International Journal of Business and Development Studies

International Journal of Business and Development Studies

International Journal of Business and Development Studies Vol. 16, No. 1, (2024) (مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)



Effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation on Entrepreneurial Intention Among Final Year Female Undergraduates in Nigerian Federal Universities(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)


کلید واژه ها: risk taking autonomy Competitive Aggressiveness

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۰ تعداد دانلود : ۸
In the multifaceted landscape of entrepreneurship, this research delves into the intricate relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and entrepreneurial intention, focusing specifically on the final-year female undergraduates in Nigerian federal universities. Grounded in the Human Capital Theory (HCT), this study uncovers profound insights into the multifaceted relationships between various entrepreneurial traits and their influence on entrepreneurial intentions. The findings reveal a nuanced relationship between traits such as autonomy, competitive aggressiveness, risk-taking, self-esteem, and the sense of inclusion with entrepreneurial intentions. Autonomy and competitive aggressiveness emerge as significant influencers, while risk-taking displays a non-significant association. Self-esteem holds profound implications, while the sense of inclusion exerts a more subdued impact on entrepreneurial intentions. Theoretical implications challenge and expand existing frameworks, notably HCT. While HCT posits that investments in education and training foster entrepreneurial traits, this study suggests a more intricate relationship. The non-significant association of certain traits, despite their emphasis in HCT, underscores the need for a nuanced understanding, possibly integrating other theoretical frameworks. From a practical standpoint, these findings guide policymakers and educators in designing targeted interventions. Specialized training programs, workshops, and courses emphasizing autonomy, competitive aggressiveness, and self-esteem can be developed. Integrating competitive elements, like business plan competitions, can nurture students' competitive drive. Policy recommendations include tailored entrepreneurial education, fostering inclusive environments, promoting a risk-taking culture, supporting longitudinal studies, and enhancing collaboration between educational institutions and industry.

Determinants of Board Diversity for Firms Listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Board diversity Listed firms Determinants of board diversity

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Board diversity is a topical discourse in firm governance and management. Diversity came up as a way of eliminating discrimination in employment and making sure there is equality, inclusion and affirmative action in the way firms do business. Board diversity has produced mixed results in relation to firm performance. On the one hand, diversity enables good governance to take place, ensures satisfaction of stakeholders and the firm to attain competitive advantage. Contrary, diversity may come with difficulties in communication, boardroom fights and decreased productivity among a plethora of negative contributions. The study investigates the various factors that affect board diversity from a Zimbabwean context. The Zimbabwe Stock Exchange’s 35 firms’ data is analysed to estimate the relationship between board diversity and firm performance. The study employed the quantitative methodology to establish factors that influence board diversity on firm performance of thirty-five (35) firms listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange using panel data collected over the period 2009 – 2015.The major factors that promote diversity are firm size, liquidity, leverage, operating experience (years listed), market share (Tobin’s Q) and being in the service sector. On the other hand, board size, being in the food, financial, real and industrial and manufacturing sectors negatively and significantly influence diversity. Based on the above results, the study recommends that companies should come up with diversity-enabling policies to enhance firm performance.

Effect of Relative Redistribution on Environmental Pollution in Oil-Exporting Countries(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Relative redistribution Gini coefficient Environmental pollution Oil-exporting countries

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Objective: Recent literature emphasizing the importance of income distribution for pollution. The GINI index is the most common indicator for measuring income inequality in previous studies. The new literature has focused on relative redistribution, which is quantified by the GINI coefficientis defined as the difference between the GINI based on market income and GINI based on disposable income. Thus, this study relies on the redistributive effect of taxes and transfers and its impact on carbon dioxide emissions.Methods: The study is conducted using aggregated data from oil-exporting countries including Canada, the United States, the UK, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, and China between 2010 and 2020 by using a simultaneous equations system consisting of two equations so that economic growth and pollution emission are as endogenous variables. Elative redistribution, good governance, oil income, trade openness, and CO2 emission are the exogenous variables. Results: Based on model estimates, income inequality, good governance, and oil income have a positive and significant impact on economic growth over the years studied, while inequalities in human development and population growth rates have a negative impact. Economic growth and trade openness also have a negative and significant impact on the spread of pollutionConclusion: Taxes and transfer payments, as redistribution tools can stimulate economic growth. Relative redistribution as a more equitable way can lead to increased economic growth and economic growth reduces carbon dioxide emissions. Therefore, providing an appropriate standard of income inequality can help to better understand and formulate effective policies for income equality.

