عصمت بابایی

عصمت بابایی

مطالب

فیلتر های جستجو: فیلتری انتخاب نشده است.
نمایش ۱ تا ۱۸ مورد از کل ۱۸ مورد.
۱.

A Social Semiotic Analysis of International Inflight Magazines as a Tourism Discourse: A Cross-cultural Study(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Social Actors In-flight magazines Social semiotic analysis Discourse analysis Tourism discourse Visual Grammar

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۳۴ تعداد دانلود : ۹۰
Despite being an important category of multimodal tourism discourse, Inflight magazines and their roles in promoting international airlines’ profile and their host country, are mostly under-researched. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the application of different visual and semiotic strategies regarding social actors' race, age and social class and how people are represented in different international airlines’ inflight magazines. For this purpose, 16 international airlines’ inflight magazine issues were selected depending on the host country's geographical location and availability. Using Kress and van Leeuwen’s (2006 [1996]) and van Leeuwen’s (2008) visual grammar, the data were analyzed based on ideational, interpersonal and compositional levels. The results revealed that inflight magazine designers, content developers and advertisement agencies tend to apply certain visual and semiotic resources. They reinforce bias and false stereotypes towards certain groups of people in terms of their age, race and social class originating in political, historical and ideological perceptions and standpoints of higher institutions across the world. The findings also highlight the importance of visual literacy being promoted to the target audience, including air travelers and EFL learners.
۲.

Why IELTS Candidates Score Low in Writing: Investigating the Effects of Test Design and Scoring Criteria on Test-Takers’ Grades in IELTS and World Englishes Essay Writing Tests

کلید واژه ها: Authenticity communicative proficiency scoring criteria Test design WETOAW

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۲۳ تعداد دانلود : ۷۱
This study explored possible reasons why IELTS candidates usually score low in writing by investigating the effects of two different test designs and scoring criteria on Iranian IELTS candidates’ obtained grades in IELTS and World Englishes (WEs) essay writing tests. To this end, first, a WEs essay writing test was preliminarily designed. Then, 17 Iranian IELTS candidates wrote two essays on the same topic, one under the IELTS test condition and one under the WEs test condition. Each of the 34 obtained essays was scored six times, three times based on IELTS scoring criteria, each time by a different rater, and then, three times based on WEs scoring criteria. The results of repeated-measures ANOVA showed that test design and scoring criteria had significant effects on essay grades. The study concludes that some of the reasons why IELTS candidates usually score low in writing may be rooted in the test design and scoring criteria of the IELTS essay writing test, not necessarily in IELTS candidates’ weaknesses in writing. The implications of the study focus on the importance and relevance of the results to IELTS candidates, international students, and the future of assessing writing in World Englishes contexts.
۳.

Exploring Cultural Schemas in Foreign Language Education Policy (FLEP) Documents of Iran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: سیاست گذاری آموزش زبان خارجی آموزش زبان انگلیسی فرهنگ اسلامی-ایرانی طرح واره های فرهنگی اسناد ملی ایران

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۵ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰۰
Culture is an indispensable part of Foreign Language Education Policy (FLEP), especially in English Language Teaching (ELT). In addition, the spread of English around the globe has resulted in English users’ tendency to embed their local culture in their English communication (Kirkpatrick, 2012). However, literature remains silent on culture representation in FLEP, especially in an ideologized country like Iran. To address this issue, due to lack of an explicit FLEP in Iran, the present study analyzed the cultural schemas addressed in the seven major national policy documents of Iran, namely 20-year National Vision, Comprehensive Science Roadmap, Support for Comprehensive Science Roadmap in the Domain of Languages, Cultural Engineering Document, National Curriculum, Fundamental Reform in Education, and Islamicization of Universities. Results of content analysis using MAXQDA Software unmasked Islamic-Iranian culture as the baseline for ELT in Iran. In order to further examine the representations and implications of ‘Islamic-Iranian culture’ hidden in the documents, open coding, axial coding, and labeling along with constant comparative procedure revealed various Islamic cultural schemas. However, very few instances of Iranian cultural schemas were unveiled. The findings were discussed in light of the hidden curriculum and the power relations behind the extracted cultural schemas
۴.

