پرویز مفتون

پرویز مفتون

مدرک تحصیلی: دانشیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران- دانشکده زبان و ادبیات

مطالب

فیلتر های جستجو: فیلتری انتخاب نشده است.
نمایش ۱ تا ۲۰ مورد از کل ۴۶ مورد.
۱.

ارتقا سطح حرفه ای معلمان زبان با افزایش کفایت جمعی از طریق همکاری آنان در یک بستر غیرحضوری(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۱ تعداد دانلود : ۸
هدف از این مطالعه، بررسی تأثیر همکاری معلمان در یک بستر غیرحضوری طراحی شده برای کمک به ارتقا سطح حرفه ای آن ها از طریق افزایش کفایت جمعی بوده است. بدین منظور تحقیق کنونی تلاش دارد تا با در نظر گرفتن سهم خود در زمینه آموزش زبان، برای آماده سازی معلمان زبان در جهت ارتقا سطح حرفه ای آنان گام برداشته و بینش موثری ایجاد نماید. شرکت کنندگان تحت یک طرح شبه آزمایشی شامل سه مرحله پیش آزمون، مرحله آموزشی و پس آزمون قرار گرفتند. یافته ها نشان داد که همکاری در شبکه های اجتماعی به طور قابل توجهی کفایت جمعی معلمان را افزایش می دهد که به نوبه خود به پیشرفت حرف ه ای آن ها کمک می کند. براساس نتایج، مشارکت در حلقه های بحث مشارکتی، حرفه ای و انتقادی نقش موثری بر مؤلفه کفایت جمعی در ارتقا سطح حرفه ای معلمان زبان دارد و جنسیت، سن و سطح تحصیلات معلمان به طور متفاوتی بر رشد حرفه ای آن ها تأثیر می گذارد. نتایج این مطالعه در چارچوب نظریه های اجتماعی- سازنده و فعالیت مورد بحث قرار می گیرد.
۲.

Collaborative Discussion Circles: A Path towards Critical Language Teacher Development(مقاله پژوهشی دانشگاه آزاد)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۸
The advent of postmethod pedagogy has completely changed today's conceptualization of language teachers, and the importance of powerful teaching has increasingly gained momentum in the field of TESOL. However, contemporary English language teaching contexts suffer a dearth of a workable package to educate the much-needed autonomous postmethod language teachers who are able to have their own contextualized praxis. As such, the present research aims to nurture the required self-growth and self-development in language teachers through forming collaborative professional and critical discussion circles. Enjoying a mixed method research design whose quantitative section included a quasi-experimental design consisting of three phases--a pretest, an educational 12-week long treatment phase, and a posttest--the results of the study gained by two instruments, namely, the reflective teaching questionnaire developed by Akbari et al. (2010) and two similar language teaching episodes, bore witness to the significant changes in the level of reflectiveness of all 13 language teachers who partook in these discussion circles. Developmentally speaking, participating language teachers were found to initiate the whole process, direct it, and finally evaluate the new experiences further along the road. Hence the ideals of teacher development, self-growth and personal development, were accomplished through the study.
۳.

Learners’ Grammar Achievement via Oral and Writing Modalities in Cognitive and Ecological Perspectives: Recast in Focus(مقاله پژوهشی دانشگاه آزاد)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۳ تعداد دانلود : ۶
Language learners receive different types of corrective feedback during the process of second language acquisition. Recast, as an approach to corrective feedback, is one of the most-frequently error correction techniques in classroom contexts. A plethora of research has addressed recast; however, the present study focused on comparing learners’ grammar achievement via oral and writing modalities through two perspectives, cognitive and ecological, who received recast. One hundred and twenty language learners, all first-year college students at Islamic Azad University and Applied Science University in Tehran participated in this study. They were assigned to four groups. The participants in all groups were exposed to different instructional programs based on the cognitive and ecological perspectives to language learning orally or in writing, and all learners received recast orally. Results obtained by a pretest and a posttest indicated that all groups made progress in their grammar achievement, while there was a statistically significant difference between the groups in the posttest. The participants in the ecological group had higher gains of grammatical structures than those in the cognitive group. However, data analysis revealed that there was no statistically significant difference between two oral and writing groups in their grammar achievement.
۴.

