Iranian Journal of Health Psychology

Iranian Journal of Health Psychology

Iranian Journal of Health Psychology, Volume 2, Issue 1 - Serial Number 3, June 2019 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

The effectiveness of the schema therapy on depression and relapse in Heroin-dependent individuals(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: Schema therapy Depression Addiction Relaps

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 717 تعداد دانلود : 819
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of schema therapy on depression and relapse in heroin-dependent men. Method: This research was a semi-experimental study with pretest-posttest design with control group. To perform this research among people who referedto Tehran addiction treatment clinic in October to February 2017, 40 referees were selected and randomly assigned to experimental (20) and control groups (20). In this study, the experimental group received the Yang Scheme Program for 10 sessions of 90 minutes, while the control group was on the waiting list for the treatment. Participants completed a Beck Depression Inventory and a urine test to measure the substance in the pre-test and post-test phases. Analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data. Results: The results showed that in the post-test stage, schema therapy could significantly reduce depression and relapse rate in heroin- dependent men compared to control group. Conclusion: Schema therapy as a leading method in the field of cognitive-behavioral therapy has therapeutic benefits for heroin addicts and is effective in reducing the relaps problem.
۲.

The Role of Emotion Failures and Social Well-being in Predicting Violence Against Women(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: emotion failures Social well-being violence Women mental health

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 986 تعداد دانلود : 929
Background:The aim of this research was to study the role of emotion failures and social well-being in predicting violence against women. Materials and Methods:This research was descriptive and correlational. The population under study was all women applicants for divorce in Ardabil city in 2016 from among whom 106 were selected by available sampling method. Tools of data collection were the scale of violence against women, and questionnaires of alexithymia and social well-being. Data analysis was done through Pearson correlation and Multiple Linear regression. Results:The results indicated that there was a significant positive correlation between alexithymia and violence against women (P<0/05). Moreover, there was a significant negative relationship between social well-being and violence against women (P<0/05). The results of regression analysis showed that 64 percent of the variance of violence against women was significantly explained by emotion failures and social well-being variables. Conclusions:According to the findings it can be concluded that the recognition of emotions at the individual level as well as the identification and description of emotions and awareness of emotions can be effective in improving couples' relationships and reducing family violence. Besides, contributing ourselves in the family and society and accepting the community and its members with its weaknesses and strengths and having effective relations with close people and supporting people leads to a reduction in violence against women.
۳.

Cognitive Remediation in Diabetics with Combining Mindfulness-based Relaxation and Trans-cranial Electrical Stimulation(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Executive Functions Memory MBR CES type 2 diabetes

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 631 تعداد دانلود : 894
Objective: The present research aimed to determine the pure and combined effect of both techniques of mindfulness based-relaxation (MBR) and Transcranial Electrical Simulation (tCES) on decreasing prospective and retrospective memory errors and failure of executive functions of patients with type 2 diabetes. Method: The study is a randomized three-group double-blind clinical trial with repeated measures designs. The sample of the study consisted of 30 patients selected with convenience and purposive sampling method from Diabetes Association of Bonab city, and they were randomly assigned to the three groups of 10 subjects: MBR, CES, MBR+CES groups; and they received interventions related to their group in 10 individual sessions. All patients were assessed by the Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale (BDEFS) and Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ), before and after the intervention, and one month after the intervention. Result: The results of split-plot analysis of variance (SPANOVA) indicated the change of the mean of retrospective and prospective memory over time, and the change of prospective memory over time in different groups. The results of covariance analysis and the post hoc test of Ben Foruni indicated that in the follow-up phase, the prospective memory errors in the MBR+CES group were significantly lower than both the MBR and CES group (P <0.05). Conclusion: The results of the study provide many theoretical and practical implications for improving the cognitive function of type 2 diabetic patients following MBR and CES therapeutic techniques.
۴.

