Iranian Journal of Learning and Memory

Iranian Journal of Learning and Memory

Iranian Journal of Learning and Memory, Volume 6, Issue 21, Spring 2023 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Compiling the Green Therapy Training Package and its Effectiveness on the Function of Frontal Part and Mirror Neurons in Hyperactive Children(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: frontal Green therapy hyperactive children

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 348 تعداد دانلود : 188
This study investigated the green therapy training package and its effectiveness on the function of the frontal part and mirror neurons in hyperactive children. A quasi-experimental study was conducted with a pre-test and post-test design for this purpose. This study's statistical population included all hyperactive students aged 7-9 living in Tehran in 2021-2022. This study's objectives indicated that the sample was 31 children diagnosed with hyperactivity by the Connors test, who were selected by the available sampling method and randomly divided into two experimental (15) and control (16) groups. Also, children received the intervention for nine sessions of 60 minutes (2 sessions per week) and the experimental group parents were trained. The data were analyzed using MANCOVA analysis, and the results showed that green therapy training has a significant effect on the function of frontal and mirror neurons.
۲.

An In-depth Analysis of the Cognitive Gaps between Novice and Experienced Iranian EFL Teachers(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Cognitive gaps EFL Teachers Teacher Cognition pedagogical experience pedagogical knowledge

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 126 تعداد دانلود : 956
The hidden constructs underlying teachers’ professional identity at a given point of teaching life are presumed to account for their practical qualities. The current study explored the cognitive skills of three groups of Iranian English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers with scant, moderate, and considerable teaching experience. To this end, a convenience sample, including 382 Iranian EFL teachers from 660 branches of five countrywide English language institutions, participated in a sequential explanatory mixed-method study. In the quantitative phase, a multivariate approach to comparison was adopted, and the three groups were compared in terms of a linear combination of nine subscales representing teachers’ pedagogical knowledge base. As shown by the results, the between-group differences in four of the nine sub-domains yielded a significant between-group gap in the overall level of teacher cognition. These differentiating knowledge areas included knowledge of learning, teaching, classroom management, and professional self. A qualitative follow-up phase was then launched in which a 95-member sample of the participants attended a retrospective interview to delve deeply into the nature of the four differentiating subdomains. The qualitative results divulged the processes and reasons underlying the four differentiating knowledge areas. The findings may have new insights into the exact nature of Iranian EFL teachers’ intellectual peculiarities at different stages of a teaching career.
۳.

The Effect of Educational Digital Games on Creativity, Motivation and Academic Progress in Elementary School Students' Mathematics lessons(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Educational digital games Creativity motivation academic achievement Mathematic

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 67 تعداد دانلود : 458
The aim of the research was the effect of educational digital games on creativity, motivation and academic progress in the mathematics lesson of the first elementary school students. The research method is a semi-experimental type of pre-test-post-test with control group, And the statistical population included all the students of the first grade of elementary school in Islam-Shahr city. The sample size consisted of 72 people (36 people in the experimental group and 36 people in the control group) who were selected by the available method. The measurement tools included the Torrance Form A creativity test, the mathematical motivation questionnaire, and tests to measure knowledge, attitude and mathematical skills. The reliability of each tool was obtained as 0.80, 0.709, 0.82, 0.94 and 0.85 respectively. The experimental variable was implemented in three steps "group game", "exploration" and "individual game" in 12 sessions for the experimental group.Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics such as Kolmogorov-Smironov, Levin and Box test and multivariate covariance analysis were used for data analysis. The results showed; Education using digital educational games has been effective on creativity (fluidity component), mathematical motivation (desire, avoidance) and academic progress (knowledge, attitude and skill) of students. And there was a significant relationship between these variables; However, no significant difference was observed between the two experimental and control groups in the components of expansion, flexibility and innovation related to the variable of creativity.
۴.

