School Administration (مدیریت مدرسه)

School Administration (مدیریت مدرسه)

School Administration, Volume 11, Issue 1, Spring 2023 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

A Search for Knowledge Leaders in the Schools of Tehran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: school administrator Knowledge Management knowledge leader

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۷ تعداد دانلود : ۲۰
This research was conducted with the aim of identifying the characteristics of knowledge leaders in Tehran schools. Based on this objective, the study was conducted using a qualitative method. Data was collected through triangulation, including semi-structured interviews with administrators and teachers of all-girls secondary schools and knowledge management specialists, observation of schools and the study of relevant documents. Interviews were conducted with 28 people using criterion-based sampling method and 8 schools were observed in the areas under study using sequential sampling method. The Document of the Fundamental Evolution of Education and the Regulations for the selection and appointment of school administrators were also reviewed. The data was analyzed using thematic analysis. The characteristics of the school administrator as a knowledge leader were categorized into 3 main classes including: knowledge network builder, knowledge guardian and school knowledge flow facilitator, and 10 subcategories. The emergence of knowledge leaders in the schools under study requires the following criteria: development of a digital physical space in the school, financing and sufficient educational budget, development and training of school administrators for the role of knowledge leaders, reforming the conditions for the selection and appointment of school administrators, granting independence and freedom of action to school managers, scientific and practical directives and instructions. It is suggested that professional development programs for school administrators should be developed and implemented, and the renovation of the public space of classrooms and school libraries based on knowledge literature should have a place on the agenda of the Ministry of Education.
۲.

Investigating the Role of Digital Leadership and Technology Flexibility in Intelligent Decision-Making with the Mediation of Intellectual Ethics and Team Reception(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Digital leadership Technology Flexibility Intelligent Decision Making Intellectual ethics Team Reception

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۹
This research was conducted with the aim of investigating the role of digital leadership and technology flexibility in intelligent decision-making with the mediation of intellectual ethics and team reception. The research method is quantitative, descriptive and of the type of correlation studies based on the covariance-oriented structural equation modeling approach. The research population was all the elementary principals of Kermanshah province, of those 320 principals were selected through stratified random sampling based on Cochran's formula. To collect data, researcher-made questionnaires of digital leadership, technological flexibility, intelligent decision-making, intellectual ethics and team reception Soltani (2008) were used. The content validity of the questionnaires was confirmed by experts, supervisors and consultants. The reliability of the questionnaires according to Cronbach's Alpha was 0.94 for digital leadership, 0.91 for technology flexibility, 0.95 for intelligent decision making, 0.93 for intellectual ethics, and 0.89 for team reception.  To analyze the data, the descriptive as well as inferential analysis techniques were used through SPSS and LISREL software. Structural equation modeling showed that digital leadership has a direct effect on team reception, intellectual ethics and intelligent decision making. Moreover, digital leadership has an indirect effect on intelligent decision-making through team reception and intellectual ethics. The flexibility of technology has a direct impact on intellectual ethics, team reception and intelligent decision making. Technology flexibility has an indirect effect on intelligent decision-making through intellectual ethics and team reception. Intellectual ethics has a direct impact on team reception and intelligent decision making. Intellectual ethics has an indirect effect on intelligent decision making through team reception. Team reception has a positive and direct effect on intelligent decision-making. Finally, the research model has a good model fit
۳.

What Is the Meaning of Giftedness? A Qualitative Analysis of Teachers’ Perspectives(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: School teachers phenomenography Gifted training Giftedness

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۴ تعداد دانلود : ۲۰
The discussion over human inherent capabilities and talent has long been one of the important challenges of education and has prompted scholars and educators to probe this ongoing issue. This paper aimed to conduct a phenomenographic analysis of the meaning of giftedness from the perspective of school teachers across Sanandaj. In this qualitative study, 30 school teachers were interviewed until theoretical saturation was reached. For this study, a semi-structured interview was conducted using a set of six questions. The data collected from the interviews were analyzed using the MAXQDA 2020 software. The coding method utilized for the interviews was the Colaizzi data analysis method, which is a commonly used approach for qualitative data analysis. The participants believed that giftedness encompasses ‘self-direction,’ ‘moral prosperity,’ and self-motivation’ among others. Also, the suggested mechanisms to employ gifted individuals include providing supportive atmosphere in schools, supporting and guiding gifted students during their education at university, employing gifted alumni, and establishing and implementing complementary and various programs.
۴.

