Petroleum Business Review (PBR)

Petroleum Business Review (PBR)

Petroleum Business Review (PBR), Volume 6, Issue 4 - Serial Number 21, Autumn 2022 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Evaluating Impact of Sustainable Supply Chain on Organization Performance and Efficiency in National Iranian South Oil Company(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Supply Chain sustainable supply chain Organization performance Organization Efficiency

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 719 تعداد دانلود : 365
Nowadays, supply chains are highly vulnerable and prone to various risks due to geographical expansion and the complexity of communication networks. Sustainability in supply chains is increasingly seen as part of supply chain management. Sustainability has become a necessity, and every supply chain needs sustainability. However, the supply chain has a breadth and complexity of indicators. This paper aims to provide a model for evaluating the impact of the sustainable supply chain on organizational performance and efficiency in the National Iranian South Petroleum Company (NISOC). This study consists of two quantitative studies and a qualitative stage by designing several questions and using a mixed research method. The qualitative stage uses grounded theory methods following a systematic review of the literature on sustainable supply chain management and its adaptation to the local needs of the sustainable supply chain in one of the country’s largest oil companies. The statistical population of the research includes all employees of the NISOC with an unlimited number, of which 384 subjects are randomly selected as samples. In this study, a questionnaire is used as the data collection tool. The questionnaire designed in this research is based on a 5-point Likert scale. Options range from strongly agree to disagree strongly. The research hypotheses are tested using SmartPLS software. According to the results, the organizational performance and efficiency in the NISOC are affected by the green supply chain, industry supply chain, macro policies, socioeconomic factors, organizational factors, political factors, technology, manufactured products, customers, and supply chain failures. As shown in this study, using sustainable approaches to the supply chain of the petroleum company improves the situation of this organization and increases its effectiveness and efficiency. Further, the performance of individual components of organizations increases due to the sustainability model in this company
۲.

Identifying and Prioritizing Technology Commercialization Components in Iran’s Oil and Gas Industries(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Independent Technology Commercialization Capabilities oil and gas industries Technology Technology commercialization

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 532 تعداد دانلود : 547
Knowledge and technology can be used to gain business benefits in organizations. In this regard, in addition to using technology in the production of products, technology commercialization to transfer technology to other organizations is considered a practical approach to gaining business benefits. Accordingly, this study aims to identify and prioritize commercialization components in Iran’s gas and oil industry to transfer technology to other industries and organizations since there is high potential to commercialize and transfer technology in this industry. After reviewing the previous literature and interviewing experts using semi-structured questions and the snowball sampling method, 46 attributes are detected and classified as 10 main components. Then, the confirmatory factor analysis method in SMART PLS software confirms the 44 attributes in 10 components. Shannon’s entropy and WASPAS methods are used to weigh and prioritize the extracted components. As a result of this research, the three main priorities of importance in the components of commercialization are identified: the “enterprise capabilities of technology transfer”, “technological capabilities and resources”, and “independent technology commercialization strategies in the oil and gas industry
۳.

A Comparative Analysis of Factors Affecting the Chinese and Indian Oil Policies in the Middle East(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: China India Oil Middle East Oil Policy

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 476 تعداد دانلود : 379
As a region rich in oil and gas resources, low energy prices, and a unique geopolitical position, the Middle East has been the focus of global attention, particularly for economic powers such as China and India. Due to the wide gap between energy supply and demand, especially for oil, the two countries have developed a special diplomacy for their energy supplies. Understanding the oil policies of Beijing and New Delhi as the main actors in the energy market of the Middle East is paramount for the leading oil-producing countries. By conducting a comparative analysis of the Delhi–Beijing oil policies in the Middle East, the present article will ask how domestic, regional, and international variables affect the Chinese and Indian oil policies in this region. The authors have compared the following critical variables in answer to this question: the legal structure and decision-making process, self-sufficiency levels, the geopolitical position toward the Middle East, oil diplomacy, the role of technology, and the international economic-political position of the two countries. Our findings show that the Beijing government has formulated its oil policy using a single, specific decision-making body in the energy sector. It has relied on expanding multilateral ties with other countries, long-term investments, long-term loans, expanding energy transfer pipelines, and long-term contracts to deepen its relations with oil-rich countries, particularly those in West Asia. On the other hand, India has based its diplomacy on short-term economic contracts, situation analysis, and needs assessment. It is, however, clear that both countries will continue to depend on oil from the Middle East in the medium term despite the threat of US sanctions
۴.

