International Journal of Business and Development Studies

International Journal of Business and Development Studies

International Journal of Business and Development Studies Vol. 14, No. 2, (2022) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)



Role of Learning-by-Practicing in the Long-term Growth of an Islamic Financial System(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)


کلید واژه ها: Islamic finance Conventional Finance Learning-by-practicing Dual Financial System

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تعداد بازدید : 711 تعداد دانلود : 460
Islamic financial systems have been growing in many countries with different pace over the last four decades. The purpose of this paper is to construct a model of learning-by-practicing, explaining long-term growth of financial system. Benefiting from the literature of endogenous growth theories and using a dual financial system consisting of an Islamic financial system and a conventional one, the paper seeks to reveal some of the main growth characteristics of Islamic and conventional financial systems across countries and over time. The model suggests that learning-by-practicing Islamic finance will eventually create comparative advantage for Islamic financial system vs. conventional finance system provided it gets initially protected until sufficient level of learning accumulates in the whole Islamic financial system. Evidence shows that Malaysia with a dual financial system has been very successful in this regard, while Iran and Pakistan, each with single Islamic financial system, and have not been very successful in reaching their expected goals.

Development Plans, Economic Indicators and Planning Challenges in Iran (1979-2022)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Development planning Iran’s Economy Economic indicator Planning cycle Diagnostics

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تعداد بازدید : 38 تعداد دانلود : 480
In the decade of 1979-1988, there was no development plan in Iran. During 1989-2022, six development plans implemented in Iran’s economy. The assessment of development plans conducted based on the performance and the results of economic indicators over the period. Economic Growth over the course of development plans was volatile. There has been a double-digit inflation rate over the course of the development plans and Productivity and the distribution of income indices were volatile. The challenges of planning in Iran include lack of common understanding on basic concepts of development plans, challenges of comprehensive plan, essential change due to external shocks, time span, parallel initiatives, coordination failure and lack of independent evaluation entity.

Investigating the Impact of Macroeconomic Variables on the Container Trading in Iranian Ports of the Persian Gulf(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)


کلید واژه ها: Container trading Iranian Ports in the Persian Gulf Macroeconomic Variables ARDL Approach

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تعداد بازدید : 904 تعداد دانلود : 154
Nowadays, maritime trade plays an important role in the economy of some countries, including Iran. Especially, some of the ports in Iran that are located on the Persian Gulf border carry out container shipping operations. Therefore, in the present study, we investigate the impact of the most important macroeconomic factors on the container trading in Iranian ports in the Persian Gulf. For this purpose, we employed the autoregressive distributive lag (ARDL) approach for the estimating effect of oil price, gross national production, industrialization and exchange rate on the container trading volume. The used data are quarterly. Container business data is related to the ports of Shahid Rajaei, Bushehr, Imam Khomeini, Khorramshahr, Shahid Bahonar, which are obtained from the Ports and Maritime Organization. The results of this study show a negative impact of increasing oil price on Iran's container trading. Moreover, our empirical findings indicate that the effect of industrial indicator (INDS) on the container trading volume is positively. Also, one percent increases in gross national production (GNP) leads to %0.37 increase  in container trading, and one percent increase in exchange rate (EXH)  leads to %.17 decrease  in container trading, respectively. Finally, coefficient of ECM is -0.54. It means that speed of adjustment in the function of container trading volume is relatively high, and in each period, 54 percent deviation from long run direction of container trading volume to be corrected by variables of model.

Effects of Socio-economic Development Plans on Multidimensional Inequality in Iran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Iran Multidimensional Inequality Multidimensional Gini Coefficient Socio-economic Development Plans

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تعداد بازدید : 386 تعداد دانلود : 99
The current study investigates the effect of implementing six development plans on multidimensional inequality in Iran. To this end, the multidimensional Gini Index of inequality by Assis Kumar Banerjee (2010) for dimensions such as welfare, education, housing, health, and social welfare (aggregation of other dimensions in household expenditure-income basket) calculated for years 1984-2021 and their performance was evaluated. The results of this study showed that the implementation of the development plans led to an inequality increase. Among these six plans, implementing the first plan had an incremental effect on the inequality value. The third and fifth socio-economic plans have a decremental impact on inequality at a significant level of 5%. Also, there was no difference between implementing and not implementing other plans on the inequality value. Also, the results indicated that given the comprehensiveness and multidimensionality of the development plans, inequality did not experience a constant trend and had mild fluctuations in the urban and rural areas and the whole country. Moreover, at the end of the sixth development plan, the inequality value (0.825) reached a value higher than the beginning of the first plan (0.771) in 1989.