A study on Chronic Pain and Sleep Quality in Mothers(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: chronic pain mothers Sleep Quality Pain intensity medical problems

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 754 تعداد دانلود : 921
Objective: Chronic pain is one of the most important medical problems that affect many people every year. The highest prevalence of chronic pain is in adulthood. Sleep problems are one of common symptoms of chronic pain. The aim of this study was to compare sleep quality in mothers with chronic pain and healthy mothers. Methods: This study was comparative and its statistical population was included all women referred to the Pain Clinic of Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Among them, 159 persons were selected using convenience sampling method. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Von korff Pain Intensity Scale and demographic information Form were used to collect data. Data analysis was done using t-test and one way analysis of variance. Results: The results showed that sleep quality in mothers with chronic pain was significantly different from healthy mothers, and with increase in pain intensity, sleep quality decreased. Conclusions: Results of this study have implications on need pay attention to quality of sleep in mothers with chronic pain and its impact on daily routine and their duties as a parent.
۵.

Effectiveness of the Package of Hope Therapy Based on Positivist Approach on the Life Quality and Psychological Wellbeing of Parkinson Patients(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

۶.

Predicting Self-Efficacy of Women with Breast Cancer based on Quality of Life, Religious Orientation, Resilience, Death Anxiety, Psychological Hardiness and Perceived Social Support(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Patients with breast cancer Self-Efficacy psychological hardiness Religious Orientation Perceived Social Support resiliency death anxiety

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 105 تعداد دانلود : 983
The purpose of the present study was to predict self-efficacy of women with breast cancer based on quality of life, religious orientation, resilience, death anxiety, psychological hardiness and perceived social support. The research method was descriptive and regression type. The statistical population in this study included all patients with breast cancer referring to Cancer Institute of Imam Khomeini and Milad hospitals in Tehran in 2018. Purposeful sampling method was used to select the sample. In this way, 300 patients with breast cancer patients were selected based on the criteria for entering and leaving the research. The research tool was a general self-efficacy questionnaire of Sherer et al. (1982), multi-dimensional perceived social support questionnaire (Zimt et al., 1989), Allport Religious Orientation (1967), Kobasa Psychological Hardiness Questionnaire (1979), Templar's Death Anxiety Scale (1970) ), The Conor-Davidson Resilience Questionnaire (2003) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (1996). Regression analysis was used to analyze the data. The results of data analysis showed that factors of quality of life, religious orientation, resilience, death anxiety, psychological hardiness and perceived social support have 21% ability to predict self-efficacy. The factors of quality of life, resilience, psychological hardiness and social support with self-efficacy are positive at 5% confidence level, and the positivity of these coefficients actually indicates that increasing these factors increases self-efficacy (p <0.05). Death anxiety also has a significant negative correlation with self-efficacy (p <0.05).
۷.

The Effectiveness of Emotional Regulation and Coping Therapy Training on life style in Adolescent at Risk of Drug Abuse(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: emotional regulation Coping therapy Life Style drug abuse

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 944 تعداد دانلود : 912
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of emotional regulation and coping therapy training on life style in adolescent at risk of drug abuse. Method: The present study was a quasi-experimental research with two experimental and one control groups. The statistical population of this study consisted of all 577 boy students in secondary high schools(the second period) in Kish Island, in 2017-18, and finally 45 students were selected based on entry criteria and randomly divided to 3 groups (emotional regulation training group, coping therapy training group and one control group). The research tools consisted of who quality of life questionnaire. Data were analyzed using covariance analysis. Results: The results showed that emotional regulation and coping therapy training programs had a positive effect on life style and these changes have been steady to the stage of follow-up. Conclusion: It is recommended to use emotion regulation and coping therapy programs to increase life style in adolescents
۸.

