یتأس س الن ظر ف ی خ صوص یة ه ذا الم وض وع على إبراز أه م یة "التصور العالمی للتعلم" فی تطویر أداء أکادیمی جامعی متمیز، تتحقق بمقتضاه ثوابت الربط بین أمرین اثنین: 1- مراعاة خصوصیات الفرد البیولوجیة والفسیولوجیة، والمعرفیة، والثقافیة... فی التربیة والتعلیم، وتأهیله لأن یکون بموجب هذا التکوین عنصراً منصهراً فی عمق عولمة علمیة، وفکریة، وثقافیة تترسخ فی کل مظاهر حیاتنا الیومیة المعاصرة؛ 2- دور الجامعات (وکلیات التربیة تحدیداً) فی تعزیز روح المسؤولیة الاجتماعیة لدا الطلاب، وإعدادهم للانخراط الفاعل فی مجتمعهم عل حد تعزیز الانسجام بین ما یحدد هویتهم الفکریة والحضاریة العربیة، وبین ما یشکل مظاهر انخراطهم فی النسیج العلمی والفکری الحضاری العالمی.
تتأثر الأصوات اللغویة بعضها ببعض فی التراکیب أثناء الکلام، فعندما یتحدث الانسان على سجیة دون تکلف وعناء یمکن أن یؤثر بعض أصوات الکلمة فی بعض، کما تتأثر الألوان بعضها ببعض، لهذا فدراسة دلالة التشکیل الصوتی تقتضی دراسة مفردات السورة وتراکیبها، وتسلسل الأصوات والعبارات، وهی ظواهر لا ترتبط بالأصوات فی ذاتها فحسب، بل بالمجموعة الکلامیة بصفة عامة، کالصوائت، والصوامت، والمقطع، وهذا ما سنحاول الوقوف علیه من خلال التطبیق على سورة من سور القرآن الکریم ألا وهی سورة الفیل.
Iranian Adult Speakers' Perceptions toward Linguistic Taboos and Euphemisms in Iranian Society: A Sociolinguistic View
In recent years, the line of research on the socio-pragmatic aspects of language and language use has been increasing very rigorously. In this regard, taboos as well as euphemisms, due to their significant role in impacting on the interactions among interlocutors, have been the subject of research in various societies and cultures from a vast variety of aspects. That being so, the present study was an attempt to explore the perceptions of Iranian adult speakers of linguistic taboos and euphemisms in Iranian society. To achieve this aim, a convenient sample of 48 Iranian adult speakers, 24 males and 24 females, from Shiraz, Iran was recruited to participate in the study. The researcher interviewed them one by one and audio recorded their answers for further analysis and to determine their perceptions of linguistic taboos and euphemisms in Iranian society. The findings indicated that: a. Most of the participants believed that sex is the most offensive topic in Iranian society; b. All of the participants believed that people should use euphemisms in their speech and should take after of their speech especially in formal situations; c. Most of the Iranian adult speakers believed that the most important factor which leads to the use of taboo words is anger; and d. Most of the participants, both male and female, said they do not discuss taboo topics in mixed-sex groups.
Investigation of the Strategies Employed in Translation of Cultural and Ideological Items from English into Farsi in the Process of Dubbing (Based on Sharifi and Darchinyan’s Categorization)
At the age of globalization and the dominance of media, the audiovisual translation is no more considered as a marginal area and plays an important role in bringing cultures closer to each other. While taboo terms are an inseparable part of American movies, the movie maker companies have to reflect the authenticity of their language in audiovisual products in order to make them more tangible for their audiences. However, one of the biggest concerns of Iranian official audiovisual translators is cultural and ideological items such as taboo terms in audiovisual products. One of the aims of the present study was to investigate the strategies applied in the translation of taboo terms in two dubbed American movies by Iranian official audiovisual translators. The results indicated that most of the taboo terms have been altered or deleted ideologically during the process of translation due to the cultural differences between the source and the target culture. Finally, Iranian official audiovisual translators attempted to tone down the strong language, offensive expressions, vulgar descriptions, etc. in the process of dubbing and create an acceptable translation for their audiences.
Investigation of the Strategies Applied to Translate Idiomatic Expressions for Non-Native Viewers of Iranian Subtitled Movies (The Case Study: Drama Genre)
Nowadays, idiomatic expressions considered an inseparable part of our everyday language and they are one of the most problematic issues in the process of translation between languages. There exist some elements which are directly related to culture, customs, beliefs, and values of the target language audiences which idioms are included. The present study aimed to investigate the strategies employed in the translation of idioms from Persian into English in the process of subtitling in three Iranian subtitled drama movies. To do this, idioms extracted from Persian versions of the selected drama movies, then, compared with their subtitled ones in English. The obtained data showed the Chi-square results were not significant at χ2 (6, N=4) =3.625, p=0, by considering p ˂0.05, and the strategies employed were not distributed equally. It means that “Using an idiom of similar meaning and form” was the most frequently used strategy in the translation of the idiomatic expressions with the highest frequency of 36% and the least frequently used strategy for dealing with idioms was “Omission” which is 10%. Therefore, Iranian audiovisual translators attempted to translate the idioms as naturally as possible and preserve their naturalness for Non-Farsi language viewers.
Representing the Persian Realities of the Beginning of the 19th Century in the Russian Artistic Text of the 20th Century (Based on Tynianov's Novel “The Death of Vazir Mukhtar”)
The article is devoted to linguo-imagological analysis of the image of Persia of the 19th century in the Russian language consciousness of the 19th and 20th centuries. The material for the study was the novel of the historian writer Yu. N. Tynianov's “Death of Vazir Mukhtar”, dedicated to the last year of life and the tragic death of the poet-diplomat A. S. Griboyedov. The subject of the description in the article was two realities of Persian being, usually the first arising in the minds of people who are not carriers of culture of that time-the Shah's harem and eunuchs. The key characteristic of the harem is the army, the eunuchs are emptiness. These realities, like all the others, are presented as objectively as possible, with artistic instructions on the cause and effect of all events, that is, Yu. N. Tynianov appears as a historian scientist and a talented writer.