Journal of Human Relations Studies (JHRS)

Journal of Human Relations Studies (JHRS)

Journal of Human Relations Studies, Volume 1, Issue 4, Winter 2022

مقالات

۱.

The Role of Cognitive Flexibility and Religious Coping Strategies in Predicting Divorce of Women with Betrayal Experiences

کلید واژه ها: Divorce cognitive flexibility Religious Confrontation Marital Infidelity

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۳۹ تعداد دانلود : ۲۵۳
Objective Marital infidelity is a very painful phenomenon that can lead to divorce. This study was conducted with the aim of the role of cognitive flexibility and religious coping strategies in predicting the desire for divorce of women with experience of infidelity. Methods  The research method was descriptive-correlation. The statistical population included all women with experience of infidelity and referring to Rah-e-Naw counseling center in Birjand in 2020 that 89 people were selected by convenience sampling. The instruments used were Divorce Attitude Questionnaire (DTS), Cognitive Flexibility Questionnaire (CFI) and Religious Coping Questionnaire (RCOPE). Pearson correlation test, multiple regression and SPSS-22 software were used to analyze the data. Results   The results of the correlation test showed that there is a negative and significant relationship between the desire for divorce with cognitive flexibility and positive religious confrontation and a positive and significant relationship between the desire for divorce and negative religious confrontation. Conclusion   Also, the results of regression analysis showed that cognitive flexibility and religious coping strategies together explain 34.8% of the variance of the desire to divorce. According to the findings, education and intervention in improving cognitive flexibility and religious coping strategies can be suggested as an effective method to reduce the desire for divorce.
۲.

The Relationship between Perceived Social Support and Psychological Resilience with the Quality of Life of People with Physical Disabilities

کلید واژه ها: Physical-motor disability Perceived Social Support psychological resiliency quality of life

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۷۹۲ تعداد دانلود : ۶۱۶
Objective  The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between perceived social support and psychological resilience with quality of life in people with physical disabilities. Methods   The research method was descriptive-correlational and the statistical population included all people with any physical disabilities between the ages of 15 to 65 years in the cities of Golestan province, 100 of whom were selected using available and non-random sampling method. And after obtaining consent, completed the relevant questionnaires. Also, in order to collect data, Phillips Social Support Questionnaire, Klohnen Self- Efficacy Scale and WHO Quality of Life Questionnaire were used, and to analyze the data, version 24 of SPSS software, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression were used. Results  Findings showed that there is a positive relationship between perceived social support and quality of life in people with physical disabilities. The higher the social support, the higher the quality of life, as well as between psychological resilience and quality. Conclusion  There is a significant relationship between people's lives and physical disabilities in that people who showed higher psychological resilience had a higher quality of life.
۳.

The Effectiveness of Image Relationship Therapy on Cohesion - Family Flexibility and Happiness of Couples with Emotional Divorce

کلید واژه ها: Couples Cohesion and Flexibility Couples Happiness Communication Imaging

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۵۶ تعداد دانلود : ۲۱۱
Objective  The aim of this study was the effectiveness of Image Relationship Therapy on family cohesion and flexibility and happiness of couples with emotional divorce. Methods   The method of the present study is Semi-experimental before and after the experiment with a control group. The statistical population includes all couples in Qom who had an emotional divorce. Using the purposive sampling method, 100 couples were selected and an emotional divorce questionnaire was administered to them. A total of 30 couples were selected to participate in this study and were randomly assigned to two experimental groups (15 couples) and a control group (15 couples). Data collection tools include the Guttman Emotional Divorce Scale, the Olson Family Cohesion Questionnaire, and the Tagrian Couple Happiness Questionnaire. Hendrix Image Relationship training package was performed on the experimental group in 10 sessions of 90 minutes per week. The obtained data were calculated by analysis of covariance with SPSS -22 software and then analyzed by the researcher. Results  The results showed that there was a significant difference between the control and experimental groups (P≤0.05); in other words, Communication Imaging Training increased Cohesion - Family Flexibility and Happiness of couples with emotional divorce. Conclusion  As a result, communication imaging training can be used as an intervention to increase the flexibility and happiness of couples seeking divorce.
۴.

