Quran and Religious Enlightenment (قرآن و روشنگری دینی)

Quran and Religious Enlightenment (قرآن و روشنگری دینی)

Quran and Religious Enlightenment, Volume 3, Issue 1, ُSpring and Summer 2022 (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

مقالات

۱.

Quiddity and the Place of Beautiful Patience: Rereading the Story of Ya’qub(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: patience Prophets as Role Model Yaqub Moral Concepts Self-Control Skills

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۹۴ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۰
Beautiful patience is one of the moral concepts in the culture and teachings of the Qur'an. This concept indicates a degree and level of self-control. Much has been said about the patience of Ya’qub, who twice reminded himself of the beautiful patience and seeking it. The question is what is beautiful patience He is asking for it? Is beautiful patience not an expression of perseverance and endurance of hardships, specially at the level of the prophets? In response to questions and critiques of commentators, there are two opposing theories: one says that his work was not against beautiful patience and the other says that we must accept that Prophet Ya’qub’s reaction, in parting with his lost child, was accompanied by manifestations of impatience that do not correspond to beautiful patience. The pattern of "Beautiful Patience" in the Qur'an should be sought in the prophets’ tolerance such as Abraham, Ayyūb and the last Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Therefore, the report of his patience in the Qur'an is not a confirmation of this method of patience and a model of a perfect patience. For in the explicit expression of the Qur'an, the believers have been invited to the manner of patience and the behavior of the ʿUlu al-ʿAzm prophets. So, is the patience of Prophet Ya'qub (PBUH) may be evaluated in this regard? How is the expression of such manner? This article, after explaining the meaning of patience in the words and sayings of the commentators, narrators, opinions and evidences, explains these two statements by interpreting the verses of Surah Yusuf and expressing subtle points. It then deals with judging and criticizing the second opinion and what can be learned from this story. 
۲.

Analysis of Extremist Feeding by Abrār in Surah Al-Insān(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Abrār Verse 8 of Surah Al-Insān Verse 29 of Surah Al-Isrāʼ Charity Moderation

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۴۱ تعداد دانلود : ۸۷
In the Sabab-e-Nuzūl of verse 8 of Surah Al-Insān, it is stated that the Ahl al-Bayt (AS) gave their food for three consecutive days while they were fasting and in need of that food. Apparently, the way of giving alms here is extremist and moderation is not observed in it. Therefore, there is a contradiction between the quality of food by the Infallibles (AS) and the verse Make not thy hand tied (like a niggard’s) to thy neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach, so that thou become blameworthy and destitute. (Isrāʼ/29) It is necessary to investigate this suspicion in order to protect the infallibility of Abrār. Therefore, this research has analyzed the mentioned conflict from two perspectives with a descriptive-analytical method: 1- The difference of context in the two verses 2- The difference in the existential capacity of human beings and the relativity of concepts. In the end, it is stated that the context of the word in Surah Al-Insān is praise and it cannot be contrary to verse 29 of Isrāʼ, in which moderation in almsgiving is recommended. Also based on the verse "On no soul doth Allah place a burden greater than it can bear." (Baqarah/286) and the differences in the existential capacity of human beings, the range of moderation in charity is different for each human being. Therefore, in the method of feeding, Abrār has observed moderation, but moderation at its highest level.  
۳.

Comparing the Types of Knowledge (Ānas, Anbaʿa, ʿAllama and Adrī) in the Holy Qur'an(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: Qur’anic Words ʿAllama Adrīka Nabaʿ Nabī Unseen

