Iranian Journal of Health Psychology

Iranian Journal of Health Psychology

Iranian Journal of Health Psychology, Volume 2, Issue 2 - Serial Number 4, December 2019 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Psychological consequences of patients with coronavirus (COVID- 19): A Qualitative Study(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Psycho social Consequences Coronavirus (COVID-19) Qualitative study

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 526 تعداد دانلود : 933
Abstract Objective: Infected persons to Coronavirus experience mental and social consequences because of disease. So the goal of this research is to investigate the mental and social consequences of infected persons. Method: The population in this study was people with new coronavirus (Covid 19) in Bushehr province. The sampling method in this study was purposive and the sample size was 8 persons (6 males and 2 females). Due to the qualitative nature of the study, information was obtained through interviews and the interview process continued until data saturation. The duration of each interview was 30 to 40 minutes. The interview was semi-structured and contained open-ended questions. After completing the interview process, the responses were interpreted and coded using the content analysis method. Results: Based on the results of the present study, the psychological consequences of this disease include negative emotions such as fear of death, depression and anxiety, reduced social activities, feelings of rejection by the community, decreased effective communication with family and society, and stigma experienced by the patient and her/his family. Conclusion: People with Covid-19 disease experience many psychosocial consequences, and this will reduce their quality of life; therefore, use of psychologists and counselors in the therapeutic setting can be effective in reducing these consequences.
۲.

Affectively Motivated: Affective Profiles, Motivation, Stress and Energy(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Affective Profiles Energy Moderation motivation stress

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 35 تعداد دانلود : 880
We used the affective profiles model to investigate individual differences in motivation, stress and energy. The aim was to replicate past findings, but we also focused on matched comparisons within individuals with affective profiles that are similar in one affective dimension and differ in the other in order to predict changes when individuals increase/decrease their experience of positive or negative affect. Methods: <span class="fontstyle2">A total of 567 participants answered the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule, which was used for affective profiling; the Situational Motivation Scale, which measures intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, external regulation, and amotivation; and the Stress-Energy questionnaire. Results: <span class="fontstyle2">Comparisons between the four different profiles, replicating the past findings, showed that individuals with high affective and self-fulfilling profile scored highest in intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, and energy, while they scored lowest in external motivation, amotivation, and the self-fulfilling profile, also lowest in stress. Additionally, the matched comparisons showed, for example, that levels of intrinsic motivation increase when negative affect levels decrease, and positive affect is kept high when positive affect decreases and negative affect is kept low. Conclusions: One important feature of the affective profiles model is the possibility to compare individuals that are similar in one affect dimension but differ in the other (Garcia, 2011, 2017). This way of discussing individual differences helps to predict what changes could be expected when individuals increase or decrease their experience of positive or negative affect. Importantly, the direction of these changes cannot be addressed from cross-sectional data
۳.

Premature Termination of Psychotherapy in Outpatient Clinic Settings: Structural effects of Patients’ Expectations, Treatment Tolerance, Therapists’ Competencies and Therapeutic Alliance(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Psychotherapy Therapeutic Alliance Premature termination Health outcomes

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 199 تعداد دانلود : 224
Objective: A great number of patients leave psychotherapy prior to the end of treatment. The present study predicts the premature termination of individual psychotherapy based on patients’ expectations and tolerance and therapists’ competencies with the mediating role of therapeutic alliance. Method: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 317 patients referred to Mental Health Clinics, Pain Clinics and Substance Use Treatment Centers in Mashhad, Iran were selected by random sampling. The data were collected by Distress/Endorsement Validation Scale, Working Alliance Inventory-Short Revised, the Milwaukee Psychotherapy Expectations Questionnaire, and Outcome Questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS-19 and structural equation modeling with LISREL-8.80 software. Results: The examined model indicated good fitness for the data observed (RMSEA=0.02, GFI=0.99, AGFI=0.99, NFI=1, CFI=1, IFI=1, RMR=0.00253, P value=0.90). Psychotherapy expectations (γ=-0.40) and therapists’ competencies (γ=-0.29) directly influenced the premature termination of individual psychotherapy. Treatment tolerance (γ=-0.17) directly affected the premature termination of individual psychotherapy. Therapeutic alliance (β=-0.13) had an impact on the premature termination of individual psychotherapy. Psychotherapy expectations (γ=0.42) and therapists’ competencies (γ=0.54) significantly influenced the therapeutic alliance, thereby affecting the premature termination of individual psychotherapy. Conclusions: Psychotherapy expectations, treatment tolerance, therapists’ competencies and therapeutic alliance interactively effect in the premature termination of psychotherapy and therefore on the health outcomes of patients. This finding did develop insights into designing the tailored interventions to resolve premature termination and improve the outcomes of psychotherapeutic interventions. Furthermore, clinicians must be concerned with these factors in the clinics and healthcare centers to enhance the successful termination of psychotherapy.
۴.

