منصور گنجی

منصور گنجی

مطالب

فیلتر های جستجو: فیلتری انتخاب نشده است.
نمایش ۱ تا ۹ مورد از کل ۹ مورد.
۱.

The Effects of Age, Gender, Teaching Experience, Teaching Context, and Academic Degree on Iranian English Teachers’ Classroom Management Behaviors(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Classroom Management Demographic features Teachers' Behavior

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۷ تعداد دانلود : ۸۲
Research has shown that classroom management plays a critical role in facilitating effective learning, making it a permanent concern for teachers as well as researchers. In the related literature, one area which needs further consideration is to explore the effect of different personal and contextual factors on the way teachers choose to manage their classrooms. Therefore, the present study aimed at exploring the effects of age, gender, teaching experience, teaching context, and academic degree on Iranian English teachers’ classroom management behaviors. To achieve this, a researcher-made questionnaire based on four classroom management questionnaires was developed. The questionnaire was distributed among 152 EFL teachers teaching in different settings in Iran. To analyze the obtained data, Point-Biserial correlation followed by an independent samples t-test, and one-way ANOVA were used. The results revealed that men and women were quite different with regard to the classroom management behaviors they showed. However, age, teaching context, teaching experience, and academic degree did not significantly affect teachers’ classroom management behaviors. Possible explanations of the results in light of the previous literature are further discussed.
۲.

میزان پوشش توانش زبان و فرهنگ در برنامه های کارشناسی و کارشناسی ارشد مترجمی زبان انگلیسی دانشگاه های دولتی ایران(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۵ تعداد دانلود : ۴۳
بدیهی است که مهم ترین توانش موجود در هر مدل ترجمه، تسلط به زبان و فرهنگ مبدأ و مقصد است. از سوی دیگر، زبان و فرهنگ دو مقوله جدایی ناپذیر هستند، واقعیتی که با معرفی مفهوم «زبان فرهنگ» توسط آگار (1994) بیش از پیش برجسته شد. پژوهش دومرحله ای حاضر با رویکردی کیفی و با هدف بررسی میزان پوشش توانش زبان و فرهنگ در برنامه های درسی کارشناسی و کارشناسی ارشد مترجمی زبان انگلیسی دانشگا ه های دولتی ایران در مقایسه با برنامه های خارجی مشابه و نیز ارائه راهکارهایی برای بهبود برنامه های درسی مذکور از حیث این توانش انجام گرفت. برای این منظور، از تحلیل محتوای برنامه های درسی مربوطه و مصاحبه های نیمه ساختاریافته با متخصصان ایرانی استفاده شد. مهم ترین یافته این پژوهش تأکید بر ضرورت اصلاح برنامه های درسی کنونی در راستای پوشش حداکثری مباحثی است که در قالب فهرستی از موضوعات زبان و فرهنگ فارسی، زبان و فرهنگ انگلیسی، و زبان و فرهنگ مشترک ارائه شده است. فهرست مذکور، که یکی دیگر از یافته های ارزشمند پژوهش حاضر است، می تواند در طراحی برنامه های دانشگاهی مستقل برای تربیت مترجمان مکتوب، مترجمان شفاهی و مترجمان دیداری شنیداری یا گرایش های تخصصی مترجمی زبان انگلیسی نیز مفید باشد. به علاوه، پژوهشگران می توانند از یافته های این پژوهش، که حاصل رویکردی جزئی نگر به توانش زبان و فرهنگ است، جهت انجام مطالعات بیشتر درباره هریک از مؤلفه های این توانش استفاده کنند.
۳.

Efficacy of Instatext for Improving Persian-English Freelance Translators' Language Quality: From Perception to Practice

کلید واژه ها: Automated Feedback Program (AFP) Automated Writing Evaluation (AWE) InstaText Language Quality Perception Persian-English Freelance Translators

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۲۵ تعداد دانلود : ۷۶
There is growing agreement among researchers on the advantages of using automated feedback programs (AFPs), but most of the previous studies have evaluated more well-known AFPs like Grammarly, Ginger, etc. in English writing classes. None of the previous studies on AFPs evaluated the effectiveness of and users' perception of InstaText. Thus, this study was aimed at examining the effects of InstaText on improving the language quality (i.e., grammar, spelling, and style) of Persian-English freelance translators using InstaText for editing their English translations of Persian academic papers, which are considered technical translations. In addition, it was conducted to investigate how the said users perceived this InstaText. This quantitative study was conducted in two phases: a one-group pretest-posttest phase, where the effect of using InstaText on improving the language quality of translated technical texts was examined with 75 participants; and a survey phase, where the participants' perception toward InstaText was measured using Usefulness, Satisfaction, and Ease of Use (USE) questionnaire. InstaText did not help the participants make significant progress in grammar and spelling, but its effect on improving their style was significant. Further, the participants perceived the tool as intuitive, user-friendly, efficient, time-saving, and satisfactory.
۴.