An in-depth exploration of influential factors impacting the choice of knowledge workers: a comprehensive systematic literature review(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: knowledge workers Selection Systematic review

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰
The selection of knowledge workers in the organization is one of the main tasks of human resource management in the new era, and the lack of criteria and a coherent list of factors influencing the selection of these workers has been raised as a challenging issue in this field. The following article seeks to examine these influencing factors on the selection of Knowledge workers using a systematic review. The process of conducting a systematic research review is derived from the model of Okoli and Shabram (2017) and the selection steps of Silva (2015). Based on this, the number of 1976 articles published without time limit from the databases of Science Direct, Google Scholar, Normags, a comprehensive portal of humanities, the specialized database of Noor magazines, and the scientific information center of academic jihad were examined, and analyzed. In the final step, effective factors were extracted from 16 articles. The findings of the research were presented in the form of three categories of knowledge, skill, and ability, and finally, the key characteristics of knowledge workers were divided into two parts: some characteristics are non-developable and fixed, and others are developable and variable.

Examining the role of brand value congruence, dimensions of brand experience in the influence of customer-brand identification on tourism brand productivity(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Brand Experience Brand Value Congruence Customer-Brand Engagement Customer-Brand Identification Tourism Brand Productivity

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۰ تعداد دانلود : ۶
Objective:Examining brand experience, value congruence,and customer engagement for tourism brand productivity.Given the significant effects that brand productivity in the tourism industry can have on a country's prosperity and economic progress, the primary objective of this research is to develop and empirically examine a conceptual model that elucidates the complex relationships among brand experience dimensions,brand value congruence, customer-brand identification, and brand productivity.Furthermore, the study investigates the moderating role of customer-brand engagement within this framework.Methods:The statistical population for this research comprises the tourists visiting the city of Isfahan.Given that the population is unlimited, a sample size of 400 participants was selected based on Cochran's formula, and the sampling method used was convenience sampling.The data was collected through a structured questionnaire.First, the validity and reliability of the measurement scales were assessed. Content validity and convergent validity were established, and the reliability was confirmed through Cronbach's alpha and composite reliability calculations. The results of these assessments were satisfactory. For data analysis, the researchers employed structural equation modeling techniques, utilizing SPSS25 and SmartPLS3.0 software.Results: Sensory experience, effective experience, behavioral experience, intellectual experience and brand value congruence have a positive and significant effect on customer-brand identification.Customer-brand identification has a positive and significant effect on brand productivity.customer-rand engagement can moderate the effect of brand-customer value congruence on customer-brand identification.Conclusions:The results of this research will help the authorities to promote and improve brand productivity in the tourism industry by focusing on customer-brand engagement, brand value congruence and customer-brand identification,and considering different dimensions of customer experiences.

Factors Affecting the Entrepreneurial Activities of Rural Women in Iran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Business Plan Entrepreneurship Motivation Social capital Social Networks

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The main aim of this study was to identify and analyze the effect of social capital on entrepreneurial activities of Fars province specialized companies in Iran to improve their status. This descriptive research was accomplished using survey and required data was collected through questionnaire. Stratified random sampling was used and sample size was estimated to be 380 rural women. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed by the viewpoints of professors as well as conducting a pilot study, calculating the Cronbach's alpha coefficient, respectively. Based on the results of path analysis, social capital and social networks activities had a direct and significant effect on entrepreneurial activities. Business plan writing skill, creativity, entrepreneurial motivation, family communication, supportive policies, educational-counseling policies, and business environments also had a direct and significant effect on social capital. Creativity, entrepreneurial motivation, family communication and educational policies had a direct and significant effect on social networking activities, as well. Enhancing the ability of entrepreneurs to start and continue entrepreneurial activities, paying attention to the role of social networks and their interacting as well as considering social capital as a link between business networks by identifying entrepreneurial opportunities and providing resources and facilities are essential in this regard.

