International Journal of Web Research

International Journal of Web Research

International Journal of Web Research, Volume 3, Issue 1,Spring-Summer 2020



CoReHAR: A Hybrid Deep Network for Video Action Recognition

تعداد بازدید : 653 تعداد دانلود : 213
Automating the processing of videos in applications such as surveillance, sport commentary and activity detection, human-machine interaction, and health/disability care is crucial to their correct functioning. In such video processing tasks, recognition of various human actions is a pivotal component for the correct understanding of videos and making decisions upon it. Accurately recognizing human actions is a complex process, demanding high computing capabilities and intelligent algorithms. Several factors, such as object occlusion, camera movement, and background clutter, further challenge the task and its accuracy, essentially leaving deep learning approaches the only viable option for properly detecting human actions in videos. In this study, we propose CoReHAR, a novel Human Action Recognition method that employs both deep Convolutional and Recurrent neural networks on raw video frames. Using the pre-trained ResNet152 CNN, deep features are initially extracted from video frames. The sequential information of the frames is then learned using DB-LSTM RNN. Multiple stacked layers in forward and backward passes of the DB-LSTM provide increased network depth for higher accuracy. A number of techniques are also applied to improve CoReHAR’s processing speed on heterogeneous GPU-enabled systems. The proposed method is evaluated using PyTorch, and is compared to the state-of-the-art methods, showing a considerable efficiency increase, with nearly 95% recognition accuracy measured as an average over all splits of the challenging UCF101 dataset.

Scientific Map of Papers Related to Data Mining in Civilica Database Based on Co-Word Analysis

تعداد بازدید : 741 تعداد دانلود : 680
Today, due to the large volume of data and the high speed of data production, it is practically impossible to analyze data using traditional methods. Meanwhile, data mining, as one of the most popular topics in the present century, has contributed to the advancement of science and technology in a number of areas. In the recent decade, researchers have made extensive use of data mining to analyze data. One of the most important issues for researchers in this field is to identify common mainstreams in the fields of data mining and to find active research fields in this area for future research. On the other hand, the analysis of social networks in recent years as a suitable tool to study the present and future relationships between the entities of a network structure has attracted the researcher’s scrutiny. In this paper, using the method of co-occurrence analysis of words and analysis of social networks, the scientific structure and map of data mining issues in Iran based on papers indexed during the years 1388 to 1398 in the Civilica database is drawn, and the thematic trend governing research in this area has been reviewed. The results of the analysis show that in the category of data mining, concepts such as clustering, classification, decision tree, and neural network include the largest volume of applications such as data mining in medicine, fraud detection, and customer relationship management have had the greatest use of data mining techniques.

Automated Test Data Generation Using a Combination of Firefly Algorithm and Asexual Reproduction Optimization Algorithm

تعداد بازدید : 83 تعداد دانلود : 125
Software testing is an expensive and time-consuming process. These costs can be significantly reduced using automated methods. Recently, many researchers have focused on automating this process using search algorithms. Many different methods have been proposed, all of which using a means of heuristic or meta-heuristic search algorithms. The main problem with these methods is that they are usually stuck in local optima. In this paper, to overcome such a problem, we have combined the firefly algorithm (FA) and asexual reproduction optimization algorithm (ARO). FA is a bio-inspired algorithm that is very efficient at exploitation and local searches; however, it suffers from poor exploration and is prone to local optima problem. On the other hand, ARO can be used for escaping from local optima. For this combination, we have inserted ARO into the steps of FA for increasing the population diversity. We have utilized this combination for automatic test case generation with the aim of covering all finite paths of the control flow graph. To evaluate the performance of the proposed method, we have utilized it for generating test cases for a number of programs. Results have indicated that, while giving similar results in terms of the test coverage, the proposed method is significantly better than the existing state of the art algorithms in terms of the number of fitness evaluations. Compared algorithms are FA, ARO, traditional genetic algorithm (TGA), adaptive genetic algorithm (AGA), adaptive particle swarm optimization (APSO), hybrid genetic tabu search algorithm (HGATS), random search (RS), differential evolution (DE), and hybrid cuckoo search and genetic algorithm (CSGA).