Needs Analysis for Maritime ESP Courses of Iran’s Ports and Maritime Organization (PMO)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Needs analysis Maritime English English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Ports and Maritime Organization of Iran (PMO)

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۱۹ تعداد دانلود : ۹۳
Limiting the scope of Maritime English (ME) courses to nautical subject matters, due to the conventional views who define ME as the global language used at sea, may not be based on a real needs analysis of English for Specific Purposes (ESP) courses in ports and maritime related organizations. Utilizing a mixed-methods approach, this study aimed to challenge this traditional perception through conducting an ESP needs analysis in Ports and Maritime Organization (PMO) of Iran. All the 17 departments’ managers and/or their delegates were interviewed, then a researcher-made questionnaire which was developed according to the interviews was distributed among the experts (70 respondents). The deductive content analysis was used for analyzing the qualitative part, and the quantitative data were analyzed through descriptive statistics. It was revealed that the overall needs of PMO in terms of ESP does not concord with conventional nautical-based Maritime English courses, and it in fact encompasses a much wider variety of content areas such as “port economic, marketing and investment, legal, tariffs, agreements and contracts, education, research, strategic port administration, logistics” etc.
۵.

An Analysis of the Multiword Units Presented in IELTS Speaking Preparation Books Published by Iranian Authors(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: IELTS Lexical Bundles Speaking Skill spoken corpora

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۵۷ تعداد دانلود : ۹۳
This study compared the use of lexical bundles in authentic spoken language data with those of two English learning textbooks developed for IELTS preparation courses in Iran. The aim was to see if the language chunks available in the said textbooks were representative of the real-life language for which learners need to prepare. To achieve this aim, firstly, a list of lexical bundles was compiled based on Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English (MICASE) and British Academic Spoken English (BASE). Further, the list was used as a reference tool to analyze the language data of two IELTS preparation books published and widely used in Iran. The results highlighted some considerable differences between MICASE and BASE with regard to the use of lexical bundles in terms of their frequency, structure, and function. Moreover, it was revealed that the books under investigation shared only a scarce number of similar lexical bundles with MICASE and BASE as a whole. Therefore, they failed to be representative of the authentic language that people use in real world. Finally, the implications of the study are discussed, and several practical suggestions are made in order to inform teachers, material developers, and syllabus designers of the importance of related corpus linguistic studies.
۶.

The Effect of Paper Versus Online Worksheets on Iranian Young EFL Learners’ Vocabulary Learning

کلید واژه ها: Young EFL Learners Online Worksheet Paper Worksheet Vocabulary Learning

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۸۸ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰۳
This quasi-experimental research aimed at investigating the effects of two different modes of worksheets on the vocabulary learning of Iranian young EFL learners. Some 20 male and female learners enrolled in a language institute in Chabahar agreed to participate in this study. Then, they were randomly divided into two experimental groups, and a vocabulary test was administered before the treatment as the pre-test. This pre-test was administered to determine the learners’ vocabulary knowledge and check their homogeneity. During the treatment, learners in Paper Worksheet Group (PWG) learned new words via paper worksheets, while the learners in Online Worksheet Group (OWG) learned vocabulary items via online worksheets. At the end, all the participants took a vocabulary post-test, which was the same as the pre-test. A paired sample t-test and an independent sample t-test were run, the results of which revealed that the PWG outperformed the OWG. More precisely, paper worksheets had a significant impact on young EFL learners’ vocabulary learning. Using worksheets, teachers can create a relaxed, challenging, and fun atmosphere so that young EFL learners can learn complex vocabulary items through active and multi-dimensional learning.
۷.