Collaborative Flipped Learning through CALL: A Recipe for Realizing Social Presence in Virtual Learning Environments

تعداد بازدید : ۱۲۰ تعداد دانلود : ۲۶۴
From the dawn of the third millennium, the utilization of state-of-the-art technology for educational purposes, especially computers and the Internet, has become prevalent across the globe. In this regard, flipping EFL classes appears to be an effective approach to practicing second/foreign languages through computer-assisted language learning (CALL) in order to extend the class time to asynchronous activities outside the class, and make the students more autonomous and actively engaged in the painstaking process of language learning. However, this question merits consideration why many current CALL programs run and taught through flipped learning do not seem to take full advantage of collaborative learning and peer-assessment, specifically taking place in asynchronous channels of communication, namely threaded comment forms and discussion boards. The present study investigates the prospect of realizing social presence as a shared feeling of community among the learners by restructuring and optimizing the existing methods for flipping language classes. Employing a qualitative research based on grounded theory and data triangulation, the researchers recorded, transcribed and analyzed 41 semi-structured group and individual interviews with 44 participants attending an online IELTS preparation course on the first researcher’s website for over one year. Additionally, the same interview questions were posed in an open-ended questionnaire accessible to the participants from the website. The obtained results suggested that learner-centered flipped classes in which asynchronous student-driven content development and out-of-class peer-assessment through commenting and replying are adequately practiced can tremendously increase student interactivity, thereby fulfilling the sense of social presence.
۵.

The Effects of Noticing on Learners’ Grammar Achievements: Cognitive and Ecological Perspectives(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۳ تعداد دانلود : ۱۴
Despite a great number of studies exploring Schmidt’s noticing hypothesis in the cognitive perspective of language learning, the investigations focused on noticing in the ecological perspective are rather rare in number. The present study was an attempt to examine how noticing second language recast could affect the learners’ achievements of grammatical structures through these two perspectives (i.e., cognitive and ecological). To do so, one hundred and twenty first-year college students at Islamic Azad University and Applied Science University in Tehran took part in this study. The students were divided into two cognitive and ecological groups and received two different treatments. During the treatment, the learners in all groups received recast and their noticing was assessed through learners’ raising hands and underlining. In the end, a posttest was conducted to measure the effectiveness of the treatment. Data analysis revealed that the ecological perspective of language learning was more conducive to noticing and subsequent language learning. The study also made contributions by actualizing the ecological project-based meaningful activities, shedding light on the importance of affordance and interaction in the context of language learning.
۶.

Development and Validation of an English Language Teacher Professional Identity Scale (ELTPIS)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۹ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱
The notion of teacher professional identity has become a regular fixture in numerous theoretical and empirical studies in both mainstream and L2 teacher education. Consequently, a number of scales have been designed and developed to quantify this construct. To be sure, the extant instruments are general with regard to both context and subject matter, and this line of inquiry has not addressed the quantification of the concept in the ELT profession. The present study was, therefore, an attempt to provide a (re)conceptualization of L2 teachers’ professional identity through exploring its underlying components. To this end, an initial 61-item, self-assessment questionnaire was developed using a comprehensive review of the related literature and experts’ opinion. The trial scale was then administered to a sample of 676 ELT teachers. Results of exploratory factor analysis reduced the instrument to 42 items, leading to a six-factor model which indicated that L2 teacher identity includes: researching and developing one’s own practice; language awareness; institutional and collective practice; engaging learners as whole persons; appraising one’s teacher self; and sociocultural and critical practice. Confirmatory factor analysis substantiated the resultant six-factor model as a robust and valid tool for measuring ELT teachers’ professional identity.
۷.