Effects of Flipped Classroom on Creativity, Accountability, and Math Anxiety of Female Elementary Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Flipped Classroom Creativity Accountability Math Anxiety students

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 131 تعداد دانلود : 395
The current study aims to investigate the impact of the flipped classroom on creativity, accountability, and math anxiety among female elementary students. This quasi-experimental research employed a pretest-posttest control group design. The statistical population for this study encompassed all female elementary students in Isfahan, Iran, during the first semester of the academic year 2021-2022. The convenience sampling method was utilized to select 30 students who were then divided into experimental and control groups (n = 15 per group). The experimental group received 16 online sessions using the flipped classroom approach, while the control group continued with regular educational practices at the same time. The research instruments consisted of the Home–School Accountability Questionnaire, Standard Creativity Scale, and Math Anxiety Scale. Analysis of covariance was employed for inferential analysis. The results revealed that the flipped classroom approach yielded positive effects on creativity (F = 6.15, p < 0.05, η² = 0.18), accountability (F = 6.75, p < 0.05, η² = 0.20), and math anxiety (F = 4.74, p < 0.05, η² = 0.15).
۵.

The Intermediating Role of Self-Regulation in the Relationship between Math Educational Beliefs and Students’ Math Anxiety(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Mathematical Educational Beliefs self-regulation Math Anxiety Student

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 460 تعداد دانلود : 464
This study aimed to investigate the intermediating role of self-regulation in the relationship between mathematical educational beliefs and students' math anxiety. The descriptive method was correlation sort which is based on structural equations. The statistical subjects of this study were selected from 2710 male students in the ninth grade of secondary school in public schools in the 4th district of Tehran in the educational years 2020-2021. In this study, 300 students were chosen by a two-step cluster method as the sample size, to collect data, Plake and Parker’s Math Anxiety Questionnaire (1982), Ledder & Forgasz’s Math Educational Beliefs Questionnaire (2002), and Sawari & Arabzadeh’s Self-Regulation Questionnaire (2013) were applied. Structural equation modeling(SEM) with SPSS 18 and AMOS23 were used to analyze the data. The findings showed that math educational beliefs and self-regulation have a direct effect on students' math anxiety (p<0.01)., and mathematical educational beliefs have an indirect effect on math anxiety with mediating of self-regulation (p<0.01), and the research model was approved. This study shows the importance of educational cognitive elements in math anxiety and it is suggested that the educational systems set plans to improve students' positive educational and cognitive beliefs and as a results decrease anxiety in educational settings especially math anxiety.
۶.

The relationship between mindfulness and academic adjustment in students: Investigating the mediating role of academic hope emotion and academic anxiety emotion(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: academic adjustment Mindfulness Academic Hope academic anxiety

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 760 تعداد دانلود : 316
The purpose of the present study was to model the structural relationships between academic adjustment and mindfulness with the mediation role of academic hope emotion and academic anxiety emotion. This research adopted a descriptive correlational design using the structural equation modelling. The statistical population included all secondary school female students in Bushehr city in 2022-2023, and based on Cochran’s formula and Random clustering sampling method, 256 people were selected. In order to examine the research variables of the participants, the mindfulness scale Drotman, Galub, Ogansianrid (2018), the compatibility questionnaire High school students completed the Sinha and Singh (1993) and Pakrun, Goetz, Tietz and Perry (2002) academic excitement scale. analyses were done by the structural equation modeling method. The findings showed that the research model has a good fit with the collected data. The findings indicated that the structural relationship of between academic adjustment and mindfulness with the mediation role of academic hope emotion and academic anxiety emotion had an optimal fit. The findings showed that mindfulness was able to predict academic adjustment either indirectly through the emotion of academic hope and emotion of academic anxiety. In general, the findings of the current research show the role of emotion of academic hope and the emotion of academic anxiety in relationships between mindfulness and academic adjustment.It can be concluded that the requirement to increase the academic adjustment of students is to pay attention to their mindfulness, academic hope and academic anxiety.

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