Inform and entertain: An oxymoron in serious science communication(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Academic research articles Popular science articles Science popularization Appraisal Theory Evaluative writing Persuasion

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۹۰ تعداد دانلود : ۸۱
The current study aimed to explore the nature of discursive strategies academics would use to share their specialist knowledge to both specialists and non-specialists. To this end, a corpus of 40 academic research articles and 40 popular science articles were randomly selected from the archive of four English international peer-reviewed journals and four English popular magazines and newspapers in the field of Nutrition. Appraisal Theory (Martin & White, 2005), a discourse framework to examine evaluative and/or persuasive language, was used to analyze the data. The results revealed significant areas of similarity and difference in terms of certain discursive elements leading to discernible degrees of persuasion. The findings imply that in order to develop a scientifically literate society, scientists should appeal to diverse discourse resources to provide the public with their findings in an informative and entertaining way. The results of the study carry some pedagogical implications for EAP courses held in EFL settings since being able to both comprehend and produce scientific texts of different professional levels at international scale seems to be a requirement for the future scientists.
۵.

بررسی نگرش مدرسان انگلیسی درباره اهمیت و کاربرد ارزیابی پویا به غیر انگلیسی زبانان(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: ارزیابی پویا مدرسان انگلیسی به غیر انگلیسی زبانان ادراک مدرسان منطقه مجاور رشد ارزشیابی ایستا

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۲۳ تعداد دانلود : ۱۶۱
با توجه به اینکه اکثر تصمیم ها در مورد موقعیت آکادمیک فراگیران، بر اساس نتایج ارزیابی آن ها اتخاذ می شود؛ ارزیابی نقش بسزایی در نظام آموزشی دارد. مرسوم ترین روش ارزیابی که هم اکنون در دنیا استفاده می شود، ارزیابی ایستا است. طی دهه های گذشته، به شیوه های دیگر ارزیابی ازجمله خویش ارزیابی ، دیگر ارزیابی و ارزیابی پویا بسیار توجه شد. محور اصلی این مطالعه ارزیابی پویاست ;I درک و برداشت مدرسان زبان انگلیسی در رابطه با اهمیت و کاربرد ارزشیابی پویا در ایران بررسی میکند. به همین منظور 25 مدرس زبان انگلیسی خانم و آقا با سابقه متفاوت در تدریس از طریق نمونه برداری هدفدار، برای شرکت در مطالعه انتخاب شدند. مصاحبه ای نیمه باز شامل 23 سوال برای استفاده در این مطالعه طراحی شد. پیش از مطالعه اصلی، روایی و پایاییِ پرسش ها توسط 3 متخصص ارزشیابی زبان بررسی شد. نتایج حاکی از آن بود که مدرسان ایرانی، دیدگاه مثبتی به ارزش یابی پویا در کلاس های خود داشتند اما به دلیل محدودیت های سیستم آموزشی، زمان ، هزینه و کمبود دانش نمی توانند تئوری را به عمل تبدیل کنند
۶.

A Visual Analysis of English Language Textbooks: Celebrities’ Role as Cultural Figures(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Celebrities circles of EIL culture linguistic schizophrenia text-accompanied images

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۵۰۴ تعداد دانلود : ۴۸۰
This paper seeks to probe cultural agendas pertaining to the images of celebrities in the widely-used English language textbooks. In fact, while visual analysis has solidified its position in ELT (e.g. Hurst, 2014; Mitsikopoulou, 2015; Romney, 2012; Taylor-Mendes, 2009) and caused the pendulum to swing away from the grammatical or textual content to the visual presentation (Giaschi, 2000), research into celebrities as the cultural representatives has been a barely touched issue. To address this gap, the researchers, drawing on Kachru’s (1985) orthodox model of the usage of English across the globe, examined the images of celebrities in four widely-used English language textbook series. In so doing, the terms depiction and mention (Toprak & Aksoyalp, 2014) were taken as a yardstick to pinpoint the type of intersection between the text and the image. Further, the images were thematically explored, which notably indicated the images relating to the field of media were the far most common theme in the English language textbooks. Lastly, it was revealed that whereas the images of the inner-circle outnumbered all, the images of the expanding circle surprisingly outnumbered those of the outer circle, an outcome which could point to linguistic schizophrenia (Kachru, 1992) as the main reason.
۷.

