ناهید سلطانیان

ناهید سلطانیان

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فیلتر های جستجو: فیلتری انتخاب نشده است.
نمایش ۱ تا ۴ مورد از کل ۴ مورد.
۱.

Language Learners' Imagined Communities: Model and Questionnaire Development in the Iranian Context(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: imagined communities model questionnaire Iran Validity Reliability

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۴۲ تعداد دانلود : ۲۷۹
This study aimed to overcome the researchers' extreme attention to essentially qualitative methods in research on language learners' imagined communities and move towards quantification in order to achieve a more tangible image of this construct. To do so, the present researchers followed three main phases. First, a hypothesized model of language learners' imagined communities with eight components was developed for the Iranian context based on the wide-ranging readings of the literature on imagined communities, consultations with experts and interviews with language learners. Second, a questionnaire was developed and validated based on the model to represent its components. Finally, the data collected through the questionnaire were fed into the model to see to what extent the model fit the data. The initial results showed poor values; however, the model was trimmed by removing one item from the questionnaire, and final statistical indices showed that the model was fit.
۲.

Quantifying Investment in Language Learning: Model and Questionnaire Development and Validation in the Iranian Context(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Investment model questionnaire Validity Reliability

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۶۵ تعداد دانلود : ۳۳۰
The present exploratory study aimed to provide a more tangible and comprehensive picture of the construct of investment in language learning through investigating the issue from a quantitative perspective. To this end, the present researchers followed three main phases. First, a hypothesized model of investment in language learning with six components was developed for the Iranian English as a foreign language (EFL) learners based on the extensive readings of the literature on investment, consultations with a panel of experts, three university professors in the relevant fields, and interviews with 20 language learners. Second, a questionnaire was developed and validated based on the proposed model to represent its components. Finally, the data collected through this questionnaire were fed into the model to see to what extent the model fitted the data. The participants were male and female English language learners belonging to different age groups and English language proficiency levels.The initial results showed poor values; however, the model was trimmed by removing one item from the questionnaire, and final statistical indices showed that the model fitted the data.
۳.

Investment in L2 learning among Iranian English language learners(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Investment Iran EFL Learners survey

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۰۴ تعداد دانلود : ۲۸۵
Drawing on Norton Peirce's (1995) theory of investment and Darvin and Norton's (2015) expanded the model of investment, the present study aims to research investment in second language (L2) learning among Iranian English language learners. The participants included 852 male and female English language learners belonging to different age groups and English language proficiency levels. A 42-item questionnaire, developed and validated by the present authors (forthcoming), was administered online and by hand. The results showed that Iranian English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners moderately invested to learn English language and that there were significant differences in the extent of investment between male and female participants and different language proficiency levels (low- and high-proficiency learners). Moreover, the results of the study demonstrated that there was no significant difference in the extent of investment between different age groups (teenage and adult ones). The study concludes with suggestions for future research on investment in L2 learning and a discussion of how such research can impact language education policy in EFL contexts.
۴.

Motivational and Learning Effects of Computer-aided Procedures on Students' Reading Comprehension(مقاله علمی وزارت علوم)

کلید واژه ها: Reading Comprehension Computer-assisted Language Learning (CALL) A Hypertext/ Hypermedia Environment Self-regulated Learning

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۹۷۷ تعداد دانلود : ۵۸۰
Reading development and instruction is a pedagogical priority at all academic levels. Historically, in the educational field, numerous efforts have been made to facilitate the complex process of foreign language reading comprehension. More recently, increasing attention has been paid to the use of computers for developing reading comprehension skills and various efforts have been made in this regard. The present study investigates the connection between computer technology and reading comprehension. It relies on the current models of reading which emphasize the interactive nature of reading and constructive nature of comprehension. The study sample consisted of 30 freshman students studying English Language and Literature at Semnan University. Of this total, 15 students were subjected to a computer-assisted instructional program. They filled out a background questionnaire and during ten sessions they read computerized texts provided with comprehension aids (texts, pictures, and sounds). The other 15 students, randomly selected from the group, received no computer training and served as a control group. Both groups took a reading comprehension pre-test and post-test. After the treatment, the experimental group filled out an attitude questionnaire. Both quantitative and qualitative findings of the study are clear indications that the computerized reading contributes to the development of EFL reading skills more significantly than the conventional academic reading method.

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