تبیین و بررسی تأثیر انگاره بومیِ ارزشیابی پویا در شناخت و رفع مشکلات یادگیری مهارت های زبانیِ مولد در دانش آموزان متوسطه(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: آزمون سازی ارزشیابی پویا انگاره بومی منطقه مجاور رشد مهارتهای مولد

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۱۹ تعداد دانلود : ۲۷۱
ارزشیابی پویا، رویکردی نوین در آزمون سازی است که ریشه در مبانی نظری فراوانی دارد و به همین دلیل، در سالهای اخیر مورد توجه محققان قرار گرفته است. اما اغلب این تحقیقات در محیط ای آزمایشگاهی بوده و قابلیت این رویکرد را در یک دروه تحصیلی واقعی بررسی نکرده اند. در تحقیق حاضر با بهره گیری از نظریه های گوناگون آموزش و ارزشیابی، انگاره ای بومی از ارزشیابی پویا برای شناخت مشکلات یادگیری تبیین و سپس نتایج حاصل با رویکردی معیار (الجفره و لنتلف،1994) مقایسه شده است. برای این منظور از 102 نفر از دانش آموزان پسر اول متوسطه در دو گروه آزمایشی و یک گروه کنترل استفاده و عملکرد آنها در یک پس آزمون مقایسه شد. نتایج نشان داد که به واسطه این انگاره بومی می توان مشکلات دانش آموزان در مهارت های مولد را بازشناخت و برای رفع آنها فهرستی بومی از الگوهای مداخله ای ارائه کرد. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل واریانس نیز نشان داد که این فهرست مداخله ای بومی بر انگاره معیار مذکور برتری نسبی دارد و به صورت معناداری باعث رشد یادگیری مهارت های گفتاری و نوشتاری زبان آموزان می شود.
۸.

The Role of Transcribing Group Discussion Task in Promoting Autonomy and Oral Proficiency of University EFL Learners(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: learner autonomy oral proficiency self - correction peer - correction transcription

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۱۶ تعداد دانلود : ۲۱۹
This study investigated the effect of transcribing group-discussion tasks on the development of university students' autonomy and oral proficiency. A quasi-experimental research design was followed to compare the performances of four groups: two experimental groups and two control groups (each group divided into low and high proficiency students). The study lasted for 12 weeks, and the teacher assigned a classroom oral discussion task in each session. The students were divided into discussion groups of three or four students, with low and high proficiency learners in different groups. The participants had to record their group discussion tasks. Control groups’ students had to submit their recorded conversations to their instructor, but they did not do any post-task activity. However, the experimental groups’ students had to transcribe their recorded speaking tasks, to find their own and their peers' grammatical mistakes, and to correct them. Finally, while working in groups, students discussed the texts and reformulated their mistakes. Employing ANCOVA to analyze the results, researchers found that experimental groups significantly outperformed the students of the control groups on post-tests of oral proficiency and learner autonomy. Thus, transcription followed by reflection on inaccurate production contributed to the superior performance of participants in the experimental groups.
۹.

English Major Students’ Awareness of Metacognitive Reading Strategies: Gender and Academic Level in Focus(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Gender Reading Comprehension metacognitive reading strategies Academic Level

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۱۳ تعداد دانلود : ۲۵۵
Metacognitive reading strategies play a significant role in reading comprehension and educational success. Being noticeably absent from many Iranian classrooms and largely unaware of by many language learners and teachers, metacognitive reading strategies have fallen into oblivion in English language teaching, research, learning, and assessment. The present study was an attempt to measure the metacognitive reading strategy (MRS) awareness among Iranian university students majoring in English Translation Studies. It also aimed at determining whether gender and learners’ different academic levels would make any difference in using various types of MRS. Furthermore, it investigated the relationship between Iranian EFL learners’ awareness of MRS and their reading comprehension performance. A sample of 45 EFL university students majoring in English Translation at Chabahar Maritime University participated in this study. They were asked to complete the Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) questionnaire adapted from Tavakoli (2014) and to take a TOEFL Junior Standard Reading Comprehension Test. The results revealed that although the overall strategy use among these students was low (M=2.42), support reading strategies were used the most and problem-solving strategies were the least frequently used ones. Additionally, no significant difference was found between males and females as well as different academic levels in the use of MRS. No significant relationship was found between students’ overall use of metacognitive reading strategies and their reading comprehension achievement. The study concludes with a number of pedagogical implications and lists several guidelines for future research.

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