Iranian Journal of Learning and Memory

Iranian Journal of Learning and Memory

Iranian Journal of Learning and Memory, Volume 5, Issue 19, Autumn 2022 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Training on Aggression, Mind Rumination and Self-Control(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: mindfulness training Aggression Self-Control mind rumination

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 93 تعداد دانلود : 247
Mindfulness training optimally has positive effects on cognitive, emotional and behavioral processes. In mindfulness training, experiencing pure reality is taught which means mindfulness training helps one to find the here and now without judgment and to accept whatever is happening in each moment without any comment. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness training on aggression, mind rumination, and self-control in female students with low academic performance. This research adopted an applied and true experimental design with pre-test/post-test and a control group and the data were analyzed quantitatively. The statistical population included all female students of the Junior high schools in Tabriz with low academic performance in the academic year of 2021-22, estimated as 8395 people. First, through multi-stage cluster sampling, district 1 was selected from among the 5 educational districts of Tabriz and then three schools were selected from this district. Afterwards, through simple random sampling, 50 people were selected and randomly assigned to two groups with 25 participants as the experiemental and control groups. The experimental group received the intervention program of mindfulness training for 8 sessions of 2 hours while the control group continued its traditional method. The tools used to collect data included a self-control questionnaire (Tangney, Baumeister, & Boone, 2004), the aggression questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992), and the mind rumination questionnaire (Nolen-Hoeksema, & Morrow, 1991). For data analysis, in addition to descriptive statistics, Shapiro-Wilk test, multivariate analysis of variance test (MANOVA),
۲.

Providing a Structural Model of Social-Emotional Competence Based on Psychology Capital with Mediation of Career Motivation among Primary School Teachers(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Social-Emotional Competence strategies to deal with stress Job motivation

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تعداد بازدید : 320 تعداد دانلود : 926
This study was conducted in order to provide a structural model of social-emotional competence based on psychological capital with the mediation of career motivation among primary teachers. The correlation method was applied in this cross-sectional research. The statistical population of the present study was consisted of all teachers who were teaching in the elementary schools of Tehran in 2021-2022 and among them 350 people were selected by multi-stages cluster-sampling method. Psychological capital (Luthans, 2007), career motivation (Robinson, 2004) and social-emotional competence (Boyatzis, 2007) methods were applied which had acceptable validity and reliability. SPSS-V23 and Lisrel-V7.8 software were applied in order to analyze the data. Structural equation modeling was used to respond to the research hypotheses. The research findings suggested that psychological capital has a direct effect on social-emotional competencies of elementary teachers (p<0.05). Psychological capital has an indirect effect on social-emotional competencies of primary teachers (p<0.05). Also, the results showed that the indirect effect of psychological capital along with social-emotional competencies mediated by career motivation was confirmed by 95% confidence. Therefore, social-emotional competencies can play a better role in increasing their career motivation through making psychological capital among teachers.
۳.

Is Iranian University Students’ Computer Self-efficacy a Strong Contributor to Learning Anxiety? A Mixed-methods Investigation(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Computer Self-efficacy learning anxiety Iranian University students A mixed methods investigation

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تعداد بازدید : 744 تعداد دانلود : 983
The contributions of computer self-efficacy (CSE) to university students’ learning anxiety (LA) in online classes (OCs) has largely remained unexplored in the higher education context of Iran. Thus, this mixed-methods study aims to inspect the correlation between Iranian university students’ CSE and LA from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives. For this purpose, a total of 290 undergraduate students, including male students (n = 64) and female students (n = 226) for the quantitative part and a sample of 18 undergraduate students, consisting of male students (n = 7) and female students (n = 11) for the qualitative part were chosen through a random sampling method at Ayatollah Borujerdi University, Iran. The participants were asked to fill out a Computer Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, an Anxiety in Online Classes Questionnaire, and a reflective written statement. The collected data were analyzed using a Pearson correlation coefficient test, a multiple regression analysis test, and a thematic coding approach. Findings documented that the participants’ CSE and LA were negatively correlated in OCs. Additionally, the results indicated that the participants’ LA was mainly affected by advanced and beginning factors of CSE. Furthermore, the qualitative findings yielded five overarching themes, including ‘high CSE leads to more risk-taking’, ‘high CSE leads to increased motivation’, ‘high CSE leads to useful experiences’, ‘high CSE leads to accessing additional knowledge sources’, and ‘high CSE leads to increased self-regulation’. The study concludes by offering some implications for pertinent stakeholders.
۴.

