Iranian Journal of Health Psychology

Iranian Journal of Health Psychology

Iranian Journal of Health Psychology, Volume 4, Issue 2 - Serial Number 8, June 2021 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Improving the Health-Related Quality of Life in Adolescents with Internet Gaming Disorder(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Internet Gaming Disorder quality of life Health promotion Attentional Bias Modification adolescents

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 706 تعداد دانلود : 611
Objective: <span class="fontstyle2">The present study aimed to examine whether the treatment of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) in adolescents via Attentional Bias Modification (ABM) improves their health-related quality of life. Method: <span class="fontstyle2">34 adolescents with IGD who were 12-17 years old were randomly assigned to experimental (n = 16) and control (n = 18) groups. The experimental group received ABM, while no interventions were delivered to the control group. Attentional bias, IGD severity, and health-related quality of life were assessed using Modified Stroop Task, Internet Gaming Disorder-20 (IGD-20), and KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaires, respectively. Data from pre-test, posttest, and two months follow-up measurements were analyzed using two-way mixed measures ANOVA and Fisher’s least significant difference (LSD) via SPSS software. Results: <span class="fontstyle2">ABM successfully reduced attentional bias and IGD severity and improved health-related quality of life in adolescents of the experimental group (p < 0.05). These significant changes were observed at post-test and two months follow-up. Meanwhile, no significant change occurred in the control group (p > 0.05). Conclusion: <span class="fontstyle2">It could be concluded that ABM not only reduces the severity of IGD in adolescents, but also improves their health-related quality of life, although further research is required for the understanding of its mechanisms of effects.
۲.

Evaluation of Effectiveness of Mindfulness, Logotherapy, and Schema therapy on Stress, Anxiety, and Depression in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Multiple Sclerosis Mindfulness Logo and Schema therapy stress

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 706 تعداد دانلود : 232
Objective: <span class="fontstyle2">This study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, logo therapy, and schema therapy on reducing stress, anxiety, and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis. Methods: <span class="fontstyle2">The present study was a quasi-experimental study with a pre-test-post-test design with a control group. The study population consisted of all members of the MS Society of Iran located in Tehran in 2019, and the sample consisted of 60 members of the Association who were selected using the convenience sampling method and were randomly assigned to three experimental groups and one control group (15 people for each group). All four groups were tested by DASS-21 scale, and then the experimental groups underwent mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, logo therapy, and schema therapy in 12 Two-hour sessions for 12 weeks, but the control group did not receive any training. Analysis was performed using SPSS22 in two parts: descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: <span class="fontstyle2">The results of analysis showed that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy has been effective on reducing stress (f= 110.90, p <0,001), anxiety (f= 88.92, p <0,001), and depression (f= 32.29, p <0,001) in patients with multiple sclerosis. Also it was shown that logo therapy was effective on stress (f= 264.60, p <0,001), anxiety (f= 175, p <0,001), and depression (f= 305.07, p <0,001), and schema therapy was effective on reducing stress (f=110.90, p <0,001), anxiety (f= 88.92, p <0,001), and depression (f= 32.29, p <0,001) in patients with multiple sclerosis. Also, the comparison of means showed that in the variables of stress, anxiety, and depression, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, logo therapy, and schema therapy were effective. Conclusions: <span class="fontstyle2">The findings of this study confirmed that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, logo therapy, and schema therapy were effective in reducing stress, anxiety, and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis.
۳.

Comparing The Efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training (DBT-ST) on Cognitive Emotion Regulation in Patients with Type II Diabetes(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: ACT DBT Cognitive Emotion Regulation diabetes

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 951 تعداد دانلود : 293
Objectives: <span class="fontstyle2">Diabetes is a chronic, multifaceted and threatening disease which has significant psychological complications. The purpose of this study was comparing the efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy Skills Training (DBT-ST) on cognitive emotion regulation in patients with type II diabetes. Method: <span class="fontstyle2">The design of this quasi-experimental research was a pretest-posttest with a control group. The statistical population of the study included all patients with type II diabetes referred to Baghban (Touba) Medical Clinic in Sari in 2019, among whom 45 patients were selected through the convenience sampling method and then randomly assigned into three groups. The first group received ACT, the second group received DBT-ST, and the third group was considered as a control group. Data were collected using a 36-item Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (Garnefsky et al., 2001) in three stages of pre-test, post-test, and follow-up, and were analyzed by repeated measurement variance analysis. Results: <span class="fontstyle2">The results showed that ACT and DBT-ST were significantly more effective on cognitive emotion regulation for the experimental groups compared to the control group (effect sizes 0.911 & 0.967, respectively). The effectiveness of DBT-ST compared to ACT was more significant on cognitive emotion regulation scores (effect sizes 0.967) at (P>0.01). Conclusion: <span class="fontstyle2">Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that ACT improved psychological indexes and mental health of patients with type II diabetes due to acceptance of unfavorable emotions and thoughts, commitment, and DBT-ST for emotion regulation and mindfulness components
۴.