Visual Representation of Social Actors in ELT Nursery Rhymes(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: global domination visual social actors global ELT textbooks whitenization of blacks

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۰۱ تعداد دانلود : ۳۶۲
With the advent of globalization, especially in its third phase (see Robertson, 2003), global relations of domination have undermined abuse of power at national and local levels (Fairclough, 2001). Global ELT textbooks, as corollaries of the globalization process, are not immune to the embedment of discriminatory discourses, as various studies have shown (see for example, Gray, 2010, 2012; Babaii and Sheikhi, 2017). On the other hand, a social actor analysis of verbal and visual discourse will contribute significantly to the disclosure of discriminatory discourses (see van Leeuwen, 2008; Hart, 2014). The current study, therefore, reduces the gap in research on ideology of ELT materials by probing into the nursery rhymes in children and young-adult ELT textbooks. Visual representation of social actors in the images accompanying nursery rhymes in Magic Time, English Time, Let's Go and Family and Friends were, thus, examined, using van Leeuwen's (2008) framework. Regarding results, the most frequent exclusionary discourses in the corpus included religion, nationality, race, and gender respectively. Significantly, it was found that monochromatic depiction of social actors constituted a strategy for the discursive construction of otherness in Family and Friends. Additionally, a process, called whitenization of blacks in the terminology of the current study, was found to be at work in which blacks were depicted as having the facial features of whites.
۸.

Evaluation of EAP Programs in Iran: Document Analysis and Expert Perspectives(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: EAP Language-in-education Planning EAP Documents Experts evaluation Policy and Practice

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۸۹ تعداد دانلود : ۱۳۹
This study aimed to examine the policies in the Iranian English for Academic Purposes (EAP) education and the extent to which objectives match the policies and are materialized in practice. To this end, course descriptions in the syllabi for the EAP programs were evaluated through document analysis and triangulated with the experts’ perspectives through interviews to examine the current status of EAP policy-making and practice in Iran. Seven policy areas from Kaplan and Baldauf’s (2005) language-in-education planning were chosen as the framework of the study. Based on document analysis and interviews with the experts, the similarities and discrepancies in micro and macro levels were investigated. The results showed that EAP course descriptions do not include any comments on policy and there were discrepancies in policy and practice due to such factors as lack of communication channel between the EAP stakeholders and policy-makers. Finally, the study revealed that due to deficiencies in both policy and practice and in order to reach an acceptable status, EAP programs are in dire need for reconceptualizing policy-making and practice. The findings of this study have significant implications for EAP policies and practice in the academic system of Iran.
۹.

محتوای آموزشی دوره های آموزش زبان با اهداف خاص کانون زبان ایران: ارزیابی سطوح کلان، میانی و خرد(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: آموزش زبان با اهداف خاص کانون زبان ایران ارزیابی دوره های آموزشی به روز رسانی دوره های آموزشی فهم متقابل

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۵۶۷ تعداد دانلود : ۲۵۹
موفقیت یک دوره آموزشی مستلزم نیازسنجی، به روزرسانی مستمر و همچنین حصول اطمینان از درک متقابل و همسوی افراد ذینفع در سطوح کلان، میانی و خرد از جنبه های مختلف آموزشی آن دوره است. در این پژوهش، برای فراهم سازی بایسته های بازنگری و رفع اشکالات احتمالی دوره های نوپای آموزش زبان با اهداف خاص کانون زبان ایران صورت گرفته است. در این پژوهش که بخشی از یک برنامه پژوهشی گسترده است، با بهره گیری از پرسشنامه و مصاحبه های کیفی نیمه-ساختارمند استوار بر چارچوب نظری بالدف و کپلان (2005)، نظرات افراد در سطوح کلان، میانی و خرد کانون زبان ایران در زمینه محتوای آموزشی دوره های آموزش زبان با اهداف ویژه کانون زبان ایران بررسی و نتایج با بهره گیری از تحلیل محتوا و آمار توصیفی به صورت کیفی و کمی گزارش شده است. بررسی نتایج پژوهش موجود نشان از تفاوت و گاه تناقض برداشت افراد در سطوح مختلف دارد که پرداختن به آن می تواند نقطه شروع مناسبی برای بازبینی و به روزرسانی دوره ها باشد.
۱۰.

