Given the burgeoning interest in the use of technology and electronic tools for educational purposes among students, this study set out with the purpose of investigating medical students’ perception of using e-learning tools and applications in an English for Specific Purposes (ESP) program at an Iranian medical university. The study also aimed to discover the extent to which the students prefer to use paper dictionaries, offline mobile dictionaries, computerbased dictionaries and Internet-based dictionaries. To do so, an electronically-mediated course plan was designed and implemented for eight weeks. The course plan required the students to use different types of resources, including electronic learning tools. Then, a questionnaire eliciting the students’ perception of the significance of using electronic learning tools in the program and asking the students the extent to which they used different resources (paper dictionaries, offline mobile dictionaries, computer-based dictionaries and software and Internet-based applications and tools) was developed and used. The results showed that the majority of the students perceived that employing electronic tools and applications for educational purposes in the program was highly significant. It was also discovered that the students gave a high priority to offline mobile dictionaries; Internet-based applications, paper dictionaries and computer-based dictionaries were other resources they used in the program in order of priority. The study carries practical implications for teachers and educational policymakers, especially in the developing countries where problems with the Internet linger on.
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As a negative consequence of COVID 19, almost all students felt obliged to leave the universities and use electronic devices to learn. Some universities encouraged faculty members to use Electronic teaching as an alternative to traditional classrooms. Despite a large number of studies on different forms of electronic learning, the effectiveness of synchronous and asynchronous E-learning in teaching grammar to EFL learners has been neither investigated nor compared appropriately. Two intact classes of undergraduate students of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) from Farhangiyan university were selected. and each received the treatment through either synchronous or asynchronous E-learning activities. The same syllabus consisting of dependent Clauses, Appostive, infinitives, and gerunds were taught to the two groups. EFL learners’ knowledge of grammar was measured by recognition and production tests. The two groups’ scores were submitted to repeated measures ANOVA tests. The findings showed that both modes of E-learning greatly influenced the language learners’ knowledge of grammar as measured by recognition and production tests. Results also showed that the interaction between electronic modes and grammar recognition and production tests was statistically significant. Therefore, it could be concluded that E-learning learning is useful, synchronous learning is more effective for improving the language learners’ production, and asynchronous learning is effective for improving the skills and subskills which require reflection and comprehension.