Investigating the Effect of Dependence on Natural Resources and Brain Drain on the Fragility of States and Good Governance in Developing Fuel-Exporting Countries(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Good Governance The Fragility of States Brain drain Natural Resources

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تعداد بازدید : 532 تعداد دانلود : 582
Good governance is a system of values, policies, and institutions by which governments manage society. Stability and political stability in countries require the absence of management gaps and the achievement of governance improvement and lack of fragility, which weakened and fragile governments do not have the necessary conditions for such conditions. Usually, developing countries are exposed to the gap in natural resources and brain drain, which provide the basis for important effects on governance and fragility. In this study, to investigate the effect of dependence on natural resources and brain drain on the fragility of states and good governance, the statistical data of 26 developing countries that export fuel from 2007 to 2019 were used and with the approach of SUR Model estimation has been done. The results show that the effect of natural resource rent on the fragility of states is positive and statistically significant. Also, the effect of natural resource rent on good governance is negative and significant. In other words, the effect of natural resource rent on the fragility of states and good governance has an impact coefficient of 0.03 and -0.02, respectively. Therefore, the rent of natural resources can cause governments to weaken and become more fragile in good governance indicators. Also, the effect of brain drain on the fragility of states is positive and significant, and it is negative and significant on good governance. The effect coefficient of the brain drain variable on the fragility of states and good governance is 2.05 and -0.12, respectively.

A Brief Review of the Evolution of International Trade Theories(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Classic Theory New Trade Theory Technology Intra-industry Trade Trade and Geography Vertical and Horizontal trade

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تعداد بازدید : 652 تعداد دانلود : 43
This study intended to review of the evolution of the theories and policies related to international trade, ranging from classic and neo-classic theories to recent trade theories that have been already applied by several developed countries for international trade. To that end, at first neo-classic trade theories, ranging from reciprocal demand theory to resource endowment one, along with their experimental applications as well as logical critics against them are offered. then, complementary discussions on Linder’s overlapping demand and the role of geography and transportation in trade, vertical intra-industry trade, horizontal intra-industry trade are followed. It finally ends by emphasis on the theories of Ozawa’s flying geese model and strategic trade. Research findings show that economic theories initially focused on inter-industry trade and then expanded with an emphasis on intra-industrial theories. Among these, the role of geography, trade within the vertical and horizontal industry is important. According to the research results, theories of international trade initially emerged with the presentation of classical theories and then matured with neoclassical theories. But the evolution of theories entered a new phase after the introduction of the role of geography and economies of scale with Paul Krugman's article on “trade and geography” in the form of new trade theories (NTT). Also, the progress of international trade theories occurred with the introduction of theories into trade cycles and strategic trade issues.

Examining the Effects of Socio-Economic Variables on Rural Migration in Iran: A fuzzy Regression Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Migration Socio-Economic Variables poverty Rural areas Drought

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تعداد بازدید : 240 تعداد دانلود : 563
Rural migration crisis is one of the most challenging problems in the socio-economic space of Iran. In this study, the fuzzy approach is applied to examine the effects of some variables like poverty, rural unemployment rate, the rural Gini coefficient, urban to rural wage ratio, drought situation and literacy rate on migration. In order to find the appropriate model, the Tanaka and FLSR fuzzy regression approaches are compared. The effects of the socio-economic variables on rural migration in Iran are examined during the period 1990-2018

Designing and explaining the customer experience management model in five-star hotels based on the Grounded theory(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: customer experience Five-star hotel Event marketing database approach

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تعداد بازدید : 985 تعداد دانلود : 448
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to present a customer experience management model in five-star hotels. Method: In this research, the researcher has used a database approach , and in the first study, he used the database approach based on the Ostrous approach to identify the components of the research. The tool used for collecting the required data in the first study, the protocol and in-depth interviews with five-star hotel managers and its customers in the country has been purposefully chosen and analyzed. Findings: the researcher conducted fifteen interviews in theoretical literature, and also has done axial and selective coding and then presented the results in the form of six main dimensions. Conclusion: The researcher has presented his research in the form of a model including six main dimensions, verbal advertising, service quality, new norms, customer service, event marketing, customer experience and thirty three sub-dimensions. Research findings show that improving the customer experience is the main objective for many people who work in hotels and hospitality industries.


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