Stepping into Mindful Education: A Teacher Educator’s Narrative of Contextualizing a SLTE Curriculum(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Adaptive expertise contextualization Mindful teacher education Narrative knowledging Reflectivity SLTE curriculum

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۵۳۵ تعداد دانلود : ۲۷۴
Initiation into contextualizing mindful second language teacher education (SLTE) has challenged teacher educators causing their retreat into mindless submission to ready-made standardized directives. To revive the starting perspective in curriculum development in light of the recent trend towards responsive SLTE, this practitioner research investigated how the context was incorporated into the initial program phase. We reported an intrinsic case self-study narrating the contextualization events unfolded in the first five sessions of an English language teacher education program in Karaj, Iran. Selected factors guided data mining in an interview, classroom interaction transcripts, reflective tasks, institutional documents, and the teacher educator’s journal entries and recollections. The data underwent meaning-oriented, temporally sequenced content analysis. We redrafted the resulting narrative after member checking, and critical reviews. Afterwards, we conducted a layered context-bound thematic analysis on the big story followed by further theme analysis of the existing and emerging facets of adaptive expertise. Engagement in this narrative inquiry developed awareness of her practices and professional agency, constraints and affordances within the context of SLTE program. The findings extend narrative knowledging to the wider professional community of SLTE.
۱۱.

Developing a Questionnaire for Assessing Iranian EFL Teachers’ Critical Cultural Awareness (CCA)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: intercultural communicative competence critical cultural awareness questionnaire development EFL Teachers

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۲۴ تعداد دانلود : ۳۲۷
Critical cultural awareness as a component of intercultural competence (Byram, 1997, 2012) has received the extensive attention of scholars in the fields of language teaching, cultural studies, ethnic studies, gender studies, communication studies, etc. in the recent decades. However, no instrument has ever been developed to assess this construct among Iranian EFL teachers. To fill this gap, in the first phase of the present study a theoretical framework for critical cultural awareness and its components was developed through reviewing the literature and conducting interviews with ELT experts. In the second phase, a questionnaire was developed and piloted with 370 participants who were available and willing to participate in the study. More specifically, the 37 items of the newly-developed ‘CCA' scale were subjected to principal component analysis which revealed the presence of three components. These phases led to the development of a questionnaire with three components and 37 items: (1) ‘CCA in ELT Programs' including 20 items, (2) ‘CCA in ELT Textbooks and Materials' including 13 items, and (3) ‘CCA in General Terms' including four items. The findings of this study may shed some light on this fuzzy subject and help researchers assess Iranian EFL teachers' critical cultural awareness.
۱۲.

ارزیابی انتقادی دوره های زبان انگلیسی برای اهداف دانشگاهی در ایران: تحلیل محتوایی اسناد زبانی و دیدگاه های متخصصان و برنامه ریزان(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: زبان تخصصی سیاست آموزش زبان متخصصان اسناد زبان تخصصی سطوح سیاست گذاری و اجرا

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۶۹ تعداد دانلود : ۳۹۷
این مطالعه با هدف بررسی سیاست آموزش زبان انگلیسی برای اهداف دانشگاهی در ایران و اینکه تا چه حد سیاست گذاری ها با اجرا مطابقت دارد، انجام شده است. بدین منظور، ابتدا سرفصل های دروس زبان تخصصی که در سطح کلان طراحی شده اند با روش تحلیل محتوایی اسناد مورد بررسی قرار گرفت و سپس از طریق مصاحبه، با دیدگاه های متخصصان این حوزه هم سو سازی شد تا میزان انطباق بین سطوح سیاست گذاری و اجرا مشخص شود. محورهایی از چارچوب سیاست آموزش زبان کاپلان و بالدوف (2005) به عنوان چارچوب نظری مطالعه انتخاب شد. بررسی تحلیل محتوایی اسناد زبان تخصصی و مصاحبه با متخصصان بیانگر آن است که در برنامه زبان تخصصی در ایران اختلافاتی بین سطوح سیاست گذاری و اجرا وجود دارد. مضاف بر آنکه این برنامه در سطح سیاست گذاری نیز ضعف ها و کاستی های جدی دارد. یافته ها بیانگر آن است که به منظور رسیدن به یک وضعیت قابل قبول در برنامه مذکور، نیاز مبرمی به بازنگری دوره های زبان تخصصی در هر دو سطح سیاست گذاری و اجرا وجود دارد.
۱۳.