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۴۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۵
Verbal signs or strains that are responsible for expressing the concept; especially the words that are synonymous and apparently imply a similar concept, are among the subjects considered by the text-researchers of the Qur’anic verses. In this regard, examining some words from the semantic network of science, jurisprudence, news, awareness, taste, insight and tact, which are used in the meaning of knowledge, require a semantic research. In this article, the description and analysis of some words from a semantic network of "ʿAllama", "Naba ʿ", "Anas" and "Adrī", are discussed. And the elegant use of these words and their fields of application have been explained with a comparative research and comparison of the cases of using these words that convey the meaning of awareness. One of the achievements of this research is that in seemingly synonymous words, the verbal stems of Anbāʼ, such as Anbaʿa, Nabbiʼ, Nabī, are used in news about occult important matters. And using words derived from "Dirāyat" such as "Adrī and Tadrī are in cases where it refers to spiritual matters and truths that cannot be realized with a glance or superficial attention. Therefore, the description or knowledge of facts such as "Ḥāqqah", "ʿAqabah" and "Laylat al-Qadr" are expressed with the expression "Adrīka" and they call the audience to thinking.
۴.

Explaining the Epistemology of Change from the Perspective of Qur'an (Deconstructive Analysis on Change and Motion)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Change déconstruction material system infinite world monotheistic system

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۲۲ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۳
The purpose of this research is to explain time based on the constructivist view of substantive motion. This activity has been done in a deconstruction manner. It is the deconstruction, re-reading, and analysis of any subject by decentralizing it and achieving dimensions of the subject that are often overlooked. In general, theories of time are divided into two categories: theories of substantive change, which consider change to be related only to the appearances and names and the superficial layers of the system and all its phenomena, and theories that consider time made by the substantive motion and fundamental change and evolution of phenomena. By challenging the themes in the view of the change of nature, the space was paved for the view to emerge on the constructivism of the transcendent purposeful substantive motion. According to the constructivist approach of purposeful substantive motion, all phenomena of existence, and especially human beings, are moving in the path of the Creator according to their need and poverty. The centralization of the approach to the constructivism of the substantive motion has implications for education. Thus, education is more and more a religious nature and according to the substantive motion, the universe, based on its inherent nature, needs a stimulus that is being created and invented every moment in order to be able to form a momentary identity of the world and man. And the accidental world is an inherent occurrence (not a time occurrence).
۵.

The Synergistic Relationship between the Psychology of "Dhikr and Peace" and the Epistemological Approach of the Verses of the Holy Qur’an(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Faith Peace benevolence to the people the Qur an

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۲۶ تعداد دانلود : ۱۲۲
In order to achieve peace, humanity has believed in all kinds of recitations and rituals in rituals, rituals, emerging mysticisms, etc., and has remained completely faithful to it. The result of believing in such a dhikr is not only that there is no peace, but some of these dhikrs cause more suffering, pain and anxiety. Research findings will show that from the perspective of Quranic teachings, what makes peace more stable and lasting, in addition to believing in Quranic teachings, acting on psychological arrays such as kindness to people, love for people and empathy. And it is kindness to people. In many verses, the Holy Qur'an expresses the joy and happiness caused by goodness, respect and love for others, the cause of eternal peace and security, and this prescription is a way for all humanity to be saved from confusion, surprise and anxiety in addition to To follow the teachings of the Qur'an is to perform righteous deeds such as benevolence to the people. The method of realization in this research is qualitative and the studies are based on library research and the use of Quranic verses.
۶.

A Critical Study of Zamakhsharī’s Interpretive Thoughts in Al-Kashshāf(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Zamakhsharī Tafsīr-e-Kashshāf Rhetorical Sciences Takhyīl

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۱۷ تعداد دانلود : ۹۳
Tafsīr-e-Kashshāf is one of the most important interpretations that has been considered by most commentators of the Qur’an. From Zamakhsharī’s point of view, the science of semantics and expression is the most important and necessary knowledge for the interpretation of the Qur’an. In his view, not only with the help of this science, the rhetorical aspects of the Qur’an are known, but also the subtleties and beauties of the Qur’an are known only in the light of this knowledge. According to Zamakhsharī, the most delicate and precise topics of rhetorical sciences are the industry of Takhyīl (i.e. some kind of imagination), without which the interpretation and understanding of the verses of the Qur’an is not possible. The industry of Takhyīl is a kind of compound simile that is used to depict wonderful meanings and indescribable concepts that cannot be explained by a simple description. Zamakhsharī, while considering the verses of the Qur’an as miracles, eloquence and rhetoric, does not count all the verses as rhetoric on the same level. Zamakhsharī has tried to prove the legitimacy of his religion by interpreting the verses of the Qur’an. Zamakhsharī has opened a new horizon in the subject of Qur’anic rhetoric and has been able to introduce new points and materials on the topics that Abdul Qāhir Jurjānī (d. 471 AH) has invented about the rhetoric and meanings of the miracles of the Qur’an.  
۷.