The Design of Industrial Development Model of Iran based on Hybrid Approach ( OR:Soft - Fuzzy)(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)


کلید واژه ها: Industrial development Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) Process Development Yeager Fuzzy model.&lrm

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Industrial development depends on planning and formulation of strategy and systematic policies. The purpose of this research is to analysis phase of conventional strategies in order to progress of Iran’s industry in the international atmosphere. The statistical community of this study is included of experts and academic pundits. To do this at first identification of significant conventional industry’s strategy was determined. six strategies was founded and then was specified, using the criticality of each phase’s approach. According to data analysis, efficiency of technology transfer on industrial progress is more than other elements. On the second rank, domestic and foreign investment’s strategies, development of parent industries, development of infrastructure industries and designing strategy and industrial policies and finally government support strategies has been placed at the lowest level that means third rank. Therefore technology transfer plan was recognized as the most important strategy and specially it should be considered as the strongest strategy for developing industry. The insight that this model offers to managers and decision makers of the country’s industry can help them to plane strategy for developing.

Can strengthening the stock market affect the value of the national currency? A study of stock-oriented models in the Iranian economy(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Stock Market national currency value stock-oriented models Iran

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Objective: The stock market and the foreign exchange rate market have been sensitive segments of the financial market. These two markets are rapidly affected by fluctuations and business cycles in the economy and quickly reflect the economic change. At the same time, turmoil in one or both markets raises concerns among market policymakers. We also address the question of whether the national currency can be strengthened through the stock market.Methods: This study examines the stock market price on the value of the national currency of Iran using stock-oriented models and the Markov switching method in the period 1995 to 2021. In this study, the non-linear Markov switching method was used to estimate the model, and the LR- test method was used to check the linearity or non-linearity of the models. Akaike's test has also been used to determine the number of Markov switching regimes.Results: The research results show that for every one percent increase in stock prices, the exchange rate has decreased by 0.21 percent. Therefore, the results indicate the approval of stock-oriented models in the Iranian economy. In other words, the capital market is one of the determinants of the exchange rate.Conclusions: According to this model, lower stock prices reduce the wealth of domestic investors, which leads to lower demand for money with lower interest rates. Lower interest rates cause capital outflows to overseas markets, assuming other conditions remain stable, causing the domestic currency to depreciate and the exchange rate to rise.

Identifying drivers affecting the dynamics of sports businesses in the post COVID-19 era(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: COVID-19 Dynamic Capabilities sport business

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تعداد بازدید : ۷ تعداد دانلود : ۳
Objective: “The purpose of this paper was to identify the factors affecting the dynamics of sports business after the COVID-19 pandemic and to find ways to meet the needs of having clear foresight and radical progress in this constantly changing environment.Methods This research was of a qualitative type, using the thematic analysis method. The statistical population includes managers of sports businesses, faculty members of entrepreneurial management faculties, faculty members of physical education and sports science faculties with expertise in entrepreneurship and business management, and members of the employment and entrepreneurship working group of the Ministry of Sports and Youth. We used the snowball sampling method to select the research sample. A total of 19 interviews were conducted and recorded in this study.Findings In this research, six themes were identified: management capabilities with three factors, organizational capabilities with three factors, marketing capabilities with four factors, technological capabilities with two factors, macro level challenges with four factors, and networking capabilities with three factors. Conclusions Considering the extent and importance of sports businesses, as well as the unique features of this type of business, identifying the factors that affect the dynamics can help sports businesses in organizational planning to get out of the crisis.