Reflective Reciprocal Teaching: A Technique for Improving Iranian EFL Learners’ Reading Comprehension Ability

تعداد بازدید : ۶۵ تعداد دانلود : ۷۴
The primary aim of this study was to shed light on the impact of a new instruction model, reflective reciprocal teaching (RRT), on English as a foreign language learners' (EFL) reading comprehension ability. Its mode of inquiry was a mixed-method, and it took on a quasi-experimental design, including a pretest, treatment, and posttest paradigm. The sampling techniques were both convenience and random sampling by which 100 EFL freshman learners were selected and assigned into three groups of reflective reciprocal teaching (RRT), reciprocal teaching (RT), and control. Two tests, namely Oxford Quick Placement Test and Michigan English Language Assessment Battery, were used to measure EFL learners' proficiency level and reading comprehension ability in its quantitative phase. ANOVA was utilized to analyze the collected data. Also, during the next step, which aimed to explore the learners' perceptions of RRT instruction, semi-structured interviews were used to collect qualitative data. The results indicated that the RRT group outperformed the control group regarding their reading comprehension ability; however, the RT instruction did not significantly impact this issue. Accordingly, the qualitative data analysis findings indicated that self-regulated learning, perceived competence, metacognitive awareness, confidence, and intrinsic motivation were the significant results of the RRT instruction model, contributing to the learners' reading comprehension ability.
۸.

تأثیر رفتارهای حمایتی استقلال معلمان زبان بر آمادگی زبان آموزان برای کسب استقلال(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۴۵ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰۰
مطالعه حاضر به بررسی تاثیر رفتارهای حمایتی استقلال معلمان زبان انگلیسی بر آمادگی زبان آموزان برای کسب استقلال می پردازد. به این منظور، پرسشنامه آمادگی برای کسب استقلال در میان ۲۴۰ زبان آموز سطح متوسط در پنج آموزشگاه شهر کرمانشاه در ایران توزیع شد. سپس محققان چهار معلم را براساس هشت اصل ارتقا استقلال نظریه خودسازماندهی آموزش دادند و زبان آموزان شرکت کننده را به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل ۱۲۰ نفره تقسیم کردند. گروه آزمایش طی شش ماه تحت آموزش زبان توسط چهار معلم تعلیم دیده قرار گرفتند . پرسشنامه آمادگی برای کسب استقلال مجددا در دو گروه اجرا شد و نتایج آن با پرسشنامه اولیه مقایسه شد . نتایج تحلیل آمار نشان داد که رفتارهای حمایتی استقلال معلمان گروه آزمایش در پنج حوزه تغییر ایجاد کرده است که همگی اجزای مفهوم استقلال می باشند : مسولیت پذیری بیشتر ، شناخت خود به عنوان یادگیرنده، شناخت بهتر محیط یادگیری، آشنایی بیشتر با مراحل یادگیری، و آغازگری بیشتر در فعالیتهای منجر به یادگیری. کاربرد های آموزشی مورد بحث قرار گرفته اند.مطالعه حاضر به بررسی تاثیر رفتارهای حمایتی استقلال معلمان زبان انگلیسی بر آمادگی زبان آموزان برای کسب استقلال می پردازد. به این منظور، پرسشنامه آمادگی برای کسب استقلال در میان ۲۴۰ زبان آموز سطح متوسط در پنج آموزشگاه شهر کرمانشاه در ایران توزیع شد. سپس محققان چهار معلم را براساس هشت اصل ارتقا استقلال نظریه خودسازماندهی آموزش دادند و زبان آموزان شرکت کننده را به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل ۱۲۰ نفره تقسیم کردند.
۹.

