Contemporary Research on the Islamic Revolution

Contemporary Research on the Islamic Revolution

Contemporary Research on the Islamic Revolution, Volume 2, Issue 5, Summer 2020



An Inquiry Model for Explanation of Seeking Honor and Self-Esteem in the Foreign Policy of the Islamic Revolution (1980-1998)

تعداد بازدید : ۴۹ تعداد دانلود : ۵۲
With the emergence of the Islamic Revolution in Iran, it is questionable whether a theoretical framework can provide for the components of foreign policy called the Islamic Revolution's self-esteem. Those who believe in "Dignifying Foreign Policy" find that in the foreign policy of the Islamic Revolution, the "Motive of Dignity" has a special place and position, so that during the eight-year war, the priorities of the national interests of Iranians are not economy nor welfare but religious and national honor. On the other hand, all disputing theories of international relations based on modern mono-dimensional anthropology have diminished the importance of self-esteem as an independent human stimulus, and there is no theory based on the stimulus of the soul and human need for self-esteem. The present study by the hypothesis that other concepts (like self-esteem) can explain to clarify the disputes of the Islamic Republic of Iran during the imposed war by using the idea of self-confidence; To this end, this concept divided into three components: "Voluntary Limitation in Disputes," "Priority of Identity" and "Honor Seeking" and explains the foreign policy of the Islamic Revolution from 1980 to 1988.

Characteristics of Orientalist Historiography in Contemporary Iran (Qajar to Islamic Revolution)

تعداد بازدید : ۶۶ تعداد دانلود : ۵۶
A researcher in the field of history pays attention to the science of the historiographies characteristics presented by different sects. The present study aimed to survey the most important features of Orientalist historiography in contemporary Iran. Based on the results, the components of colonial Orientalist historiography origins are as follows: the distortion and denial of Islam, the perversion and humiliation of independence movements such as the tobacco movement, the constitutional movement, de-identification of societies to dominate nations, and exploiting community historians to achieve their colonial goals. To this aim used descriptive and analytical method, based on the sources written by these historians.  

Contextual Analysis of the Formation of the Tunisian Revolution: In Search of Dignity

تعداد بازدید : ۵۲ تعداد دانلود : ۶۱
The public considers sociopolitical revolutions and movements as phenomena that occur suddenly and unpredictably. Still, these phenomena carry historical content and stem from sophisticated sociopolitical, cultural, and economic factors in the view of political scientists. Such a view provides the context in which sociopolitical revolutions and movements are analyzed, not in a single cause, but based on a diverse range of factors, to investigate the consequences. In this situation, the factors affecting the formation of sociopolitical phenomena are investigated at the level of structural analysis. The structural look at the factors influencing the formation of sociopolitical revolutions allows the researcher to explain the various fields affecting revolutions, and by examining the role of political agents in the creation of political structures and their impact on structures offers multi-factor analysis. Therefore, what is essential in this study is to look at those structural factors that have hidden in political, economic, cultural, and even historical contexts. Hence, they need to compare with political agents. Still, the setting for entering such a look gives through a review of historical data that, with a historical sequence resulted in political events that took place in the Tunisian revolution in 2011. The present study aimed to investigate the structures that had an impact on the Jasmine revolution as well as the agency of Tunisian people. Our analysis demonstrates that the Tunisian revolution in 2011 took place based on the interaction of structure and agency. Political, economic, cultural, and religious structures provided the context for the agency of Tunisians. They were searching for dignity that had been ignored during the last decades and resulted in the Jasmine revolution.

General Economic Principles of Modern Islamic Civilization Based on the Prophetic Tradition

تعداد بازدید : ۵۹ تعداد دانلود : ۷۰
The Prophet's performance in the economic interactions of the prophetic government includes principles and axes that, in addition to explaining the Islamic religion's view of the worldly affairs, also represent the desirable structure of the economic system in modern Islamic civilization. He, as the position of the Islamic government ruler, has managed the economic affairs of the government and the implementation of divine commands in the financial field in Islamic society. Therefore the Prophet dealt with matters related to the area of economics, including earning income, work, and employment, tax affairs, and various tacts in this regard show the correct position of these matters in the system of Islamic civilization. One of the essential approaches to obtain the economic model of modern Islamic culture is to extract general rules from the prophet’s Sira and delegate the responsibility of formulating administrative laws to economic thinkers. The present study has collected the most important financial components of the Prophetic tradition by the library-documentary method, and with a descriptive-analytical view of historical issues. Based on the results, different principles extract, such as an emphasis on employment, encouraging production, fighting poverty, fighting aristocracy, justice, the rule of the religious tenets over economic activities, etc.

Philosophical Evaluation from Science and Technology in a Replacing Civilization with Emphasis on Critical Re-reading of Modern Science

تعداد بازدید : ۳۷ تعداد دانلود : ۵۶
In the present study, the dignity of science and technology in modern civilizations is evaluated as the vital status of the ontological and of "Being" and "Not-Being" type, while emphasizing that the problem description in religious models of new civilization cannot be reduced to the acquisition of modern and strategic science and technologies; Accordingly, this article, while reviewing and critically interpreting Modern Science, in its philosophical and final evaluation of the perspective of science and technology in alternative civilization, emphasizes that the question is the question of "one distinctive awareness infrastructure for thinking," and "redefinition and quality of confrontation with science and technology." While has presented a different configuration of these relations and civilization-making structures that make a difference the way of facing the world and science. Regarding the experiments and the existing capacities after the Islamic Revolution, the transformation of a modern civilization formed how and around what very different and distinct theoretical organization or concept. As a conclusion, while trying to explain the religion of religious society, it emphasizes that science and technology are "Detrimental," "Direction-Finder," and "Renewable" phenomena. Therefore, the religion-based culture and order as the point of consensus and unity of all religions and spiritualists, start their identity limits vis-à-vis science and technology by distancing from the materialistic configurations and technical thought, without negating the science and technology.

The United States Sanctions against the Islamic Republic of Iran; from Unilateralism to Violations of International Human Rights

تعداد بازدید : ۶۷ تعداد دانلود : ۷۶
Today, the global system is formed based on multilateralism, which is based on international relations and the origin of international organizations and institutions. But this matter is endangered by the unilateralism pursued by the United States of America. Coercive unilateral measures such as sanctions, threats, military intervention, and even measures such as withdrawal from international treaties are exerted at high levels. Therefore, such actions by a country, which considers itself protector of the human rights and interests of the international police, are contrary to the international law and the United Nations Charter and must be opposed by the international community. This study has adopted a descriptive-analytical approach and is based on internationally accepted documents and procedures. Data collection is done using library and internet tools and relying on objective data. In this study, we seek to answer the critical question of whether the United States' unilateral and hostile sanctions against the Islamic Republic of Iran are legitimate in terms of international law and human rights. Our initial answer (hypothesis) to this question is that the hostile actions of the United States of America against the Iranian people are blatant violations of international human rights law following the resolutions of the UN and the Human Rights Council. The fundamental rights of the Iranian people, such health, life, and the right to development, in all its legitimate respects, have been directly influenced by the hostile and unilateral actions of the United States, and have a worrying impact on the human rights and life of the Iranians. The United States' actions also impede the establishment of lasting and comprehensive peace and security in the international arena. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to examine and evaluate the contradictions between the sanctions as one of the most essential enforced and hostile actions of the United States' government against the economic resources of the Iranian state and nation from the perspective of the international law and human rights.