Iranian Journal of Health Psychology

Iranian Journal of Health Psychology

Iranian Journal of Health Psychology, Volume 5, Issue 2 - Serial Number 12, Spring 2022 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Psychometric Properties of (Bare) Scale: A Systematic Review Protocol(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: systematic reviews Protocol Psychometric properties brief accessibility responsiveness and engagement (BARE) scale

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 533 تعداد دانلود : 805
Background: The Brief Accessibility, Responsiveness and Engagement (BARE) Scale, is a short self-report questionnaire that measures the key behaviors of attachment system. It can be easily administered by both clinicians and researchers of different domains as the dyadic relationship of attachment and mental/physical health has proved by a vast majority of studies. To our knowledge, there is no measure that specifically focuses on couple attachment. Furthermore, we could not find any systematic review and/or meta-analysis which have been conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties of BARE. Methods/design: Two independent reviewers will search comprehensively through relevant databases and also grey literature. Information will be analyzed by means of priori defined criteria by Two of reviewers. Seemingly, data will be extracted from the full texts of included studies based on a set of data extraction form in accordance with the related psychometric information. The methodological quality of studies on the development and validation of BARE will be assessed using consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist. Finally, the psychometrics of this tool, will then be analyzed using predefined criteria. Result. Systematic review with meta-analyses involving multidimensional outcomes. Discussion: In this protocol, we have briefly described our method for conducting a systematic review in order to measuring the psychometric properties of BARE. All of reasons call for exploring psychometric properties of BARE discussed comprehensively in introduction. It is a first and crucial step to formulate the recommendations every researcher either a clinician needs in work with couples. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42020210098
۲.

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Training on Adherence to Medication and Proper Food Consumption in Patients with Diabetes Type 2(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Mindfulness-based stress reduction Adherence to medication Proper food consumption diabetes

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تعداد بازدید : 252 تعداد دانلود : 639
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on adherence to appropriate treatment and food intake in patients with type 2 diabetes. The research design was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test with control group and 3-month follow-up period. The statistical population of this study consists of all people with type 2 diabetes admitted to the Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases Clinic in Tehran, whose number was equal to 73 people. To conduct an experimental study with two groups (experimental and control) by selecting 15 subjects for each group can achieve a test power of 0.88. The sample sizes were divided into two experimental groups (n = 15) and a control group (n = 15) by available sampling. Inclusion and exclusion criteria are type 2 diabetes with a doctor's approval, at least one year of illness, and absence of more than 2 sessions in treatment sessions. The general compliance questionnaire (GAS) and the feed frequency questionnaire (FFQ) were administered to both groups. The control group waited and the mindfulness intervention for the experimental node was performed in 8 sessions of 90 minutes. Research data were analyzed using descriptive statistics using repeated measures analysis of variance. The results showed that mindfulness training based on stress reduction, adherence to treatment and proper nutrition of patients with type 2 diabetes has significantly increased (P0.05) and this increase has remained constant over time.
۳.

Effectiveness of Problem Solving Training on Happiness and Rational Coping Style of Addicts to Methamphetamine(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: happiness problem solving training coping styles addicts methamphetamine

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تعداد بازدید : 42 تعداد دانلود : 13
A B S T R A C T Objective: Depressive mood along with boredom and unhappiness is one of the main consequences of addiction treatment and investigating the reduction strategies is of absolute and sheer necessity. The present research aims to investigate the effectiveness of problem solving training program in happiness and coping style of individuals suffering from drug abuse. Methods: Therefore, in a semi-experimental study, the addicted individuals having low rate of happiness (N=36) were selected through random cluster multi-stratified sampling and assigned into the experimental and control groups. Both groups were measured by Oxford Happiness Inventory and Coping Styles Questionnaire and the experimental group underwent problem solving skills training. Results: the results of covariance analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient, variance analysis with repeated measure and t-test indicated that, happiness level (Eta square=.24) and coping style (Eta square=.31) of the experimental group has increased and there is between-group difference in three stages of intervention at 99% of significant level. It can also be concluded that, there is significant relationship between rational coping style (.57), detached coping style (.47) and the increase of happiness in subjects. Moreover, there is significant and negative relationship between emotional coping style (-.41), avoidance coping style (-.35) and the decrease of happiness among the subjects. Increased rate of happiness and rational coping skills were observed in the experimental group. The more the individual uses rational and detached styles, the more his/her happiness is and the more s/he uses emotional and avoidance coping styles, the less her/his happiness is.
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The role of Orthodontic Treatment on Patient’s Mental Health, Body Image, and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life Orthodontic Treatment and its Effects on Psychological Factors(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Orthodontic treatment mental health Body image oral health-related quality of life

