Iranian Journal of Health Psychology

Iranian Journal of Health Psychology

Iranian Journal of Health Psychology, Volume 5, Issue 4 - Serial Number 14, Autumn 2022 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Coping with divorce in men: a scoping review protocol(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Divorce men Physical Health mental health copings

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 274 تعداد دانلود : 432
Divorce is one of the most major stressors in life . has potentially negative consequences for mental and physical health. So, One’s ability to cope with divorce breeds in more general health. the focus of studies is more concentrated on the effects of divorce on children and women, while the consequences of this phenomenon on men are regrettably neglected. researches showed that divorced men are at highly significant risk for early death based on the cumulative number of years that men lived as divorcees. hypertension is mainly known as a consequence of distress among divorced men. A limited number of heterogeneous researches have concentrated on the experience of divorce in men. However, they are heading for more negative consequences and sometimes the positive consequences are neglected. to eliminate these shortcomings, the Scoping review method will be used for running an exploratory study on the current heterogeneous literature and It will be useful for future research
۲.

Causal relationship between Self-Compassion and Psychological Capital with Corona Anxiety: Mediating Role of Empathy(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: Self-compassion Psychological Capital Empathy Corona Anxiety

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 820 تعداد دانلود : 341
Objective: The Coronavirus not only affects physical health, but the outbreak of this virus can also have devastating psychological effects. To treat and diagnose, these impacts should be identified. This study aimed to the mediating role of empathy in relationship between self-compassion and psychological capital with corona anxiety. Method: The research method was correlation of the type path analysis. The population of this study included all Undergraduate Students Poldokhtar Higher Education Center (450 student) who were studying during the academic year of 2020-2021. 210 male students participated in this study online and responded to Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS; Alipour & et al., 2020), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS; Neff, 2003), Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ; Luthans et al., 2007)and Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1983). The research method used was casual modeling. Results: The results showed that the proposed model has a good fit with the data of this study (RMSEA = 0.001, GFI = 1.00, AGFI = 0.98, CFI = 1.00). The results showed that the psychological capital had a direct effect on corona anxiety (β = -0.16, p<0.05); but Self-compassion did not have a direct effect on corona anxiety (p>0.05). Self-compassion had a direct effect on empathy (β = 0.32, p<0/01); but psychological capital did not have a direct effect on empathy (p>0/05). Also, empathy had a direct effect on corona anxiety (β = -0.29, p<0/01). Indirect pathway results showed that only Self-compassion mediated by empathy could reduce corona anxiety (p<0/01). Conclusions: According to the results, students with higher psychological capital and empathy experience less corona anxiety, and on the other hand, the more self-compassion increases, the more empathy improves, which results in a decrease in corona anxiety. Therefore, through education and promotion of self-compassion, empathy can be increased and the severity of corona anxiety in students can be reduced.
۳.

The COVID-19 Anxiety and Psychological Well-being Following Resilience- Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (R-CBT)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Coronavirus disease stress well-being cognitive behavioral therapy Resilience

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 15 تعداد دانلود : 267
Objective: This study attempted to use resilience-based cognitive-behavioral intervention (R-CBT) through online learning to reduce COVID-19 anxiety and improve psychological well-being. Method: Fourteen Payame Noor University Telephone Counseling Center students with Corona anxiety, who were selected by volunteer sampling, received nine sessions of R-CBT using a learning management system (LMS). The participants completed the Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (Alipour et al.020) and Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-being (Ryff, 1989) in pre-test, post-test, and follow-up. Finally, the data were analyzed using repeated measures. Results: The results demonstrated the significant effect of R-CBT on COVID-19 anxiety and psychological well-being (p<0.0001). LSD post-hoc test indicated a significant difference (p<0.05) among the pre-test, post-test, and follow-up stages regarding COVID-19 anxiety. Accordingly, the level of anxiety decreased in the post-test and follow-up stage. The results also revealed a significant difference among pre-test, post-test, and follow-up stages in regarding psychological well-being (p<0.05) . Accordingly, the level of psychological well-being increased in the post-test and follow-up stage. However, no significant difference was observed between the post-test and follow-up stages, which highlighted the non-stability of the effect of the intervention over time. Conclusion: According to the results, it could be concluded that online sessions of R-CBT were effective likewise in-person sessions and could be used in pandemic conditions or long-distance therapy to improve psychological condition of anxious patients .
۴.