Exploring Iranian EAP Teachers’ Pedagogic Content Knowledge and Teaching Practices, and Students’ Beliefs about EAP Teachers’ Methodology(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: English for Academic Purposes (EAP) language teachers content teachers pedagogic content knowledge (PCK) teaching practices

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۹۸ تعداد دانلود : ۳۱۲
The systematic study of EAP teachers’ pedagogic content knowledge and their actual teaching practices in class is a fresh avenue in applied linguistics, especially in contexts like Iran, where, EAP courses are taught by two groups of teachers with different specializations; i.e., language teachers and content teachers. This study explored the similarities and differences between language teachers’ and content teachers’ PCK, and teaching practices, and students’ beliefs about their EAP teachers’ methodology at Medical Sciences Universities across Iran. In order to answer the research questions, a wide range of instruments including questionnaires, observations, semi-structured interviews, and field notes were utilized. Sources included language teachers, content teachers, students taught by language teachers, and students taught by content teachers. Representative samples of 318 EAP teachers and 1573 students participated in the study. The results indicated substantial inconsistencies across the two groups of teachers with respect to their PCK and teaching practices. The findings also showed that students favored language teachers’ methodologies and teaching practices. The findings promise implications for EAP instruction in Iran and highlight the pressing need for more systematic teacher training programs. 
۱۴.

A Social Semiotic Analysis of Social Actors in English-Learning Software Applications(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

حوزه های تخصصی:
  1. حوزه‌های تخصصی زبان شناسی میان رشته ای ها نشانه شناسی
  2. حوزه‌های تخصصی زبان شناسی علوم مرتبط آموزش زبان دوم
تعداد بازدید : ۱۱۱۱ تعداد دانلود : ۶۰۳
This study drew upon Kress and Van Leeuwen’s (2006, [1996]) visual grammar and Van Leeuwen’s (2008) social semiotic model to interrogate ways through which social actors of different races are visually and textually represented in four award-winning English-learning software packages.  The analysis was based on narrative actional/reactional processes at the ideational level; mood, perspective, social distance, and modality at the interpersonal level; and salience, framing, and vector at the compositional level. The findings revealed that although contemporary multimodal texts have tried to be unbiased and neutral in the verbal mode, there are still traces of discrimination, bias, and stereotyping in the visual mode. The results of this research can be of potential help and use for researchers, pedagogues, material developers, software designers,  teachers , and students to become visually literate and get aware of the hidden messages that can be communicated by images in textbooks and multimedia.
۱۵.

Tracing Metadiscursive Stance over Time and Across Disciplines: A Comparative Study of English Research Articles(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Metadiscourse Research Articles Stance academic writing discipline

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۷۹۰ تعداد دانلود : ۳۷۴
Research in academic writing has revealed a strong tendency on the part of writers to interactively communicate their scientific findings with their readers. In doing so, the writers should take a position while arguing their propositions. This interaction as proposed by Hyland (2005b) takes places having two sides of stance and engagement. This study targeted the stance component of writer-reader interaction by integrating Hyland’s (2005b) and Hyland and Tse’s (2005a) frameworks to survey lexical and grammatical stance markers in the major subsections of English research articles in anthropology, education, horticulture, and zoology. The corpus included 240 English research articles published during two periods, namely, 1990 and 2010; 60 from each field, 30 articles from 1990 and 30 from 2010 yielding a total number of 1,270,021words. The findings suggested that stancetaking is a common feature of academic writing in the sampled disciplines regardless of the nature of the discipline. Also, hedges ranked first on the list of frequency count. Furthermore, there was a decreasing pattern in the use of stance markers highlighting a convergence among the scholars of the fields with respect to the totality of the facts established day by day. Then, some implications are drawn with plausible applicability in academic writing and EAP syllabus design.
۱۶.