Investigation of the Relationship Between Health Literacy and Demographic Variables of Yazd City Citizens(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Health Literacy Gender Age Demographic Variables

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 136 تعداد دانلود : 474
Abstract Objective: Health literacy is the capacity to get, process and realize basic information and services necessary to make proper decisions in the field of health. This study was conducted aimed at determining the relationship between health literacy and demographic variables of Yazd city citizens. Method: This study was a descriptive (cross-sectional) one the population included 385 people living in Yazd city. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire whose validity and reliability were confirmed. After completing the questionnaires, the data analysis was performed using SPSS statistical software, Pearson correlation coefficient and Chi-square test. Results: the results indicate that there is a significant relationship between health literacy and age, gender and marital status. The highest correlation coefficient was observed in the relationship between health literacy and age. Conclusion: Due to the effective demographic variables, it seems that demographic characteristics-based interventions should be designed and implemented in order to improve the health literacy of citizens.
۹.

Comparison of the effectiveness of Emotion-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (ECBT) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on C-Reactive Protein (CRP) Level in Patients with Psoriasis(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

۱۰.

The Relationship between Differentiation of Self and Social Anxiety with the Mediating Role of Mindfulness in Obese Women(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Mindfulness Differentiation of Self Social anxiety

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 643 تعداد دانلود : 272
Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation between differentiations of self with social anxiety with the mediating role of mindfulness in obese women of Tehran city. Statistical analysis: The statistical population of this study was all women clients to Ayat Health Center in Tehran with BMI>_ 30 had active file by Clinic expert. The sample consisted of 103 clients, selected by simple random sampling method. The tools used in this study were social phobia, differentiation of self and mindfulness Questionnaires. Fitness of the proposed model was examined through structural equation modeling (SEM), using SPSS-18 version and Lisrel software. Findings: Mindfulness has mediating role in relation between differentiations of self with social anxiety. The proposed model also fitted well with the data. Conclusion: Considering the important role of mindfulness in reducing social anxiety, it seems that mindfulness education should be considered in the educational programs of health houses and health centers.
۱۱.

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Group Therapy (MBCT) In Improving Quality of Life Among Patients with Cancer(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: cognitive therapy Mindfulness quality of life Cancer

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 268 تعداد دانلود : 499
Background & Objective: The majority of cancer patients have a poor quality of life. It seems mindfulness-based cognitive group therapy can improve quality of life in these patients. Therefore this study was conducted with the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive group therapy in improving quality of life among patients with cancer. Materials & Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental research conducted by pre- and post-testing. The sample population consisted of 30 cancer patients selected by purposive sampling and randomly placed in two groups of experimental and control (15 individuals per group). All subjects completed the quality of life questionnaire in the two stages of pre-test and post-test. The findings were analyzed by the SPSS software and multivariate analysis of covariance tests. Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference between the control and the experimental group and that mindfulness-based cognitive group therapy had a significant effect in improving quality of life in the members of the experimental group (p< 0/01). Conclusion: According to the results, it can be proposed that it is necessary for therapeutic centers and support forums related to refractory patients to use mindfulness-based cognitive group therapy in their plans to improve patients’ quality of life.
۱۲.

Cognitive-Behavioral Stress Management and Positive Therapy on Self-Regulation Behaviors of females with Hypertension management(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: CBT stress positive self-regulation hypertension

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 387 تعداد دانلود : 869
Objective: this study aimed to compare the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral based stress management training and positive therapy on self-regulation behaviors of females with primary hypertension. Method: In this semi-experimental study with pretest-posttest and control group, 48 women with primary hypertension were randomized in control (n = 16), positive therapy (n = 16) and stress management (n = 16) groups. All participants completed standard self-regulation behaviors questionnaire before and after interventions. The intervention groups received cognitive-behavioral based stress management training program for eight sessions. The control group did not receive any intervention during research. Data were analyzed using SPSS software and descriptive and inferential statistical methods (ANCOVA). Results: The findings indicated level of self-regulatory behaviors significantly increased in the intervention groups in compare to control group (P> 0.05). Comparison of intervention group revealed superior effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral based stress management program versus positive therapy (Mean difference=28.13, P>0.05) Conclusion: cognitive-behavioral stress management training and positive therapy are effective on the self-regulation behaviors of women with primary hypertension. Improvement of self-regulation behaviors through psychological programs such as cognitive-behavioral stress management training and positive therapy reduce the burden of disease and enhance treatment adherence.

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