Business Management and Entrepreneurship (IJBME)

Business Management and Entrepreneurship (IJBME)

Business Management and Entrepreneurship (IJBME), Vol. 1 , No. 1, September 2022



Analysis and investigation of the relationship between the Glass ceiling syndrome and Organizational Silence


کلید واژه ها: Women studies Gender Discrimination Organizational justice Glass Ceiling Organizational Positioning Organizational Silence

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۴۶ تعداد دانلود : ۹۸
Organizational silence is perceived as a social phenomenon that occurs at the organizational level and affects many organizational characteristics. These organizational characteristics include efficiency, performance, decision making, management processes, culture, and employees' perceptions of the factors affecting silent. The glass ceiling states that women and minorities fail to reach the upper levels of the hierarchy. They approximate the leading positions at the organization, but rarely obtain it. This frustration makes them presume that there is a glass ceiling. The glass ceiling makes employees withhold from expressing their ideas and always remain silent. Organizations are required to encounter crossing the glass ceiling. Acquiring different skills, being intimidated to perform activities, self-confidence, stability in achieving goals, enlightened and conscious thinking can trigger women in achieving managerial professions.

The role of strategic branding in sustainable competitive advantage


کلید واژه ها: Strategic branding Sustainable Competitive Advantage Brand association Brand Performance Strategic scope branding process

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۱۰ تعداد دانلود : ۱۱۱
Branding is an operational strategy to distinguish the industry, besides at present time, companies and organizations are not only pursuing competition for owning the market of products and services, but also making effort to align customers' mental perceptions with themselves (product/ brand) .Nowadays, the brand is no longer just a potent mechanism available for managers. Branding is a strategic requirement that supports organizations to make more profits for customers as well as sustainable competitive advantages. Sustainable competitive advantage is essential to maintain the survival of organizations at present competitive environment. Competitive advantage is an invisible structure and is inherently complex and demanding to identify due to its latent nature.

Explaining consumer forgiveness in insurance industry with emphasis on behavioral components

کلید واژه ها: Consumer forgiveness Behavioral components Insurer Iran insurance Gilan province

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۶۶ تعداد دانلود : ۸۳
Objective: For all companies, particularly service businesses, one element that is of great significance is customer forgiveness. The major goal of this research was to ascertain how customer behavioral factors affected Iranian insurance insurers' willingness to forgive. Materials and Methods: In terms of research classification based on the goal of applied research, this study is a descriptive and survey. All Iranian insurance insurers in the Gilan province who have used Iran insurance services for at least two years make up the study's statistical population, and a sample size of 359 persons who were chosen using a non-probable selection approach was used. A questionnaire was utilized to gather the data for this research, and its content validity and construct validity were evaluated. The reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. The data gathered from the survey was analyzed using SPSS and Smart PLS software. Results: The findings of evaluating the study hypotheses revealed that, with the exception of the effects of empathy on consumer forgiveness and self- inferiority on consumer forgiveness, all of the research hypotheses were verified. Conclusion: According to the findings of Iranian insurance managers, it is recommended that customers' favorable impressions be reinforced via emotional connection, differentiated services, and improved service quality.

Designing a transformational leadership model for the employees of health and treatment centers in Tehran utilizing the theme analysis method

کلید واژه ها: Transformational Leadership health and treatment centers Persuasive Empowering

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۴۶۵ تعداد دانلود : ۷۵
To create a transformational leadership model for staff members of Tehran's health and treatment facilities, the present study was carried out. To present the model, a qualitative approach has been employed. Academic journalists and administrators of related institutions were part of the study's target population. The data collecting technique was semi-structured interviews. Theme analysis was used in open, central, and selective coding throughout the data analysis process. The results of the interviews revealed that the four components of the transformational leadership model used by the staff at the Tehran health and treatment center are persuasion, network building, capacity building, and entrepreneur orientation. These dimensions' sub-components consist of energizing, bolstering positive behaviors, organizational networks, the spirit of collaboration and engagement, confidence in capacity, belief in success and development, opportunism, and inventive and creative behaviors. The present approach aids the managers of these centers in laying the groundwork for the growth of productive and positive employee behaviors that will help them reach their objectives.

An Investigating the impact of quantitative trading strategies on the stock market crash according to the behavioral finance perspective (Case study: companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange)

کلید واژه ها: Quantitative trading strategy stock market crash Fall – Timing movement - reverse A behavioral finance perspective

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۰۲ تعداد دانلود : ۱۰۶
According to the study of Fang and his colleagues in 2021, in order to reduce the fall of the stock market, companies pay attention to trading strategies and behavioral financial perspective, which have evaluated the assumptions and goals set in this regard; But there may be a gap in this path that prevents the connection or effect between the above variables, which is discussed in this study. This study aims to determine the effect of quantitative trading strategies on the fall of the stock market according to the perspective of behavioral finance (case study: companies admitted to the Tehran Stock Exchange). In order to analyze the research hypotheses, the statistical population was selected from 2016 to 2021 and for 6 years and included listed companies; the statistical sample was selected by elimination method and 90 companies. The research method used is a descriptive-analytical method and historical research data was collected and classified by referring to the financial statements and financial reports of the companies admitted to the Tehran Stock Exchange. The panel data method was used to analyze the statistical data; And in the analysis section, descriptive statistics, inferential statistics and various relevant tests were performed and data analysis was done using Eviews version 9 software. According to the analysis of the regression model, the findings of the research show that the main hypothesis has been confirmed and it was found that quantitative trading strategies have a negative and significant effect on the fall of the stock market according to the behavioral financial perspective of the companies admitted to the Tehran Stock Exchange. So that in this research, based on the t-statistics, the effectiveness of both special hypotheses (fall-timing and movement-reverse) was determined, and according to the mediating variable of behavioral financial perspective, they can also play a positive and significant role in reducing the fall of the stock market to be.

Non-linear Dynamics of Size, Capital Structure and Profitability in Threshold Panel Regression Framework in TSE

کلید واژه ها: Profitability Capital Structure Company Size threshold panel regression

حوزه های تخصصی:
تعداد بازدید : ۳۷۹ تعداد دانلود : ۸۸
The purpose of this research is to investigate the non-linear effect of size and capital structure of companies on profitability in the framework of threshold panel regression in companies listed on Tehran Stock Exchange. For this purpose, 105 companies from different industries were selected as a statistical sample between 2010 and 2021. Hypotheses testing were analyzed under two scenarios: linear multivariate regression and non-linear multivariate regression (threshold panel regression method). Profitability as a dependent variable, capital structure and company size as independent variables and equity, sales growth and company life as control variables were examined. The results of statistical analysis showed that there is no significant relationship between company size and profitability in a non-linear mode. In the case of a threshold panel, the size of the company is known as the threshold variable and the capital structure is known as the dependent variable of the regime. The threshold value was estimated at 15.89, since the model has a threshold limit, so two different regimes were obtained for the capital structure variable. In both regimes, the relationship between capital structure and non-linear profitability is negative and significant. In this way, in the first regime, the capital structure up to the threshold value of the company's size reduces the profitability, and in the second regime, when the capital structure value exceeds the threshold value, the capital structure has less effect on the profitability and increases the profitability. It reduces less than before. According to the obtained results, the companies that are in the second regime have a more favorable capital structure and profitability than the companies in the first regime.