فیلتر های جستجو: فیلتری انتخاب نشده است.
نمایش ۱ تا ۵ مورد از کل ۵ مورد.
Despite the abundance of research on ELT teachers, little is known about teacher language awareness (TLA) with focus on its impact on pedagogical practice in the EFL context. To fill this gap, an in-depth study was conducted to examine the procedural dimension of TLA among eight EFL teachers with different teaching experiences (novice versus experienced) related to teaching grammar at Iranian language institutes. Data were collected through non-participant classroom observations and stimulated recall interviews (of at least 7 lessons per teacher) from eight EFL teachers at three private language institutes in Iran. The findings revealed the experienced teachers’ application of TLA in their pedagogical practices in comparison to their novice counterparts. Most importantly, the application of TLA in classrooms was affected by factors, such as context, time constraints, learners’ emotions, and previous experiences as learners and teachers. This study may expand the current understanding of TLA and its impact on grammar teaching and have implications for language teacher education and development.
For many English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers, working contingently with language learners' problematic learner contributions in classroom interaction remains a challenge. Drawing on conversation analysis methodology and using sociocultural and situated learning theories, this longitudinal case study traces the progressional changes in one Iranian English language teacher's repairing practices (his orientation to repairable, repair completion type and trajectory) along with the changing impacts of different organizational patterns of repair and interactional awareness on learning opportunities. The data material consists of video recordings of EFL oral classroom interactions (11 lessons) and reflective conversations (seven sessions) between the researcher and the participant teacher at one private language institute in Iran over a period of six months, in two phases. Qualitative results from the first (descriptive) phase indicated that the teacher's provision of repair in meaning-oriented contexts was generally convergent while in form-oriented ones divergent. The qualitative changes revealed the teacher's increasing attention to lexical errors and use of self-repair types, particularly in form-oriented contexts and the teacher's progress in interactional awareness including identification of contexts and repair organization, use of metalanguage and critical self-evaluation This study makes a contribution to conversation analytic research and our understanding of English teacher professional development.
تعداد بازدید : ۸۶
ارزشیابی پویا روشی نوین در آموزش زبان است که بر اساس نظریة اجتماعی-فرهنگی ویگوتسکی بنا شده است. در این روش آموزش و ارزیابی زبان آموزان به صورت تعاملی و با ارائة راهنمایی هایی صورت می گیرد. هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر ارزشیابی پویا بر آگاهی صرفی زبان آموزان و هدف دیگر پژوهش بررسی ارتباط بین ارزشیابی پویا و غیر پویای آگاهی صرفی بود. بدین منظور، 50 زبان آموز کانون زبان ایران به دو گروه ارزشیابی پویا و غیر پویا تقسیم شدند. آزمون ساختار صرفی به هر دو گروه در مراحل پیش آزمون و پس آزمون ارائه شد. پس از پیش آزمون، معلّم به گروه ارزشیابی پویا بازخورد و راهنمایی لازم بر اساس ارزشیابی پویای آگاهی صرفی ارائه داد و نمرات آن ها را ثبت کرد، در صورتی که در گروه ارزشیابی غیر پویا عملکرد مستقل آن ها مدّ نظر بود. یافته ها نشان داد که ارزشیابی پویا در ارتقای آگاهی صرفی زبان آموزان بسیار مؤثر بوده است. ازسوی دیگر بین آزمون های ارزشیابی پویای آگاهی صرفی با آزمون ساختار صرفی، همبستگی معناداری وجود داشت که حاکی از اعتبار این روش ارزشیابی نوین درحوزة آموزش زبان انگلیسی بود. نتایج این مطالعه از آن جهت که چشم انداز جدیدی از ارزشیابی پویا در حوزة آگاهی صرفی زبان آموزان ارائه می دهد حائز اهمّیت است. تکرار این مطالعه با حجم نمونه بزرگ تر موجه است و ممکن است نتایج تعمیم بیشتری را در حمایت از استفاده از ارزشیابی پویا برای ارزیابی آگاهی صرفی در زمینة زبان انگلیسی در بر داشته باشد.
The Effect of Collaborative Prewriting Discussions on L2 Writing Development and Learners’ Identity Construction
The current study investigated the effect of collaborative prewriting activities on learners’ identity construction and L2 writing development. To this end, 43 sophomore upper-intermediate university students majoring in Teaching English as a Foreign Language at an Iranian university who had enrolled in a course called Advanced Writing were randomly divided into two experimental groups (groups A and B) and one control group (group C). While the students in group A were involved in group activities, the students in group B were engaged in pair activities. The students in control group (group C) worked individually. As a pre-test, a pen-and-paper writing task was given to all the students at the beginning of the semester. During the semester, all the participants were exposed to the same materials and were taught by the same teacher for one semester. The only difference was the type of activities in which the participants were engaged. At the end of one semester, a pen-and-paper writing task was given to all the three groups. The findings of the post-test revealed that all the students could significantly improve their writing skills. Nevertheless, the students in group B significantly outperformed their counterparts. Most importantly, the results of identity analysis showed that the students in group A used authorial plural pronouns along with adjectives more frequently. The findings of this study confirmed two issues: first, the significant efficacy of prewriting activities were confirmed at the end of the semester. Second, each type of prewriting activity could affect the learners’ identity construction
Developing a profile of learning needs of Iranian undergraduate students of English Language and Literature
The current study aimed at investigating the academic learning needs of Iranian undergraduate students of English Language and Literature from the perspective of 320 stakeholders including undergraduate students (n=252), graduates (n=51), English literature instructors (n=7), and language instructors (n=10). To this aim, atriangulation of the most important data collection instruments of needs analysis (i.e., questionnaires, class observations, and semistructured interviews) was adopted for data collection at eight different Iranian state universities. The results of data analysis revealed that the above-mentioned students are not adequately equipped with learning and communication strategies during their academic and preacademic studies. The results of the current study may promise implications for the provision of some extracurricular EFL courses at the tertiary and senior high school levels in order to enhance students’ sociocultural and strategic competence based on the shared decision-making process among different stakeholders in the course design community