Biometric Based User Authentication Protocol in Smart Homes

تعداد بازدید : 236 تعداد دانلود : 560
The smart home is an important Internet of Things applications. Due to the smartphones development, expansion of their network, and growing the data transfer rate, security in personal life has become a dramatic challenge. Therefore, it is essential to secure such a system to create a sense of relaxation in the lives of users and homeowners to deal with possible occurrences. The integration of technologies for the automation of home affairs with the Internet of things means that all physical objects can be accessed on cyberspace; therefore, the concerns raised by users about the lack of privacy and security are serious arguments that science and technology should answer. Therefore, addressing security issues is a crucial necessity for the development of the smart homes. Although authentication protocols have been proposed based on smart cards for multi-server architectures, their schemes cannot protect the system against stolen smart cards and dictionary attacks in the login phase and do not satisfy perfect forward secrecy. To overcome these limitations, this paper proposes an anonymous, secure protocol in connected smart home environments, using solely lightweight operations. The proposed protocol in this paper provides efficient authentication, key agreement, and enables the anonymity of devices and unlinkability. It is demonstrated that the computation complexity of the protocol is low as compared to the existing schemes, while security has been significantly improved. This protocol ensures that even if the stakeholder’s device or the IoT device is attacked, they are robust against them.

A Secure and Efficient Approach for Issuing KYC Token As COVID-19 Health Certificate Based on Stellar Blockchain Network

تعداد بازدید : 465 تعداد دانلود : 55
Today's world is struggling with the COVID-19 pandemic, as one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. During the lockdown caused by this disease, many financial losses have been inflicted on people and all industries. One of the fastest ways to save these industries from the COVID-19 or any possible pandemic in the future is to provide a reliable, fast, smart, and secure solution for people's health assessment. In this article, blockchain technology is used to propose a model which provides and validates the health certificates for people who travel or present in society.  For this purpose, we take advantage of blockchain features such as being unchangeable, errorless, distributed, and a single point of failure nonexistence, high security, and proper use in protecting people's privacy. Since a variety of antibody and human health proving tests against the virus are developing, this study tries simultaneously to design an integrated and secure system to meet the authenticity and accuracy of different people's health certificates for the companies requiring these certifications. In this system, on the one hand, there are qualified laboratories that are responsible for performing standard testing and also providing results to the system controller. On the other hand, entities that need to receive health certificates must be members of this system. Finally, people are considered as the end-user of the system. To provide test information for the entities, the mechanism of KYC tokens will be used based on the Stellar private blockchain network. In this mechanism, the user will buy a certain amount of KYC tokens from the system controller. These tokens are charged in the user's wallet, and the user can send these tokens from his wallet to any destination company, to exchange the encrypted health certificate information. Finally, considering the appropriate platform provided by blockchain technology and the requirement of a reliable and accurate solution for issuing health certificates during the Covid-19 pandemic or any other disease, this article offers a solution to meet the requirements.

An Intrusion Detection System in Computer Networks using the Firefly Algorithm and the Fast Learning Network

تعداد بازدید : 771 تعداد دانلود : 442
Due to the extensive use of communication networks and the ease of communicating via wireless networks, these types of networks are increasingly considered. Usability in any environment without the need for monitoring and environmental engineering of these networks has been caused increasing use of it in various fields. It also caused the emergence of security problems in the sending and receiving information that intrusion detection has been raised as the most important issue. Hence, Network intrusion detection system (NIDS) is the process of identifying malicious activity in a network by analyzing the network traffic behavior. A wireless sensor network is composed of sensors that are responsible for collecting information from the environment. These wireless networks, because of the limitation of resources, mobility, and critical tasks, are relatively high vulnerabilities in comparison to other networks. Therefore, forecasting and intrusion detection systems play an important role in providing security in wireless sensor networks that can involve a wide range of attacks. Traffic behavior in the network has many features and dimensions, so dimensionality reduction plays a vital role in IDS, since detecting anomalies from high-dimensional network traffic features is a time-consuming process. Feature selection influences the speed of the analysis and detection. For this purpose, in the current study, a new approach is proposed to predict the intrusion of wireless networks using firefly based feature selection and fast learning network. Selected features in the feature selection phase are used as inputs to the fast learning network to analyze the intrusion of the network in real-time. According to the simulation results, it can be said that the fast neural network method continues training so as to avoid overfitting error. While neural networks further learn training set features until the training process is completed. Thus, the occurrence of overfitting phenomenon in neural networks is common. Therefore, the proposed method grants better performance than the neural network method in predicting new attacks on the network.