This research is descriptive-correlation type. The research population was the students of Kashan University in the academic year of 2023-2024, and 350 of them were selected by convenience sampling method. Research tools included Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ) and Defense Mechanisms Questionnaire-40 (DSQ-40). Data analysis was done using SPSS-26 software and Pearson correlation coefficient. The obtained findings showed that depression is positively correlated with cognitive fusion and immature and neurotic defense mechanisms (P < 0.01). But the relationship between depression and mature defense mechanisms such as humor and sublimation was negative and significant (P < 0.01). These findings show that depression is related to unhealthy thought processes such as cognitive fusion and immature and neurotic defense mechanisms, and therefore attention should be paid to this issue in the field of treatment.
۶.

The Relationship between Social Capital with Environmental Protection Behaviors

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: culture Environmental Behavior Social capital

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۹ تعداد دانلود : ۲۴
Protecting the environment is one of the ways that the people of every society take to support the next generations, which due to population growth and technology, the biophysical environment is sometimes neglected. This research was conducted with the aim of investigating the relationship between social capital and environmental protection behaviors. The research population was all the students of Hamedan University in the academic year 2018-2019, and 150 of them were selected by convenience sampling method, and the research questionnaires included the Social Capital Questionnaire (SCQ) and the Environmental Behavior Questionnaire (EBQ). completed Data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficient and SPSS-22 software. The findings showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between social capital and its components with environmental protection behaviors (P<0.05). According to these findings, it can be concluded that by strengthening social capital, it can be expected that pro-environmental behaviors will increase and better conditions will be provided for the future generations of the country.