The Effect of Scaffolded Written Corrective Feedback on Iranian EFL Learners’ Writing Quality: An Activity Theory Perspective

تعداد بازدید : ۱۱۵ تعداد دانلود : ۹۶
With the latest paradigm shift in SLA from Cognitivism to Sociocultural Theory (SCT), more studies are carried out to investigate the efficacy of Written Corrective Feedback (WCF) through a social and cultural lens. A more recent offspring of SCT is Activity Theory which provides an explanatory framework for scrutinizing an activity in a social setting. The present study aimed at investigating the impact of Scaffolded WCF within the framework of Activity Theory on Iranian EFL learners’ writing performance in terms of reduction of the learners’ writing errors with respect to the content, vocabulary, mechanics, organization, and grammar. Finally, different types of Activity Theory-based strategic mediations (i.e. artifact, rule, community, and role mediations) Iranian EFL learners employed in their writing revisions were investigated. Accordingly, 25 Iranian university-level students, through convenient sampling, were chosen to participate in the study. The treatment they received on their writings was a graduated Scaffolding WCF in their Zone of Proximal Development in the form of both peer and teacher feedback. The findings indicated that Scaffolded WCF statistically significantly contributed to the participants’ writing performance in terms of content, vocabulary, mechanics, organization, and grammar. With respect to the mediation strategies used by the learners, it was discovered that the learners benefitted from all the available mediators although with various degrees. It is hoped that the findings of this study will promise implications for promoting a teacher/learner-friendly method of providing WCF based on SCT, which can be utilized in large classes typical of Iranian EFL university courses.
۱۰.

Factors mediating noticing: An investigation into the impact of the complexity of target structures and learners' L2 proficiency level(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۲ تعداد دانلود : ۱۴
In order to establish the why of noticing, it is imperative to empirically explore the factors that potentially mediate noticing. This study aimed to explore two factors that are believed to affect noticing: the complexity of target structures and learners’ second language (L2) proficiency level. English relative clauses (RCs) were selected as the target structures, and Accessibility Hierarchy Hypothesis (AHH) was taken as the measure of the complexity of the RCs. A sample of 113 freshmen English language majors were selected as the participants of the study. A test of English RCs was developed as the placement test, and Key English Test (KET) was used to classify the participants into three groups of High (N=38), Mid (N=37), and Low (N=38) L2 proficiency level. Note-taking was used as the measure of noticing. After administering the RC test and the proficiency test, the participants were given a number of authentic reading texts containing instances of RCs and were required to take notes during reading activity. The non-parametric Friedman’s test demonstrated that the complexity of RCs positively affected the participants’ noticing while the non-parametric ANCOVA indicated that the participants’ L2 proficiency level had no significant effect on noticing. The findings of this study can be helpful to both teachers and material developers in providing learners with optimal conditions for noticing linguistic forms, which in turn, could facilitate L2 learning.
۱۱.

Hedges in English for Academic Purposes: A Corpus-based study of Iranian EFL learners

تعداد بازدید : ۸۷ تعداد دانلود : ۱۵۰
Hedges, as tools to express tentativeness and doubt, have been studied in plenty of research papers in the Iranian EFL research setting. However, their use in a learner corpus, portraying Iranian learner English, is in need of more research attention. With this end in view, this study aimed at investigating how Iranian EFL learners who have majored in English-related fields in Iran deployed hedges in their academic, expository essays. This study was conducted through running the corpus analysis software MonoConc Pro-Semester version 2.2 on the electronically compiled Iranian Corpus of Learner English, totaling 436,035 words. Automatic and manual analyses suggested that hedges comprised only 7.4% of the total metadiscourse in the Iranian Corpus of Learner English, with 0.68 occurrences per 1,000,000 words. In a comparable native corpus, a sub-corpus of the British Academic Written English, hedges were used with 1.43 occurrences per 1,000,000 words (21% of the total metadiscourse in the corpus). Log-likelihood statistical analysis confirmed statistically significant differences between the two corpora in terms of the use of hedges, with underuse of hedges in the Iranian academic, expository essays relative to the English natives’ essays. Implementations of the results for English academic writing instruction including genre-based, explicit teaching of hedges through data-driven techniques with the aid of tools such as AntConc software and corpora such as the BAWE are considered.
۱۲.

