Journal of preventive Counselling (JPC)

Journal of preventive Counselling (JPC)

Journal of preventive Counselling, Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2023 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)



The Discursive Psychology Perspective on the Hope Discourse and Sharing Issue(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Hope discourse Sharing discursive psychology discursive practice Rhetoric

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 541 تعداد دانلود : 561
Aim: The present study aims to investigate the discursive practice and rhetoric of hope in higher and lower-sharing people. Method: participants comprised 17 mothers married for 10 to 25 years with at least two children selected through purposive sampling. The present research was conducted with a qualitative approach and an interpretive paradigm. In-depth interviews were used to collect data and data analysis was done using discursive analysis. In order to discourse analyze in the field of discursive psychology, the discursive practice and rhetoric of the hope discourse and sharing were investigated. Findings: Higher-sharing participants enjoyed a wider discourse scope and higher dynamic and active relationships. They cared about the family environment peace, the harmony of spouses in their life route, raising children, and providing a suitable environment for their development, and used rhetoric that were harmonious and appropriate to the content in their words and behavior. Conclusion: Higher-sharing participants enjoyed a more hopeful rhetoric than the lower-sharing participants.

Investigating the Mediating Role of Marital Conflict About Work-family Conflict and Women’s Job Burnout Working in Tehran Hospitals(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: work-family conflict Marital conflict Job Burnout Working women

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 243 تعداد دانلود : 102
Aim: the present paper aims at investigating the mediating role of marital conflict about work-family conflict and working women’s job burnout. Method: this research is a descriptive-correlation study. The sample includes 200 women working in Tehran hospitals in 1400, who were chosen through convenient sampling method. In order to collect data, a questionnaire about work-family conflict, job burnout, and marital conflict was used. Moreover, in order to analyze the data, Pearson’s coefficient of correlation was used and AMOS-24 and SPSS-25 were used for path analysis. Results: results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between marital conflict and job burnout (β=0.391, P˂0.001). Work-family conflict also has a significant positive relationship with marital conflict (β=0.221, P˂0.001). According to regression and path analysis, work-family conflict cannot prognosticate job burnout on its own and can express job burnout changes through marital conflict (β=0.086, P˂0.001). Conclusion: due to their traumatic workplace, working women fall under the influence of work stress, which shall lead to job burnout if marital conflict heightens.

Identifying the strategies and consequences of training sport activities to children with autism spectrum disorder(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: children sport activities psychological development autism disorder

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 190 تعداد دانلود : 749
the special conditions of children with autism spectrum disorder; they should benefit from exercising in their lives. Unfortunately, due to the unfamiliarity and the lack of suitable conditions, the ground to participate in sport activities for this group of people in the society is not well prepared. Therefore, the purpose of the current research is to identify strategies and express the consequences of teaching sports activities to children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: The present research carried out in 2023 via using a qualitative style based on a phenomenological approach and in the Collaizi method. Research Participants included: children with autistic disorder and their parents, sport instructors with the experience of working with autistic children, university faculty members in the psychology department, sport management, motor behavior, and autism therapists, from whom a sample of 17 people was selected. For the final validation of the research, the validity and reliability criteria were applied. Results: In the end, 87 final concepts were identified, including 7 main contents: motivational, environmental, individual, instructors’, communication, social, and parental awareness; and its consequences entail 5 main contents of motor, physical, psychological, behavioral and social development. Conclusion: The results of the research will help to plan the proper inclusion of sport programs in the daily schedule of children suffering from autism, and finally the improvement of the physical and mental condition of this group of people in the society will be achieved.

Teachers’ burnout and students’ language achievement during COVID-19 pandemic: A case of online education(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Burnout Language Achievement EFL Teachers EFL students

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 881 تعداد دانلود : 644
The present study was an attempt to investigate the relationship between teachers’ sense of burnout and students’ language achievement in their online classes. To this end, 40 male and female English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers and 100 EFL learners were randomly selected from both public schools and private language institutes. The Oxford Placement Test (OPT) and MBI-ES questionnaire were employed as the instruments of the present study. The researcher distributed MBI-ES questionnaire among the teacher participants and also used OPT test and gave it to 100 students of each class in order to measure their achievement and their language performance. The present study used Pearson correlation in order to find the correlation between the aforementioned variables. Then, after collecting the data about the two above-mentioned variables, the results revealed that there is no significant relationship between teachers’ sense of burnout and students’ language achievement during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Comparing the Effectiveness of Reality Therapy and Emotion-Focused Therapy on the Symptoms of Love Trauma in women with Love Failure(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Reality Therapy Emotion-focused therapy Symptoms of Love Trauma Women Love Failure

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 478 تعداد دانلود : 640
This research was conducted to compare the effectiveness of reality therapy and emotion-oriented therapy on the symptoms of love trauma in women with love failure. This study was a type of applied and quasi-test research using the pre-test-post-test plan with a follow-up test. The statistical population of the research was all the people who were referred to Aramandish and Chaman clinics in Tehran in 2022, 45 people were selected as a statistical sample based on purposeful sampling. 15 people were in group experiment 1 (reality therapy), 15 people were in experiment 2 (excitement) and 15 people were in the control group. The data collection tool was Love Trauma Inventory (LTI), Rosse (1999). Data analysis was done through the analysis of variance tests with repeated measures. The findings showed that reality therapy and emotion-oriented intervention have a significant effect on the symptoms of emotional failure. The results also showed that there is no significant difference between the two groups of experiments 1 and 2 (reality therapy and emotional therapy). Therefore, it can be concluded that both reality therapy and emotion-oriented interventions can be used for emotional failure syndromes.

Emotion Regulation Training on Psychological Resilience of Self-Harming Female Students(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: emotion regulation training psychological resilience Self-harming Female Students

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : 56 تعداد دانلود : 273
The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of emotion regulation training on the psychological resilience of girl students with self-harming behavior. The present study was a semi-experimental study with pre-and post-test with a control group design. The statistical population of the study included all female students aged 12-15 years studying in the elementary and middle school in Tehran in the academic year 2019-2020. Multi-stage random sampling was performed. The sample consisted of 36 girl students who had self-harming behavior that was randomly assigned to two groups (18people emotion regulation training group and 18 people control group). For data collection, we the used Self-Harm Inventory and the Connor‐Davidson resilience scale (CD‐RISC). The experimental group received their emotion regulation training in eight sessions of 60 minutes per week and the control group received no training. One-way analysis of covariance (ANOVA) on the SPSS software version 24 was used for data analysis. The results of the analysis of variance showed that emotion regulation training was effective in improving psychological resilience in students with self-harming behavior. Hence, by designing training programs for the regulation of emotion and including them in the curriculum of students, the necessary basis should be provided to strengthen related skills.