SUBJECT AND OBJECTIVES : Purpose in this paper is to examine the criticism, explore the main issues raised, show how these issues are related to contemporary philosophical discussions, and suggest how Sadra’s position might be defended. Two kinds of defense will be suggested: first, we can surmise from Sadra’s works how he might have responded to the criticism; second, we can consider how a position like Sadra’s could be defended in view of contemporary philosophy. METHOD AND FINDING : This research is a qualitative research with a critical analysis approach. One of the distinctive features of the philosophy of Mulla Sadra is his doctrine of the soul. He held that the soul evolves from the body. The human soul has its beginnings in material existence, but it evolves beyond the material and achieves eternal immateriality. CONCLUSION : The idea that the incorporeal soul as a seperable substance, might have begun its existence as a corporeal substance and then changed into an incorporeal substance has been criticized by Allamah Misbah. His criticism raises a number of issues in the philosophy of mind, metaphysics, and Islamic theology.
Manifesting the Meaning of Life in Wittgenstein's Early Ontology from the Perspective of Eternity(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
SUBJECT AND OBJECTIVES : Contemporary human, despite reaching the peak of development and enjoying significant scientific, advancements, do not seem particularly satisfied and content. The destructiveness of time, the fear of death, and the brevity of life are among the factors that contribute to the emergence of disillusionment and the proliferation of nihilistic thoughts in the modern world. The constant pursuit of material gains has failed to address deeper existential concerns. Therefore, there is a growing need to explore the profound aspects of life, such as the search for meaning and the quest for personal fulfillment, in order to alleviate existential pains and enhance the overall quality of human existence. In this regard, the main subject and objective of the present research are focused on the issue of life's meaningfulness and human longevity by finding tangible solutions to existential pains, improving the meaning and values of their lives. METHOD AND FINDING : This research, with an Analytical-Descriptive approach to examine the philosophical and existential theories of Ludwig Wittgenstein, particularly focusing on his early philosophy and exploring the constitutive components of meaning from his perspective in human life. CONCLUSION : The results of this research emphasize the importance of two fundamental elements, Aesthetics and Ethics, with a special emphasis on the metaphysical subject's eternal perspective, in creating a meaningful and purposeful life. These two components are considered as the highest means of expressing the real values of life and a solution for overcoming its challenges and difficulties, guiding humans towards a meaningful life.
A Critical Analysis of Machavelli's View on the Criterion of Moral Action based on the Anthropological Basics of Ayatollah Misbah Yazdi(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
SUBJECT AND OBJECTIVES : This article is to explain Machiavelli's view on the criterion of moral action and its evaluation based on the anthropological foundations of Ayatollah Misbah Yazdi. METHOD AND FINDING : The method of this article is descriptive-analytical and the findings of this article are: Machiavelli is a power-oriented philosopher who presented his moral opinions in the form of his political views. He believes that any kind of behavior and action can be used to achieve the goal of human power; But Ayatollah Misbah Yazdi believes, to determine the standard of goodness and ugliness of human actions, one must first gain a correct understanding of man, his existential dimensions, his happiness and misery, his perfection and ultimate goal. CONCLUSION : Machiavelli considers the main goal of life to be human power and considers human actions moral if they enable humans to achieve material power. From his viewpoint, power has inherent value and man can use any means to acquire it. On the other hand, Ayatollah Misbah Yazdi believes in acquiring spiritual and moral life. He believes that the goal does not justifies the means, and to attaining the human power strength, you cannot use any behavior and action to achieve the goals.
Effects of Education and Quality of Life on Family Divorce in Communities in Jambi Province, Indonesia (Panel Data Approach)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
SUBJECT AND OBJECTIVES : Families are formed as a result of marriages between women and men who love each other and are bound by a very strong contract, namely marriage. On the other hand, Divorce occurs because there is no agreement in solving problems in the household between husband and wife. Based on this, the question is, how does the level of education and quality of life of the community influence the family divorce rate? METHOD AND FINDING : This research is a quantitative panel data regression study, which is a combination of cross-action data from 9 districts/cities in Jambi Province and time series data from 2018-2021. The findings of the analysis show that the best model used to explain the effect of education and the Human Development Index (HDI) on family divorce rates in Jambi province is the Common Effect. CONCLUSION : Based on this model, the results are obtained: (1) there is a positive and significant influence between the level of education on the family divorce rate in Jambi Province. (2) there is a negative and significant effect of HDI on the family divorce rate in Jambi Province. (3) simultaneously education and HDI have a significant effect on family divorce in Jambi Province. In sum, synergy is needed between the government, the private sector, and the community in realizing a quality of life through increased employment opportunities, access to health, and comfort in life.
Chronicle the Hundred Historical Events of the America in the Iran and its Effect on the Backwardness of Society from 1921 to 2020 AD (Relying on the Resistance Logic in the International Law)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
SUBJECT AND OBJECTIVES : Every society along the way of its progress needs to create a favorable environment for the growth and well-being of people, and based on this environmental peace, the fields of progress are provided. Meanwhile, one of the factors that prevent the development of societies is the occurrence of environmental factors and the creation of hostilities by other countries. Issues such as war, terror, Sanction, etc. are among these issues that make the progress of any society difficult. This research, focusing on this issue, seeks to identify the factors behind the backwardness of Iranian society, which was created by the America. METHOD AND FINDING : In this research, by regarding a political philosophy approach, a descriptive research method of the case study and documents has been used to investigate the analytical history regarding; of course, considering the importance of America's confrontation in Iran's contemporary history during the last hundred years (1921-2020 AD), hundred historical events against Iran have been examined and subsequently, the strategy of resistance against sanctions in the international law system has been presented. CONCLUSION : The problems that America has created against Iran in contemporary history is a sign of a historical deviation. This behavior outside of diplomatic relations causes one country to impose all kinds of economic and non-economic pressures on another country, the result of which is the backwardness of the society, and the solution to face it is to strengthen the structure of the governance system.
Content Analysis of International Multidisciplinary Journal of Pure Life (IMJPL): Issues 23-32(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
SUBJECT AND OBJECTIVES : The purpose of this research is to analyze the content of the articles in the International Multidisciplinary Journal of Pure Life (IMJPL) and answer the question about the characteristics and specifications of the articles and the authors of the articles. METHOD AND FINDING : In the present research, the content analysis method is used as a descriptive method. The statistical population of this research is the ten published issues of the IMJPL since the journal was promoted to the rank and its articles became English i.e. number 23 to number 32, and the statistical sample of this research included 60 articles published in these issues. The unit of analysis, was the relevant topics of the 11-question checklists of this research in the quarterly articles. The method of this research was collected by referring to the titles and contents, citations of the articles, and the required information. The data were analyzed using collection tools and descriptive statistics such as data classification according to frequency distribution and frequency percentage using SPSS software version 26. CONCLUSION : 80% of the articles were written as a group, men are so active than women, and 19 are faculty members, also among the participating countries, Iran with 71 authors, 93% of qualitative articles, 82% were descriptive-analytical articles, Islamic Azad University and Al-Mustafa International University With ten authors, The Meaning of Life with 24 articles, keywords: life with 11 repetitions, had the most quantity and the qualitative analysis of the articles was also reviewed.