Identifying linchpin Components For School Principals: A Qualitative Study(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: linchpin components School Principals Educational Leadership Education

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۹ تعداد دانلود : ۲۰
The current research aimed to identify the linchpin components for school principals. In the current study, the researcher used the qualitative method of cornerstone content analysis based on the research objective and problem. The research field was formed by all schools’ principals in Tehran. The purposive sampling method was used to select research participants. To collect data, non-reactive measures (various documents such as articles, books, research results of others, reports, etc.) and semi-structured interviews with key informants were used. At the beginning of the interview, general explanations about the research and its objectives were presented to the interviewee and then the interview was started. The purpose of the researcher conducting these interviews was to identify the development’s linchpin components and their symptoms. The duration of each interview was between 30 and 45 minutes; the ideas raised during the interview process were noted down. Qualitative data were analyzed by using the three-step inductive thematic analysis method of Clarke and Braun (2006). In the inductive thematic analysis where there are logically no pre-defined themes, patterns are revealed during the analysis by placing open codes or similar sub-themes within a main theme. Also, to check the validity of the obtained findings, qualitative validation criteria of "validity" and "reliability" as well as "external audit" were used. The findings showed the 13 components to develop the linchpin components of school principals: network communication; strategic planning; collaborative/interactive/ leadership and management based on collective wisdom; expertise and deep knowledge; critical thinking and problem-solving; creativity and innovation; developmental thinking (self and others); (boundary) breaking structure; ethics/professional ethics; insight and inspiration; acceptance of differences and the uniqueness of humans; generosity and the art of work and emotional connection
۵.

Investigating The Role of Intelligent Leadership And Innovative Organizational Climate on Organizational Loyalty And Organizational Resilience Mediated By Organizational Knowledge-Creation on Teachers of High Schools In Chaharmahal And Bakhtiari Province(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: intelligent leadership organizational innovative climate organizational knowledge-creation Organizational resilience Organizational Loyalty

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۹ تعداد دانلود : ۱۸
The aim of this research was to investigate the role of intelligent leadership and innovative organizational climate in organizational loyalty and organizational resilience with the mediation of teachers' organizational knowledge-creation. The study population included all high schools teachers in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. A sample of 2687 teachers were selected using the proportional stratified random sampling method based on the Cochran formula. The quantitative research method was of a correlation type and a covariance-oriented structural equation modeling approach. The questionnaires used for collecting the data consisted of the researcher-made questionnaire of intelligent leadership based on Sidanmanlaka's model (2008), the researcher-made questionnaire of organizational knowledge-creation based on Nonoka and Takeuchi's model (2006), the organizational loyalty questionnaire of Wells, et al. (2011), the Siegel and Kaymer’s innovative organizational climate questionnaire (1978), the Prayag et al.'s organizational resilience questionnaire (2018). The reliability and validity of the questionnaires were examined using Cronbach's alpha technique and techniques of exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis of the first and second order, respectively. In order to analyze the data and test the research hypotheses, The results revealed that. Intelligent leadership, through organizational knowledge-creation, has a positive and significant indirect impact on teachers'’ organizational loyalty and organizational resilience. innovative organizational climate, through organizational knowledge-creation, has a positive and significant indirect influence on organizational loyalty and organizational resilience
۶.