Investigating the Role of Emotional Self-Awareness, Cognitive Emotion Regulation and Social Adequacy in Predicting Marital Satisfaction

کلید واژه ها: Emotional Self-Awareness Cognitive Emotion Regulation Social adequacy Marital satisfaction

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۶۶ تعداد دانلود : ۴۲۹
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the role of emotional self-awareness, cognitive emotion regulation, and social adequacy in predicting marital satisfaction. Methods  The method of this research was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population of this study included teachers of Kalibar city, whose number was 1000 and from this number, according to Cochran's formula, 275 statistical samples were selected by stratified random sampling method. Data collection tools was Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire, Emotional Self-Awareness Questionnaire, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Social Satisfaction Questionnaire. The method used in this study was to test the main hypothesis of multiple regression.   Results The results showed that a total of two independent variables of emotional self-awareness and social adequacy remained in the formation of regression and the net determination coefficient was R = 0.36 and this coefficient indicated that about 0.36 of the variance of marital satisfaction by independent variables in The figure is explained. In general, the results showed that there is a significant relationship between emotional self-awareness and cognitive emotion regulation and social adequacy with marital satisfaction (Sig = 0.000). Conclusion  The results of the present study can be used in premarital education as well as in interventions related to family and couples.
۵.

Investigating the Role of the Relationship between the Quality of Parent-Child Relationship in Social Anxiety of Female high School Students in Tehran

کلید واژه ها: Quality of parent-child relationship Social anxiety students

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۹۳ تعداد دانلود : ۲۵۴
Objective Given that social anxiety is a high prevalence disorder that affects the social functioning of individuals and one of its essential consequences in children and adolescents is a severe school dropout. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the quality of parent-child relationship in social anxiety of female high school students in the fifth district of Tehran. Methods  The present research method was descriptive-correlational and its statistical population included all-female high school students in the fifth district of Tehran. From this number, a sample of 348 people was selected by the available sampling method based on the Morgan table. Leibwitz (1987) and Pianta (1994) Parent-Child Relationship Scale were used to collect data and Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the data. Results The results showed that there is a significant negative correlation between the parent-child relationship and social anxiety (P <0.01). Conclusion  Finally, considering the quality of the parent-child relationship in predicting social anxiety, the development of any program to improve the quality of the parent-child relationship can lead to the prevention or reduction of social anxiety in adolescents.
۶.

The Mediating Role of Existential Anxiety and Conspiracy Beliefs in the Relationship Between Fear of COVID-19 and the Intention to Get Vaccinated in the Iranian Population

کلید واژه ها: Fear of Covid-19 Existential anxiety Conspiracy Beliefs Intention to get vaccinated

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۵۶ تعداد دانلود : ۴۰۷
Objective  The Covid-19 epidemic has caused a great deal of concern for the people, and even worse, the issue of vaccination and its dangers is still relevant today.This study aimed to mediate the role of existential anxiety and conspiracy beliefs in the relationship between fear of COVID-19 and the intention to get vaccinated. Methods   The type of research is  a descriptive correlation. The statistical population of the study included Iranian adults in the age range of 20 to 65 years, from which 533 people were randomly selected and responded to the online survey. The data were analyzed by the Pearson correlation coefficient method and structural equation model. Five questionnaires including fear of COVID-19, existential anxiety, Conspiracy beliefs and Intention to get vaccinated, were distributed among the research samples. Results  The results showed that there was a positive and significant correlation between fear of Covid-19 with existential anxiety and intention to get vaccinated (P <0.01), also, there is a positive and significant correlation between existential anxiety and conspiracy beliefs (P <0.01) and a negative and significant correlation between existential anxiety and conspiracy beliefs to get vaccinated (P <0.01). Conclusion    The model analysis also showed that when there are anxiety and conspiracy theories between fear of Covid-19 and the intention to get vaccinated, people reduce their desire to get vaccinated.