A Reflection on the Interactional Functionalism of the Holy Qur’an with Science(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Quran Inclusion science Interaction Function

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۴۷ تعداد دانلود : ۹۳
The Holy Qur'an is a complete and comprehensive heavenly book from God Almighty, which has been given the attention and reflection of thinkers and scholars of the Qur'an with the aim of meeting the needs of mankind in every age. The purpose of the present research is to answer the question of the feasibility of entering the Qur'an in the field of science and its quality. The research method is analytical-descriptive and with a view on the practical interaction of the Qur’an with other sciences. One of the innovations of the research is a special look at the amount of Qur’anic teachings entering different fields of science. The results of the research estimates show that this interaction is an obvious matter in theoretical sciences such as: jurisprudence, principles of jurisprudence, literature, history, economics, physics and in the field of experimental sciences such as: agricultural and animal husbandry sciences, natural resources and environment, zoology, botany and Chemistry, as a stream-creating matter, a pattern and a guiding line in the direction of the perfection of science and, accordingly, in the direction of the happiness of human beings.  
۸.

Identifying the correctness of interpretive narrations(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Interpretive narration hadith forgery Sanadī Accuracy textual accuracy Taṭbīq

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۱۵ تعداد دانلود : ۷۵
After the holy Qur'an, hadith is the most important source of knowing the intentions of the verses of the Qur'an, and therefore the recognition of authentic hadiths is very important. From the beginning of Islam, the phenomenon of fabricating hadith by dissidents and hypocrites has a long history and has been used as a weapon. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) and the Imams (AS) and consequently the scholars and scientists of the Islamic religion, by using certain methods, have provided the ground for Muslims to identify the Sanad of the narrations and have thwarted this great conspiracy with special instructions. They used instructions such as the spread of the science of rijāl in order to identify truthful and reliable narrators and reject weak narrators. And in the field of protecting the text of hadiths, they used methods such as presenting hadiths to imams and scholars, comparing manuscripts, allowing the narration of hadiths, listing methods, etc. Therefore, one of the important issues of Islamic sciences in the field of Qur'anic interpretation is the issue of narrative interpretations issued by the Holy Prophet (PBUH) or the Imams (AS).And these interpretations have a lot of confusion and some of them are fake narrations or Isra’iliyyat, and some others are for adaptation rather than interpretation of the verse. Therefore, according to these inconsistencies that exist in the narrative interpretations, the following narrations should be carefully studied based on the guidance of the Infallibles (AS) and their true followers. So by studying the narrative interpretation, we can find some strategies including assimilation, separation and classification of narrations in narrative interpretations. This article is an attempt in this direction that deals with this issue through a descriptive-analytical method.  
۹.

Investigating the Phono-Semantic Function in the Translations of Ṣaḥīfah Sajjādīyah (based on the Translations of Garmārūdī, Ilāhī Qumshiʿī, Āyatī)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: sound Translation Meaning Ṣaḥīfah Sajjādīyah structure

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۵۵ تعداد دانلود : ۸۰
In every language, there is always a consistent relationship between sound and meaning and the way phonemes are used in inducing concepts. In the science of linguistics, there is a field called "phono-semantic" based on the coexistence of the phonetic structure of words and the correspondence between sounds and meanings. And in translation as an inter-linguistic and communicative act, it is very important to pay attention to the form of the source text to convey the meaning. The prayers of Imam Sajjad (AS) in the blessed book of Ṣaḥīfah Sajjādīyah are full of pure concepts for worshipping God and have a pleasant and soulful music that has been translated by translators into different languages. In the supplications of Ṣaḥīfah Sajjādīyah, the details of the phonetic level are difficult to translate due to the special features of listening. Therefore, in addition to conveying the meaning, the translator should also pay attention to the phonetic features of the words. In this literary essay, with the analytical descriptive method, the author has criticized four levels of phono-semantic: alliteration, minimal pairs, word plays and rhythm in three translations by Sayyid ʿAlī Mūsawī Garmārūdī, Ilāhī Qumshiʿī and Abdul Muḥammad Āyatī.  
۱۰.