Interpretive Ranking of Inertia Characteristics in the Auditing Profession to Enhance the Auditors’ Independence in Petrochemical Industry(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Auditing Profession Inertia Auditors Independence Petrochemical Industry Interpretive Ranking Process

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 95 تعداد دانلود : 564
As a significant consequence of internal and external characteristics in auditors, independence plays a vital role in promoting professional judgment in auditing. This dimension of individual audit functions has always been considered one of the areas studied in this profession due to its integration with the perceptual and often intangible features of auditors’ behavior. Therefore, this study, understanding the importance of independence functions in the auditing profession, seeks to identify the characteristics of inertia as a stimulus for independence in auditing in the petrochemical industry to act on its interpretive ranking. This research is a mixed method due to the nature of data collection. It first uses interviews to identify the characteristics of inertia in the auditing profession and then employs the checklists of the pair scale to determine the interpretive ranking. Accordingly, the grounded theory and the quantitative part are used in the qualitative part, and Delphi analysis and the interpretive ranking process are used. The statistical population in the qualitative section were 12 auditing professionals who, in terms of theoretical knowledge, had the necessary capabilities to develop the concept studied in this study. They were selected through theoretical sampling based on the snowball technique. The statistical population in the quantitative part were 19 auditors with work experience in the petrochemical industry and a level of technical and specialized knowledge; they were selected using homogeneous sampling. The research results in the qualitative part indicate the existence of 3 categories, 8 components, and 35 concept codes that have laid the inertial features in the auditing profession in the form of an 8-dimensional integrated model. On the other hand, the results in the quantitative part show that the percentage of influence of the locus of control feature is higher than other inertial features in the audit profession in the petrochemical industry, implying that the auditor’s encirclement on individual control in success and failure can avoid a set of external factors such as chance and lead fate in audit functions. In other words, an auditor with the characteristics of an internal locus of control tries to use his/her ability to express independent behavior in professional comments and judgments, regardless of external reasons
۵.

Oil Rim Development Opportunities and Challenges: A Case Study of the Troll Oilfield in Norwegian Continental Shelf, North Sea(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Oil Rim Troll Oilfield Deterministic Economic Analysis CAPEX

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 547 تعداد دانلود : 594
The global economy is expanding at a drastic pace, and energy is fundamental to nearly all economic activities and modern living standards. Sustaining the oil supply is a profound challenge in the oil and gas industry. One of the ways the industry is now looking to sustain supply is through developing oil rims, which were once considered uncommercial because of technology. Developing oil rim has its opportunities and challenges, on which this study has focused. This study aims to investigate the feasibility and viability of oil rim development, its opportunities and challenges, and the factors affecting its economic viability. The Troll Oilfield on the Norwegian continental shelf is used as a case study because it is an oil rim field. The economic analysis is based on historical production data of the Troll oilfield. A deterministic approach is used, which involves both cash flow and sensitivity analysis. Based on the economic analysis results, oil rim development is marginally economic and viable but on certain conditions: low CAPEX and high oil price. The type of technology used in developing oil rims determines the efficiency and economic feasibility of the development. The outcome of this study shows that technology has made oil rim development possible which was once considered uncommercial in the past, and oil price is the primary determinant of the viability of oil rim development
۶.

An Analysis of the Value Chains of the Petrochemical Industry With a Focus on the New Approach of Petro-Refinery(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Petro refinery Value Chain Petrochemical Industry

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 962 تعداد دانلود : 337
As one of the mother industries, the petrochemical industry is one of the essential pillars of development and the driving engine of various sectors of the country’s economy. This industry will achieve several important goals, such as increasing export income, expanding downstream sectors, creating jobs, and increasing GDP. This importance has been emphasized in the country’s upstream documents, such as the general policies of the resistance economy, focusing on developing petroleum refineries to prevent the vulnerability of oil and gas revenues by extending the value chain and increasing the export of these products. The current work aims to investigate the value chain of the petrochemical industry with the new approach of petrochemical refineries, as well as the pathology and evaluation of the current state of the chains mentioned above in the country with the descriptive research method and the library method using policy research. The research results show that the chain of petrochemical products with the approach of creating petrochemical refineries has relatively high advantages compared to focusing on chains with the traditional method.

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