International Marketing Modeling

International Marketing Modeling

International Marketing Modeling, Volume 3, Issue 1, Winter and Spring 2022



Scenario Planning and Strategic Innovation: The mediating effects of Strategic Thinking and Strategic Flexibility

کلید واژه ها: Strategic Innovation Scenario Planning Strategic Thinking Strategic Flexibility

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۰۴ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۸
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of scenario planning on strategic innovation considering the mediating role of strategic thinking and strategic flexibility. This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive survey in nature. The statistical population of the study is the manufacturing companies of Bushehr province. In order to determine the sample size, the test-software method (G-Power) was used. Based on this, 222 observations were calculated. Using a simple random sampling method with the online survey, 176 questionnaires were finally received by the researchers. Data analysis was performed using the structural equation method and Smart PLS 3 software. Research findings showed that scenario planning has a positive and significant effect on strategic innovation. The mediating effect of strategic flexibility and strategic thinking in the relationship between scenario planning and strategic innovation is also significant. The present study expands the management literature by filling in research gaps. Organizations today need to change their past strategies to be able to understand and meet customer needs faster and more competitively than other competitors.

Impact of Effective Factors on the Industrial Brand Equity


کلید واژه ها: brand industrial brand Brand equity industrial brand equity

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۹۸ تعداد دانلود : ۷۲
The core capital of many businesses is their brand. Today companies not only use the brand to differentiate themselves from competitors in the market, but also use the brand to reach the minds and hearts of customers and create a special emotional relationship with them. In this study, due to the great differences between consumer markets and industrial markets, the factors affecting in industrial brand equity have been investigated. The statistical population includes all companies producing composite products and unsaturated polyester resins and vinyl esters in Iran. Due to the limitations of competitive industrial markets, the Convenience sampling method has been used and to test the research hypotheses, structural equation modeling based on the partial least squares method has been used. Research findings have shown that Consumers’ understanding of brand characteristics, Consumers’ brand evaluation, Consumers’ affective towards the brand and customer behavior towards the brand have a positive and significant effect on the brand equity. Also, brand awareness and brand association have a positive and significant effect on Consumers’ understanding of brand characteristics. Reputation, leadership, quality and distinction or uniqueness of the brand has a positive and significant effect on customers' evaluation of the brand. Brand satisfaction, brand commitment, brand trust and brand identity have a positive and significant effect on consumers’ affective towards the brand. Finally, willing to pay a price premium, Word – of – mouth (WOM) recommendation, brand usage and Acceptance of brand extensions has a positive and significant effect on customer behavior towards the brand.

The effect of media tourism and sports diplomacy on product brands

کلید واژه ها: sports tourism sports management Media brand

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۵۴ تعداد دانلود : ۹۸
Objective: The purpose of this research is The effect of media tourism and sports diplomacy on product brands. Methodology: This is a correlational study and the statistical population of this study is PhD students in sports in Iran. Based on Morgan's table, 150 Individuals were selected by random method. In order to achieve the research goals, a comprehensive list of sports indicators was prepared and adjusted and a researcher - made questionnaire was developed. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by 15 sports management professors and their reliability was in a preliminary study with 30 subjects and Cronbach's alpha was calculated to be 0.909 . Descriptive and inferential statistical methods such as exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis were used to analyze the data using SPSS and LISREL software. Results: The results showed that the main variables have eight general dimensions of sport tourism, sport diplomacy, sports investment, sporting-cultural, sports exports, sports people-sports, sports achievements and media sports, and has a total of 50 indicators. Conclusion: According to the results of the research and the identified indicators, the proposed model is a suitable theoretical model for sport indicators affecting the brand of the country.

Evaluate and prioritize the impact of marketing strategies on reducing entrepreneurial risks

کلید واژه ها: business growth risk Marketing Strategy Entrepreneurship

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۸۳ تعداد دانلود : ۸۸
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of marketing strategies on entrepreneurial risks and determine their ranking. It is possible to rank marketing strategies to make the best decision to deal with the risks facing businesses. Methodology: Based on preliminary studies conducted on SMEs in Iran, a four-part questionnaire with a five-point Likert scale was provided to entrepreneurs and managers of SMEs in Tehran. Data related to 20 questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS software. Cronbach's alpha method was used to determine the reliability of the questionnaire. Finding: The results reveal that financial strategies, customer, relationships and online marketing do not have the same effect on entrepreneurial risks and we can rank them. Also, in examining the impact of business strategies on risks, the results showed that planning strategy has the greatest impact on reducing credit, operational and liquidity risks whilst relationship strategy has the greatest impact on reducing market risk. Online marketing strategy has the least observed effect on reducing credit risk and operational risk, and direct marketing strategy and financial strategy have the lowest effect on reducing liquidity and market risks. Conclusion: The effect of business strategies on reducing entrepreneurial risks is confirmed and we can rank strategies based on their impact on the risks facing businesses. Entrepreneurial risks can be reduced by using marketing strategies, and in conditions of uncertainty, the use of knowledge and expertise of marketing consultants can lead to improved decisions of entrepreneurs, resulting in sustainability and growth of businesses.

The Role of Profitability in Estimating Stock Returns by Following a Model of Belief Updating in Iran's Capital Market

کلید واژه ها: Profitability stock returns Belief Updating Irans Capital Market

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۱۷ تعداد دانلود : ۷۹
Analysis of investors’ behavior is a new scientific field in financial behavior, which is a good tool for acquiring this knowledge. Uncertain circumstances cause investors to make systematic mistakes and face cognitive biases in their expectations and decision making, including in assessing stock returns. The purpose of this study is to investigate the extent to which investors follow the pattern of belief updating as a cognitive bias in the use of earnings accounting information to evaluate the stock returns of 205 active companies in Tehran Stock Exchange. Multivariate regression analysis was performed using Eviews 9 software. The results show that by controlling year and industry effects, investors use profitability for most of the past years in following the pattern of belief updating based on two indicators of reducing realized earnings per share and equity returns. The research model is also confirmed by the sensitivity analysis and controlling company effects based on the equity return index. However, it is not confirmed by the two indicators of realized earnings per share and return on assets.

Identifying and prioritizing Factors Affecting the Revisit Intention of the Destination Brand in Iran with the Best-Worst Method

کلید واژه ها: brand Destination Brand Revisit Intention BWM

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۱۸ تعداد دانلود : ۷۴
The main purpose of the present study is to identify and investigate the factors affecting the revisit intention of a tourist destination and to prioritize them based on their level of importance. There are many factors that influence the revisit intention of a place, however, not many studies have been conducted to address the issue of identifying and prioritizing them. Accordingly, this study seeks to fill this gap. This study identified more than 200 factors through a comprehensive literature review and expert’s opinions and classified them into 17 main factors. These identified factors were then provided to tourism experts and they were then rated, using the Delphi method. Ultimately, 3 factors were removed and 14 factors remained as factors affecting the revisit intention. The prioritization of these factors and their importance was established using the Multi-Criteria Decision Method, i.e. the Best-worst method (BWM). The results showed that the behavior and culture of local people in a tourist destination is the most important factor for tourists in leading them to revisit that destination. The perceived value factor was ranked second and the motivation factor was ranked third, in this respect. Moreover, the factor of Word of Mouth (WOM) was the least important factor and therefore was ranked last. The findings of this study are useful in helping tourism marketing and branding strategists to focus on the right metrics to make more effective decisions and encourage people to revisit tourist destinations.