برنامه آموزش زبان انگلیسی تاثیر برنامه برشناخت دبیران مبتدی/ باتجربه ایرانی(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۷۴ تعداد دانلود : ۹۹
شناخت دبیر و آموزش زبان، بطور کلی از اهمیت بسیاری برخوردارند و بطور ویژه از نظر آموزش دبیر زبان اهمیت می یابد. هدف این پژوهش بررسی تاثیر برنامهء تربیت معلم بر شناخت (باور، دانش) دبیران زبان انگلیسی مبتدی/باتجربه در ایران است. پژوهشگران نمونه هدفمندی را با انتخاب 150 شرکت کننده از 5 واحد دانشگاه فرهنگیان در ایران دعوت به همکاری کردند. پژوهشگران پرسشنامه کامپیوتری شناخت را ساختند و اعتبار سنجی کردند که نشان دهندهء تفاوت معنادار بین باورهای دبیران مبتدی پیش و پس از آموزش بوده است. با این وجود، نتایج آزمون t زوجی، هیچ تفاوت آماری معناداری را بین باورهای دبیران با تجربه نشان نداد. مواد و محتوای آموزشی برای تمامی دبیران زبان انگلیسی که در دانشگاه فرهنگیان در ایران مشغول تحصیل بودند، مشترک بود. تحلیل یافته ها همچنین تفاوت معناداری را بین دانش دبیران مبتدی و باتجربه پس از آموزش نشان داد. پژوهش حاضر ممکن است کاربرد جذابی را برای مربیان زبان انگلیسی و مدرسان تربیت دبیری، تهیهء کنندگان مواد آموزشی و برنامه ریزان آموزشی داشته باشد.
۱۳.

بررسی رابطه واگویه، استدلال منطقی و دستاورد زبانی دانشجویان ایرانی از طریق تحلیل مسیر(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۱۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۹۶
پژوهش حاضر بر آن است تا ارتباط بین یکی از جنبه های اصلی نظریه اجتماعی فرهنگی ویگوتسکی (1978)، یعنی واگویه را، با استدلال منطقی و دستاورد زبانی دانشجویان ایرانی بررسی کند. این ارتباط مبتنی بر تعاملی پویا بین قدرت استدلال منطقی و واگویه دانشجویان وهمچنین ارتباط هریک از این ساختارها با دستاورد زبانی آن هاست. برای دستیابی به هدف پژوهش، 200 دانشجوی زبان انگلیسی از دانشگاه های مختلف ایران پرسش نامه هایی را تکمیل کردند. از شرکت کنندگان خواسته شد سه بخش از فعالیت ها (استنباط، استنتاج و ارزشیابی استدلال های منطقی) را از پرسش نامه «ارزیابی تفکر انتقادی واتسون گلیزر»ش (2010) انجام دهند. علاوه بر این، از آن ها خواسته شد به پرسش نامه «واگویه» طراحی شده توسط سیگریست (1995) پاسخ دهند. برای بررسی دستاورد زبانی، از شرکت کنندگان خواسته شد معدل خود را ذکر کنند. مدل سازی معادلات ساختاری برای تحلیل مدل براساس داده ها انجام شد. برای تعیین ناپیوستگی های شناساییشده در مدل، هر مسیر که نمایانگر روابط علی و معلولی است به طور مجزا بررسی شد. داده ها، پیش بینی های نظری در مورد رابطه بین استدلال منطقی و واگویه دانشجویان را تأیید می کنند. به علاوه، تحلیل داده ها نشان داد که واگویه دانشجویان با سه زیرمجموعه استدلال منطقی همبستگی مثبت و قدرت پیش بینی خوبی برای آن ها دارد. علاوه بر این، سه مؤلفه استدلال منطقی به شکل مؤثر و مثبتی میزان دستاورد زبانی دانشجویان ایرانی را پیش بینی می کنند. در نهایت می توان نتیجه گرفت که واگویه می تواند همبستگی غیرمستقیم و مثبتی با دستاورد زبانی دانشجویان داشته باشد.
۱۴.