The role of anxiety sensitivity and attentional control in predicting the tendency toward addiction in youth(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Attentional control Anxiety Sensitivity The tendency to addiction students Health

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 621 تعداد دانلود : 338
Objective: the aim of the present study was to investigate the role of anxiety sensitivity and attentional control in predicting the tendency toward addiction in youth. Method: The present study is a correlation type, in this regard, the number of 150 students were selecte through multistage cluster sampling. The attentional control questionnaire (Derryberry& Reed, 2002), anxiety sensitivity (Peterson& Reiss, 1987) and the readiness scale for drug abuse (Zargar, 2007) were performed on individuals. The research data were analyzed by the Pearson correlation coefficient and regression. Results: The results showed that there is a significant correlation between attentional control and the lack of cognitive control with the tendency to addiction. Conclusion: According to the findings it can be concluded that in addition to social and biological factors, psychological factors such as attentional control and anxiety sensitivity is influential in the tendency and readiness of individuals to drug addiction. Keywords: Attentional control, Anxiety Sensitivity, The tendency to addiction,students, health
۵.

Effects of quality of life therapy on the ability to cope with stressful situations, anxiety and irrational fears in electrical networks workers at risk of death(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Life therapy coping Anxiety irrational fears Death

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 562 تعداد دانلود : 402
Objective: The main aim of this research was to investigate the effects of quality of life therapy on increasing the coping ability with stressful situations, reducing anxiety and irrational fears in at risk workers of electricity distribution companies in Isfahan. Method: This research was of semi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and follow-up with the control group. Population were consisted of 250 at risk workers of Isfahan Electricity Distribution Company. Five people were randomly selected from each unit, and a total of 40 people were randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. The experimental group participated in 90 minutes’ sessions of quality of life improvement training for 8 weeks, held at the New Technology Park of Isfahan Electricity Distribution company. Experimental group was compared with a waiting control group. measurement tools were consisted of Endler and Parker Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) and Mental Disorders Symptoms Checklist (SCL-90-R) that were administered on at risk workers in the pre-test, post-test and follow-up phases. Repeated measure analysis of variance was used to analyze the data. Results: Data analysis showed that the intervention sessions had a significant effect on the all scales of coping with stressful situations, anxiety and irrational fears in the experimental group in the post-test and follow-up stages. Conclusion: The results indicate that psychotherapy based on improvement of quality of life was effective on tranquility, mental health and the quality of life of at risk workers in Isfahan electricity distribution company.
۶.

The mediating role of depression in the relationship between immature ego defenses and perceived pain intensity in patients with chronic pain(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: defense style Pain intensity Perception of pain Depression chronic pain

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 475 تعداد دانلود : 668
Objective: Both of the defense mechanisms of ego and depression, affects the intensity of the pain in the patient with chronic pain. The present study investigates the mediating role of depression in the relationship between immature ego defenses and perceived pain intensity in patients with chronic pain. Method: Research was conducted on 503 patients with chronic pain who were referred to pain centers in Tehran. Participants were asked to answer Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for perceived pain intensity, Defense Styles Questionnaire (DSQ-40), and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS). Results: The results indicated that depression plays a mediating role in the relationship between immature ego defenses and perceived pain intensity in patients with chronic pain. Conclusion: the relationship between immature ego defenses and the perceived pain intensity is not a simple linear one, but is mediated by depression. So, depression has an important role in Transforming of defense mechanisms to the pain.
۷.

Social Anxiety and Emotion Control Strategies: Can Eating Disorder Symptoms be predicted?(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

۹.

The comparison of the motivation and personality risk profile in different substance use(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: substance use motivation personality risk profile Opium methamphetamine

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 215 تعداد دانلود : 630
Objective: This study investigates the different motives and substance use risk profile in opium and methamphetamine use. Method: The statistical sample includes Seventy-eight individuals with substance use history referred to drop-in center (DIC) that completed research instruments including demographic information (researcher-made questionnaire), substance use motives (Hecimovic, Barrett, Darredeau, and Stewart, 2014), and substance use risk profile scale (Woicik et al., 2009). Multivariate analysis of variance utilized for data analysis based on SPSS-24. Results: The results of the MANOVA indicated that availability, relaxation, enjoying, and sexual motives are significantly higher in individuals using methamphetamine. Also, the results of the substance use risk profile represent that there are significant differences in anxiety sensitivity, sensation-seeking, and impulsivity in opium and methamphetamine use. Conclusions: Findings indicate the important role of motives and substance use risk profile in the tendency to the different types of substances. These various motives and personality risk factors should be considered in educational settings and psychological treatment for different types of substance use, especially opiate or stimulating substances.
۱۰.

