مطالعات زن و خانواده

مطالعات زن و خانواده

مطالعات زن و خانواده دوره نهم زمستان 1400 شماره 4 (پیاپی 23) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

The predictors of Loneliness in Adolescents: The role of Gender, Parenting Rearing Behaviors, Friendship Quality, and Shyness(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Gender Perceived parenting rearing behavior shyness friendship quality loneliness

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۶۲ تعداد دانلود : ۹۳
This study was designed to explore the role of gender, parental raring behavior, friendship quality and shyness in the feeling of loneliness during adolescence through the ecological model of human development and the contextual-developmental perspective. 211 adolescents’ students ( 133 females, 78 males ) from five high schools in Tehran (Iran) participated in correlational research design (a non-experimental study) and completed the self-report scales including: Loneliness Scale, Short EMBU, Revised Cheek–Buss Shyness Scale, and Friendship–Unfriendship Attachment Inventory (SACRAL) . The results showed that parenting behavior, shyness, and friendship quality were correlated with loneliness. Moreover, the findings indicated that the low level of friendship quality and high level of parenting behavior in both rejection and over-controlling had a positive correlation with the high level of loneliness in adolescents. In addition, the result showed that male adolescents feel lonelier than female adolescents. The results obtained from the current study provide a number of implications, which can be beneficial in proposing intervention efforts directed toward promoting ideal development and growth during teenage years.
۲.

Sociological Explanation of the Transformation of the Family Institution in the Light of Extramarital Affairs with the GT Approach(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Extramarital relationship change in womens beliefs family structure hidden relationships women in Qazvin

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۶۸ تعداد دانلود : ۹۰
The aim of the present study is to provide a deep understanding and motivate women to establish an extramarital relationship. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach and grand theory method and data collection technique was semi-structured interview and was conducted with 17 married women in Qazvin who had experience or an extramarital relationship. In order to select the interviewees, we used the targeted sampling method, this sampling requires the use of a sequential sampling type called snowball. The results showed that women's interpretation and belief in the establishment of transnational relations emerge in areas such as: growth of social relations and change of social values, increase of leisure time and facilitation of new technologies. Factors influencing these relationships were sexual diversity, lack of sexual skills and knowledge, revenge, and the justification of extramarital affairs and the absence of a spouse. Individualism, gender bias, spousal indifference, divorce laws, a woman's inferiority in income and lack of awareness in choosing a spouse as interfering conditions, and acting on an extramarital affair lead to cravings, body management, and hesitation in later life. The consequences of such actions and reactions are an increase in hedonism and the normalization of the extramarital affair
۳.

Postcolonial politics and Muslim women in Hollywood cinema; Narrative analysis of "In the Land of Blood and Honey"(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Orientalism Islamophobia Hollywood Narrative analysis Postcolonial Politics

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۸۴ تعداد دانلود : ۵۷
This article seeks to show the representation of gender and Muslim women in Hollywood cinema with a narrative analysis approach. Thus, using the approach of postcolonial theory in the critique of Orientalism discourse and the construction of gender in Eastern and Muslim women, and liberal feminism, Analyzes the narrative of "In the Land of Blood and Honey" (Angelina Jolie, 2011). This film is one of the most important Hollywood films that has dedicated its main narrative to the representation of a Muslim woman. The findings of this study show that the narrative of this film follows Orientalist gender stereotypes and, well, shows the contrast between the liberal and postcolonial feminist approaches. As the Eastern and Muslim woman is humiliated by both her Western sister and her community. Muslim woman in the narrative of this film; Is also the Orientalist object of American cinema; She is subjected to both sexual and gender clichés and is accused of treason against the world system and is considered worthy of death. Narrative analysis of this film can open new perspectives on postcolonial feminism.
۴.

The relationship between successful marriage and self-differentiation: The mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Successful marriage Cognitive Emotion Regulation Self-differentiation

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۸۶ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱۲
Marriage is a critical stage in life that facilitates identification. Various components such as self-differentiation or cognitive emotion regulation affect marriage. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between successful marriage and self-differentiation by considering the mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation. This study was a descriptive correlational study of structural equations. The statistical population of the study was married men and women in Tehran that 635 people were selected using cluster and available sampling methods the cluster sampling method in the period of summer (2019) to summer (2020). To collect the data of this study, Hudson Successful Marriage Index Questionnaire(1992), Garnefski, Critch and Spinhaven Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire(2001), Skowron and Friedlander Self-Differentiation Questionnaire(2003) were used. The data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed in two descriptive and inferential sections using statistical tests and the structural equation approach by SPSS and AMOS software. The results showed that the independent variables of self-differentiation is related to the cognitive regulation of emotion and successful marriage (P> 0.001) , and emotion regulation plays a mediating role in the relationship between self-differentiation with a successful marriage. Since cognitive emotion regulation skills are one of the most effective individual factors in a successful marriage and family stability, Therefore, the role of training these strategies as well as self-differentiation is very important and requires more attention from counselors and stakeholders.
۵.

Systematic review of research on the effect of modesty on family strength(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: shyness hijab chastity family consolidation Systematic review

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۲۸ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۹
The institution of the family has been attacked by various schools over the past few centuries. The formation of single-parent families, gay marriage, white marriage, etc., are the results of this invasion. In the meantime, it is "shyness" that can be the protector of the family in this cultural campaign. This article provides a systematic review of research in the field of hijab, chastity and modesty and its impact on the family in a positive light and the effects of cultural invasion in a negative light. In fact, the innovation of this research is the study of the effect of modesty as a strengthening element of the family, which has been neglected in most studies. Methods: In a search conducted in Persian and English index index banks, seven, 650 and 47 articles were found in SID, Magiran and Noormags databases, respectively. Out of 705 studies, 605 works were not conceptually related. After deleting them, 100 articles were analyzed and after studying the abstract and text of all these articles, 38 related articles were reviewed. Conclusion: The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to upbringing and strengthening modesty as one of the basic factors in strengthening the family. This topic should be included in the research priorities of family researchers.

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