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 391 تعداد دانلود : 633
Objectives: The present study has investigated the role of orthodontic treatment on patient’s mental health, body image and oral health-related quality of life. Method: In this quasi-experimental study a sample of 90 patients referring to orthodontic clinics in the city of Kermanshah were selected using purposive sampling method and then they were assessed before and 6 months and one year after undergoing orthodontics via the “The Symptom Checklist-90-R” (SCL-90-R), “Multidimensional Body–Self Relations Questionnaire” (MBSRQ), and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Data were analyzed using one way analysis of variance. Results: patients reported less obsessive compulsion, hostility and paranoid ideation symptoms on (SCL-90-R), after six months and one-year treatment (P ˂ 0.05). In addition, the comparison of scores before and after treatment showed that there was significant difference in appearance evaluation and body areas satisfaction dimensions of MBSRQ (P ˂ 0.05). Also, there were significant different found on physical disability, psychological disability, social disability and total score of OHIP-14 before and after treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion: This quasi-experimental study highlights orthodontic treatment role on mental health body image and oral health-related quality of life in patients with dental problems.
۵.

Psychological Distress Based on Cognitive, Metacognitive, and Meta-Emotional Components in Cancer Patients(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Cancer Psychological distress emotional schemas metacognitive factors cognitive factors

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 724 تعداد دانلود : 70
Introduction: the role of cognitive, metacognitive and metaemotional factors in psychological distress has been clearly confirmed. The current research study aims to examine a psychological distress model based on intolerance of uncertainty and emotional schemas of cancer patients with the mediating role of metacognitive beliefs and cognitive avoidance. Method: regarding the methodology, the present study relies on correlation and structural equation modeling. The study sample included 300 cancer patients who visited various hospitals in Tehran and completed the questionnaires of uncertainty intolerance, stress, depression and anxiety, emotional schemas, metacognitive beliefs, and cognitive avoidance. Results: findings demonstrated that the proposed model has appropriate fitness among cancer patients. Also, the relationship between mediating variables and endogenous and exogenous variables is significant. The variables under investigation explained 46 percent of psychological distress variance in the patients. Conclusion: Psychological distress in cancer patients is affected by interaction of excessive emotional states, intolerance of uncertainty, such as metacognitive beliefs and emotional schemas.
۶.

Survey of Psychopathological Profile in Cured Patients of COVID-19 Disease(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: COVID-19 disease Psychopathological Profile Personality Psychopathology Psychoneuroimmunology Covid-19 cured patients

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 988 تعداد دانلود : 551
Objective: The outbreak of Coronavirus disease 2019, as an epidemic widespread disease has led people to physical and psychological problems as well. Recent studies about the psychological effects of COVID-19 has shown that, health anxiety and also negative emotions due to COVID-19 epidemic, has influenced patient’s health both physically and mentally. This study aimed to survey the psychopathology and personality psychopathology profile of cured patients of COVID-19 disease and also the important factors related to infectious and recovering process of patients in Iran. Method: 30 cured patients of COVID-19 were chosen randomly and voluntarily, and answered the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory- 2nd restructured form (MMPI-2-rf) questionnaire. Results: The study showed that cured patients of COVID-19 are normal in psychopathology and personality psychopathology scales of MMPI-2-rf. As there were no observed abnormality in psychopathology and personality psychopathology profile of patients. The study also showed that cured patients of COVID-19 disease suffer from somatic/cognitive problems such as head pain, gastrointestinal and neurological problems. Conclusion: Anxiety, depression, negative emotions and also low positive emotions are important factors in not only the infectious but also the recovering process of COVID-19 disease. As the negative emotions and fears are important factors in infectious to COVID-19, Self-Control and normality in the psychopathological profile are important factors in recovering process. Keywords: COVID-19, Psychopathology, Personality Psychopathology, Profile, MMPI-2-rf
۷.

Modeling Quality of Life Based on Perceived Stress and Distress Tolerance of the Elderly in Ilam: The Mediating Role of Hardiness(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: stress Distress Hardiness quality of life Elderly

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 947 تعداد دانلود : 760
Objective: This study aimed to model quality of life based on perceived stress and distress tolerance of the elderly in Ilam: The mediating role of hardiness. This applicable study conducted through descriptive-structural equation modeling. Method: The statistical population was elderly people of Ilam city (N=9496) during 2020. The sample size calculated using Power-G software (2007) as 384 cases. The sample selected by aim oriented sampling method based on inclusion criteria in public places of Ilam city. Participants completed the standard questionnaires of the quality of life World Health Organization (1996), Cohen Perceived Stress (1994), Distress Tolerance Scale of Simmons and Gohar (2005), and the Kobasa hardiness Questionnaire (1982). Data analyzed in SPSS25 and Amos -25 software. Results: The results showed that there is a significant relationship between perceived stress, distress tolerance, and hardiness with the quality of life of the elderly in Ilam city. Similarly, there is a significant relationship between perceived stress and distress tolerance with Hardiness. Conclusion: The results of the structural equation model showed hardiness has a mediating role in the relationship between quality of life with distress tolerance and perceived stress. They have a total, direct, and indirect effect on variables

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