Objective: Diabetes is a chronic disease that has negative physical and psychological consequences and effective interventions are necessary to reduce these consequences. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the Autogenic training (AT) and Affect regulation training (ART) on the psychological adjustment of women with type 2 diabetes. Methods: Among female patients with type 2 diabetes referred to the Iranian Endocrine Institute, 33 patients were selected by convenience sampling and randomly divided into three groups (AT, ART, and control). Participants answered the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (PAIS) before and at the end of the intervention. The subjects of ART and AT groups underwent 10 90-minute training sessions and the control group did not receive any intervention. Results: Data analysis with MANOVA and ANOVA showed that psychosocial adjustment to disease in both ART and AT groups was significantly improved compared to the control group (P <0.05). The two groups of AT and ART were not significantly different in improving psychosocial adjustment to disease (P >0.05). Conclusion: It seems that both interventions AT and ART have been effective in improving the psychological adjustment of women with type 2 diabetes by affecting the conscious or unconscious mechanisms of mind-body communication. Keywords: Diabetes, affect regulation, autogenic training, psychological adjustment.
Coronavirus Anxiety: The Predictive Role of Perfectionism and Self-compassion(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Background: The Coronavirus not only affects physical health, but the outbreak of this virus can also have devastating psychological effects. To treat and diagnose, these impacts should be identified. This study aimed to investigate the role of Perfectionism and Self-compassion in predicting Coronavirus anxiety. Method: The sample consisted of 292 participants who responded online to the Coronavirus Anxiety Inventory, the Hewitt and Flett Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (HF-MPS), and Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form (SCS-SF). Data were analyzed by correlation and multiple regression analysis. Results: The results have shown that the dimensions of perfectionism, and Self-compassion, predict Coronavirus anxiety (P <0.001). Also, Mindfulness and Common humanity, from Self-compassion components, could predict Coronavirus anxiety significantly (P <0.001). Conclusion: These findings indicate that Perfectionism is effective in exacerbating Coronavirus anxiety, and Self-compassion is effective in modulating it. These variables can play an important role in general health policies, the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of Coronavirus anxiety.
An Investigation on the Effect of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy on Reduction of Anxiety, Depression, and Distress in People with Anxiety Disorder In the age of Corona(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
This study aimed to investigate the effect of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) on the reduction of anxiety, depression, and distress in people with an anxiety disorder. The present study was applied and quasi-experimental in terms of the method (consisting of pre-test, post-test, and control group). The population of this study consisted of people with anxiety disorder referred to Loghman Hospital in Tehran. 20 people who were selected as participants based on the inclusion criteria, were randomly divided into two groups (i.e. REBT and control groups) equally (10 people in each group). Experimental pretest and posttest were performed using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) and the participants in the experimental group underwent the experiment for three months (a two-hour session per week). The results were analyzed using analysis of covariance. The results showed that REBT intervention was significantly effective in reducing patients' distress, depression, and anxiety. Thus, REBT can be effective in reducing patients’ psychological problems by helping them recognize their irrational beliefs better and reduce their anxiety (self-blame) and hostility (blaming others and the universe).
Predicting Perceived Social Support based on Perceived Stress and Cognitive Emotion Regulation in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Objective: The aim of present study was to predict perceived social support based on perceived stress mediated by cognitive emotion regulation in patients with ulcerative colitis. Methods: The method of study was correlational, structural equation modeling type. The statistical population of the present study included all patients with ulcerative colitis, referred to gastroenterology clinics in Districts 4 and 7 of Tehran in 2019. Among them, 261 people were selected through purposeful sampling method. The research tools included perceived social support scale (Zimet et al., 1998), perceives stress scale (Cohen et al., 1983), and cognitive emotion regulation scale (Garnefski and Kraaij, 2006). Results: The results revealed a negative relationship between perceived stress and perceived social support (β=-0.13, t=2.04) and negative relationship between perceived stress and cognitive emotion regulation (β=-0.21, t=2.96) in patients with ulcerative colitis. A positive relationship was also found between cognitive emotion regulation and perceived social support (β= 0.47, t=7.18) but cognitive emotion regulation had no mediating role between perceived stress and perceived social support in patients with ulcerative colitis (β= 0.09, p>0.05). Conclusions: Although there were direct relationships between perceived stress, perceived social support and cognitive emotion regulation but the results revealed no indirect relationship between perceived stress and perceived social support mediated by cognitive emotion regulation in patients with ulcerative colitis. Thus, paying attention to these variables helps researchers and therapists in design of appropriate therapy for Ulcerative Colitis patients.
Adolescents Corona Anxiety: The Relationship between Character Strengths and Family Social Support(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Objective: The aim of this study is to determine adolescent coronary anxiety in the relationship between character strengths and family social support. Method: The research method was correlation and the statistical population including 156 ninth and tenth grade students were selected by non-random sampling method (available) from District 4 of Tehran. Students responded to the Values in Action inventory of strength Scale of Park and Peterson (2006), Perceived Social Support- Family Scale of the Procidano & Heller (1983), and the Corona Disease Anxiety Scale of Alipour, Ghadami, Alipour, and Abdollahzadeh (2020). Results: The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the predicting of corona mental anxiety is significant with the strengths of Judgement, love of learning, Honesty, Zest, kindness, teamwork, forgiveness and family social support. Predicting Corona physical anxiety, creativity, love of learning, Bravery, kindness, social intelligence, teamwork, humility, hope and spirituality are significant. Love for learning, Honesty, forgiveness, humility, hope, spirituality, and family social support are significant in predicting overall corona anxiety (P˂ 0.05). Conclusions: The results showed that character strengths and social support family have an effective role in reducing corona anxiety and can provide the necessary support for adolescents in stressful situations.
Efficacy of Dialectical Behavior Therapy in Reduction of Negative Emotions in Obese Women(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)
Objective: Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) was originally developed to treat individuals with pervasive emotion dysregulation. Then it developed its approach in other disorders such as obesity. This research aims to found out the efficacy of DBT in the reduction of negative emotions (anxiety, depression, and anger) with weight loss in obese women with different reasons for obesity. Methods: The population of this quasi-experimental study consisted of 56 obese women with a body mass index more than 29.9 kg/m2. Descriptive statistics were computed for demographic information and self-report questionnaire. Anger, Anxiety and,, Depression are three subscales of feelings that were tested by the 25 items of Emotional Eating Scale that was developed by Arnow, Kenardy and Agras in 1994. Results: The results demonstrated that negative emotions such as anger, anxiety, and depression, significantly (ρ-value<0.001) decrease in obese women by weight loss during the time. Mixed-effect modeling ANOVA repeated measurements were performed to study changes in variables over time. Conclusions: The results of the present study show that DBT-skills can be effective in decreasing emotion dysregulations and Body Mass Index (BMI).