The effect of Logotherapy group training on changes of depression, self-esteem and intimacy attitudes in physically disabled women(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Logotherapy Intimacy attitudes Self-esteem Depression Physically disabled

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 917 تعداد دانلود : 861
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effects of group training through logotherapy on changing of self-esteem and intimacy attitudes and depression of physically disabled women. Method: The research was performed in semi-experimental method with two groups (logotherapy and control) with pre-test, post-test and follow up design. The statistical population was 68 people with physically disabilities under care of Kashan welfare center. From this population, 40 physically disabled women (20-40 years old) who had depression above 17 were selected randomly and were divided equally in each groups randomly (n=20). The research instruments were, intimacy attitude Treadwell (1983), Beck depression (1996) and Eysenck’s self esteem (1976) inventories. Before the first group training session, by using questionnaires in both groups, pre-test was conducted. Then 8 sessions of logotherapy, twice a week, each lasting 120 minutes, were administrated to test the group. For both groups, post-test (immediately after training sessions), and follow-up test (one month later) were taken. Analysis of variance with repeated measures was used to analyze data. Results: The results showed that group training through logotherapy, significantly decreased depression (р ≤0.01), and significantly increased self-esteem and intimacy attitude (р ≤ 0.01) and the sustainability of this effects at follow-up. Conclusion: The study concluded that training logotherapy can effectively increase intimacy attitude and self-esteem and decrease depression in physically disabled women, and so it implies the importance of paying attention to spiritual training and applying them in welfare centers.
۱۱.

Predicting corona disease anxiety among medical staffs in Tehran based on Five Factor theory of personality(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: Corona Related Anxiety Five-Factor Theory Personality medical staffs

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 693 تعداد دانلود : 536
Objective: The present study aimed to predict corona disease anxiety among medical staff in Tehran based on five-factor theory of personality. Method: In the present descriptive and correlational study, the statistical population included all medical staff in Tehran in 2020, among which 210 physicians, nurse, and other medical staffs were selected based on snowball sampling method. The instruments included Neo-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS). Data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis. Findings: Regression analysis indicated significantly Beta coefficients for openness personality traits (-0.238) and conscientiousness personality traits (-0.249). a statistically significant correlation is observed between openness (39%), neuroticism (-39%), extraversion (37%), conscientiousness (34%), and agreeableness (25%) with coronavirus anxiety at the 99% confidence level. Further, the correlation between each of the dimensions and the mental component of coronavirus anxiety is more compared to that of physical one. Conclusion: Based on the results of multiple regression analysis, the micro-components of openness and conscientiousness could predict the level of total coronavirus anxiety. Considering standard coefficients, conscientiousness plays a more important role in predicting the level of total coronavirus anxiety in medical staffs, which decreases by increasing openness and conscientiousness. Medical staff who are higher in openness and conscientiousness personality traits are lower in corona disease anxiety.
۱۲.

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Group Therapy on Improving Metacognitive Beliefs in Preventing Relapse of Women Consuming Stimulants(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Mindfulness Meta-cognitive beliefs relapse prevention Stimulants

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 670 تعداد دانلود : 733
Objective: The present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based group therapy on improving meta-cognitive beliefs in preventing the relapse of women consuming stimulants has been done. Method: The design of this study is experimental with pre-test and post-test with the control group was followed by the follow-up phase. The statistical population of this study included all women who consumed stimulants from eighteen to forty years referring to the Hamgam sazan Addiction treatment Center in Tehran Province in 1396 among which thirty individuals were selected by convenience sampling method. Availability sampling was selected and randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups of each 15 individuals. The 90-minute treatment session was trained by the mindfulness method. However, the control group received no training. (MCQ) in both pre-test and post-test stages were completed by both groups. Data were analyzed by covariance analysis and soft aided SPSS software was used for data analysis. After three months, both groups were followed up. Results: Results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean of metacognitive post-test scores in the experimental and control groups. Mindfulness training has improved metacognition in preventing relapse in women who use stimulants. Conclusion: The findings of this study in general indicate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based group therapy training on improving metacognitive beliefs in preventing the relapse of women consuming stimulants. Therefore, such sessions are recommended in drug addiction treatment centers and clinics.

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