Investigating the Psychometric Properties of Problem Gambling Severity Index in students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: drug abuse emotional distress Health problems Problem Gambling PGSI

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 593 تعداد دانلود : 604
Objective: <span class="fontstyle2">Problem Gambling is defined as one of the disorders associated with drug abuse. <span class="fontstyle2">Gambling-related harm can affect multiple domains of life, including financial and health problems, psychological and emotional distress, and impaired social and cultural relationships. The <span class="fontstyle2">aim of this study was investigating the psychometric properties of Problem Gambling Severity Index in Iranian students. Method : <span class="fontstyle2">The method of this study was correlational. The statistical population of this study was all students in the Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University in 2019. The sample size was 211 students (121 girls and 90 boys) that were selected through cluster sampling method and determined based on the fact that at least 5 people are required for each item for factor analysis of the Problem Gambling Severity Index and Addiction Tendency Questionnaire. Results: <span class="fontstyle2">In order to determine the psychometric properties of the Problem Gambling Severity Index, a confirmatory factor analysis method was used. Indirect path coefficients between the components of gambling behavior ( <span class="fontstyle3">β <span class="fontstyle2">= 1, p >0.001) and gambling consequences (( <span class="fontstyle3">β <span class="fontstyle2">=0.97, P >0.001) with the Gambling Severity Index indicate a significant relationship between factors and the whole scale. The study of concurrent validity Gambling Severity Index with Addiction Tendency Questionnaire showed there is a positive and significant relationship between these Questionnaires (r=0.57, p <0/001). The reliability of the scale was obtained 0/79 using Cronbach’s alpha. Conclusion : <span class="fontstyle2">According to the results, it can be said that Problem Gambling Severity Index is a stable and valid tool for examining gambling problems and can be used in Iran.
۵.

The Role of Quality of Life in Predicting Substance Abuse(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Substance Abuse quality of life rural Social Sustainability Migration Prisoners

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 865 تعداد دانلود : 313
Objective: Addiction is a physical-mental illness that, due to its progressive nature in all aspects of life, endangers the health of the individual, family and society. In order to prevent and resolve this destructive phenomenon, it is necessary to provide and implement comprehensive and appropriate programs in the rural area. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to determine the predictors of substance abuse of rural immigrant. Method: The statistical population included all addicted prisoners who migrated from rural to urban areas. Using cluster sampling method, 360 people were selected as the study sample. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used to analyze data. Result:The results showed that only the quality of life component can predict the drug abuse of migrant rural men and women, while the components of access to facilities, rural management performance, and individual participation, as well as marital status, age and education cannot predict their substance abuse (p <0.05). Conclusions: According to the results of the present study, since the quality of life is a predictor of substance abuse in migrant villagers, and this problem, in fact, indicates the basic infrastructural problems in preventing the migration of villagers and their substances abuse, related planning and policies in the field of social health are suggested in this regard.
۶.

Predicting Dimensions of Psychological Capital Based on Humor Styles among Medical Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Hopefulness Self-Efficacy Resilience Optimism humor styles

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 581 تعداد دانلود : 765
Objective : Health psychology focuses on health promotion and disease prevention. One of the factors that is related to the promotion of mental health is the sense of humor which can be influenced by the components of psychological capital. This study aims to predict the psychological capital dimensions based on the humor styles among the medical students of Tarbiat Modares University. Method : This study is descriptive correlational and the statistical population consisted of all medical students of Tarbiat Modarres University. The participants of the study were 120 who were selected through volunteer sampling. Data were collected by the Luthans Psychological Capital Inventory and Martin’s Humor Style Scale. Data were analyzed through Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. Results : Results showed that self-efficacy and hopefulness have a positive significant relationship with adaptive humor styles, but the relationship between self-efficacy and hopefulness with maladaptive humor styles was negative. Also, there was no significant relationship between resilience and all four humor styles. Conclusion : By strengthening adaptive humor styles, it is possible to increase the psychological capital of students to help their mental health.

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