A Comparison of Thematic Choices and Thematic Progression Patterns in the Research Articles of Well-established and Emerging Disciplines(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Research Article Thematicity Thematic progression (TP) (RA) Well-established disciplines Emerging disciplines

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۵۹۳ تعداد دانلود : ۵۳۷
Several studies have employed the theme-rheme construct to examine the generic profile of research articles (RAs). However, they have mostly focused on the subject matter and nature of disciplines, and other disciplinary characteristics as contextual factors which can impact the genre realization have not been considered in the discourse analysis research. This work, therefore, investigates thematic choices and thematic progression patterns in the RA in relation to the status of disciplines as well-established or emerging fields. To this end, a corpus of 240 RAs of mechanical engineering, biomedical engineering, horticulture, and environmental science were analyzed using Halliday’s (1994) framework of thematicity and McCabe’s (1999) model of thematic progression (TP). The results showed significant differences in the distributions of unmarked and marked themes as well as the patterns of thematic progression between the well-established and emerging disciplines. Based on the findings of this study, we suggest further consideration of the status of disciplines in discourse studies which can serve disciplinary research and contribute to the body of research on science.
۱۷.

بررسی دیدگاه های استادان رشته آموزش زبان انگلیسی ایران نسبت به پژوهش:مطالعه ترکیبی(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: اعضای هیأت علمی تحقیقات آموزشی روش تحقیق ترکیبی زبان شناسی کاربردی مفهوم تحقیق

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۷۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۴
دهه ی گذشته شاهد یک پیشرفت شگرف در حوزه ی تحقیقات آموزش عالی از جمله زبان شناسی کاربردی بوده است. در این راستا، مطالعه ی حاضر به بررسی مفهوم تحقیق از دیدگاه اساتید هیأت علمی رشته ی زبان شناسی کاربردی در ایران می پردازد. در این پژوهش ترکیبی متوالی، نتایج کمی از طریق پیمایش 140 عضو هیأت علمی که بصورت نمونه ای هدفمند انتخاب شده بودند، حاصل شد. سپس نتایج کیفی از طریق مصاحبه با 12 عضو هیأت علمی جهت درک عمیق تر آن ها از مفهوم تحقیق بدست آمد. براساس نتایج کمی، اساتید تحقیقاتی که شامل "طرح های تجربی" و "روش های ترکیبی" می باشند را بیشتر به عنوان تحقیق می پذیرند. همچنین دیدگاه پاسخ دهندگان پیرامون مفهوم تحقیق بیانگر ویژگی های دقیق و سخت گیرانه ی آن ها در پارادایم های کمی، کیفی، و ترکیبی می باشد. در این مطالعه، یافته های کیفی به تبیین یافته های کمی پیرامون جایگاه تحقیق از دیدگاه اساتید هیأت علمی پرداخته است.
۱۸.

ارزشیابی صلاحیت حرفه ای مدرسین زبان انگلیسی سطح بزرگسال در بخش خصوصی آموزش زبان ایران(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: واژه های کلیدی: ارزشیابی معلم شاخصه عملکرد بخش خصوصی استانداردهای کیفی توان حرفه ای

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۳۳ تعداد دانلود : ۲۳۱
هدف اصلی ارزشیابی استاندارد-محور تضمین کیفت و مسئولیت پذیری معلمان در محیطهای آموزشی است. این پژوهش سعی در ارزشیابی صلاحیت حرفه ای معلمان سطح بزرگسال شاغل در آموزشگاه های خصوصی ایران دارد. بدین منظور، 385 معلم شاغل به خدمت در اقصی نقاط ایران به پرسشنامه خودارزیابی معلمان زبان (نویسنده و همکاران، 2016) پاسخ دادند. به علاوه، با 25 نفر از آنها در مناطق مختلف مصاحبه شد و 32 نفر از این معلمان در حین تدریس در تهران و حومه تهران مشاهده شدند. نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان دهنده نقاط ضعف و قوت معلمان زبان انگلیسی سطح بزرگسال شاغل در بخش خصوصی در پنج مولفه توصیف زبان و درک فرایند فراگیری و رشد زبان، مهارت بین فرهنگی، مهارت ارزیابی، مهارت برنامه ریزی، به کارگیری، و مدیریت کلاس، و مهارت حرفه ای است. نتایج تحقیق حاضر دارای کاربردهای مهمی برای سیاستگذاران ، برنامه ریزان ، اساتید، و مربیان معلمان در رشته آموزش زبان انگلیسی است.

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