The Effect of Lexicography’sSeparation in the First Two Centuries AH On the Certainty of the Current Interpretation of the Qur'an and Hadith(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: Qur’an Hadith Ijtihad hermeneutics Dictionary Philosophy of Quran

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۱۱ تعداد دانلود : ۱۳۱
Ijtihad from the Qur'an and Hadith can have two approaches: One: The conditions that individuals need to reach the stage and power of ijtihad. Two: the conditions that mujtahids face for ijtihad in a religious context; that is, the existence or non-existence is the ground of the possibility of definitive ijtihad from the religious text. A healthy and acceptable ijtihad must fully meet the requirements of both approaches; and disruption in any of these circumstances can overshadow the certainty of religious ijtihad. The current interpretation of the propositions of the Qur'an and Hadith relies heavily on the ijtihad of lexicographers two centuries after the life of the Prophet. Thus, in spite of this historical rupture of the word and the absence of numerous all-contemporary dictionaries of the Prophet, there is no requirement that the lexical ijtihad of two centuries after the Prophet, as we now use it, be one with the spiritual reality of the language of early Islam. Therefore, even if the mujtahids of religious texts are correct in their personal ijtihad, because the conditions for interpreting the text are not available. The current interpretation of the text and propositions of the Qur'an and their hadith is basically uncertain; and at most, it is suspicious. 
۱۱.

Responsible Dominion and Knowledge for man: Re-reading the Account of Adam’s Creation in the Qur’an and the Bible(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

نویسنده:

کلید واژه ها: Quranic anthropology Biblical Anthropology comparative theology caliph of God Image of God mans responsibility

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۱۱۷ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱۱
There are several mentions of man gifted dominion and knowledge by God, both in the Qur’an and the Bible, but it is important to notice that this advantages for man are not absolute and are bringing responsibility. The main question of this research is inquiring those conditions and responsibilities through re-reading the relevant verses of the Qur’an and the Bible. The approach of this article is comparative theology of Abrahamic sacred books and the methods used are those common in lexical etymology. The core sentence of the article is the fact that both in the Qur’an and the Bible, the power and dominion of man, as well as knowledge gifted is conditioned to be used in just and responsible way. Then the man has to response to God regarding all the privileges given to him/her and only in this way, one can perform his/her role as caliph of God according to the Qur’an or image of God according to the Bible.  
۱۲.

Investigating the phenomenon of insult with a skepticism approach (case study of revenge, inheritance, corporal punishment and women's testimony)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Quran Hadiths Honor Respect Human Dignity Phenomenon of Insult Skeptology

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۹۰ تعداد دانلود : ۸۸
Explaining and interpreting the honor and dignity of man and then finding ways to realize it in human life is one of the most important and fundamental topics in religious sources, especially the Qur'an and hadiths. Since insult is the opposite of honor and respect, the present research is trying to investigate the phenomenon of insult with a skeptology approach using a descriptive-analytical method and based on library and documentary information, while measuring and setting human honor and its accessories as a criterion. Considering that any description and attribution knowingly and intentionally causing the weakening and humiliation of human honor and its accessories is considered a category and an example of insult. In this research, the degree of compatibility and incompatibility of the Islamic rulings of inheritance, retribution, corporal punishment of women and women's testimony have been criticized and investigated with respect to human dignity. The results of the research show that Islamic rulings in the aforementioned four topics are based on reality, expediency and health of the family and society, necessity or in order to inform, change undesirable behaviors and prevent crimes. Also, some of the issues raised are necessary as a prescriptive ruling for a specific stage and with special conditions that have been established by the holy legislator.