The Effects of Systemic-Theoretical Instruction on Developing Iranian EFL Learners’ Explicit and Implicit Knowledge of Tense-Aspect System

تعداد بازدید : ۶۶ تعداد دانلود : ۱۷۱
This study aimed to investigate the effects of Systemic Theoretical Instruction (STI), grounded in Socio-cultural Theory and proposed by Gal’perin, on developing Iranian EFL learners’ knowledge of English tense-aspect system. To this end, two low-intermediate classes, including 24 and 21 language learners aged between 12-19, were taught the distinction between simple past and present perfect tense through STI and traditional method of grammar instruction. The learners sat for a pretest one week before the treatment and an immediate and delayed posttest, one and three weeks after the instruction, respectively. The tests included binary-choice and gap-filling items to evaluate the learners’ explicit knowledge of the target tense-aspect pairings and elicited imitation test items to check their implicit knowledge. The results obtained from a series of independent and paired-sample t-tests revealed a significant improvement for both groups in the immediate posttest both in terms of the entire test and its subcomponents suggesting that both types of instruction were effective in improving the learners’ implicit and explicit knowledge of the target forms in the short term. However, the significant outperformance of the STI group compared to the traditional group implied the superiority of this method. Moreover, the STI group generally outperformed the traditional group in the delayed posttest indicating the possibility of having a more lasting effect on developing learners’ knowledge when compared to the traditional method. These findings can have significant implications for teachers and materials developers in practicing the assumptions of more innovative approaches such as STI.
۱۵.

The Effect of High School English Teachers' Awareness of Pedagogical Competence on Students' Learning Achievements(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۹۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۳۴
The study examined the impact of high school English teachers’ awareness of pedagogical competence on student learning. A psychometric measurement instrument of English language teachers’ pedagogical competence (ELTPC) was first developed through factor analysis with 320 high school teachers in Guilan, northern Iran. Based on the developed instrument, 36 teachers were divided into two groups of aware and unaware teachers of pedagogical competence (PC) according to Contrasting Groups Method. Then, 160 high school third graders received instruction from the aware and unaware teachers for 7 weeks. Finally, a survey regarding the teachers’ implementation of pedagogical competence in classrooms was conducted with 30 students. The findings showed that the students in the aware teacher group outperformed the students in the unaware group of teachers. Although based on the survey results, the aware teachers were reported to act better with regard to the students’ learning achievements, they were not reported as highly practicing the pedagogical competence. The findings can be practically used by teachers, teacher educators, and education administrators.
۱۶.

Towards an Operational Definition of Critical Thinking(مقاله پژوهشی دانشگاه آزاد)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۰۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۸۰
This paper offers a state-of-the-art working definition for the concept of Critical Thinking (CT hereafter) in an attempt to provide a framework for the development of an operational definition for this complex concept. Having studied various definitions and models, proposed for CT by major figures in the field, the key defining features of this rich concept were identified and classified. Based on these key descriptors, a working definition consisting of three main components namely Mind Analysis , Data Evaluation , and Thinking in Education has been proposed and then each dimension of this definition is defined and elaborated further so that the complexity of the concept could be framed in an extended model. The elaborated conception of CT proposed in this paper seeks to include the core elements of CT so that it can be expandable into an operational definition with measurable items. There are two main reasons for conducting this research: Firstly, CT has evolved into a multifaceted construct with a broad range of cognitive abilities and intellectual dispositions. Secondly, although CT has been recognized as a significant concept in education, its full potential has not been achieved yet.
۱۷.

An Activity Theory Perspective on the Role of Cooperative Assessment in the Reading Comprehension of Iranian EFL Learners(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۳۳ تعداد دانلود : ۱۴۳
Reading comprehension has recently been reconceptualized in EFL reading instruction to foreground the importance of putting a social perspective on learning. Developed as a crucial aspect of Vygotskian sociocultural theory, activity theory views reading as a socially-mediated activity, for which the prerequisite cognitive processes are distributed among teacher, individual reader, other students, and artifacts (Cole & Engeström, 1993). Given that cooperation and division of labor are the central tenets of activity theory, this study aimed at investigating whether assessing cooperative learning had a decisive effect on the reading comprehension of Iranian EFL learners. To this end, 60 sophomores majoring in English translation at Islamic Azad University, Tehran Central Branch, were selected as the participants of the study. The reading instruction was geared to cooperative learning based on the elements of activity theory. Over the course of 12 weeks, both the process and products of cooperative reading were self-, peer-, and instructor-assessed. The findings indicated that assessing cooperative reading through the lens of activity theory had a significant effect on the participants’ reading comprehension. In addition, there was a statistically significant difference between the products of cooperative reading in predicting the participants’ reading comprehension posttest scores. Furthermore, the results showed that the participants held favorable perception toward activity theory-based cooperative assessment. The findings are hoped to shine a light on collective reading and highlight the need for more innovative constructivist approaches to EFL reading in Iran.
۱۸.

