حامد موسوی

حامد موسوی

مدرک تحصیلی: استادیار، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

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فیلتر های جستجو: فیلتری انتخاب نشده است.
نمایش ۱ تا ۳ مورد از کل ۳ مورد.
۱.

نفوذ ارتش در نظام سیاسی و تصمیم گیری اسرائیل

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۹۷ تعداد دانلود : ۴۷۰۶
استدلال این مقاله این است که هرچند اندیشمندان منتقدی نظیر یورام پری، اورن باراک و گابریل شفر به استقلال و نفوذ ارتش اسرائیل در حوزه مدنی اشاره می کنند، اما بخش های مهمی از این مداخلات را نادیده می گیرند که نتیجه آن غافل شدن از نکات اساسی در زمینه روابط دولت و ارتش در رژیم صهیونیستی است. نفوذ ارتش اسرائیل در دولت و نهادهای مدنی از چهار طریق عمده صورت می پذیرد: ارائه توصیه های سیاسی و اطلاعات استراتژیک به دولت، شکل دهی به افکار عمومی در اسرائیل، حکمرانی ارتش در مناطق اشغالی به بهانه مقابله با انتفاضه فلسطین و به دست گرفتن مهم ترین پست های عرصه سیاست توسط افسران نظامی. این نوشتار این مسئله را مرکز توجه قرار خواهد داد که هرچند ارتش اسرائیل در پیشبرد اهداف خود در برخی برهه های زمانی ناموفق بوده است، اما با کاربست سازوکارهای متعددی در سیاست های این رژیم تأثیری عمیق می گذارد.
۲.

The Rise and Fall of the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process

نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید : ۲۸ تعداد دانلود : ۱۶
This article examines the rise and fall of the Peace Process and questions the reason for which the United States of America was successful in bringing the two sides to the negotiating table during the 1990s. It investigates the reason for which the process ultimately failed, as well as the reason for which Washington was unsuccessful in restarting the peace process in the past decade. It is argued that the collapse of the Soviet Union, as the Arab states’ most important ally, the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)’s decision to back Saddam Hussein during the First Persian Gulf War, and the rise of Islamic movements in the occupied territories were the main reasons for which the PLO decided to negotiate with Israel. The subsequent Peace Process was a major political, economic and public image success for Washington and Tel-Aviv, while it was damaging to the Palestinian cause. Not only did the PLO recognize Israel and the Zionist movement, but it also ceded most of the West Bank in the process. Finally, it is argued that after the collapse of the process during the early 2000s, Donald Trump has attempted to restart the negotiations, but has failed thus far due to the inexistence of strong leaders in both Palestinian and Israeli sides, the rise of Hamas as a resistance movement, and the disenchantment of the Palestinian people with the Peace Process.
۳.

A Theoretical Study of Solidarity in American Society: The Case of the “Ground Zero Mosque” Controversy

تعداد بازدید : ۱۰۱ تعداد دانلود : ۶۲
The paper uses the case study of the controversy regarding the construction of a mosque near the site of the 9/11 terrorist attacks in Manhattan, New York, to analyze the different theoretical approaches to the concept of solidarity. It is argued that the presence of affectional solidarity which is based on feelings of caring, friendship and love was very limited in the case under study. Instead the primary form of solidarity present in the ground zero mosque debate was conventional solidarity, which is based primarily on common interests and concerns that are established through shared traditions and values. Nevertheless, conventional solidarity uses membership within a group to advocate for solidarity. In many instances however, people in need of solidarity might fall outside of the boundaries of “we,” and as a result limiting the utility of the approach. This is why the paper advocates for a revised form of Jodi Dean’s reflective solidarity, which is based on mutual responsibility toward each other despite our differences. It is argued that in its current form this approach is a normative universal ideal which holds great potential but is unclear, underspecified and impractical. However, by injecting some “realism” into this theoretical approach, reflective solidarity is superior to affectional and conventional approaches.

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