The Causal Relationship between HEXACO Personality Traits and English Language Anxiety with the Mediating Role of Positive Academic Emotions in Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: English language anxiety personality traits Positive academic emotions

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تعداد بازدید : 603 تعداد دانلود : 369
Emotions are the primary source of motivation and movement in humanbeings. Positive emotions help maintain and guide responses and behaviors. These emotional experiences, in academic situations, play an important role in shaping students' judgments, decisions, priorities, and behaviors by providing basic information. The aim of this study was to investigate the causal relationship between Hexaco personality traits and English language anxiety with the mediating role of positive academic emotions in students. This study was applied in terms of purpose, and considering how information and data were collected, it was descriptive-correlational.The statistical population included all 525 ninth grade female students of 10 public girl’s junior high schools in Babol, in the academic year 2020-2021. Using Krejcie and Morgan (1970) Table, 225 students were selected as the research sample through simple random sampling method. The instruments of the study included the HEXACO Personality Traits Questionnaire (De Vries & Van Gelder, 2013), Positive Academic Emotions Questionnaire (Pekrun et al., 2005), and English Language Anxiety Inventory (ALI, 2017).To analyze the data, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test, Bartlett’s test, correlation coefficient, regression, path analysis and structural equation modeling were used. The research model showed a very good fit.The findings showed that there is a significant relationship between the students’ personality traits, positive academic emotions and English language anxiety. In addition, personality traits and positive academic emotions have a direct effect on students' English language anxiety. Also, personality traits have a significant effect on students' English language anxiety through the mediating role of positive academic emotions.
۵.

Investigation of the Relationship among Sleep Disorders, Executive Dysfunction, and Sluggish Cognitive Tempo in Adolescents: A Network Analysis(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Sleep disorders executive dysfunction Sluggish cognitive Tempo adolescents

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تعداد بازدید : 544 تعداد دانلود : 559
The objective of the present study was to examine the relationship among sleep disorders, executive dysfunction, and sluggish cognitive tempo in adolescents utilizing a network approach. The study was performed based on descriptive-correlation method. The population of study contained all the adolescents (ages 12-18 years) in Tehran, Ardebil, Southern Azerbaijan and Western Azerbaijan provinces during 2021-2022 academic year. Data were collected from Two thousand six hundred and fifty-nine adolescents who were recruited through convenience sampling method. Participants completed the Adult Concentration Inventory (Becker et al. 2015), Sleep Disorders Symptom Checklist (Klingman et al. 2017), and Executive Skills Questionnaire-Revised (Strait et al. 2019). The bootnet package in R software used for data analysis. Results showed Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) was positively and more closely related to Sleep Disorders (insomnia) than Executive Dysfunction. the results showed that the most robust relative bridge connections were Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) and Plan Management (PM), edge weight = 0.33; Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) and Insomnia edge weight = 0.26; in addition to the positive bridge connections, a negative robust connection was also recognized between Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and Emotional Regulation (ER), edge weight = - 0.07. In conclusion, Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) was positively associated with sleep disorders and executive dysfunction. Future interventions may be developed that emphasize the bridge connections of sleep disorders, executive dysfunction, and sluggish cognitive tempo in adolescents
۶.

The Effect of Semantic Relatedness on EFL Learners’ Cognitive Processing of L2 Words(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: cognitive processing semantically related/unrelated words semantic priming experiment reaction time error rate

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تعداد بازدید : 288 تعداد دانلود : 346
Due to both experimental and theoretical controversies on semantic relatedness research in second/foreign language (L2) education, the present study provides an alternative approach by investigating English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) learners’ cognitive processing of semantically related and unrelated words. The participants were 38 Iranian EFL learners from upper intermediate classes at a private language teaching school. Employing a semantic priming experiment, the EFL learners saw a pair of words, and were asked to decide whether or not the target word (i.e. an adjective) was related in meaning to the preceding word (i.e. a noun). A two-way Repeated Measure ANOVA was run on reaction time (RT) and error rate (ER) data. Results of the study showed that semantically related words induced faster RTs than semantically unrelated ones, confirming the positive effect of the semantic relatedness in cognitive processing of L2 words. However, higher ERs in related conditions in comparison to unrelated conditions refer to a kind of confusion on the part of EFL learners.

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