Perceptual Learning Style Preferences and Computer-Assisted Writing Achievement within the Activity Theory Framework(مقاله پژوهشی دانشگاه آزاد)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۴۷ تعداد دانلود : ۱۳۶
Learning styles are considered among the significant factors that aid instructors in deciding how well their students learn a second or foreign language (Oxford, 2003). Although this issue has been accepted broadly in educational psychology,further research is required to examine the relationship between learning styles and language learning skills. Thus, the present study was carried out to investigate the relationship between the perceptual learning style preferences and the participants’ writing achievement after receiving instruction based on computer-assisted language learning within the activity theory framework. For this purpose, 67 students majoring in English translation at a university in Iran were selected as the participants of the study based on their performance on a version of The Oxford Placement Test. A correlational research design was employed using a writing pretest and posttest and a style preference questionnaire. The writing instruction was based on an e-learning platform designed according to the activity theory framework. The results indicated lack of significant relationship between the participants’learning style preferences and theirwriting achievement. It was also found that there was no significant difference in the writing achievement of the participants across different learning style preferences.  
۱۹.

The Effect of System-Nested, Genre-Oriented, Structurally-Mediated Writing Instruction on Academic Writing Motivation of Iranian EFL Learners(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۸۱ تعداد دانلود : ۶۷
The present study set out to investigate the effect of a newly-developed model of writing instruction in comparison with Swalesian genre approach, and the traditionally-favored product-oriented approach on Academic Writing Motivation of Iranian EFL learners. The devised model was called System-Nested, Genre-Oriented, Structurally-Mediated Model of Writing Instruction. Next, with a quasi-experimental design, three groups of learners received writing instruction via traditionally-favored product-oriented approach (N = 8), Swales’ genre-based approach (N = 8), and the newly-developed model (N = 7). The participants received an academic writing motivation questionnaire prior and subsequent to their treatments as pretest and posttest. The results of ANCOVA revealed that the participants in the newly developed model group outperformed the other two groups on the posttest of writing motivation. Additionally, the learners in the Swalesian genre approach group performed significantly better than those in the product-oriented approach group. Language teachers are encouraged to incorporate the system-nested, genre-oriented, structurally-mediated model of writing instruction or other genre-based models to improve learners’ academic writing motivation.
۲۰.

The Effect of System-Nested, Genre-Oriented, Structurally-Mediated Model (SGSM) of Writing Instruction, and Swalesian Model (SM) upon Iranian Learners’ Writing Performance: A Comparative Study(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۳۸ تعداد دانلود : ۱۷۲
The purpose of the present study was first to offer a tentative solution to the problems observed in writing pedagogy in Iran by devising a more comprehensive approach to genre-based writing instruction. In the second phase, a quasi-experimental research design was adopted to determine how effective the model was in writing instruction, compared with the traditional, product-oriented approach, as well as Swales’ genre-based approach. The participants were selected randomly and then divided into three groups: A control group (CG) (N=8) that received product-oriented instruction, Swales’ model (SM) group (N=8), and the system-nested, genre-oriented, structurally mediated model (SGSM) group (N=7). The results obtained through One-way ANOVA revealed that the SM group outperformed the CG group on the posttest of writing. Moreover, the SGSM group outperformed the other two groups on the posttest of writing. The pedagogical and theoretical findings of the study were then discussed.

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