Modelling the Barriers to Creating Entrepreneurial Businesses Based on Structural Equations(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Entrepreneurial ecosystem Entrepreneurial businesses Border areas Sistan and Baluchistan Structural Equations

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تعداد بازدید : ۱۴ تعداد دانلود : ۷
Objective Using a quantitative approach and a systematic methodology, advanced structural equation modelling techniques were applied to test the research hypotheses. In a possible sample of 98 experts and activists of entrepreneurship in Sistan and Baluchistan province, the observations were collected using a standard 32-items tool based on Likert scale. After screening the raw data, covariance-based confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the validity, reliability and fittingness of the research model, and the hypotheses were tested in the form of a structural model. The results of convergent and divergent validity tests showed that the two indicators of the research model has validity. Also, the reliability tests indicated the generalizability of the research results at 85%. Also, all the research hypotheses were confirmed.Objective Using a quantitative approach and a systematic methodology, advanced structural equation modelling techniques were applied to test the research hypotheses. In a possible sample of 98 experts and activists of entrepreneurship in Sistan and Baluchistan province, the observations were collected using a standard 32-items tool based on Likert scale.

Fiscal Policy Uncertainty and Industrial Investment in Iran(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Fiscal Policy Uncertainty Fiscal shocks Industrial investment Economic Sanctions Budget balance

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تعداد بازدید : ۳۱ تعداد دانلود : ۲۲
Industrial investment in Iran, especially in the wake of sanctions’ intensification in the 2010s, decreased significantly. The government implemented fiscal policy which has been associated with uncertainty. In this paper, using a dynamic panel model and generalized method of moments, we examined the effect of fiscal policy uncertainty on investment in 24 industrial groups in Iran over the period 2002-2020. The results indicated that the growth of fiscal level shock,resulted in a low but positive effect on investment directly. However,the coefficient of cross effect between the growth of fiscal level shock and the fiscal policy uncertainty undermined the positive effect on industrial investment. The government has had two effects on industrial investment indirectly through the demand side shock. By creating demand, it has had a positive effect on industrial investment with the cross effect between the growth of the fiscal level shock and industrial sales. However, on the other hand, the growth of the fiscal level shock has been associated with the creation and growth of fiscal policy uncertainty, so that the cross effect between the growth of fiscal policy uncertainty and the growth of industrial sales on industrial investment shows a high negative coefficient. The results of these two effects suggest that due to high uncertainty,the indirect government effect on investment in 24 industrial groups is negative, which happens through the demand-side shock. Moreover, the growth of fiscal policy uncertainty, sanctions, and interest rates, respectively, have had the most adverse effect on investment in 24 industrial groups in Iran.

The impact of shadow banking on government size in selected countris(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Shadow Banking Government size PANEL VAR Selected countries

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Shadow banking comprises a set of non-bank financial intermediaries such as pension funds, investment funds, insurance companies, and other non-bank financial intermediaries that function similarly to traditional banks in terms of performance but are not supervised by the central bank. Given the expansion of shadow banking activities and its impact on real sectors of the economy, this research aims to investigate the effect of shadow banking on the size of government in selected countries (including two groups of developed and developing countries).Methods: This research was conducted using the Panel Vector Autoregression (VAR) model over the period 2002-2022 in selected countries. Results: The results obtained for the group of developed countries indicate that the expansion of shadow banking assets has not led to an increase in the size of government. However, conversely, according to the research findings for the group of developing countries, there is a positive relationship between shadow banking and the size of government. That is, the expansion of shadow banking assets in the group of developing countries has resulted in an increase in the size of government.Conclusions In this study, the impact of shadow banking on the size of government in selected countries has been examined using the Panel VAR model. The results indicate that the expansion of shadow banking assets in developed countries has not led to an increase in the size of government. However, conversely, in developing countries, the expansion of shadow banking assets has led to an increase in the size of government


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