Journal of Money and Economy

Journal of Money and Economy

Journal of Money and Economy, Vol. 12, No. 4, Fall 2017 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)



Privatization in the Banking System and its Impact on the Profitability Indices(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۲۴۸ تعداد دانلود : ۱۳۱
Privatization which refers to the transition of ownership and management of state-owned enterprises to the private sector, is one of the main drivers of economic prosperity. In this paper, the performance of the state, private, and privatized banks have been compared through examining the effects of privatization in the banking system on its performance. The data from 11 banks during the 13-years period (2005-2017) has been used in this research. Due to the time of major privatization (2009) and the imposition of restrictions on the banking system in the form of sanctions, two dummy variables are used to distinguish their effects. To this purpose, panel regression, parametric and non-parametric tests have been used that have all the same results. The results of panel regression model which is used to examine the effects of privatization on the profitability of the entire banking system showed that privatization has had a positive and significant effect on the performance of banks in terms of profitability. In the first step, parametric and non-parametric tests have been used with the aim of comparing the performance of privatized banks with that of private and state banks in the period before and after privatization; then, these tests were used with the aim of comparing the performance of privatized banks in the period before and after the privatization. The results showed that there were significant differences in these two periods. In the third step, the performance of privatized banks in the period before and after privatization with state and private banks were compared. The results showed that the performance of privatized banks was only improved compared with state banks and was almost the same as private banks.

Modeling Basel Regulatory in DSGE with Emphasis on Adequacy Regulatory(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۳۳۱ تعداد دانلود : ۶۶
In this paper Basel regulation is modeled in Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) framework. For this purpose, using data from 1981-2017 for Iran, capital adequacy as an importance regulation is modeled. Results show Basel regulation has procyclical effect. According to the results of the model and according to the realities of economy and banking system of Iran, in recession, lending and credit risk increase and repayment probability decrease. Despite these conditions, capital adequacy does not increase. This confirms that risks are less relevant in determining capital. If elasticity of repayment probability with respect to capital loan ratio is zero, Basel II is more procyclical than Basel I. If elasticity of repayment probability with respect to capital loan ratio is 0.5, Basel II is less procyclical than Basel I.

Repairing the Organizational Trust to Maintain and Enhance Deposits in Iran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۳۲ تعداد دانلود : ۳۸
Nowadays, the widespread connections among national and international organizations and industries make crisis in one area distress other organizations. One of the sensitive industries is banking industry, which has faced fundamental changes due to the various economic and political crisis in the last decade. Alterations such as exchange rates fluctuations, bankruptcy of unorganized institutions, economic sanctions and sanctions on banks cause crisis, which in turn result in the decrease in the public trust in banks, from both views of the depositors and stock investors. The present study, which is the first attempt in Iran, demonstrates approaches to the recreation and improvement of the trust in banking industry. To evaluate the hypothesis, a precise survey involving 455 banks customers, selected by random sampling method, was carried out in February 2018. According to the results, the trust in the government ownership have an important role in recreating of the trust in public sector banks. Besides, the role of state oversight and regulation extremely influences the recreation of the public trust in depositing in private sector banks. Most importantly, the trust in the government is significant on the increment of the trust in banking industry and the government ownership and regulation.

Developing Ethical Competence for Electronic Banking of Tejarat Bank(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۸ تعداد دانلود : ۳۸
The purpose of this research is to present a structural equation model for ethical competence in electronic banking. The research is descriptive and conducted through a survey. In the qualitative phase, the statistical population includes professors and experts in the field of electronic banking and also senior managers working in Tejarat Bank. They have been chosen using purposeful sampling technique and the data collection reached saturation after 11 interviews. In the quantitative phase, based on krejcie and Morgan table, among 435 experts in charge of marketing and modern services in Tejart Bank, 205 are chosen by simple random sampling method. The data collection instruments in qualitative phase are the two semi-structured interview and document review approaches. In quantitative phase, samples fill out made-questionnaires. Results suggest that the ethical competence model in electronic banking consists of 3 dimensions (beneficiaries, social responsibility and information technology), 9 major components (employees, shareholders, clients, rivals, ethical responsibility, economical responsibility, voluntary responsibility, legal responsibility and information technology) and 56 minor components.

Macroeconomic and Welfare Effects of Parametric Pension Reform in Iran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۵۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۶۳
The aim of this paper is to analyze the macroeconomic effects of parametric reforms. An adjusted Auerbach-Kotlikoff model is used to study the effects of decreasing replacement and contribution rates of the pension system. The first part concentrates on the macroeconomic effect of reforms. Our results indicate that reducing the replacement and contribution rates increase the capital stock and decrease the interest rates so the economy moves closer towards the golden rule. Under these parametric reforms, there is a long-run increase in capital stock, wages, labor supply, consumption and income of the future generations. We then measure the welfare effects of different generations and finally show how to use a Lump-Sum Redistribution Authority to calculate an aggregate efficiency measure of policy reforms. Our findings suggest an aggregate efficiency gain of 32.14 % (for replacement rate) and 4.04 % (for contribution rate) compared to the initial equilibrium.

Impact of the Selected Domestic and Foreign Markets Returns on Stock Price in Iran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۱۳۸ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۱
One of the features of a financial market, the stock market, in particular, is the market sentiment which is the overall attitude of investors toward a particular security or financial market. Investors always seek to create a portfolio with minimum risk while maintaining the expected return level. Therefore, perceiving the relationship between the stock returns and markets returns can be helpful for investors to create an optimal portfolio. On this basis, the present study aims at investigating the Dynamic Conditional Correlation (DCC) between the returns on the domestic markets (industry stock market and exchange rate) and foreign markets using monthly data of oil and base metals including total metals, copper, steel and returns on the stock price index in Iran during March 2001 to April 2017 using the Dynamic Conditional Correlation Fractionally Integrated Asymmetric Power ARCH (DCC-FIAPARCH) approach. The obtained results indicate a statistically significant and positive DCC coefficient between metals, industrial products, and copper returns with the stocks returns. Consequently, it is not possible to put each of these assets with the stocks in an identical situation (purchase or sale), but instead they should be always situations for risk control. However, in connection with other markets, DCC is not significant; accordingly, assets can be placed in the investment portfolio together with the stocks.


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