The Effect of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (MBCT) on Perceived Stress, Disease Adaptability, Quality of Life, and Cognitive Functions in Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy Perceived stress disease adaptation quality of life Cognitive functions

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 615 تعداد دانلود : 315
Objective: This study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive-behavioral therapy on the perceived stress, disease adaptation, quality of life, and cognitive function of patients undergoing chemotherapy. Method: The design of the study was semi-experimental with a pretest-post test and control group. The statistical population of this study was all patients with sarcoma-lymphatic and gastrointestinal cancer undergoing chemotherapy in Firoozgar-Taleghani-Shariati specialized hospitals in Tehran in the second half of 2021. The study sample consisted of 40 patients with cancer who were selected through convenience sampling and then were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (20 in each group). The therapy was performed by the researcher for eight 90 minutes –sessions, two sessions per week. Research data were collected using Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale, Watson's disease adaptability, Barclay's cognitive functions, and quality of life questionnaires, and were analyzed by multivariate repeated measures variance analysis. Results: The results showed a significant difference in all variables, and demonstrated that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy significantly improved perceived stress, disease adaptation, quality of life, and cognitive functions of participants in the experimental group in the post-test and follow-up. Conclusion: According to the research findings, it can be concluded that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy is effective in improving the psychological indicators of cancer patients.
۵.

The Effectiveness of Group Logotherapy on Psychological Distress and Belief in a Just World in MS Patients(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Logotherapy Psychological distress Belief in a just world MS Patients

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 329 تعداد دانلود : 170
Objective: The present study aims to investigate the effectiveness of group logotherapy on psychological distress and belief in a just world in M.S patients. Method: This is a quasi-Experimental study with both control and experimental group. The statistical population of this study was 583 MS patients in Ilam city in 1400. According to the quasi-Experimental research method with the control and experimental group, the number of samples was estimated to be 30 (15 in the control group and 15 in the Experimental group) who were selected by the Iranian MS Society through the introduction of the members of the association. sampling was done as a convenient method. To measure the variables, Kessler's Psychological Distress Assessment Questionnaire (K10), and the Fair World Belief Questionnaire were used by Sutton & Douglas (2005), Dalbert (1999), and Dalbert et al. (2001). The therapeutic intervention in this study was a group logotherapy package for MS patients, and treatment sessions (based on Mohammadi, E-Fard, and Heidari's dual therapy package, 2019). Spss24 software and Covariance or ANCOVA test were used to analyze the data. Results: This study showed a noteworthy contrast between the Experimental and control groups in terms of psychological distress and belief in a just world with a 95% certainty level. Subsequently, two primary theories of affirmation and zero suspicion were rejected. Conclusion: It was found that group logotherapy is compelling to mental trouble and belief in a just world in MS patients.
۶.

Investigating the Effects of Perceived and Actual Body Ratings on Marital Life(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Actual Beauty Disturbance Perceived Beauty Physical Disorders Sexual Self-Esteem

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 561 تعداد دانلود : 109
Human identity and sense of self are heavily dependent on the body and its physical attributes. Accordingly, human evaluation of these physical characteristics affects thought, feeling, attitudes, perception and behavior, and bring about a diverse array of consequences. Though research findings have revealed that body image is associated with a number of mental, psychological, and behavioral deficiencies in life, the effect of this construct on variables of marital quality of conflicting couples is rarely investigated. Thus, the current research was an attempt to investigate the relationship between body image disturbance (BID) and two of its related sub-constructs, i.e. perceived partner’s ideal beauty (PPIB) and actual partners rating (APR) with sexual self-esteem (SEE) and quality of marital relationship (QMR). To this aim, 73 conflicting couples were selected through convenience and purpose sampling from a population of subjects referred to a counseling center in the city of Qom. These participants were administered appropriate scales on different variables. The data were collected and analyzed through SPSS. The results of Pearson’s correlation revealed a strong, negative correlation between the BID and the SEE, which was statistically significant (r = -.897, n = 73, p = .000). Also, a multiple regression analysis showed that both PPIB and APR statistically significantly predicted SSE, F (2, 70) = 145.927, p < .0005, R2= 0.807 and QMR, F (2, 70) = 97.758, p < .0005. R2= 0.736. It was concluded that in spite of a meager difference between husbands’ and wives’ views about body image, this variable and the two sub-constructs associated with it correlated with SEE and served as statistically significant predictors of SEE and QMR. These findings have implications for psychologists, psychotherapists, and counselors.

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