Identifying Factors Affecting School Principals’ Organizational Intelligence Based on Grounded Theory(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: School Principals organizational intelligence Elements of Intelligent Organization Empowerment Basic Theory

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۸ تعداد دانلود : ۲۰
One of the new concepts in the field of human resources management is organizational intelligence, which is increasing in importance day by day. The main goal of the present study was to identify the factors affecting the organizational intelligence of secondary school principals. The current research method was qualitative-based theory and applied research in terms of its purpose. The participants in the research were principals and vice-principals of schools in Lorestan province. Totally 20 interviews were conducted with them using the purposeful sampling method until reaching theoretical saturation. The research tool was semi-structured interviews. Open, axial and selective coding was used to analyze the data. Also, for the validity of the findings, in addition to reviewing the interview process by researchers, internal participants and external auditors were used, and for reliability, evaluators outside the research were used, and the agreement coefficient was 0.80. The data analysis led to the formation of 9 core categories, based on the paradigm model of Straves and Corbin, "empowerment" and "elements of a smart organization (including justice-oriented components, organizational transparency and research-oriented components)" as causal conditions, "organizational culture" and "leadership" "cultural" as background conditions, "organizational global horizon" as intervening conditions, "financial, psychological and environmental horizon" and "talent management" as strategies/strategies and "productivity" and "career longevity" were also consequences of organizational intelligence. Based on the current findings, the education system should pay attention to the empowerment of managers, the elements of intelligent organization and the organizational culture of managers as factors that shape and accelerate organizational intelligence.
۷.

The Role of Types of Organizational Culture on The Lean Behaviors of Principals Mediated By Coaching Leadership (A Study In The Field of Consequences of The Organizational Culture of Schools)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Types of organizational culture Coaching Leadership lean behaviors school principals

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۷ تعداد دانلود : ۲۲
The aim of the study was to investigate the role of school organizational culture on the lean behaviors of elementary school principals by the mediating role of their coaching leadership. The research population was all primary school teachers in Ilam province, from which a sample of 339 teachers was selected using proportional stratified random sampling based on Cochran's formula. This is a quantitative correlational research study through covariance-based structural equation modeling approach. For data collection, Denison's (2000) organizational culture questionnaire; Pilaz Zuborbuhler et al. (2021) coaching leadership questionnaire as well as, the researcher-made questionnaire of lean behaviors of school principals were used. The reliability and validity of the questionnaires were investigated with Cronbach's alpha techniques, content validity ratio, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. In order to analyze data and test research hypotheses, correlation matrix analysis and structural equation modeling were used with SPSS.v25 and LISREL.v10 software. The results indicated that: 1) the four types of organizational culture (involvement, adaptability, mission and consistency) had a direct, positive and significant effect on the lean behaviors of school principals 2) the four types of organizational culture had an indirect, positive and significant effect on the lean behaviors of school principals through mediating role of their coaching leadership. 3) Four types of organizational culture and coaching leadership of school principals estimated 59% of the variance of their lean behaviors. They were elementary. 4) Among all types of organizational     culture, adaptability culture had the highest effect on principals' lean behaviors
۸.

The Effect of Sustainable Educational Leadership on Employees Productivity with the Mediating Role of Psychological Empowerment(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Psychological Empowerment productivity of teachers sustainable educational leadership

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۸
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sustainable educational leadership on teacher productivity with the mediating role of psychological empowerment of primary school teachers in Qom province. This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-correlational in terms of method. The study population in this study were all primary school teachers in Qom. Multi-stage cluster random sampling method was used to select the sample. At each stage, a school was randomly selected from the list of schools and by referring to that school, the teachers were surveyed; this process was repeated until the sample size was completed and finally 317 people were studied. The collecting tools include questionnaires of sustainable educational leadership, questionnaire of factors affecting human productivity and the standard questionnaire of Spreitzer psychological empowerment. The content validity of the questionnaires has been approved by 8 professors and experts in leadership and educational management. The reliability of the instruments was also confirmed by Cronbach's alpha method. In this study, confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equation analysis were used to analyze the data. The results showed that sustainable educational leadership style with a mediating role of psychological empowerment has a positive and significant effect on teacher productivity, there is a positive and significant relationship between sustainable educational leadership style and psychological empowerment and with increasing sustainable educational leadership style, teachers' psychological empowerment increases; The results also showed that there is a significant relationship between psychological empowerment and teacher productivity and this relationship is direct and positive

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